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236 Review of Chalmers's Sermon on the Death of Dr. Thomson. [April came--and the deep seriousness that sat of the Gospel--the speculations of Natural on every countenance bespoke, not the Theology, and perhaps an ingenious and pageantry, but the whole power and reality scholar-like exposition of the credentials, of woe. We could point to his closing rather than a faithful exposition of the sepulchre, and read to you there the oft- contents of the New Testament,- these repeated lesson of man's fading and evan- for a time dispossessed the topics of other escent glories. But we gladly, my brethren, days, and occupied that room in our pulpits, we gladly make our escape from all these which had formerly been given to the de images, and these sentiments, of oppressive monstrations of sin, and of the Saviour. melancholy: We would fain take refuge You know there has been a reflux. The in other views, and betake ourselves to tide of sentiment has been turned; and some other direction.” pp. 9–12. there is none who has given it greater After these masterly general momentum, or borne it more triumph
antly along, than didt he lamented pastor sketches, Dr. Chalmers proceeds to
of this congregation. His talents and his delineate in detail the character of advocacy have thrown a lustre around his lamented friend, as a theologian, the cause. The prejudices of thousands and as a man.
have given way before the might and the The following is his estimate of The evangelical system has of consequence
mastery of his resistless demonstrations. his theology
risen, has risen prodigiously of late years, “In briefest possible definition, his was
in the estimation of general societythe olden theology of Scotland. A tho. connected to a great degree, we doubt roughly devoted son of our church, he not, under the blessing of God, with his was, through life, the firm, the unflinching powerful appeals to Scripture, and his no advocate of its articles, and its formula- less powerful appeals to the consciences of ries, and its rights, and the whole polity of men.” pp. 13–15. its constitution and discipline. His creed In estimating his character as a he derived, by inheritance, from the fa- man, Dr. Chalmers particularly thers of the Scottish Reformation--not, dwells upon that fixed determinahowever, as based on human authority, but as based and upholden on the au
tion of purpose with which, having thority of Scripture alone. Its two great seized the grand outline of a prinarticles are—justification, only by the ciple, he followed it up,
with by that Spirit which Christ is commis vigour and unity of purpose, which sioned to bestow,-the one derived to we must continue to think, now the believer by faith-the other derived that he is dead, as we did when he by faith too, because obtained and realised in the exercise of believing prayer.
was living, did not always allow him
to take into the account all those This simple and sublime theology, connecting the influences of heaven with the modifying circumstances which were moralities of earth, did the founders of necessary to be weighed, both for our church incorporate, by their catechisms, with the education of the people; of this the Apocryphal controversy
the purposes of charity and of truth. and, through the medium of a clergy, who maintained their orthodoxy and their zeal furnishes a remarkable instance. for several generations, was it faithfully His great principle was right : he and efficiently preached in all the parishes would not that the word of God of the land. The whole system originated in deepest
piety, and has resulted in and the word of man should be the formation of the most moral and intel- blended; in this he was to be ho. ligent peasantry in Europe. Yet, in spite noured: but he would not have been of this palpable evidence in its favour, it the less useful in his efforts on this fell into discredit. Along with the elegant literature of our sister country, did the great question if he had always meagre Arminianism of her church make restrained them within the bounds invasion among our clergy; and we cer- of truth and charity. But we fortainly receded for a time from the good bear recurring to these painful recolold way of our forefathers. This was the middle age of the Church of Scotland, an
lections; and shall therefore keep to age of cold and feeble rationality, when our purpose, of only copying a few Evangelism was derided as fanatical, and paragraphs of one who knew him its very phraseology was deemed an igno- well, and whose high eulogy is ble and vulgar thing, in the upper classes of society. A morality without godliness above all suspicion of weakness or -a certain prettiness of sentiment, served partiality. up in tasteful and well-turned periods of No two things can be more dissimilar, composition—the ethics of philosophy, or than a religion of points, and a religion of the academic chair, rather than the ethics principles. No one will suspect his of
being a religion of senseless or unmeaning as a man. It is a subject I dare hardly points. Altogether, there was a manhood approach. To myself
, he was at all times in his understanding—a strength and a a joyous, hearty, gallant, honourable, and firmness in the whole staple of his mind, out and out most worthy friend-while, in as remote as possible from whatever is harmony with a former observation, there weakly and superstitiously fanciful. It were beautifully projected on this broad is therefore, you will find, that whenever and general ground-work, some of friendhe laid the stress of his zeal or energy on ship's finest and most considerate delia cause-instead of a stress disproportion- cacies. By far the most declared and ate to its importance, there was always discernible feature in his character, was the weight of some great, some cardinal a dauntless, and direct, and right forward principle underneath to sustain it. It is honesty, that needed no disguise for itself, thus, that every subject he undertook was and was inpatient of aught like dissimu. throughout charged with sentiment. The lation or disguise in other men. There whole drift and doings of the man were were withal a heart and a hilarity in his instinct with it; and that, too, sentiment companionship, that every where carried fresh from the word of God, or warm with its own welcome along with it; and there generous enthusiasm for the best interests were none who moved with greater acof the church and of the species.
