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I have done. My sloth and pride are in- lest the cross of Christ should be made of
deed great. They need just such a trial none effect;' and how far they are appli-
as this before me to crucify them. O! my cable to my preaching before such an au-
God, correct me but with judgment, not dience, and may nothing in my spirit pre-
in thine anger, lest thou bring me to no- vent my following the dictates of my judg-
thing. Whilst thou sufferest me to feel ment, but what shall seem to me the proper
the effects of my folly, O! do not leave mode, whilst I consider the matter as in
me wholly to myself, for then I shall as- dependance on thy teaching, may I adopt
suredly sink,-both soul, and intellect, and without hesitation, and pursue invariably.
body will fail, and I shall be quite overset. Amen." pp. 15–28.
I seem like Peter to have ventured to walk It is particularly interesting to
on the sea at thy call; my perilous situa-

us, throughout the whole of these
tion now appears to me; the waves run
high; I am beginning to sink, and cry out, papers to see how completely this
• Lord, save or I perish.' In no other way excellent man views all his studies
can I go on than by keeping my eye con- and attainments, not as ends, but
stantly fixed upon thee. Thou didst say only as means; not as delightful
immediately before them, Go forward, recreations, but only as instruments
and whilst they obeyed thy call

, thou didst of utility, to be followed up just so make a wondrous way for them through far, and in just such a spirit, as the deep. O! do so for me, whilst I ven- might most conduce, not to his own ture to undertake what is too much for me; at thy command, and as in compliance gratification or honour, but to the with thy providential will. Pardon, pardon glory of God; and the constant my past sloth, and from this time loose watch which he keeps over his own the bands of it

, that I may tempt thee no spirit, lest they should aspire beyond flint, and not to care for the reproaches of this their true place, and become a men. Only let them not through me, ex- snare to his soul.

We must add a tend to thy Gospel, and thy great name. few lines further of illustration under Rather cut me off at once, than suffer me

this head, because we are most to be here to the detriment of thy cause.

anxious to press the subject upon Amen.”

" Jan. 23, 1791. – Here I raise my academical readers; both upon those • Ebenezer 'hitherto the Lord hath help who would make religion a pretext ed me, so that I have been carried through for literary indolence, and upon those the lectures of one week out of thirteen. Yesterday, indeed, I was not able to give who addict themselves to literature any lecture, because much indisposed, and to the neglect of religion. not prepared in the Greek Testament ; and "I wish, and have long wished, to make also weighed down with the news of dear literary attainments, for I am shamefully Mrs. R.'s death. O! my God, forgive the deficient in them. But I should think omission, and so help me, that it may not myself out of my duty to apply closely to be necessary for me soon to repeat it; them as a minister; as a tutor I may, and make me to be of a right mind with re- ought to do so, so that the tutorship will spect to the manner in which I shall give answer this good end, amongst others, to my Greek Testament Lectures ; shew me myself. how far thou wouldst have them be lite. . • Before I came here my difficulty was rary, and how far spiritual. Enable me for some time, to know the will of God to make a proper estimate of what should respecting me, and now it is, to do his will, be done or undertaken, in my circum- now that it is known. Thus when old stances, (i. e. considering my debility both difficulties are removed new ones arise, of mind and body, and the very short time and so on through this world.' I shall be able to devote to these Lectures,) A real concern for the honour of God, and let not pride cause any anxious endea- as counected with the manner of my filling vours in me to make them more respect- up my present office, will shew itself by able, than they otherwise will be, at the producing in me as diligent an use of the expense of my health, or to the neglect of means as my health will admit of, and other duties; for this would be opposite then it will enable me calmly to leave to thy will. 0! let thy peculiar blessing the event, and not be solicitous about the be on this branch of my Lectures, and let consequences : for has not the Lord as me have thy peculiar direction in the ma- much regard to his own honour as I have ? nagement of it. Grant that my declara. Does he not know what, upon the whole, tion of thy precious truth may be faithful, will most promote it? and is he not able yet wise, both in the pupil-room, and at to secure the promotion of it in whatever St. Mary's, when thou shalt summon me way he sees best? this should satisfy me into that pulpit; give me to see in what But when intenseness of study, anxiety of sense I am to understand those words of mind, and looking to man are the effects of the Apostle, 'not with wisdom of words, my supposed concern for God's honour,

