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having refused to supply them, in con- his mercy, and to bless the labours of his sequence, as they alleged, of the Society's servants." Alternations of prosperity and prosecutions.
adversity are a part of the usual trial The committee of management of the under which he places institutions of Society deem it necessary to state that its this nature. It was at the moment of the method of proceeding for preventing the greatest dejection in the South-Sea misprofanation of the Sabbath is changed, sion of another society that suddenly the inasmuch as it is now confined to cases vast Pacific Ocean began to be illuminated in which parishes themselves may be de- with the matin beams of the Sun of sirous of resorting to the Society for aid Righteousness; and it was just when the and advice. The costs of such inter- blight upon the promising and perhaps too ference the parishes are required to pay, much boasted, blossoms of Western Africa in order that the Society's funds may be had chilled the hearts of some of the exclusively applied to putting down the zealous servants of Christ in the Church trade in licentious and blasphemous pub- Missionary Society, that it pleased Him lications. The number of the Society's who is infinitely wise, to reveal his arm in summary, prosecutions against this class Southern India. Let us then rejoice, yet of offenders bas amounted to upwards of with trembling; giving to Him the glory of two thousand, and in numerous instances what he has wrought, and expecting a rethey were undertaken at the request of verse the moment we look to an arm of magistrates and ministers of parishes. flesh, and begin to boast of the Babylon
which we have built.
UNION. With devout thanksgiving to God we record the success with which it has the Union is estimated at 400,000, and
The number of pupils connected with pleased Him to prosper the Church Mis- of teachers at 55,000. Including those sionary Society's labours at Tinnevelly, in not connected, the whole number in the South India. The gratifying particulars are thus stated by the Missionaries Rhenius and 75,000 teachers.
country is estimated at 550,000 scholars
The Union bas and Schmid:“ When we came hither, we had no
published works which would fill 200
small volumes. It has also undertaken congregation, except the people of our households, with a few persons of the Tan
to establish Sunday schools throughjore mission; and no Christian schools,
out the valley of the Mississippi, within but 6 or 7 Heathen schools, which the
two years. One gentleman had already
offered 4000 dollars to aid in this project. philanthropic exertions of the former chaplain had left for our superintendance. CHURCH OF GENEVA : Now, we have 214 villages, in each of
M. GAUSSEN, which there is a number of Christian We continue to look with much interest families, formed into 64 catechists' sta- at the discussions in the Church of Getions; containing, in all, more than 2000 neva, relative to M. Gaussen, because we families, consisting of more than 7500 perceive in them, as we trust, the germ of souls, instructed by 64 native catechiste important benefits, beyond the immediate teachers or catechists 62 Christian occasion of the controversy. Already has schools; of which 38 are taught by se- much attention been excited to the points parate masters, and 24 by the catechists, in agitation; the question is every where in which 1300 children (including 112 asked, “ Are the doctrines which M. girls) are instructed — 36 native youths Gaussen preaches, such as the fallen and form a seminary, from which a number helpless condition of mankind, the Divihave, in the course of the last six years, nity and atonement of Christ, and the inbeen employed in the congregations and fluences of the Holy Spirit, the doctrines schools. There are in these 244 villages at of Scripture ?" Meetings for spiritual edileast 150 churches or prayer-houses, many fication have been established in Geneva, of which are old Heathen temples. We and many persons who never before serihave said only 150 churches, but nearly ously reflected upon religion, are begin. every one of the 244 villages has a separate ning to take an earnest interest in the building for prayer and instruction. subject. M. Gaussen has not been be
The operations of the Church Mission- trayed either into those doctrinal errors ary and similar Societies rest upon the which impeded M. Malan's usefulness, or direct command and promise of God; upon
to a secession from his church, which cur. duty, and not upon success ; for in the tailed his influence. “ I cannot,” he says, darkest night of disappointment, the obli- comprehend why I am to quit my gaation to preach the Gospel to the Heathen church, and cease to proclaim in its comis as sacred as in those glowing periods munion those truths which were preached when the work of God seems most to pros- in her briglit days, just because the maper in our hands. But not the less should jority of her pastors have thrown them off. we thank God, and take fresh courage, Ought I, as a point of honour, to leave my when it pleases him thus signally to display parish, where I preach salvation by the Christ. OBSERV. No. 352.
