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only of loaves and fishes, and nothing of building bill ought not to admit the opethe souls of men.

ration of this sectarian spirit. Our parishes Among the measures lost for the present should be open to all our clergy fairly, acby the dissolution of Parliament, is the Bi- cording to their character and qualificashop of London's Church-building Bill. It tions; and not under a narrow-minded is called his Lordship’s, because by him it system, which would make as many conwas introduced; but we do not believe that it fessions as dioceses, as many courts of embodies all that bis Lordship would con- inquisition as parishes. Why not enact sider desirable. We make no doubt that specifically, that wherever there are so it was the best bill which his Lordship many thousand persons without churchthought could be carried through Parlia- room, or so many at such a distance from ment;

and we are sure that he conscien- a church (the exact proportion of a third tiously considered that in the main it or fourth of the parish, adopted in some would work well, though susceptible of former Acts, is no certain guide, as parishes improvement. But we cannot, after an- vary greatly in size and population), there other month's deliberation, see any reason

it shall be lawful to build a church or a to withdraw our charges against it; and we chapel, under suitable regulations, to be trust that in its present form it will never precisely defined by the Act, and not left be revived: indeed, it is stated that both to caprice or irresponsible jurisdiction. It the Right Rev. Prelate who introduced it, is not a matter of paltry fees or miserable and the Board of Commissioners, have jealousies, but one that concerns the expressed their willingness to accede to honour of God, the stability and usefulthe important amendment proposed, of ness of the Established Church, and the rendering the provisions imperative,instead souls of men for whom Christ died. Most of discretionary. This is the point which anxious are we to see the sectarianism those who are anxious for the erection of which has divided and desolated the Church churches wherever wanted should most done away. Let the question be, not-Does strongly urge. Without it the bill would he belong to the Bible Society, or the be, as we said in our last Number, "sec- Christian-Knowledge Society? what does tarian," and capable of being abused to he say of regeneration in baptism? does miserable party purposes.

The present he preach written or extempore sermons ? Bishop of London, no man doubts, would does he read the Seventeenth Article in a act impartially; and there is not a prelate Calvinistic or an Arminian sense? but- Is on the bench more anxious for the erecting he truly, decidedly, and with all his heart, of churches, and the supply of active, efti- anxious for the salvation of the souls of cient ministers in them: but would the his people? does he preach Christ to them, public or the clergy have felt the same con- as the way, the truth, and the life? is he fidence in the case of the late Bishop Ran- honest and in earnest? is the salvation of dolph? We are plain men, and must speak his own soul evidently his first great obplainly. Were not the Bishop of Peter- ject? is he really a man of God, or a man borough's questions sectarian? Is it not living for the present world? If points like sectarian that every diocese should have these are satisfactorily settled, we can be a veto on church building, governed by quite willing to leave innumerable matters principles wholly distinct, perhaps, from of detail, and some even of doctrine, to be those adopted in the next county? Mr. adjusted at leisure. But without these Stewart, late of Percy Chapel, has just preliminaries nothing will long uphold the been presented to a new church at Liver- Church, as nothing will reach the hearts of pool, after the Rector of St. Pancras bad men or bring glory to God. refused to allow him to be licensed to any Mr. Buxton has fully redeemed his prochapel purchased for bim in his parish; and mise of bringing forward the anti-slavery as the Rector stated that no clergyman to question, and urging nothing short of comwhom the title of Evangelical happens to plete emancipation. The debate being adbe applied shall be admitted into that journed, the intervening dissolution of Parparish, it is clear, that, if he were allowed ment prevented any decision or division on to interfere, he would prevent any chapel the question. As the speeches are to be being built if the nomination were in the printed at large in the Anti-Slavery Rehands of persons thus obnoxious; which porter,we shall not attempt to abridge them. he could easily do under the new bill, in Government proposed drawing up a code more ways than one; and if in no other of amelioration, to be forced upon the coway, yet, as a last resource, after the parties lonies, if not voluntarily accepted.-- After had been put to great expense and incon- all that has occurred, we think this refervenience, by getting one built by other per- ence, to say the least, an unnecessary de

