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friends of this excellent man who closed tremes on some disputed points of dochis long and faithful ministry with these trine; but rather of keeping to that seripwords.
tural medium so well marked out by our From this period he became gradually church. Thus, for instance, the name of weaker in body, and was sometimes cast Baxter being mentioned, he said: “Some down in mind; but with the exception of of my friends have sometimes accused me these passing clouds, his spiritual hopes of being a Baxterian. I do not go quite so and joys became brighter and more fixed, far as Baxter on some particular points ; as the earthly house of this tabernacle but my sentiments more nearly correspond verged to its dissolution. To a clerical with Baxter's than with those of almost any friend he frequently expressed that he other divine. I have been found fault enjoyed peace of soul; that he had no with too for being too much of a Calvinfears respecting his eternal safety ; but ist. On most points I think I agree with added, " Pray for me, that I may be pa Calvin; but I cannot think with him on tient : there was nothing in your prayer
the doctrine of reprobation. I cannot, that I have thought so much upon as that from what I have been enabled to learn in I might be enabled to possess my soul in my study of the Scriptures, resolve it, as he patience. Oh that I may be more sub does, into the absolute sovereignty of God. missive to the will of God!” He greatly I cannot reconcile that view of it with his dreaded the supposed physical pains of not willing the death of a sinner. But it dissolution; repeating in the words of his is astonishing how much more moderate favourite, Hooker : « Lord, I owe thee a men become upon these subjects as they death, only let it not be terrible ;” and was
Calvin himself was much much comforted by some remarks on the more moderate in the latter part of his probability that the mere bodily sufferings life : his Commentary was written after of death are often much less than they his Institutes; and it is surprising how appear to survivors, and that in a case like much more moderate it is, though he died his, death would most likely have as few at the age of fifty-seven or fifty-eight.” physical as spiritual terrors. The charges It were too long to record all the reagainst himself, of his own spiritual apa- marks and conversations during his illness, thy, were groundless ; for intense feeling which his friends cherish in their remem characterized whatever he uttered upon brance with filial reverence ; and which the subject of religion. On Good Friday, were rendered peculiarly impressive by for instance, he said that he had been the deep solemnity of his manner. Two trying to reflect upon the awful scenes or three passages copied from the memothat day commemorated; that he had been randa of a friend may suffice as a specimen. always accustomed to review all its afflict Thus, while those about him were adjusting events; but that now when he thought ing his pillows on his return from a short of the thorns, the nails, and the spear, it was ride, he began to meditate aloud, “ When more than he could bear, and he was obli. He says to man, Return-when Thou with ged to turn his mind to other contempla rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou tions. No friend who had the privilege makest his beauty to consume away like of seeing him during his illness, but must a moth; surely every man is vanity.” have been affected with his fatherly ten Being quietly laid down, and closing his derness to all around him; the composed eyes, he continued : “ I sometimes feel and heavenly state of his mind, combined as if I were going home, sweet home! with the deepest humility and self-abase Oh what mercy, to be with my Saviour ment before God. He presented an edi- who has done so much for me! I have fying spectacle of a dying Christian and no righteousness of my own to stand in minister. He constantly expressed devout none, none :-clothed in his righteousness. thankfulness for having been permitted to
He is my righteousness! What mercy to labour as a minister of Christ; adding, that a poor sinful worm! Called at the age if it should please God to spare him, he of -, and upheld through his grace in hoped that “a deeper tone”_such was his his ways ever since; so that, though I am expression--would be given to his preach compassed with infirmity, I have not ing. “If I should recover,” said he, “and be wickedly departed from my God; but he permitted to labour a little longer, I hope has led me on, and I trust there is a place I shall return with a new and increased prepared for me in my Father's kingdom. conviction of the importance of eternity, Oh what a mercy to have a hope sure and I am thankful that God has condescended stedfast through my Saviour, who is ento use me as an instrument in his hand, tered for us within the veil. Without and in some measure blessed my labours; Christ what should I do!” but I desire to come to him as a sinner in On another occasion he remarked : deep humility, ashamed and abased before “ It seems like a breaking up of nature : him, and relying only on the all-sufficient whether I shall ever rally or not, God only grace, the all-sufficient atonement, of my knows; with him all things are possible, blessed Saviour for pardon and accept- and I sometimes think I may recover; ance with him.”
