Slaves, Warfare, and Ideology in the Greek Historians

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Cambridge University Press, 9 mai 2002 - 264 pages
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This book challenges conventional opinion by arguing that slaves and Helots played an important part in classical Greek warfare. Although rival city-states often used these classes in their own forces or tried to incite their enemies' slaves to rebellion or desertion, such recruitment was ideologically awkward: slaves or Helots, despised and oppressed classes, should have had no part in the military service so closely linked with citizenship, with rule, and even with an individual's basic worth. Consequently, their participation has tended to drop out of the historical record. Focusing on Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xenophon, this study attempts to demonstrate the actual role played by slaves and Helots in warfare, the systematic neglect of the subject by these historians, and the ideologies motivating this reticence.
 

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Table des matières

Background warfare slavery and ideology
1
CLASSICAL WARFARE
7
HELOTS
13
IDEOLOGY
19
Herodotus the Persian Wars
26
THERMOPYLAE AND PLATAEA
31
SALAMIS
40
Herodotus freedom or slavery
42
A THREATENED IDEOLOGY
132
EXTREMISTS
135
THUCYDIDES
138
Xenophon ideal rulers ideal slaves
144
THE MILITARY BASIS OF RULE
146
WAR AS TEST
153
BINARIES
158
XENOPHON SAMBO AND NAT
160

SLAVERY AND WARFARE
46
Thucydides Helots and Messenians
53
HELOT SOLDIERS
56
ATHENIANS AND MESSENIANS
62
THUCYDIDES ATTITUDE
68
THE MESSENIAN QUESTION
76
Thucydides manning the navies
83
NONATHENIAN NAVIES
84
ARGINUSAE
87
OTHER OBJECTIONS
96
Thucydides encouraging slave desertion
102
THE FATE OF FUGITIVE SLAVES
108
RECRUITMENT AND REBELLION
115
Thucydides the ideology of citizen unity
121
MILITARY PREROGATIVES
122
SLAVE AND CITIZEN
126
Xenophon warfare and revolution
165
THE NEODAMODEIS
170
SLAVE SOLDIERS IN THE WAYS AND MEANS
175
THE FOUNDATION OF MESSENE
177
Xenophon the decline of hoplite ideology
185
HOPLITE PURITY
190
IGNOBLE BATTLES
194
THE STATUS OF SOLDIERS
202
Conclusion Volones Mamluks and Confederates
206
ISLAMIC SLAVE SOLDIERS
209
SLAVES FOR THE CONFEDERACY?
214
CONCLUSION
218
Bibliography
222
Index
242
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Références à ce livre

The Peloponnesian War
J.F Lazenby
Aucun aperçu disponible - 2003
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À propos de l'auteur (2002)

Peter Hunt was born in Northport, New York, in 1962 and joined the United States Navy in 1985. After pilot training he was transferred to Naval Air Station Whidbey Island, Washington, to fly A-6 attack jets. During his active duty, he flew 2,180 hours, 45 combat missions in Operation Desert Storm, and made 450 carrier-arrested landings. He completed three deployments of six months each to the Western Pacific, Indian Ocean, and Persian Gulf: two on the U.S.S. "Ranger," and one on the U.S.S. "Kitty Hawk," He left active duty in 1995 and currently lives in Washington State with his wife and two children. Hunt now works as a pilot with one of the world's largest airlines.

"From the Paperback edition.

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