We mention this particular parish, lay, if not an insuperable obstacle ; nor not with a view either to individual praise does the proposed code, so far as developor censure, but because Mr. Stewart's ed by Lord Althorp and Lord Howick, case happens already to be before the proceed to any thing like the extent of the public. We know of many parishes, and evil. Much more is wanted, and we trust we fear we might say some dioceses, siini- will yet be gained ; but in the mean larly circumstanced. A public church. time we must do the justice to Mi

Sons.

nisters to say, that their proposed code is rious consideration of all our readers. far more liberal than any thing yet pro- The present is a crisis in this great cause posed by government; and being peremp- of religion and humanity, which, if lost, tory, and not optional on the colonies, was the opportunity of urging it to a sucto the utmost extent of what they could cessful issue may even yet long be postpossibly hope to obtain against the West- poned. Indian influence in Parliament. In truth, But we must close our remarks. The we are not sure that their determination watchwords of the Christian, in times on this subject, and on the Game Laws, like these, should be peace_loyaltyhas not done almost as much to render faith-prayer. We see much atioat at them suspected and unpopular in both war with all these ; but let the Christian Houses, as the Reform Bill itself. The remember that his duties are not regulated fate of the question during the ensuing by popular applause or disapprobation : session now depends, under God, upon he is not the tool of Whigs or Tories; the efforts of the British public in the one is his Master, even Christ; whose pending elections; and we rejoice to read injunctions, delivered by his Apostle, the excellent address issued on the sub- and confirmed by his own example, are, ject by the Anti-Slavery Society, which “ Honour all men; love the brotherhood; most earnestly we recommend to the se- fear God; honour the king."

OBITUARY.

THE REV. T. M. HITCHINS. To the Editor of the Christian Observer. Baptist's chapel, Devonport, was laid by

him, who was to fill the important station The Rev. T. M. Hitchins, second son of of ministering in it. He returned to the the Rev. M. Hitchins, late Vicar of St. curacy of St. Hilary : and during his reHilary in Cornwall, was born at Merton, sidence there formed an attachment to North Devon, in 1776. He was educated the lady whom he married shortly after at the gram mar-schools of Exeter and his induction to St. John's chapel. Biddeford; and, after a short residence with Mr. Hitchins had now arrived at a his father, entered Exeter college, Oxford; most important period of his life. While where he took the degree of B. A. in the residing with his father, a most decided usual course, and afterwards became tutor change took place in his religious prinin the family of H. Goulburn, Esq., at ciples, the nature and reality of which Prinknash Park, Gloucestershire, to his were fully evidenced by his subsequent two sons, the Right Hon. H. Goulburn conduct through life. He had ever been and his younger brother. During this of an amiable and strictly moral character, period he was ordained, with a title, to and had entertained also a very serious ihe curacy of Haresfield, in the same sense of the importance of the ministerial county; where he remained about two office--so that his preaching was the years, uniting the office of tutor with the means of exciting in many very lively feelduties of his ministry. At the expiration ings of the value of the soul, the vanity of of that time he left the family of Mr. life, and the responsibility of man ;-bnt Goulburn, and was presented to a small here his usefulness ended : and it was not living in Northamptonshire by the late Dr. till after the important change stated Maskelyne. The situation not agreeing above that his discourses embodied in with his bealth, after a little more than them those peculiar and distinguishing a year he returned to St. Hilary, and be- doctrines preached by Christ and his came his father's curate. The curacy of Apostles, which afterwards became the Stoke Damarel, Devonshire, becoming prominent subjects of his ininisterial vacant, by the advice of his father he addresses. The result was soon maniapplied for it, and entered upon the labo- fested, and God gave testimony to the rious duties of that parish in the year word of his grace in the hearts of those 1794. After remaining there about two who heard it. Mr. Hitchins now became years he was induced by solid reasons to a diligent, student of the Bible, and quit it; but so strong an interest had avoided every occupation calculated to he excited in the neighbourhood, that his withdraw his mind from the pursuit of friends proposed to secure to themselves heavenly things. The retirement of his his permanent residence and ministrations, situation was peculiarly favourable to his by building a large and commodious researches; and his brother, the Rev. chapel, to which he might return; and Thomas Hitchins, curate of Falmouth, such were their zeal and perseverance, that having also with great zeal entered on his all difficulties were surmounted, and in Christian course, was probably an instruc1797 the foundation-stone of St. John the tive associate to him. "Mr. Hitchins's progress in Christian attainments soon be- father of many institutions having for came evident to all who conversed with their object the supply of the spiritual him. His desire now was to preach a cru- and temporal wants of mankind-such as cified Saviour, as the only ground of a sin- Sunday Schools, and Benevolent Societies. ner's acceptance with God; and his whole The Sunday schools were recommended deportment was such as became the by him in his opening address, and in a Gospel of Christ.

