From Fairy Tale to Film Screenplay: Working with Plot Genotypes

Couverture
Springer, 15 sept. 2015 - 197 pages
In Screenplay: The Foundations of Screenwriting (1979), Syd Field first popularized the Three-Act Paradigm of Setup, Confrontation and Resolution for conceptualizing and creating the Hollywood screenplay. For Field, the budding screenwriter needs a clear screenplay structure, one which includes two well-crafted plot points, the first at the end of Act I, the second at the end of Act II. By focusing on the importance of the four essentials of beginning and end, and the two pivotal plot points, Field did the Hollywood film industry an enormous service. Nonetheless, although he handles the issue of overall structure expertly, Field falls down when offering the screenwriter advice on how to successfully build each of the three individual Acts. This is because Field did not recognize the importance of another layer of analysis that underpins the existence of plot points. This is the level of the plot genotype.This book will offer you a richer theory of plot structure than the one Field outlines. It will do this not by contradicting anything Field has to say about the Hollywood paradigm, but by complementing it with a deeper level of analysis. Plot genotypes are the compositional schemas of particular stories. They are sets of instructions, written in the language of the plot function, for executing particular plots. This book outlines the plot genotypes for The Frog Prince, The Robber Bridegroom, Puss-in-Boots, and Little Red Riding Hood and then shows how these genotypes provide the underpinnings for the film screenplays of Pretty Woman, Wrong Turn, The Mask, and Psycho. By means of a detailed study of these four Hollywood screenplays, you will be able to offer a much richer description of what is going on at any particular point in a screenplay. In this way, you will become much sharper at understanding how screenplays work. And you will become much better at learning how to write coherent screenplays yourself.
 

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Table des matières

Vladimir Propps Functional Analysis of the Fairy Tale
9
Figures
14
A Functional Analysis of Charles Perraults Cinderella
16
Formulating the Concept of the Plot Genotype
27
The Robber Bridegroom Genotype in Wrong Turn 2003
46
The Frog Prince Genotype
56
The Frog Prince Genotype in Pretty Woman 1990
66
The PussinBoots Genotype
102
The PussinBoots Genotype in The Mask 1994
111
The Little Red Riding Hood Genotype
144
The Little Red Riding Hood Genotype in Psycho 1960
151
Conclusion
172
The plot genotype of Jack and the Beanstalk
179
Notes
182
Bibliography
188
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À propos de l'auteur (2015)

Terence Patrick Murphy is Full Professor of Rhetoric and Composition in the English Department at Yonsei University, South Korea. He was educated at the University of Toronto and Merton College, Oxford, where he wrote his doctoral dissertation on the history of the little magazine in England. He has published essays in such journals as the Journal of Narrative Technique; Narrative; Language and Literature, and Style. His major research interest is the stylistics of the plot in short fiction and film screenplays.

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