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I may then be assured, that pride is at lication. It was the constant wish the bottom ; that my own honour lies too

of Mr. Lloyd to render his lectures near my heart, and, therefore, instead of

subservient to higher purposes

than encouraging such a concern, I should strive in my Lord's strength to suppress merely literary instruction. In lecand keep it down, as being only, or princi- turing upon the classics, he exbipally, the working of my evil nature, the bited with great force the powermanifestation of my vile corruptions. This is a good criterion to go by. Whatever

ful arguments which they inci. principle causes within distrust, disquie- dentally furnish for the necessity tude, and turbulence of mind, let it pre- of a Divine Revelation. In lectend what it will, is either wholly, or in

turing upon Locke, we find him great part, of the old Adam ; for all the genuine fruits of grace tend to peace, and

guarding his pupils against some rest, and composure of mind. This is the mischievous remarks of that philocase with even repentance and humiliation, sopher on “ enthusiasm ;" by which, as far as they are pure and evangelical. in exposing the unwarrantable preWhat if I foresaw that I should miscarry in my present office, and had reason to fear

tensions of fanatics to extraordinary that the honour of the Gospel would par

revelations, he adopts such general take of my disgrace on account of insuffi. terms as seem to reflect upon the ciency, the effect, if right, would be of this doctrine of the enlightening, sancthose neglects of duty which may have tifying, and comforting influences contributed to such insufficiency, and be

of the Holy Spirit. Mr. Lloyd diquite willing that my character should sink lates upon the same topic in an able into the dust, and grow very cheap in the discourse preached before the Unieyes of men; whilst, at the same time, versity, and which bis brother has somehow or other, that it may not suffer introduced, with several others, into any blemish from the blot of mine. In the present volume. We shall copy this spirit I should go on quietly and

some passages, which deserve the firmly and without any inward commotion, though expecting, perhaps, every step

serious consideration of every ChrisI take, to bring upon me the shame that I.

tian student : they will be equally see cause to apprehend. Thus I

suppose

of service to those who disparage I should feel, even on that trying occasion, the just and proper use of reason, if my principles were what they ought to

and to those who exalt reason to an be, unmixed with those of my evil nature. 0! my Saviour, make them such, and if office not her own. A correspondthou seest good to lay such a trial upon ent, in a former page of this Number, me. O ! pray for me that my faith fail not, has remarked, that our Lord him. and carry me well through it. Amen.'

self, instead of a direct declaration

to John the Baptist, did not disdain That Mr. Lloyd was not an idler, to refer him to actual facts, which though he so often accuses himself must carry conviction to every hoof the sin of indolence, would ap- nest mind that he who wrought such pear from his numerous deeds must be the predicted Messcripts; among which are the sub- siah. Yet, when Simon Peter ex• stance of his college lectures, upon pressed his belief in this very docAristotle, Longinus, Locke on the trine, our Lord said that it was not Human Understanding, Butler's flesh and blood that had revealed it Analogy, and upon some parts of tohim; and an Apostle also declares, the New Testament, commencing at “ Ye have an unction from the St. John's Gospel, and extending Holy One, and ye know all things," to the end of the Acts of the Apo- with numerous similar passages. The stles; besides eight large manu- link that connects these two truths, scripts upon Aristotle's Rhetoric, and which is alluded to in the foland about the same number upon lowing extracts, is, not that the prohis Ethics, and three of similar size per exercise of the understanding is upon Longinus. Many of these to be discarded, or that the work of manuscripts are stated to be very the Holy Spirit is superfluous; but valuable; but none of them are in that one of the modes in which that a state sufficiently finished for pub- Sacred Agent is pleased to opeCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 351.