short time established ; tbe “Female In this blessed state of mind, having Benevolent Society ” was formed by him counted the cost of following his Divine for the relief of the destitute sick, by Master through evil report and through which thousands have been greatly begood report, he returned to Devonport, and nefited. Church-Missionary, Bible, and in March 1799 opened the chapel de- other valuable institutions, received the signed for him. This was a season of pecuniary aid of bis congregation. The extreme trial, and an occasion calculated poor and the sick derived great comto put to the test the reality and practical fort from his pastoral visits and he pos. influence of the principles he had em. sessed a peculiar talent for administering braced. Surrounded by a congregation to them the tender sympathy that he of friends, who had manifested towards bore towards the sons and daughters of him the greatest kindness, and made the affliction. most strenuous exertions to bring him Thus was this faithful servant of Christ, again among them; valued by them for in season and out of season, employed in qualities which he now esteemed“ nothing the blessed cause which he had been led worth,” and expected to join with them to embrace, and to which he stedfastly in the same species of social intercourse adhered in the midst of the opposing which he formerly held; he was called influence of the world, the flesh, and the to stand up and proclaim to them the devil. The natural delicacy of his mind, humbling doctrines of the Gospel, and to his retiring disposition, and an aversion exhibit in his own conduct the practical to give offence, could have been kept in results of the change which had taken their subordinate station only by an overplace in his mind, - devotedness to God, coming faith in the unseen realities of the and nonconformity to the world. But, beavenly world. Under very difficult cirstrengthened by the grace of his Saviour, cumstances, he never wavered in bis the fear of man had no influence to induce Christian course, or endeavoured to find him to keep back those Scriptural truths out palliations for a less open and decided from his congregation which he had em- adherence to Christ, his cause, or his braced since his separation from them. He people. On this point he had peculiar explicitly avowed his intention of making trials, from the circumstance that the these the subjects of his future ministra- change in his character and conduct took tions; assured them that the promotion of place between the time of his leaving the their salvation would become the constant neighbourhood, in the year 1797, and his object of his attention; and that, to secure return to it, in 1799, when, to the surprise to them such a blessing, his sermons would and offence of many, he preached new contain the humbling doctrines derived doctrines, and brought strange things to from the word of God and embodied in their ears. A few of his former friends the Articles of our Church. With this were greatly offended; but “the Lord declaration the whole of his future life stood by him, and strengthened him:” so and ministry was in conformity. The that he was regardless either of the smiles world, which he before loved, and the or of the frowns of the world; and profavour of which he sought, had now be- ceeded, in a spirit of dependence uponGod, come an object of disregard : his time, in the path that his grace bad marked out and talents were directed to higher and for him: and in this path the same grace nobler ends. The eternal interests of enabled him to continue for thirty-one those committed to his charge constituted years, serving God in his generation with the chief object of his concern; and it lowliness and meekness, following peace may be truly said, that be sought not theirs, with all men, and holiness—the sure result but them; he preached "not himself, of the principles which he had embraced but Christ Jesus the Lord.” And this till at length it pleased God to make even preaching God was pleased to bless to the his enemies to be at peace with him. conversion, edification, and consolation of Those who rejected his doctrines were many, who will be bis “joy and crown,” constrained to respect his character, and in that day when “they that be wise shall to acknowledge how “ holily, justly, and shine as the brightness of the firmament, unblameably he behaved himself amongst and they that turn many to righteousness them.” as the stars for ever and ever.

