History and Human Existence From Marx to Merleau-Ponty
University of California Press, 23 nov. 1982 - 300 pages
From the Introduction:The present essay provides an introduction to the treatment of human existence and individuality in Marxist thought. The work will be primarily concerned with two related topics: the evaluation by Marxists of individual emancipation and their assessment of subjective factors in social theory. By taking up these taking up these topics within a systematic and historical framework, I hope to generate some fresh light on several familiar issues. First, I pursue a reading of Marx focused on his treatment of subjectivity, individuation, and related methodological and practical matters; second, I apply this interpretation to analyzing the dispute between Marxist orthodoxy and heterodoxy over such matters as class consciousness and the philosophy of materialism; finally, I employ this historical context to clarify the significance of "existential Marxism," Maurice Merleau-Ponty's and Jean-Paul Sartre's contribution to Marxist thought.
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Marxs Hopes for Individuation
The Real Individual and Marxs Method
Marxs Concept of Labor
Reason Interest and the Necessity of History
Engels and the Dialectics of Nature
The Rise of Orthodox Marxism
Revolutionary Rationalism Luxemburg Lukacs
The Prospects for Individuation Reconsidered
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action activity Adorno alienation appeared authentic became behavior bourgeois Capital capitalist causality civil society class consciousness communism communist concept consciousness creative critical Critical Theory Critique dialectical dialectics of nature economic enlightened essay essence existence existential Feuerbach freedom Friedrich Engels German Ideology Gramsci Grundrisse Hegel Hegelian Heidegger Husserl Ibid idealism indi individual emancipation individual's institutions interest interpretation Karl Marx labor process laws Lenin logic Ludwig Feuerbach Lukacs Luxemburg man's Marx and Engels Marx's original Marxian materialism Maurice Merleau-Ponty meaning MEGA Merleau-Ponty modern Moscow Trials nature necessity Nietzsche norms Nothingness notion objectified objective ontological orthodox Marxism party perception Phenomenology philosophical anthropology philosophy Plekhanov political economy possibility practice praxis production proletariat rational rationalist real individuals reality reason remained revolution revolutionary role Rosa Luxemburg Sartre Sartre's sense situation social relations social theory subjectivity teleology thought tion trans transcendence transformation understanding universal vidual worker