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tion which he had undertaken is which, in critical mood, we might spoken of as follows:
hold a respectful conference with “ In a sense, little understood by those his lordship, yet the whole tenor of who uttered the words, those words were his work is so sound and practical, true, Himself he cannot save. He could
80 devotional and instructive, that not come down from the cross, and deliver himself from the punishment which we most earnestly recommend it to he had undertaken to bear, without frus. our readers; only adding our tribute of trating the plan prepared for man's re- gratitude to the Right Reverend au• demption. We were recently considering, thor, with our fervent prayers that how in the agony of his human nature, he prayed to his father, * Father, if it be in this and all his other zealous possible, let this cup pass from me!' But efforts to promote the glory of God no sooner had he said, according to the and the salvation of men, he may see dictates of his human nature, Father, the work of the Lord prosper in his save me from this hour;' than he added, in his Divine wisdom, yet for this cause
hand. came I to this hour.' The same goodness which led him to offer the ransom, determined him to endure unto the end, A Collection of Sermons on the Death and forbad his using his Divine power to save himself, before all things had
of the Right Rev. J.H.Hobart, D.D. been fulfilled which justice required him With a Memoir of his Life and to undergo: before having submitted to Writings. I vol. New York. 1831. the full weight of Divine wrath, he was enabled to say, It is finished; and Having just received, among our bowed the head, and gave up the ghost.'" p. 391.
American books, a copy of this inHaving had Dr. Whately's works teresting work, we proceed to share so recently under consideration, we with our readers a portion of its turned in the volume before us to contents. The volume consists of some of those texts, the Bishop's thirteen funeral sermons (various exposition of which would naturally others, we believe, were preached, elicit his lordship's opinions relative and some published), with a narrato some of the subjects alluded to tive of the life of the late lamented by that author, especially the Chris- Bishop Hobart. Having already intian Sabbath : and we rejoice to serted in our pages a brief memoir find, what indeed we did not doubt, of that individual, with many occa that he maintains the plain, simple, sional notices of his publications, Scriptural orthodox doctrine ; – the we shall not follow the narrative in primeval unrepealed obligation, and detail, but simply copy a few pasthe continued sanction of the Fourth sages which will be new to our Commandment, the day only changed readers. under the Christian dispensation. In- We were not aware that this deed, throughout his lordship's com- American champion of Episcopacy mentary we observe with much plea- owed his origin to zealous Non-consure a mose striking contrast to the formist ancestors ; that the prelate character of Dr. Whately's parochial of New York was descended from sermons; for while the latter, in a Puritan of Massachusetts. Such, writing, as he says, chiefly for simple, however, was the fact; for Bishop unlearned persons, has heaped to. Hobart's grandfather's grandfather gether a series of doubtful and dis- was Edmund Hobart, one of the putable points, as if nothing were father pilgrims who left England in fit for a village pulpit, but pro- search of liberty of conscience in fitless speculations, the Bishop has the wildernesses—such they then in general waved curious questions, were-of America. He went out even where they might naturally from Hingham, in Norfolk, in 1633, have occurred, and studied what ap- and founded a place of the same peared most simple and for the use name in Massachusetts, where he of edifying. The whole cast of the obtained great respectability, and volume is of this character; and for several years represented that though there may be points upon town in the state legislature.
heand his wife,” says Cotton Mather, to his fourth, Joshua, the progenitor
lineage first came the taint of Epis“ The Rev. Peter Hobart, the second copalianism into this hitherto intact son, was a very eminent divine among Puritan family. Their son,
Capthe Non-conformists. After the most tain Enoch Hobart,” was our bishop's straitest sect of his religion, he was a
father. He is thus described : Puritan of the Puritans. Educated at the University of Cambridge, England,
“ As the commander of a merchant and ordained by the Bishop of Norwich, ship, Captain Enoch Hobart successfully in the year 1627, he afterward espoused engaged in many profitable enterprises to the Puritan interests. In the year 1635, the West Indies, where his strict probity he left the mother country to join his of character secured for him the appellaparents in New-England. With these tion, *Honest Yankee.' He withdrew words he begins his journal: ‘June 8th, from active life to the domestic circle 1635. I, with my wife and four children, with a competency. Tall and athletic, came safely to New-England;
his corporeal frame and stature were not praised be the God of heaven, my God transmitted to his youngest child, John and King!' Two centuries ago, he was Henry; but the distinctive features of one of the founders, (1635,) and the first his countenance were strikingly preserved. minister of Hingham, in Massachusetts; And his masculine vigour of constitution was much admired for his well-studied also was very happily perpetuated, to the sermons,' and distinguished for his intel- glory of God, in the energy and labours lectual vigour, growing zeal, indefatigable of a prelate, who knew not what it was industry, and various acquirements. Ito tire in the cause of Jesus and his have seen,' says the Hon. Solomon Lin. church. Captain Hobart did not live to coln, jun. of Hingham, some of his ser- witness more than the mere childhood of mons, taken in an abbreviated form by his distinguished son. He died (October one of his hearers, which exhibit a strong 27th, 1776,) when John Henry, the future mind, and considerable power of descrip- bishop of the church in the most extention. They possess more of exhortation sive of the American dioceses, was but than doctrine, and were, like their author, a babe in his fourteenth month.” bold and independent.' He was, says
xiv. Cotton Mather, “a morning student,' a great example of temperance, and would of six children; all of whom, with
Captain Enoch's family consisted admire the grace of God in good men, though they were of sentiments contrary their parents, have now passed into to his.' When he beheld some, under eternity. Their mother was a Miss pretence of zeal for church discipline;' Pratt, a lady of a respectable family "pragmatical in controversies, and furiously set upon having all things carried in Philadelphia. their way,' and yet destitute of the life “ But her piety, as it resulted from a and power of godliness,' he would say, heavenly relationship above the kindreds Some men are all church, and no Christ. of this world, secured for her a title which It is also related of him, as his general these cannot give. She was a child of character, ‘he was a bold man, and would. God, and a faithful follower of Jesus. speak his mind.'” pp. X. xi.