blood of Christ, because as I conceive we doubt not that by the blessing of God, others do not preach it in theirs ? Ought as the blood of the martyrs was ever the I to separate myself from the ancient seed of the church, the persecutions which Church of Geneva, in which Jesus Christ have assailed such men as M. Gaussen, was adored as the true God and eternal will lead to serious discussion and prayer, life, because in my eyes others are no and that even yet the church of Geneva longer of it? So far from thinking that will be a praise in the earth. I ought in honour to leave the church because it is in danger, I think that honour PERSECUTIONS IN THE CANTON requires me to cleave to it more than ever,
DE VAUD. and to embrace it to the last."
We lament to learn that the absurd and M. Gaussen has thrown much light upon senseless, as well as unchristian, persecilthe insidious process by which the ortho- tions in the Canton de Vaud still continue. dox catechism was silently and gradually In vain have both reason and Scripture set aside, and the present exceptionable spoken; in vain has all European and formulary substituted in its place. Some American Protestantism remonstrated ; forty or fifty years ago Ostervald's Cate- the persecutions still continue. The cbief chism was introduced, but constant alter- officer of the council of state of the canutions for the worse were made in rapidly- ton has recently issued a decision of the succeeding editions : as, for example, one council for the banishment of a mother edition has this advertisment: “ The best and her two daughters-the former a veneworks may be improved ; so it is here ; rable woman of seventy-five years of age, some skilsul hands at Lausanne have a native of the canton, married to a Getouched it up.” Again, in another im- nevese; having lived in the parish where pression : “ Several truths have been more she now resides for more than a third of clearly handled in this edition ;” a speci- a century; and labouring under great weak. men of which touching up and clear hand- ness, infirmity, and affliction, under which ling appears, for instance, in the section religion is her only consolation--for the entitled, “ On the divine and human na- sole crime of their being righteous overture of Jesus Christ,” which is altered to much, enthusiasts, or whatever else may “ On the person of Jesus Christ.” By be implied in the official charge of “l'état and bye we read, “ This catechism has d'exaltation religieuse où s'est jetée cette been modelled upon that of Ostervald;" famille.” Thus every person who labours but in the modelling was lost the doctrine under the atrocious crime of having more of the fall of man, and the Divinity of “ exaltation religieuse " than his neighChrist. This under-ground process is most bours, is to be banished from his country; dishonourable to those who planned and and this without distinction of age or sex: conducted it. The greatest possible pub- the widow and the orphan who pray to licity ought to be given to the re-modelling God when they have no earthly comforter, of ecclesiastical documents; and the dis- are especially likely to be included; and ingenuous secrecy of the business proves this without any overt act, any illegal that the pastors were conscious they were conventicling, any unlawful assembling at contravening the doctrines of their church. family prayers. We rejoice, however, to
If any new proof were wanted of the learn that poor Frances Maria Dominique fearful state of things in the Church of and her daughters are not yet deported, Geneva, it will be found in the fact, that and we trust are not likely to be so, as, M. Cheneviere, one of the most celebrated in consequence of the revolution in the of its pastors and professors, has just pub. Canton de Vaud last December, the muchlished a treatise" On the Theological abused power of the autocracy of the System of the Trinity," in which he boldly council of state is broken; and a petition asserts as his reasons for obtruding his has been sent in to the constituent assembook on his countrymen and the world, bly of the canton, from the friends of that the blessed doctrine of the Divinity of religious liberty assembled at Lausanne, Christ disfigures religion, i.npedes the pro- strongly urging that the new constitution gress of the Reformation, multiplies scep- should guarantee the free exercise of retics, and is a most deplorable error. How ligion and religious worhip, without any many months, or weeks, or days, would a distinction of sect. We fear, however, clergyman in the Church of England, or a that the result of the spirit of bigotry professor in our universities, be permitted which has been displayed by the council to retain his offices after such a declara- and clergy, may ultimately cause such a tion; and yet, while M. Gaussen is per- re-action as will deprive the canton of secuted, no ecclesiastic
has the momentous benefits of a national been passed upon M. Cheneviere. Will church-establishment. The periodical not God visit for these things ? Has he press has found its way to these retired not indeed already visited by the fearful glens; and a warm controversy is in prospiritual lethargy which has fallen upon gress, which, beginning with the question this corrupted church? Yet we rejoice to of the right of every man to worship God see symptoms of hope ; many are begin. according to the dictates of his conscience, ning to awaken from their slumbers; and has swerved into the quite different ques