During the last two years much bodily The practical influence of the doc- weakness being apparent, his family and trines which he preached from the pulpit friends had earnestly solicited him to dehe exhibited in his life. His deportment sist from his exertions; but these entreawas holy, humble, benevolent, and con- ties he always repelled, by declaring his sistent. He was the uniform supporter intention to preach as long as he could. of all that was good, and the nursing On the 5th of September, 1830, he ad

unto me.

dressed his congregation for the last

But they are appointed; and time. The sermon was in behalf of the St. this consideration relieves my mind." John's Sunday School, and contained a very “I am now learning,” he frequently striking address to the children, on the said, " to suffer the whole will of God. value of the word of God. He had com- As he approached the dark valley of menced his ministry in that place with a the shadow of death, he conversed derecommendation of Sunday schools, and lightfully on his heavenly prospects with now his last address conveyed the same re- his beloved and much-valued partner, commendation;-acircumstance calculated whom he strove to console and animate. to keep alive in the minds of his mourning On the day before his death he addressed Hock the great importance which their every member of his family and housebeloved minister attached to these invalu- bold, in terms suitable to their state, able institutions.

and gave them his dying blessing. Some His rapidly increasing weakness, and texts of Scripture being repeated at his his being absent from home for change of desire, he asked, “Is there no other to air, precluded him from much intercourse prepare the soul for an entrance into with his friends : but when he was able glory?" Several others were then mento converse with them he continued to tioned: after one of which he observed, attest, with great energy, that he had no “I know the glorious truth, and it supreliance on any thing that he had ever ports me now. After a very distressing done; that he felt himself to be an un- night of bodily suffering, he said, “ Dying profitable servant; and that the blood of is hard work, but Satan is a conquered Jesus Christ alone was the ground of his enemy. O Lord, I am oppressed; underhope for pardon and reconciliation with take for me." At another time he obGod. “ Blessed be his name,” he said, served,“ We dare not dictate to the Lord “ he has pardoned all my sins." He ex- in the least particular; and I have compressed his thankfulness that he had been mitted my all to him: therefore I will only permitted to preach for more than thirty say, “Thy will be done!' His time is the years the unsearchable riches of Christ, and best." As his departure drew near he that God had given testimony to the word frequently inquired what the hour was, of his grace. On hearing that it had been shewing disappointment at the slow lapse reported that his spirits were dejected, of time, and adding, “Come, Lord Jesus; his eyes became filled with tears, while he come quickly.” Then, fearing there might thanked God that this was not the case, be impatience in the desire, he would and that throughout his illness not a check himself, saying, “ My times are doubt or fear had been permitted for a in thy hand, O Lord. His mind conmoment to harass his mind. Yet, while tinued clear and vigorous, and he requested he desired to glorify God by speaking of to have reading and prayer. Mrs. Hitchins the comfort he enjoyed, he watched over having remarked, “ This will be a blessed his heart with humility and holy jealousy. Sabbath to you," he faintly articulated, Having mentioned in a letter his peace of “ Yes, the best." His last words were an mind, he became very uneasy from the affecting petition to God for help in his idea that he had not expressly stated present extremity. It was heard : the that he was kept thus by the power of struggle subsided; and the happy spirit was God, and requested that the letter might released from a body of pain and death to be destroyed.

the sight and enjoyment of his God and The last week of his mortal life was Saviour. He expired at noon, on Sunday, one of great suffering, which he bore with December 19, 1830, surrounded, like the meek submission, as coming immediately patriarch of old, by his weeping family, from Infinite Wisdom and Love. “« Wea- and while his flock were praying for him in risume nights,' he observed,' are appointed the house of God.

G. THE REV. BASIL WOODD. “ Precious in the sight of the Lord,” exemplary life were not recorded. says the Psalmist David, “is the death of It is intended in the present notice to his saints." Surely, then, it ought to glance at the following particulars: The be embalmed in the affectionate remem- general outline of his life; the peculiar brances of those who have witnessed their place which he occupied in the church of holy life; and blessed is the memorial, in Christ, in relation to the ecclesiastical order to teach those who come after, to communion established in this land; his follow them as they followed Christ. To ministry; his personal character ; his few persons of the present age is this connexion with religious and charitable posthumous tribute more due than to that institutions; his publications; and his last much-beloved and revered servant of days. Christ, the late Rev. Basil Woodd ;-a man The personal narrative of this excelwho had drunk deeply into the spirit of lent man is concise and simple. His life his Divine Master, and whose many af- was not distinguished by any of those fectionate and edifying memorials of novelties, those vagrancies, those eccenothers would render" it doubly ungrate- tricities, or those startling adventures, ful if the chief passages of his own which often deform, while they enliven, Cuprem Opondy No. 352.