ceptance, or wielded a greater ascendant “There is one peculiarity by which he over so wide a circle of living society. was signalized above all his fellows; and Christianity does not overbear the conwhich makes him an incalculable loss, stitutional varieties either of talent or of both to the church and to the country temperament.
After the conversion of at large. We have known men of great the Apostles, their complexional differpower, but they wanted promptitude; and ences of mind and character remained with we have known men of great prompti. them; and, there can be no doubt that, tude, but they wanted power. The apart from, and anterior to the influence former, if permitted to concentrate their of the Gospel, the hand of nature had energies on one great object, may, by dint stamped a generosity, and a sincerity, and of a rivetted perseverance, succeed in its an openness on the subject of our descripaccomplishment-but they cannot bear to tion, among the very strongest of the have this concentration broken up; and it is lineaments which belong to him. Under torture to all their habits, when assailed by an urgent sense of rectitude, he delivered the importunity of those manifold and miss himself with vigour and with vehemence, cellaneous applications, to which every in behalf of what he deemed to be its public man is exposed, from the philan. cause-but I would have you to discrithrophy of our modern day. The latter minate between the vehemence of passion, again--that is, they who have the promp- and the vehemence of sentiment, which, titude but not the power, facility without like though they be in outward expression, force, and whose very lightness favours are wholly different and dissimilar in themboth the exceeding variety and velocity of selves. His was, mainly, the vehemence their movements, why, they are alert and of sentiment, which, hurrying him when serviceable, and can acquit themselves in it did, into what he afterwards felt to be a respectable way of any slender or secon- excesses, were immediately followed up dary part which is put into their hands; by the relentings of a noble nature. The but then, they want predominance and pulpit is not the place for the idolatry of momentum in any one direction to which an unqualified panegyric on any of our they may betake themselves. But in him, fellow-mortals--but it is imposible not to never did such ponderous faculties meet acknowledge, that whatever might have with such marvellous power of wielding been his errors, he was right at bottomthem at pleasure,-insomuch, that even that truth, and piety, and ardent phi-, on the impulse of most unforeseen occa- lanthrophy formed the substratum of his sions, he could bring them immediately character; and that the tribute was altoto bear-and that with sweeping and gether a just one, when the profoundresistless effect, on the object before hiin." est admiration, along with the pungent pp. 23–25.
regrets of his fellow-citizens, did follow “I must now satisfy myself with a few him to his grave.” pp. 27, 28. slight and rapid touches on his character
LITERARY & PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE, &c.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Sermons preached in St. David's Col- The Christian's Prayer, with Notes. lege, Llampeter. By the Rev. A. Ollivant, By a Lay Member of the Church of EnVice-Principal. 8s.
Edwards on the Freedom of the Will; Discourses on the Death of Dr. A. with an Introductory Essay by the Thomson ; by Dr. Chalmers; the Rev. Author of “ The Natural History of En. G. Macculloch; and the Rev. J. R. Brown. thusiasm.”
History of England. By F. Palgrave. The Temperance Society Record: to be (Anglo-Saxon period). Family Library. 5s. continually monthly. 4d.
Sacred History in Letters, Part 111. The Destinies of the British Empire. British Reformers--Wickliffe. 5s. By W. Thorp.