but whether I live or die, I thank God He frequently spoke of his increasing I am prepared to do his will. When I sense of the wisdom of not verging to ex
feel as if I should not recover, the pro
[MAY spect before me—the near prospect of the every casual visitor, but that he did not glory that awaits me, almost overwhelms in general record much of his own spime- I can hardly bear to think of it or to ritual feelings ; that he had done speak of it. Thank God, not one doubt so very minutely in early life, but he disturbs me. If I live, to me to live is added, with great humility, that in the Christ; but to die will be great gain. warmth of his youthful religious impresGod has been very merciful to me, a sin sions, the language was so much more ner ; very merciful. He has redeemed my highly wrought, and his hopes and joys so soul from death, by the precious blood of much more vividly expressed, than he now Christ. He is my Father in Christ; thought just or sober, that he had long Jesus Christ is my Saviour, and in him, ago destroyed the record. The day before my elder Brother, I trust for acceptance his death, the same clergyman calling on with my Father, and lay my humble claim him, found him in a state of collapse ; but to the inheritance of the sons of God in partially reviving, he was able, in a faint glory everlasting; and I hope, my dear, I whisper, to communicate that he was very shall meet you there, and your dear fa- weak, but very happy. It was “a lost mily...... God is a Sovereign : he acts as case,” he said; but he instantly responded a Sovereign; sovereign in power, sove with a reviving glow to the remark that reign in wisdom, sovereign in love. He it was a blessed case, for that when this is too wise to be mistaken, too good to be mortal should put on immortality he unkind. I bow to his sovereignty ; I do would be with his God and Saviour in not understand it; I do not know why happiness everlasting. He intimated that his purpose is thus and thus, but I know he had been settling his affairs for both that all his purposes are directed by in- worlds; and felt much composure in finite wisdom, infinite mercy, and infinite having transferred the management of the justice too. He is my Sovereign : I am charitable institutiens at his chapel, to brought to entire acquiescence with his the hands of several kind friends. He will, whether it be for life or death. If had been trying, he said, all the morning, it were his will that I should live, I should to correct the proof sheet of a statement wish to live." On the following day he respecting one of his schools ; but “ he said, “ I seem to be languishing into life. knew not how it was, he could neither What a mercy, that whether I live or die, write nor think,” and he expressed great all is well, well. If I die, absent from satisfaction at a friend's engaging to do it the body, I shall be present with the Lord. for him. During the reading of a psalm, Oh what a mercy, to be with him in glory and the offering up of a brief prayer, he everlasting! What infinite mercy, that held the hand of the clergyman who was he has employed me to preach the riches kneeling by his side, and silently pressed of his grace! I have endeavoured, accord- it at the conclusion of almost every clause ing as he has enabled me, to preach his and sentence, in proof that he compreGospel, according to my views of it, and, hended and joined in the petitions ; wheI trust, not without some success, blessed ther those which tended to self-abasement be his name, and to promote his cause and prostration of the soul before his among my dear flock. What mercy to such Maker; or those which implored from a feeble instrument! If I live, it is Christ the Father of mercies, and the God of all to me to live ; but I leave it all in the consolation, that he would strengthen his hands of his sovereign love. I shall be faith, and animate his hopes, and confirm with him in glory everlasting; I know his patience, and, if it were his will, renothing of it; I cannot conceive it; oh lieve his bodily sufferings; or those which what a mercy to me.” He often spoke of mingled thanksgiving with prayer for past the comfort of having a hope sure and mercies, and more especially for the spistedfast, and when speaking of the blessed ritual blessings which it had pleased God Saviour, said with humble thankfulness, for so many years to confer upon others
My hope, my strength, my refuge, my by his ministrations; or the yielding
whatever was dear to him_soul, body, In one of his conversations with a cle- family, character, reputation, every hope rical friend, he told him he had been col
and prospect—with peaceful acquiescence lecting the published memoirs of his into the hands of his merciful God and family, with some others not published, reconciled Father in Christ Jesus; or the and was preparing to print them as a vo earnest desire, mixed with assured hope, lume, blessing God that so many of his that an abundant entrance would be miconnexions had lived and died in the faith nistered unto him into the everlasting and peace of the Gospel, but evidently not kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus contemplating that his own hour was Christ. As the clergyman quitted the drawing near. In allusion to some re room, fearful of exhausting the frame of marks respecting the possibility of a si- his revered friend, the venerable man, milar memorial at some future time of though scarcely able to articulate, burst himself, he observed that he had always into a fervent strain of intercession for kept a diary, in which he entered the pass. him, and his family, and ministry, which ing occurrences of the day, even to the evinced to the last the affectionate symstate of the atmosphere, and the name of pathies of his heart, the overflowings of
which the visitor was constrained to re so more singly and efficiently! I am press by retiring from his couch after ashamed and humbled on account of all. being thrice brought back, lest the effort But oh! had I all the faith of Abraham, should too rapidly exhaust the last ener all the zeal of St. Paul, the ardour of gies of expiring nature.