2 A

pp. 31-33.

manu

as

rate is by opening the eyes of the standings...... Faith is set forth by this

an intellectual assent understanding, which had been dark- eminent man ened by reason of sin, and impress that he considered no other light to be

founded upon probable proofs. It is plain ing it with divine truth.

concerned in the believing reception of

Christianity. The office of the Holy “ The doctrine which we select for our Ghost in illuminating the understanding present consideration is, that of internal he restricted to cases of plenary inspiraillumination by the Holy Ghost, a doctrine tion; and, therefore, throughout this chapof prime importance, clearly and fully set

ter he represents the ordinary influences forth in Scripture, which has also the suf

of the Spirit as extraordinary, and the profrage of the Fathers, the Reformers, and of per Christian expectation of illumination our most approved and excellent divines

as a pretence to immediate and original in these later times.

revelation —at least, he includes Christian “ Now to this doctrine, thus pressed experience in his notion of enthusiasm; upon us by God himself, and thus sur- and it must be confessed with sorrow, that rounded with a cloud of witnesses, lite- the weak judgment and wild extrava. rary men have, nevertheless, shewn a pe. gances of some religionists would serve culiar reluctance to submit; where they to confirm him in the error. Hence, when have not gone the awful length of openly describing enthusiasts, he states them to denying all Divine influences, they are apt make pretensions to no other blessings to limit them to the will and affections, as than (if taken in a sober sense) every real though the intellect had suffered nothing Christian actually enjoys. His words are, fro the fall, and the Holy Ghost had, at Men, whose conceit of themselves has least in one point, undertaken a very un- raised them into an opinion of a greater necessary office. Hence, in their theolo- familiarity with God and a nearer admitgical studies, they look not to him ' to tance to his favour than is afforded to open their understandings, that they may others, have oft Aattered themselves with understand the Scriptures. Such is the a persuasion of an immediate intercourse deep spirit of self-sufficiency, which but with the Deity and frequent communicatoo naturally attaches itself to the mental tions from the Divine Spirit. God, I own, acquisitions of fallen creatures ! It is very cannot be denied to be able to enlighten much on this account that knowledge and

the understanding by a ray darted into the wisdom, though in themselves very valu- mind immediately from ihe Fountain of able, and worthy of our sincerest respect, Light. This they understand he has prohave too often eventually proved an hin- mised to do; and who then has so good a drance and a snare to their possessors; title to expect it as those who are his pefor what is man, in his best and most cul- culiar people, chosen by him, and dependtivated state, that he should undertake by ing on him.' means of his own natural discernment to

“ This passage scarcely needs any comapprehend the true worth and excellence ment; for are enthusiasts the only perof the things revealed ? Scripture assures sons who have the persuasion of an imus that he cannot so know them, because

mediate intercourse with the Deity, and they are spiritually discerned ;' besides, frequent communications with the Divine there is a veil upon his heart, which must Spirit?'. What then (to use the words be taken away; the light indeed shineth,'

of one of our present prelates---Horsley), but ' in darkness, and the darkness com- what is that • mysterious commerce beprehendeth it not.' To this effect are nu- tween the soul of the believer and the merous inspired declarations.

Holy Spirit, but an intercourse with the “ Where Christian faith then is sup. Deity, consisting, on his part, in the conposed to be nothing more than that mode

tinual communication, and on the beof intellectual assent called belief, and to liever's, in the continual reception of those have no other than the evidence of reason sacred influences which are essential to. to rest upon, what wonder is it that the the Christian life. Is not this the object acutest and most able enquirers have of the Apostle's general petition for the grievously erred, that setting off on church of Christ, when he desires that principle so false, they are led into equally “the fellowship of the Holy Ghost may be false conclusions, at variance with the re- with them all!' Again, as to God's convealed statements !- Among these are to veying light into the mind, Mr. Locke be classed the objections very generally barely admits it here to be possible, on urged against the doctrine of justification the ground of the Divine omnipotence, by faith only.

instead of readily acknowledging fallen “ We fear that the authority of Mr. man's need of it, and the assurance of obLocke contributed very greatly to pro- taining it, which, in consequence of God's pagate this erroneous notion of faith.

gracious engagements and promises, may His chapter on faith and reason has been and ought to be felt by all who seriously already adverted to.