The Select Library, Vol. II., containing Discourses on the Death of the Rev. Vol. ij. of Ellis's Polynesian Researches. 6s. R. Hall. By the Rev. J. Hughes; with Sermons, by Archbishop Usher. the Address at the Interment by the The Christian's Magazine, Part I.Is.3d. Rev. T. S. Crisp. Is. 6d. Another by the A Protest against certain Speculations Rev. N. Bosworth. Is. 6d. And another in the Prophecies of Scripture. By the by the Rev. A. F. Cox, D.D.
Rev. J. F. Whitridge. The Literal Interpretation of Scripture Counsels for the Communion Table. enforced. By T. P. Platt.
By the Rev. John Morison, D.D.
learnt English ; and as the old Cornish In the press and preparing for public people died off
, the language gradually cation :
- A posthumous volume of Ser- expired with them; so that towards the mons by Sir Henry Moncrieff Wellwood, middle of the reign of King George III., Bart. D.D. ;-Letters on Prophetic Sub- one Dolly Pentrath, an old fish-wife, who jects, Part 1.; by James H. Frere ;-An resided about three miles from MouseAddress, introductory to a Course of hole, near Penzance, was the only surTheological Lectures; by the Rev. Mr. viving individual in the world who could Conybeare; -A posthumous volume of converse in the tongue of the ancient Sermons by the Rev. Andrew Thomson ; Damnonian Britons. At this present time,
The Cabinet for Youth, containing the names of fields and towns, hills and Narratives, &c.;-Reflections on the Le- rivers, in Cornwall, are the only memorials gislative Support of Parochial Schools and of the British language.”-Ibid. Ministry ; by Rev. J. Wilson.
“ The distance to which icebergs float
from the polar regions on the opposite A series of original letters of Machi- sides of the Line, is very different. Their avel, from 1513 to 1522, it is announced extreme limit in the northern hemisphere has been discovered in the library of the appears to be the Azores ; north latitude late Earl of Guildford.
42 deg. But in the other hemisphere tbey A medical journal states that Chevalier have been seen, within the last two years, Ruspini's expensive popular styptic, which off the Cape of Good Hope, between lais still occasionally used by medical men, titude 36 deg. and 39 deg. One of these is gallic acid in alcohol and rose water, was two miles in circumference, and 150 with a small portion, not worth adding, of feet high. Others rose from 250 to 300 sulphate of zinc and opium.
feet above the level of the sea : and for A thermometer in good preservation every solid foot seen above, there must was lately exhibited at the French In- be at least eight feet below water- Lyell's stitute, which, it is affirmed, was the cele, Geology. brated instrument of Galileo. It is stated “ Severity of climate is not always deto bave been secreted from the Inquisition, pendent on latitude. In the island of
Many of our Roman cities have be- Georgia, which is in the 53d deg. south come entirely wasted and desolate-Sil- latitude, or the same parallel as the central chester is one of these. Corn-fields and counties of England, the perpetual snow pastures cover the spot once adorned with descends to the level of the ocean. When public and private buildings, all of which we consider this fact, and then recollect are now wholly destroyed. Like the busy that the highest mountains in Scotland crowds who inhabited them, the edifices do not attain the limit of perpetual snow have sunk beneath the fresh and silent on this side of the Equator, we learn that green-sward; but the flinty wall which latitude is only one of many powerful surrounded the city is yet firm, and the causes which determine the climate of direction of the streets may be discerned particular regions of the globe. The by the difference of tint in the herbage; number and dimensions of icebergs in and the ploughsbare turns up the medals Baffin's Bay is prodigious. Captain Ross of the Cæsars.”-History of England ; saw several of ihem together aground in Family Library.
water 1500 feet deep! Many of them are “ The Britons were so unmixed with driven down into Hudson's Bay, and, actheir conquerors, that they kept their an- cumulating there, diffuse excessive cold cient speech until thereign of Henry VIII., over the neighbouring continent; so that when it gradually became obsolete. In Captain Franklin reports, that at the the reign of Queen Anne, it was known mouth of Hayes river, which lies in the only in a few villages near the Land's same latitude as the north of Prussia, or End. The children as they grew up the south of Scotland, ice is found every
where in digging wells at the depth of prevents the sun from penetrating. When four feet.-Ibid.
