History and Human Existence From Marx to Merleau-Ponty

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University of California Press, 23 nov. 1982 - 300 pages
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From the Introduction:The present essay provides an introduction to the treatment of human existence and individuality in Marxist thought. The work will be primarily concerned with two related topics: the evaluation by Marxists of individual emancipation and their assessment of subjective factors in social theory. By taking up these taking up these topics within a systematic and historical framework, I hope to generate some fresh light on several familiar issues. First, I pursue a reading of Marx focused on his treatment of subjectivity, individuation, and related methodological and practical matters; second, I apply this interpretation to analyzing the dispute between Marxist orthodoxy and heterodoxy over such matters as class consciousness and the philosophy of materialism; finally, I employ this historical context to clarify the significance of "existential Marxism," Maurice Merleau-Ponty's and Jean-Paul Sartre's contribution to Marxist thought.
 

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Table des matières

Marxs Hopes for Individuation
13
The Real Individual and Marxs Method
42
Marxs Concept of Labor
53
Reason Interest and the Necessity of History
64
Engels and the Dialectics of Nature
103
The Rise of Orthodox Marxism
113
Revolutionary Rationalism Luxemburg Lukacs
125
The Prospects for Individuation Reconsidered
139
Sartre The Fear of Freedom
156
MerleauPonty The Ambiguity of History
197
Epilogue
231
Notes
237
Bibliography
263
Index
277
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À propos de l'auteur (1982)

James Miller is Professor of Liberal Studies and Politics and Special Advisor to the Provost at The New School for Social Research.

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