Peter, the meekness of Moses, I would The closing day of his mortal existence, look for acceptance with God above all and what the martyrs of old were wont these excellent graces. No merit but that to call the birth-day of the soul, was
of my beloved Saviour. With the mantle Tuesday the 12th of April. Before dawn of his obedience unto death may I be he was heard by one of his sons, who with covered! May I be found in Him ; acfilial tenderness approached his d, to counted righteous before God only for the say, “ Lord, now lettest thou thy servant merits of my Lord and Saviour Jesus depart in peace, that my eyes may see thy Christ! Here I can rest, through faith, salvation;" a supplication which he fer- and find it full of consolation. Glory be vently offered up several times in the to God for such a hope within the veil !” course of the day. Some of his family The last entry in his diary is the following ; and relations and friends took their last and most apt were it for a memorial on earthly farewell of him in the forenoon, his tomb of his deep self-abasement and to several of whom he attempted to arti humility, even while he was rejoicing in culate a few words of consolation or pa- his Redeemer, and, “ through faith” in his ternal advice. Among other friends, the obedience unto death, was “full of consoclergyman before alluded to knelt down by lation :” his bed-side : it seemed doubtful whether “ I come to my God, asking for no rehe was able to assist in the solemnity;
ward : I look only for mercy. but by several indications it was discerned ** Mercy, Good Lord, is all I ask : that his faculties were still clear, and that Lord, let Thy mercy come !!” his heart still prayed; and he was under And that mercy has come: for even to stood to whisper at the conclusion, That so amiable, so just, so moral a man was is sweet.” He shortly after intimated mercy, mere mercy, necessary.. And, that he could now see no more of his blessed be God, the same mercy is free to affectionate friends ; the earthly fabric of all who repair for it to the same Source; this frail tabernacle was rapidly decaying; and this is the solace of the humble the powers of life were well-nigh spent ; penitent, when comparing himself with yet occasionally a few accents of peace those who have lived and died before him and joy would escape from his lips : in in the faith of Christ, and lamenting his particular, at about six in the afternoon own deficiencies ; for he hears even St. he was heard to say, “The Lord is letting
Paul himself exclaim, “And not to me his servant depart in peace.... I shall soon only,"—not to me, the Apostle of the see that salvation ; Good b'ye (the collo- Gentiles, me, who have entered the third quial, and doubtless in his case the intend- heavens, and had special manifestations, ed, abridgment of the prayer, “God be and been counted worthy to do much and with you "); it will soon be over.”
to suffer much for Christ,-shall a crown of And soon it was over ; for shortly glory be given, but—to the lowliest bebefore nine that evening he entered into liever, the most desponding Christian,his rest. He was spared the sufferings he
" to all who love his appearing.”. had dreaded; his dismissal was gentle ; It were unnecessary to detail the marks his family and friends were around him, of posthumous respect which have attested watching the last ebbings of life; for the esteem entertained for this good man, their presence had now ceased to dis From prelates, from not a few of his compose his spirit, and his eye, so soon to
clerical brethren, from several of our reopen upon eternal realities, was sealed to ligious and charitable institutions, and every earthly impression. To the latest from the testimonies of attached friends, moments of consciousness, he felt intensely might be collected an honoured wreath of interested in prayer, and praise, and the affection to adorn his memory. The train reading of the word of God; and his oft- of mourners at his funeral, though meant repeated direction was complied with, that to be confined chiefly to a few relatives, with when death should approach, his hands such clerical friends as voluntarily pressed might be placed upon that blessed book forward to pay this last tribute of their (such were his words ) which had been regard, was swelled by a very large comhis guide and support through life; that pany of gentlemen and tradesmen of thus he might be reminded of its hallowed the neighbourhood, who appeared in contents, and that it might be his comfort mourning, and fell into the procession : in his last trial. The spirit in which he being joined also by the children of his died-and it was the spirit in which he various schools, whose loud bursts of inhad lived—may be discerned in the fol tense agony can never be forgotten by lowing memorial in his diary, dated as late any who witnessed the affecting spectacle. as the 5th of March : “ I have aimed at The sympathy exhibited throughout the promoting the knowledge and love of the neighbourhood was such as is not often truth as it is in Jesus, in the church and seen in a crowded metropolitan suburb in the world at large. Oh that I had done like Paddington. The tradesmen very CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 353.