lava bad once consolidated over a glacier " Bones of the mammoth have been at the height of 10,000 feet above the level recently found at North Cliff, in the of the sea, the ice might endure as long county of York, in a lacustrine formation, as the snows of Mont Blanc, unless melted in which all the land and fresh-water by volcanic heat from below. shells have been identified with species
UNITED STATES. now existing in that country. Bones of
It has been estimated that seven hunthe bison, an animal now inhabiting a
dren thousand children are born in the Unicold or temperate climate, have also been ted States every year; and that the amount found in the same place. That these of deaths of persons of all ages is only quadrupeds, and the indigenous species of half that number. The reader may hence testacea associated with them, were all infer the importance and the difficulty contemporary inhabitants of Yorkshire (a of keeping up religious institutions to the fact of the greatest importance in geo- wants of a population thus rapidly increaslogy), has been established by unequi- ing. If, for instance, the number of mivocal proofs by the Rev. W. V. Vernon, nisters and places of worship were at this who caused a pit to be sunk to the depth moment quite sufficient, there would of more than 200 feet, through undis- require an addition of several hundreds turbed strata, in which the remains of the
every year, to keep pace with the eximammoth were found imbedded, together gency. with the shells, in a deposit which had The powerful influence of the efforts evidently resulted from tranquil waters. in progress for procuring the better obThese facts, as Mr. Vernon observes, in- servance of the Lord's day are visible in dicate that there has been little alteration the virulent opposition excited against in the temperature of these latitudes since them. In a string of resolutions lately the mammoth lived there."-Ibid.
passed at a public meeting at Mobile, of ITALY.
persons opposed to closing their shops and Mr. Lyell, in his Geology, mentions a warehouses on Sunday, we find the followremarkable discovery lately made on Etna ing, which may throw light upon the disciof a large mass of ice, preserved for many pline of the apostate Church of Romne.“Reyears, perhaps for centuries, from melting, solved, That a portion of the present meetby a current of red-hot lava having flowed ing is composed of Roman Catholics, over it. The extraordinary heat of 1828, whose religious opinions do not compel having caused the supplies of ice preserved them to close their stores or shops on for the use of Catania, Sicily, and Malta, Sunday: That this custom prevails in all to fail, considerable distress was felt for Catholic countries in the world: That they the want of a commodity regarded in these have inherited these maxims from their countries as one of the necessaries of life. forefathers, and are tolerated in them by The magistrates of Catania applied to their own church ; and to this day their Signor Gemmellaro, in the hope that his conduct has never been called into queslocal knowledge of Etna might enable tion in New Orleans, the capital of our him to point out some crevice or natural sister state of Louisiana.” grotto where drift snow was still pre- Theatres are often called “ schools of served. Nor were they disappointed; for morality;" a special illustration of which he had long suspected that a small mass occurs in a question, now pending in some of perennial ice at the foot of the highest of the American theatres, whether the ma. cone was part of a larger and continuous nagers shall appropriate some particular glacier covered by a lava-current. Having part of the building for the usual profliprocured a body of workmen, he quarried gate appendages of a play-house, or wheinto this ice, and proved the super-position ther they shall sit promiscuously with the of the lava for several hundred yards, so audience. It seems, after much delibeas completely to satisfy himself that no- ration, to be the opinion of the propriething but the subsequent flowing of the tors that the latter is the more virtuous lava over the ice could account for the po- plan; but in a late experiment it was obsition of the glacier. Mr. Lyell, who visit- liged to be relinquished “ on account of ed the spot, supposes that, at the com- public disapprobation. Can any parent, mencement of the eruption, a deep mass of professing to be a Christian, or even a drift snow had been covered by volcanic friend of morality, read such things, and sand showered down upon it before the not shudder to expose his children to such descent of the lava. A dense stratum of contamination ? this fine dust mixed with scoriæ is an ex. The New England Christian Herald cellent non-conductor of heat, and might contains a letter from a converted Indian, he thinks have preserved the snow from stating that one thousand of the Chippewa complete fusion when the burning flood Indians, and two hundred of the Mohawks, poured over it. The shepherds in the are members of the Methodist Society, higher regions of Etna are accustomed and that they all