When bereaved of her companion, and Such was Peter Hobart, who had
a widow with a group of five children
around her, she looked up for Divine aid, six sons, five of whom became
to the Father of the fatherless.' Her preachers among the Congregation- circumstances were not affluent, yet by alists. The mother of Brainerd, the the grace of God she was enabled to supmissionary, was the daughter of ply all the necessary means for the intel
lectual and moral culture of her houseone of them.
But we must return hold. She rejoiced at their prosperity; from Edmund's second son, Peter, and it was her heart's great delight, to see
PP. XX. xxi.
her youngest son admitted into holy orders, ning manners, and a peaceful disposition, and to attend him, for the first five years a well-balanced mind, prompt and able of his course, with her affectionate soli- elocution, native talent, persevering incitudes. His early serious impressions dustry, and pure morals, compose the of religion are ascribed to her; and it is wreath of praise awarded to him when said that he knew the Scriptures from on classic ground. 'He was distinguished,' his youth, by means of the godly counsels says Dr. Otto, 'for an unusual gaiety of which she faithfully inculcated. Bio- temper, without the least mixture of levity graphies of great and good men in all or thoughtlessness. His voice was good, ages testify, that the church owes a debt and his ear musical ; and he used occaof gratitude to pious mothers.
With a sionally, for his own and our amusement, vestal watchfulness they have preserved to sing a song or two early in the morning the holy fire of the sanctuary.” pp. xiv. xv.
before we arose. His temperament was Bishop White testifies, that both ardent, and he studied with diligence, both
from love of useful knowledge, and a the parents of Bishop Hobart were
laudable ambition to be honourably disEpiscopalians: he says, that Captain tinguished. The untiring zeal which he Enoch Hobart, with his wife and displayed so conspicuously in after life, their six children, were constant at
in the performance of whatever he deemed
his duty, was a part of his natural chatendants at Christ Church, and he
racter, and manifested itself at college. well remembers “the very pew which He was always esteemed, during the whole they occupied.” We shall now ex- period of his studies, at least equal to any
member of his class, in scholastic acquiretract a few passages from the nar
His habits were very social; and rative.
during those hours which he devoted to “ Their youngest child, John Henry, recreation, he mixed freely in the comwas born at Philadelphia, September 14th, pany of the most distinguished students." 1775, while the Continental Congress was at the critical juncture of its session in
He at first embarked upon comthat city, a few months before they issued mercial pursuits, but shewed little the immortal charter of our liberties. And his strong national prepossessions,
taste for them; and soon relinhis great fearlessness in the defence of quished them for a tutorship in his truth, and all the prominent characteristics college (Princeton), and preparation of his future life, declared him to be a
for holy orders. Knowing the strong worthy child of the Revolution. And as
view which Dr. Hobart afterwards it was the first concern of his devout parents, that all his faculties, whatever they took of the evil of union with persons might be, should be hallowed, at the
not of the Episcopal Church in relifont, in Christ Church, Philadelphia, they dedicated him to the Lord by baptism, gious worship, and of prayer meetwhen he was a babe but
four weeks old.” ings and extempore prayer, we were
somewhat surprised to learn, that at “ From his childhood it may be truly this period said, like his heavenly Master, he “in
“ He never hesitated to associate with creased in wisdom and stature, and in
his Presbyterian brethren, when assemfavour with God and man.
bled for social or public worship; but, on “ When, in his ninth year, he was re
the contrary, often took the lead in their ceived into the Episcopal Academy, Phi
devotions, and was actively engaged in ladelphia, under the Rev. Dr. Andrews. Under his judicious care, young Hobart establishing meetings for prayer, both
in Princeton and its vicinity. • We had became one of the most prominent pupils prayer-meetings weekly in the village,' in the Latin school. Bishop White, at
says Dr. Caldwell ; 'we used to meet that time the Rev. Dr. White, who was from the first greatly interested in the prayed in turn, always extemporaneously,
often at good old Mrs. Knox's ; and we success of the academy, attended with
and then read some discourse.' ” p. xxvi. his characteristic faithfulness all the regular quarterly examinations of the school.