In the following apply. He insinuates too that the expecchapter on enthusiasm he more directly tation of this light is irrational and enthudisclaims all other internal light or evi- siastic ; yet do none but fanatics so underdence but that of our own natural under- stand the matter ? Does not the whole

a

1831.]

church agree with them in it, though not amount to as high a certainty as accomin the mode or degree of illumination ex- panies our clearest natural knowledge, pected? The Holy Spirit is certainly though it be a certainty of a different kind. promised to those who ask, and for what Whoever, therefore, has been happy end, but to perform throughout all its parts enough to obtain it (though he should be the office which he has undertaken in the without the other), has solid grounds for grand plan of redemption; and who are a most firm and fixed persuasion of the the subjects of his Divine operations, but truth of God's word, and of all its leading those who truly submit to and depend doctrines. It is a persuasion of which a upon them, and are, therefore, the pecu- consistent reasonable account can be given, liar people of God, chosen by him!'” pp. though cases may and do occur of weak 378-384.

and illiterate Christians who are not able “ We maintain then, upon the autho- to give such an account of it, whilst yet its rity of Scripture, as interpreted by our own influence upon their dispositions and pracchurch, and by the reformed churches in tice proves it to be possessed by them. the general, that there is an evidence of “ Such is the fruit and elecî of that the things of God imparted to every real spiritual evidence, upon which, however, Christian, over and above any rational evi- some learned men have laid so little stress, dence which he may possess :--that the that they magnify beyond all just bounds author of this internal evidence is the Holy the importance of the other evidences, as Ghost, who himself, by his own Divine though they were the sole, or at least light, does actually impress his truths on principal, foundation of faithi. the heart, through the medium of the un- “ But what, then, is the right estimate derstanding, whence results a conformity of them? They have their value. They to them in the whole man,-in his dispo- are, indeed, principally of use to literary sitions and affections as well as views :- inquirers, and this prior to their acquisithat faith is necessary on his past to re- tion of Divine faith. Yet no intelligent ceive this spiritual light, not merely an Christian will ever set at nought or underassent to the word of God, but such an rate them, for they are the credentials of affecting sense of its heavenly declarations Christianity, and its proper weapons of as determines the soul to turn from sin to defence against its adversaries; and there God, and renouncing all confidence in it- are times when the most confirmed beself, to lay hold upon the hope of the Gos- liever needs their support. In collecting pel as its sole refuge :-that this Divine also the mind of God as it is revealed, evidence is moreover essential to the sav. learning, on many accounts, besides that of ing knowledge of the truth, on account of the grammatical and critical knowledge the blindness and perversion which sin it implies, is confessedly the natural antihas occasioned in the reason of fallen man.” dote against much error and extravapp. 386, 387.

gance, into which the pious interpreter of " The internal evidence vouchsafed by Scripture may otherwise run. the Holy Spirit is the most satisfactory “Let not, then, the doctrine we are evidence of Christianity, which of itself, contending for be charged with supersedand without the other probable evidence, ing the use and exercise of reason. It has ascertains to the soul God's truths, both as been certainly abused to such an end ; yet to their original, and as to their nature and is it really designed to enable us to act ihe import in the general. Hence the poor, part of rational beings in our highest conwho have Christian faith, are at no loss to

To effect this, we are required to discern the proper objects of it, though renounce our reason only as far as it they may be strangers to the external

usurps the place of the Divine Spirít, and proofs of revelation. The position may is perverted by sin; but when reformed as appear to need confirmation. Let us then it were by him, and rendered submissive set before us the man who has committed to his will, it is to be used with all dilihimself in faith to the guidance of the Di- gence throughout the Christian life, as in vine word and Spirit! When he has thus other respects, so especially in examining come under the practical influence of what ourselves, and comparing our state with is declared in Scripture respecting his own the word of God, that we may not be decharacter as a sinner, and the character of ceived by our own imaginations.” pp. God as it is revealed in Christ, respecting 388–391. the claims of the Law on the one hand, and the blessings of the Gospel on the other,

We have noticed the more partithe truths of revelation will then become cularly the above remarks in refemost powerful testimonies to its authen

rence to the statements of Mr. Locke, ticity. They will form, as he is acting upon them, a system of internal evidence,

as they exhibit the valuable religious which will be growing and increasing in instructions which an academical proportion to the progressive experience lecturer, who is really anxious for he has of their reality, and of their consonance to what he both finds in himself, will know how to derive from studies

the spiritual welfare of his pupils, and observes with regard to others around him; and this experimental evidence may

not directly theological in their na

cerns.