abstain from the use of to keep an annual store of snow, by sim- firewater-by which he means ardent ply strewing over it a layer of volcanic spirits. sand a few inches thick, which effectually We have often expressed our surprise and regret that such a pest as that of lot- municate information to young persons teries should still be allowed in the Ame- respecting the origin of society, civil gorican Union. Will it be believed, that in vernment, division of labour, rights of perthe city of New-York lotteries are drawn sons and property, political duties, the every week, to the annual amount of nearly law of nations, and similar topics. We two inillion of tickets, and ten millions of have often wished that some such work, dollars? Yet such appears by official re- adapted to the state of British society, turns to be the fact. Is there no Chris- and grounded on the basis of true religion, tian, no lover of his country, who will were introduced into our English schools. devote himself to the extirpation of this Why should not every National School banesul system, never ceasing his efforts child learn, what we may call, the poor till he sees it prostrate in the dust? man's political economy,- his real, not
The Monro Medical Society lately Utopian, rights; his civil and social duties ; passed a resolution, concurring with the and the general principles which affect his resolutions of other medical institutions, condition with regard to wages, poor-laws, “ That intemperance, in any degree, is an machinery, marriage, the wisely appointed alarming physical and moral evil; That the gradations of society, and other important prevalent opinion, that spirit is an antidote questions? How much of rioting, combiio the diseases of our climate, is exceedingly nation, improvidence, and otherevils, might erroneous, and in many instances fatally be prevented by a well-ordered system of so; and, That persons who use spirit daily, public instruction, embracing topics of this or even occasionally, are more subject to kind, as well as the religious principles them, and their chances of recovery are which enforce them! Bonaparte was too greatly diminished.”
wise a man in his generation not to see the There has recently been published, for use that might be made of a political catethe use of the higher classes in schools, a chism : better men might employ an eco“ Political Class-book," designed to com- pomical catechism for better purposes.
SOCIETY FOR THE SUPPRESSION agents employed for these vile purposes OF VICE.
are usually itinerant hawkers. RaceFor checking the trade in licentious pub. courses have frequently been the field of lications the Society, since its establish. the Society's usefulness; and many delinment, has instituted sixty-nine prosecu. quents have been prosecuted and contions, of wbich only one or two have failed victed at assizes and quarter Sessions who of success. One man was convicted of sell- were apprehended on race-grounds, for ing an indecent publication to a pupil at a offering for sale, and even throwing into public college in the neighbourhood of Lon. carriages filled with ladies, the most obdon. This prosecution was undertaken at the
scene papers. As prosecutions for such instance of the head master, who detected offences are attended with great expense, the transaction. From this public esta- it must be evident that the Society is enblishment, and its principals, the Society in tirely dependent, for the extent and consequence has since continued to de- success of its efforts, upon the pecuniary rive pecuniary support.
support of the public, which it therefore detected in carrying on this trade at the urgently solicies. seat of one of the Universities, was, at The Society has also directed its atten. the instance of the head of a college, tion to the evils arising from the sale of prosecuted and convicted at the local blasphemous publications: for the preassizes, on which occasion the Society's vention of which it has from time to time expenses were paid by a vote of the instituted fourteen prosecutions; in sesenate. The stocks at different times veral of which, on the conviction of the delivered up for destruction-consisting parties, sentences of imprisonment folof books, copper-plates, and prints-have lowed, for two years and for shorter terms, altogether amounted to some thousands to which, in three cases, were added two of pounds. Of the before mentioned fines of 5001. and one fine of 1001. Al. prosecutions, nine have taken place within though these prosecutions did not produce the last two years; and to keep the trade the effrict of closing the principal mart for in check, and prevent it from reviving, to the sale of such works, yet on inquiry at which it has a continual tendency, the thirty-three minor places of sale, promisSociety finds it necessary to exercise un cuously applied to, and known to be adabated vigilance. Boarding schools are dicted to the same trade, it was found the peculiar objects of the miscreants en. that they had caused a discontinuance of gaged in this detestable traffic, and the the sale of these productions; the owners