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the pages of biography. His course was and spirituality to her moral duties. “Remild, uniform, and settled; and he owed ligious exercises,” adds her son, which much of his extensive usefulness, and of hitherto she had not regarded higher than the attachment and respect which attend a devout form of godliness, now became his memory, to the very circumstance of her soul's delight. She ordinarily retired his having been for so many years con

three times in the day for private prayer ; sistent and stationary; far the oldest and in every department of life she was a clergyman, and perhaps the oldest re- lively ornament of the truth as it is in sident, in his neighbourhood; who had Jesus." one generation die, and another

The excellencies of this admirable wogrow up around him, and a third press- man will justify a somewhat larger diing forward into active life; while he re- gression, as it was to her maternal instrucmained, the unshaken and venerable friend, tions and example, under the Divine blesse adviser, and guardian of race after race, ing, that her affectionate son ever attriwho found him where their fathers had buted it that he had early learned “to love left him, and beaming with the same affec- the ways of God.” She had borne him tionate and holy sympathies which had in sorrow; she had committed his feeble endeared him to those who had gone be- infancy to the care of that Fatherly Profore; whose youth he had nurtured, whose vidence which had been her own support, manhood he had counselled, and who had and which he was often accustomed to say preceded him to heaven.

had been his also; she had nurtured him His personal narrative, then, may be in the ways of God and the love of his summed up in few notices.

He was Redeemer; she was spared to see him the only son of his mother, and she was enter the sacred ministry, and become an a widow. Of less than thirteen months, honoured instrument of spiritual benefit which elapsed from the day of her mar- to others, as a faithful and affectionate riage to the birth of this her sole earthly servant of Jesus Christ; and then she hope, at Richmond in Surrey, on the departed in peace to that better world 5th of August, 1760, nearly seven had where he has now rejoined her. To sepassed in desolate loneliness; for she had parate the memorial of her son from hers lost her beloved partner within six months would be injustice to both. The biographer after their union. But her desolation was of St. Augustine fondly dwells on the not without far better support than the maternal virtues of Monica; nor did an dearest earthly comforter could have afford inspired penman detach the name of Ti. ed; for, by the Divine mercy, through the mothy from Lois and Eunice. Besides spiritual counsels of affectionate friends which, the best instruction of the narraamong whom her son has gratefully re- tive would be lost, if it were not shewn corded the names of Dr.and Mrs. Conyers, bow faithful is God to his promises to the elder Mr. Venn, and the mother of those parents who make it their first enthat beloved and revered friend of man. deavour to bring up their children in the kind Mr. Wilberforce--her affliction was nurture and admonition of the Lord; how the means of leading her to God; and she affecting in after-life are the reminiscences was thus enabled to commit herself, a of a sainted mother's tears, how indelible widow, and her fatherless child, to Him her hallowed lessons, how powerful her who has invited the fatherless and widow's prayers. Let parents, let children, listen to put their trust in him. Her mind and oh that the latter may be able to do being now, by one stroke, severed from so with devout sympathy, and the former worldly prospects, and rent from the love with consolation, and both without occa, of the creature, she began more anxiouslysion for self-reproach !-to the declarations to seek the knowledge and love of the of this venerable man respecting his only Creator. “ She had from early life,” parent; for he had never gazed on the says her son—who loved with thankful countenance of a father, and had he reheart to recount her excellencies, and jected her maternal counsels, there was no those of several others of his beloved re- rude hand to curb the impetuosity of headlatives, whose scattered memorials he had strong youth; but the promises of God are just been collecting for publication when to the weak as well as the strong; and the the stroke of death came upon him—“She desolate mother, who makes Him her conhad from early life been of a devout turn fidence, and would bring up her fatherless of mind, a strict observer of moral duties children only to His glory, adding her and the ritual of religion; but now, in example to her instructions, and her the day of adversity, she was brought to prayers to her tears, may cherish a consoldeeper views of the depravity of her ing confidence that God will not forsake heart, and the need she stood in of a her, or frustrate her pious endeavours. Saviour; she perceived the insufficiency But, then, let her be, what this excellent of her own righteousness, and the ne- woman was,-not a soft, sentimental cessity of being born again.” From this professor of religion; not a flippant cahappy period, to a disposition naturally viller or captious controvertist about spebenign and amiable were added the graces culative theorems; not a woman talking of the Holy Spirit; and the Christian of godliness and living to the world; not a motive of love to her Redeemer gave life giddy pursuer after new doctrines, new

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