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AA/IC contact theory Advanced Studies Afro-Asiatic apocope argument attested bilingual borrowing Breton Breton language British and Goidelic Brittany Brittonic Celtic Englishes Celtic languages century clauses code-switching common conjugated prepositions construction contact language context Cornish language Cornouaillais Cornwall corpus cultural dialect Dictionary discussion Dublin Dublin Institute early etymology Europe evidence examples Filppula French Gaulish genitive Gensler Goidelic Grammar guage Gwavas Hiberno-English historical ICE ROI ICE-GB ICE-Ireland Indo-European inscriptions Insular Celtic Insular Celtic languages Ireland Irish English Irish language Kallen language contact language shift Latin lenition lexical linguistic loanwords macrotype McCone Middle Welsh national language newspapers Nostratic noun OED3 Old Irish paper person phonological Planxty Pokorny pronoun question reference reflexive Roman sample Scottish Gaelic speakers spoken Standard English structure suffix SY orth syllables syntactic syntax term texts tion translation Tristram typological University Press verb verb-initial verbal vowels
Page 318 - It is imagined because the members of even the smallest nation will never know most of their fellow-members, meet them or even hear of them, yet in the minds of each lives the image of their communion...
Page 318 - A nation can therefore be defined as a named human population sharing an historic territory, common myths and historical memories, a mass, public culture, a common economy and common legal rights and duties for all members.20 Such a provisional working definition reveals the complex and abstract nature of national identity.
Page 256 - There are Sea Guls, Murres, Duckes, wild Geese, and many other kind of birdes store, too long to write, especially at one Island named Penguin, where wee may drive them on a planke into our ship as many as shall lade her. These birdes are also called Penguins, and cannot flie, there is more meate in one of these then in a goose : the Frenchmen that fish neere the grand baie, doe bring small store of flesh with them, but victuall themselves alwayes with these birdes.
Page 40 - The Sanscrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either, yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and in the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three, without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists...
Page 317 - Not just a medium of communication, a "vernacular" or a "dialect," but a fully developed language. Anything less marks it as underdeveloped. The definition of a nation is a problem for historians and other social scientists; we may accept the idea that it is the effective unit of international political action, as reflected in the organization of the United Nations General Assembly. As a political unit it will presumably be more effective...
Page 223 - Shoot him, kill him, strip him, tear him, A Tory, hack him, hang him rebel, a rogue, a thief, a priest, a papist.
Page 256 - India's78 parched face," is probably Drayton's version of these words in Powel : But the Hand of Corroeso, the cape of Bry ton, the river of Gwyndor, and the white rocke of Pengwyn, which be all Brytish or Welsh words, doo manifestlie shew that it was that countrie which Madoc and his people inhabited.77 D. And with that Croggen's name let th...
Page 321 - Much the most important thing about language is its capacity for generating imagined communities, building in effect particular solidarities.
Page 325 - The Welsh Language Act (1993) provided a statutory framework for the treatment of English and Welsh on the basis of equality and inaugurated a new era in language planning. Its chief policy instrument is the refashioned and strengthened Welsh Language Board, established on December 21, 1993, as a non-departmental statutory organisation.