the Re lostrate the E: J. Bro by the
generally closed their windows; and the by his Christian virtues, and in the circle
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H. Raikes ;– The History of Abraham; In the press, and preparing for publica- by the Rev. H. Blunt ;–Ecclesiastical ion im Clerical Education ; by the Rev. History of the first Eight Centuries ; by
the Rev W. Jones ;~ Gospel Truth il- inquiries which would have prevented lustrated by Extracts from Boston, Hog, him in ignorant presumption vaunting the Erskines, and others; by the Rev. forth so shameful a deception. The real J. Brown ;-Exposition of Rom. viii. ; name of the obtruder of the forgery in by the Rev. C. Maitland ;—Sir E. Sea- 1751 was one Jacob Ilive, a printer, who ward's Shipwreck, and his Diary from worked off the book secretly in the night 1733 to 1749; by Jane Porter ;--A Re at a private press.
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infidel, a most remarkable believer, for
he maintained that there is no hell but A publication has just issued from earth; that the souls of men are apostate the Bristol press, entitled “ The Book of angels; with many other strange notions. Jasher, with Testimonies and Notes, &c.; The plan of itinerating libraries, begun and a preliminary Dissertation proving in East Lothian in 1817, has been attended the Authenticity of the Work; translated with a degree of success unprecedented in into English from the Hebrew by the history of reading associations. The F. A. Alcuinus of Britain, Abbot of object was to furnish all the towns and Canterbury, who went a pilgrimage into villages of that county with libraries of the Holy Land and Persia, where he dis useful books; and to plant them at such covered this volume in the city of Gazna.” distances that no individual may be more The present is surely the age by eminence remote from one than a mile and a half : of Biblical forgeries. It is not long since and there is every prospect that, in a few it was our duty to expose the absurd pre- years, it will be completely effected. About tensions of the alleged Book of Enoch, sixty libraries are necessary; and there in a review which scholars are pleased to are already seventy-one divisions in the inform us has set the matter for ever at principal towns and villages : all which
We the other day also adverted has been effected chiefly through the into a profile published by Mr. Bagster, strumentality of an individual, with comand labelled in the print-shops as paratively limited means. The experiment authentic portrait of Jesus Christ.” And is important; because, if a whole county now we have a translation of the Book may be covered with libraries, a whole of Jasher, mentioned Joshua x. 13 and kingdom may, by similar means, be covered 2 Sam. i. 18; which, we understand, is with them; and if a whole kingdom, why gravely spoken of in some quarters as an not every part of the world where there authentic record. Knaves will never is found a reading population? The pricease while dupes are to be found; other- mary object of the East-Lothian libraries wise no one would havebeenknavishenough was to promote religion ; and a large proto publish this clumsy and impudent for- portion of the books has accordingly gery as a genuine document; and, more been of a religious character : but there over, as if it had never seen the light till has also been a considerable proportion it lately issued from the press at Bristol. of history, biography, travels, and popular The same work was printed in the year works on the arts and sciences. This has 1751, and was noticed at the time in the added to the popularity of the institution; Monthly Review (old series) as “a pal- and thus increased the number of religious pable piece of contrivance, intended to books which have been read. The libraries impose on the credulous and the ignorant, contain many of the most valuable works
sap the credit of the Books of Moses, which are published from time to time, and to blacken the character of Moses and also a considerable number which himself."
The editor or author has combine amusement with instruction. trumped up an idle story of the means by They are read by persons of all classes ; which the manuscript fell into his hands. from fainilies of the first respectability in He has also prefixed a history of Alcuinus's the county down to the poorest and most alleged pilgrimage to the Holy Land; of distressed of its inhabitants, not excepting the manner of his procuring a sight of the the prisoners in the jails. We may probably original Book of Jasher; and the means take occasion to notice some of the feaby which he obtained permission to trans tures of the plan, with a view to induce late it into English. But the whole, as was some of our readers to introduce it in justly remarked by the Monthly Review their own neighbourhoods. The disers, is so full of blunders, inconsistencies, tinctive peculiarity is, that the libraries and absurdities, that it is beneath notice. are itinerating. In addition to the caveat of the Monthly, Without disparaging any other of the Reviewers, Mr. Nichols, in his Literary many interesting and instructive volumes Anecdotes, gives some particulars respect issued in the form of cabinet and family ing it, which Mr. Hartwell Horne, in his libraries, it is, perhaps, not too much to valuable and indefatigable researches, place at the head of the list, for extent has noticed in the last edition of his and variety of condensed informationgreat work : so that the present editor is much of it out of the ordinary track of either wilfully imposing on the world, for popularscience~Mr. Herschel's Discourse lucre's sake, what he knows to be a gross on Natural Philosophy in Dr. Lardner's forgery; or he has failed to make those Cyclopædia. We copy one or two curious