tion of a national church-establishment; other men, and leads him to live for anothe defenders of which have stultitially ther world. The world requires a remixed up the two, and told their oppo- ligion that should be of this world, and nents that “to allow of unlimited religious consequently a god of this world. This toleration, and the right of making prose- is the basis of that doctrine which at the lytes, would be to erect the empire of force present moment threatens to make large and fraud over the just einpire of law, 1ea- inroads on enlightened society. It is too sou, and equity." This bigotted ultraism metaphysical for the common people, but gives a powerful pretext to the sceptics and the others seem delighted with it
. The infidels, if such there be in the convention, picture is very dark-á people altogether to abolish the national protection of reli- indifferent, carrying the distance at which gion altogether; an alternative which the they stand, of all religion, even to hatred religious party might perhaps be induced --an enlightened state of society framing to prefer to the tender mercies which they infidelity into a system, in order to proexperienced under the old system. Mde. pagate it by every possible means. These Dominique herself might think she could two parties, leagued against the Gospel rot have fared worse, would probably have through different motives, constitute the fared better, under a government avow, public opinion of the day. Such is the edly atheistic; and thus is Christ wounded state of the people among whom your in the house of his professed friends. Society calls me to raise the standard of
the Cross. Christians have been at work ALLEGED REFORMATION OF here for some years past, and with much
RELIGION IN FRANCE. devotedness ; they begin to reap much Some greatly exaggerated statements
The following is the plan they having obtained currency respecting the pursued :- They found it was diflicult, rejection of Popery, and the adoption of nay, impossible, to get access to the peomore Scriptural views, by large bodies of ple in a straight-forward course to offer Roman-Catholic priests, the Continental them the Gospel, the people being unSociety have circulated the following willing to listen to any thing that savours more correct intelligence, received from of religion : they in consequence endeaa correspondent in Paris. It will be voured to work with the children; they painful, to those who have cherished over- opened free-schools, which they entrusted excited hopes, to find them disappointed; to Christian masters; they exerted thembut if it lead to renewed exertion and selves in order to prevail upon children to prayer the temporary disappointment will attend those schools, and through that not be without fruit.
means to get near the parents. This “ It is of the utmost importance the plan succeeded: they have numerous Committee should have a just idea of the schools, through the instrumentality of new field of operations in the midst of which they have attracted the parents to which they have sent me forth. I shall come and hear the Gospel. Their conendeavour to depict it. I shall not re- gregations are increasing in number with peat what has been stated a hundred times great rapidity. The places where they respecting the religious condition of this hold their meetings are becoming too people. I shall only say, that what you small to contain the crowd who come to have been told has in no way been ex- hear. Are you willing to adopt a similar aggerated; that Popery seems fallen, the plan, and to put it in execution ? Do churches are deserted, the priests discre- your pecuniary resources admit of it? If dited, and without intluence; and that, in you cannot follow such a plan, I doubt lieu of it, the most complete indifference whether you will ever meet with great and entire unbelief exercise an
success. strained sway. Moreover, infidelity is “ If I had thought that you rCommittee attempting a plan of organization to could for an instant have been deceived form a body to become an acting power. by a report which had reached them, that It is thus that the Saint Simoniens are two or three thousand Roman-Catholic now displaying, and not without success, priests had been converted to Protestantthe greatest activity to spread abroad the ism, I should have written immediately to venom of their intidel principles. They undeceive you. I am not aware of one occupy in Paris the largest and the most Catholic priest having renounced Popery. handsomely fitted halls, where they meet, Wbat gave rise to this fable is, that there has and the crowd follow them every where. lately appeared a new party in the Romish The most popular of our politico-philo- Church: it is an association of priests, sophical newspapers, The Globe, edited by who call themselves French Catholics, and the highest literary men, dedicates its whose principal end appears to be to opcolumns to the propagation of these mon- pose Jesuitism and
Ultra-Montanism. strous doctrines. Their fundamental prin They celebrate the mass in French. ciple is this Religion is to perfect the They adopt no books as inspired, but social condition of man : therefore Chris- those which are recognised as such in our tianity is no longer suitable for society, Church. Excepting these points, they are because it sets the Christian apart from as much Catholics and Papists as others.