ture. Mr. Lloyd was, however, still end, and the main employment of his life more in his congenial element in

to be diligent in the discharge of his ar

duous commission. Whether it be given his Lectures, critical, historical, and

him or not to reap much fruit of his ladoctrinal, on the Greek Testament.

bours, he continues sowing the good seed, Their general character may be ga

in hopes that it will not all be lost. Now thered from his own summary: -

to act on such principles as these is not “ We have already had the principal

what any man of himself can attain to, but

it is the effect of grace." pp. 71, 72. truths of revelation laid before us, such as the Divinity of our Saviour; the doc- The deep humility with which Mr. trine of original sin, or the total corruption Lloyd addressed himself to bis acaof man's nature,-and those others con. demical duties affords a lovely exsequent upon it,—justification by faith, hibition of Christian deportment. In the necessity of regeneration, and of the Spirit's influence to produce it; and all reading such passages as the followthese essential parts of the Christian sys- ing, in his addresses to his pupils, we tem I have not only endeavoured myself might think we were perusing the to explain to you with what caution and college prelections of Leighton.accuracy I could, but I have also made it my invariable practice to shew you that

“ It is not, I confess, without some such explanations were in perfect consist. trembling of mind that I have under

taken ence with the sense put upon the same

this part of my work [his

Greek-Testament lectures), for it is sacred truths by our Reformers. The Articles have served as a kind of comment to, and ground; and therefore not to be trodden

upon without much caution and reverence. confirmation of, what has been advanced

The truths to be considered are the most on these subjects; and their authority, I

weighty in the world, and therefore not to would hope, has at least with us such

be set forth but with much care, exactweight that we are none of us disposed to

ness, and fidelity. Whilst, then, I endeacall it in question. The best, doubtless, of human interpreters are not infallible;

vour to do my part, you will I hope do and therefore it would be wrong to follow

yours; let me beg of you, that in your them blindly and implicitly, and to profess shew peculiar seriousness of mind. Re

attendance on these lectures you would our belief in such and such doctrines only

member that it is not a mere literary busibecause they have asserted them. Much as I wish each of you to be sincerely at

ness which employs us here (though it tached to the church of which you profess be as those who are approaching to the

doubtless be partly such), but we should yourselves members, I would nevertheless

best fountain of knowledge, in order to be have your faith stand in the power of God,

instructeil in the will of our Creator." pp. and not in the word of man barely. I

69, 70. would have your zeal for the Establishment be a zeal according to knowledge,

In a similar spirit, on closing his such as you can give a rational account of college engagements we find the when called to do so, and of which you following memorandum : need not in any circumstances be ashamed.

Here on Monday morning, December For my own part, being fully persuaded, 15th, 1806, do I bring to a final close my after a long course of serious and dispas. lectures, and resign my office as tutor. sionate enquiry, that the truths of God's

God forgive my unworthy discharge of it, word are faithfully represented in our own and blot out in thy mercy and truth, all Articles and Homilies, I am the more for the guilt which I have contracted in this ward to commend these to your regards, sphere, from which thou art now about to and to propose them to you as very useful

remove me, before thou puttest me into guides in the prosecution of your religious that ministerial sphere, to which I am lookstudies." pp. 72–74.

ing forward.” p. 60. Happy those students who con- The cause of his retiring from tinue to exhibit in mature life the Cambridge was his acceptance of blessed effects of such truly judicious a college living, Lois-Weedon, in and Christian training! Mr. Lloyd Northamptonshire. He shortly after especially directed his attention to married; and found,

married; and found, says his biograthose who were likely to become pher, in the object of his choice, “ candidates for the sacred ministry, lady well qualified, by her suavity of ever reminding them, that

temper, unaffected piety, and many “ The great aim and end of one who other excellent qualities, to promote enters into that office as he ought to do, is his domestic happiness.' to glorify God in the salvation of his fel- affectionate assiduities, under the

By her low-creatures, and do all he can to bring men to receive Christ's truths." It is his blessing of God, his life, which apdelight to use all proper means for this peared at this time held by a very

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