The Future of Drone Use: Opportunities and Threats from Ethical and Legal Perspectives

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Bart Custers
Springer, 15 oct. 2016 - 386 pages
Given the popularity of drones and the fact that they are easy and cheap to buy, it is generally expected that the ubiquity of drones will significantly increase within the next few years. This raises questions as to what is technologically feasible (now and in the future), what is acceptable from an ethical point of view and what is allowed from a legal point of view. Drone technology is to some extent already available and to some extent still in development. The aim and scope of this book is to map the opportunities and threats associated with the use of drones and to discuss the ethical and legal issues of the use of drones.
This book provides an overview of current drone technologies and applications and of what to expect in the next few years. The question of how to regulate the use of drones in the future is addressed, by considering conditions and contents of future drone legislation and by analyzing issues surrounding privacy and safeguards that can be taken. As such, this book is valuable to scholars in several disciplines, such as law, ethics, sociology, politics and public administration, as well as to practitioners and others who may be confronted with the use of drones in their work, such as professionals working in the military, law enforcement, disaster management and infrastructure management. Individuals and businesses with a specific interest in drone use may also find in the nineteen contributions contained in this volume unexpected perspectives on this new field of research and innovation.
Bart Custers is Associate Professor and Head of Research at eLaw, the Center for Law and Digital Technologies at Leiden University, The Netherlands. He has presented his work at international conferences in the United States, China, Japan, the Middle East and throughout Europe and has published over 80 scientific, professional and popularizing publications, including three books.
 

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Table des matières

Types Payloads Applications Frequency Spectrum Issues and Future Developments
21
Privacy and Ethical Impacts of the Intersection Between Big Data and Civil Drone Deployments
47
Part II Opportunities and Threats
68
Obstacles and Sociability
71
Drone Use by the Police
92
Unveiling the Rationales Underlying the Deployment of Drones in Border Surveillance
115
7 The Humanitarian Use of Drones as an Emerging Technology for Emerging Needs
133
8 Terrorism and National Security
153
Two Arguments Against Automated Killing
229
Part IV Legal Issues
238
13 Key Provisions in Current Aviation Law
241
An Israeli Perspective
260
15 Access to an Effective Remedy and Reparations for Civilian Victims of Armed Drone Strikes
289
Best Practices and Policies
301
Part V Conclusions
323
17 Making Drones More Acceptable with Privacy Impact Assessments
325

Part III Ethical Issues
171
Psychological Implications on the Use of Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems
172
10 Unmanned? The Bodily Harms and Moral Valor of Drone Warfare
189
Stretching the Boundaries of Conflict Ethics and Remote Control Warfare
209
18 The Public Acceptance Challenge and Its Implications for the Developing Civil Drone Industry
352
The Future of Drones
371
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À propos de l'auteur (2016)

Bart Custers PhD MSc LLM is associate professor and head of research at eLaw, the Center for Law and Digital Technologies at Leiden University, the Netherlands. With a background in both law and physics, his research is focused law and digital technologies. He is also the former head of the research division on Crime, Law Enforcement and Sanctions of the research center (WODC) of the Ministry of Security and Justice in the Netherlands. His research interests include discrimination and privacy issues of new technologies, particularly data mining and profiling, and technology in policing. His research in the area of criminal law is focused on technologies that may contribute to law enforcement, criminal investigation and prosecution. Examples of such technologies are Automated Number Plate Recognition (ANPR), wiretapping, fingerprints, forensic DNA research, database coupling, data mining and profiling, camera surveillance, network analyses and the use of drones.
divDr. Custers has published two books on discrimination and privacy in the context of Big Data. In 2015 he co-authored (in Dutch) a book on the use of drones. On a regular basis he gives lectures on profiling and privacy issues of new technological developments. He presented his work at international conferences in the United States, China, Japan, the Middle East and throughout Europe. He has published his work, over 80 publications, in both scientific and professional journals and newspapers.

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