“ I fear also that many exaggerate much are just as hostile to the Gospel. The the progress of the Gospel, and the good scenes which signalized at Paris the last disposition of the people to receive it. days of the carnival, have shewn clearly Circumstances are, doubtless, incompa- the profound hatred of the people for rably more favourable now than they were what they call religion.” six months ago; but the hearts of men
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
We pass overthe Foreign Intelligence of the hope that nothing is wanting but a remonth—such as the still unsettled state of peal of these grievances to render us all Belgium ; the dissolution of the French wise, virtuous, wealthy, and happy. There Chambers; the quelling of the popular has been lamentably' too much of such effervescence in Italy by the Austrian hollow, paltry trickery on both sides ; and armies; and the important successes of we fear that all will hereafter suffer for the Poles over the Russians, a prelude, it; from the feelings of popular odium we would trust, to the expulsion of the in- and contempt which have been generated vader, and the rescue of Poland from an in regard to our Houses of Parliament, unjust and tyrannical foreign yoke-to ad- Lords as well as Commons, and to all our dress ourselves to that which constitutes public institutions; destroying that honest, the most important subject of anxious manly confidence, which is no feeble guathought at the present moment, the ex- rantee for public honour and good conduct. traordinary state of our own beloved
The immediate cause of the abandoncountry.
ment of the Reform Bill by Government, Our remarks shall, however, be few; which was followed by the dissolution of for though we had intended to redeem Parliament, was the majority ( 299 to 291) our pledge of examining what appeared gained by the Opposition on General to us the prominent aspects of the Re- Gascoyne’s proposition, that it was not form Bill,' in reference to its probable expedient to diminish the number of moral and religious bearings—(topics emi- members for England and Wales—thus nently important, but too little heeded damaging the bill beyond reparation ; within the walls of Parliament)—we shall which was followed by another majority be able to find a more calm and season- against Ministers for an adjournment able occasion for such an inquiry than the of the House on a night when a porpresent crisis of feverish excitement, tion of the supplies was to have been which every Christian, every lover of his voted. The King, to shew his determinacountry, would wish rather to allay than tion to support his ministers and the Reto foment. It appears to us that both form Bill, prorogued Parliament in person, the friends of this measure and its oppo delivering a speech expressive of his denents are justly censurable for the spirit in termination to appeal to the country, which we speak of course of the more That he had a constitutional right to act warm partizans on either side-they have thus, is by none denied ; and as little can it conducted their warfare ; and it is well if be doubted, that, as Ministers had pledged the result is not to alienate the minds of themselves to stand or fall by the measure, the people from public men of all classes, they could not, after all that had occurred, and to lead them to view politics as a mere do otherwise than advise his Majety to party trade for selfish interests, and not exercise his prerogative. The Opposition for the national welfare. We know not do not seem to have been fully prepared whether most to blame,—the unblushing for this alternative. It had been currently advocacy of bribery, corruption, and the reported that the King had been induced whole profligate and venal system of what to waver; and Ministers also, it was said, is called "boroughmongering; ” or those would be constrained to make many im. inflammatory appeals to popular passions, portant concessions in the details of the just to gain this question, which have set Bill, rather than risk a dissolution. But the whole nation in a ferment, and open- the die was cast : it was clear that the ed a way, we fear, to future demands, Bill, in any thing like its present form, which cannot, and ought not to be, com- could not be got through Parliament, and plied with. The newspapers have been Ministers determined to throw themselves encouraged to minister daily aliment to upon the country. The result remains to a depraved appetite. Nothing has been be seen. If measured by popular feeling, heard of but jobs, sinecures, enormous sa- their majority in the new elections would laries, and over-taxation ; till the multitude be very large; but as much of the main have been maddened into political re- strength of the House of Commons lies formers; buoyed up with the delusive at present in the hands of the very persons
who are most interested in poposing the prepare the way for the confiscation of its projected measure, powerful efforts will temporal revenues, than the worst Parbe made to diminish it. There seems, liamentary Reform Bill that its greatest however, little reason to doubt that Go- enemy could devise. vernment will, upon the whole, gain such Our view, then, is, that under a Reformed a majority as will send their Bill to take Parliament the administration of our naits trial with some strength in the House tional ecclesiastical establishment will unof Lords. Should it stop there, with the dergo a severe ordeal; but that the issue King, the Commons, and the numerical will be, if the clergy are faithful to their majority of the public in its favour, the high trust, to make it more popular, results might be very serious.
spiritual, and more useful. It may come We forbear, as before stated, entering to be less looked to as a sinecure proat present upon the merits or demerits of vision for young men who have no taste the Bill; but we must offer a few words for its duties; but we think too highly in reply to some of our correspondents, of the claims of our Church, and its who have put the question to us, How powerful hold upon the best affections would a Reformed Parliament affect the of the country, to fear that a Parliament interests of the Established Church? We chosen by the large majority of respectable should have less hesitation in offering in housekeepers would wish for more than reply the most favourable opinion, if the its rectification, or would plot its extincEstablished Church were in that state of tion. If it did, it would be the clergy spiritual efficiency which would command themselves who were chiefly to blame ; for to a due extent the affections and suffrages wherever there is a pious, zealous, and of the people. · But this is at present de- affectionate pastor, the Church, we are plorably not the case; and much of the persuaded, is in no danger: rather do the evil, we must honestly add, has arisen from people wish to build new churches and a corrupt state of Parliament. Take only, provide for additional ministers where as an illustration, the distribution of pa- wanted ; and they are greatly alienated tronage. On whom have government from the national communion by not livings and posts of ecclesiastical dignity being allowed to do so. The people ask and emolument been currently bestowed? to have a pious, active, resident, fairlyNot by any means of necessity on the paid clergyman in every parish: but such worthiest candidates, but on those who a system would ruin the expectations of possessed the strongest parliamentary in- those who view the Church only as an terest. It is true that many excellent men instrument of lucre. Beyond this, we see have been thus promoted, but their ex- no direct danger, except (and a fearful cellence was not their direct claim; exception it is !) whát springs from the professional decency of character might temper of the times, whatever may be the usually be requisite, for the sake of public system of Government or Parliament; opinion, but beyond that nothing was and from the effect of those abuses in the required: it was not asked whether the Church which have alienated many of the individual was really a man of God; one who people, and rendered them open to the arts had determined to know nothing among of political declaimers and interested men but Jesus Christ and him crucified, impugners of tithes. But this danger and to spend and be spent for the souls of would be increased, not lessened, by a his people. Pluralities and non-residence, continuance, instead of a correction, of the also, have been nourished by the cor- existing evils; and, to speak the plain ruptions of Parliament; for a legislature truth, we should less dread open ophonestly anxious for the public welfare position than the interested support (even supposing its members not religious) which views religion only as an instruwould not have allowed, for the sake of ment of temporal advantage. If you do cumulating preferments, that wretched away with the Borough-influence system, system, which degrades and disgraces the it is said, and give large bodies of Church. But the venal interest that made the public a voice, you will ruin the and kept Parliament corrupt found one Church; for it stands by private influof its richest returns in Church patron- ence. Its clerical and impropriated tithes age; for it was hard indeed if a man who being bound up together, the efforts of could oblige Government could not provide those who hold the latter are exerted in for a clerical friend beyond the worth of favour of the former; and the better pay-' a single benefice incumbered with re- ment the Church can offer by sinecures sidence. These abuses have well-nigh and cumulation for the exertion of political ruined the Church in popular estimation; power, the more sure is it to retain that and one such instance as that which has power in its favour. In all this not one been retailed for the last few weeks,of the word is said of religion; of the unbought rapacity of the Bishop of Ely (we see not affections of the public; of that power why we should not allude to the name, as
which the Church ought to possess, as a it has been before Parliament), does more spiritual blessing to the country; and this to injure the Church in the public feeling is, in our view, a far stronger safeguard as an engine of spiritual utility, and to than that interested support which thinks