He afterwards, as our readers are *On these occasions,' says he, I could , aware, changed his views on these not but remark the industry and the pro- subjects; and on many occasions, ficiency of young Hobart.
There was also manifested that talent for elocution,
and particularly in his “ Christian which has since been so conspicuous in
Bishop," put on record his disapprothe delivery of his sermons.
bation of “those meetings of private At college he maintained the same
Christians, in which unordained men character.
successively engage in extempora“ Habitual cheerfulness, great ardour neous prayer and exhortations;” forand success in study, social habits, win- tifying his opinion with“ the testi
monies of some who, in the estima- prayer, and made use of as a handle tion of the advocates of these asso- by those who would suppress rather ciations, stand highest in the ranks than regulate the practice. When of
Evangelical piety.” These the desire is honest and earnest, we authorities Mr. Scott, Mr. would suggest every necessary reguNewton, Mr. Robinson, Bishop lation and caution; even if it amountHeber, and the author of a work ed, under certain circumstances, to a on church establishments, who, we prohibition; but we deprecate the will venture to say, never dreamed idea that the supposed difficulties of being quoted as an authority, should be the only question looked with the addendum of “ Editor at, and set down at once as a delightof the Christian Observer,” and a ful excuse for the omission. We flourish of compliments to help out lately received from America a paper the argument. The subject is a on this subject, with reference to very important one, especially at the the arguments of Bishop Hobart, present moment; and we are by no and which we purpose laying before means unwilling to offer such argu- our readers. We believe we are at ments as occur to us upon it, should liberty to state that we are indebted our readers wish to have the dis- for it, to the pen of a Right Revecussion opened; or if some of our rend prelate whose praise is in the correspondents would take it upon churches of his country, and not themselves, we should be better wholly unknown among ourselves. pleased. All that we need say at Having continued in this utorpresent, in this cursory allusion to ship for more than two years, Mr. the subject, is, that the importance Hobart resigned his office in 1798. and the privilege of prayer cannot be During this time,”
his roomtoo highly estimated; but that the mate," he became very deeply imtime and place and manner of con- pressed with religious feelings. He ducting it are questions of detail, chose the ministry for his prowhich may often be decided in op- fession; to this his studies were diposite ways, according to circum- rected; and there can be no quesstances, without at all impeaching tion that his conversation and exthe motives or piety of those who ample decidedly influenced several come to different conclusions. We others in the same choice.” incline however to think, that in His reading was chiefly in the works quoting the names above mentioned, of Episcopal writers, among whom Bishop Hobart has not given quite he had a large acquaintance. His correctly the spirit of their observa- friend Bishop White became his tions. Of one thing at least we counsellor in his studies. This feel assured, that if there is no venerable prelate had confirmed him, medium to be attained between he afterwards ordained him, and frigid indifference, and over excite- consecrated him; ever retaining for ment, most of “ those who stand him the warmest esteem and regard, highest in the ranks of Evangelical and now weeping over his memory piety” would infinitely prefer the with the affection of a parent over a latter ; inasmuch as to be dead is beloved and only son. a more hopeless case than to be We now return to our extracts :somewhat feverish. The kind of. “ When the Rev. Mr. Hobart was admeetings alluded to by Scott, New- mitted into orders (1798,) it might be ton, Robinson, (we have not the
emphatically said of all the ministry in
the Protestant Episcopal Church, as it is passage of Heber at hand, and our
written of the ancient people when they alleged selves we pass over as no received the lot of their inheritance, the authority), we fear, could not easily happiest of lands,—they were but few be kept within discreet bounds ; but
men in number.' In Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecthis is not fairly to be quoted as an
ticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Delaargument, to put down all social ware and Pennsylvania --over a wide
field, containing all the dioceses north of duity. The hallowed fervour, the comMaryland, there were scattered ninety manding utterance, and the attractive Gospel heralds who ministered the energy, which were his charm in public doctrines and sacraments, and the discip- life, he emulated by the interest of his line of Christ as the Lord hath command private conversation. • His earnest and ed, and as this Church hath received the energetic style of preaching,' says one of same. In the diocese of New York there his devoted parishioners, ‘attracted crowds were no more than twenty, and in Penn- wherever he officiated. And the zeal and sylvania only seventeen, of these few and industry with which he engaged in active dispersed pastors of God's people. pastoral duties, were an earnest of his ad.
« The church in her low estate, offer. vancement. At that time he was dised no temporal allurement, by which tinguished for the affability and cheerful. men of corrupt minds might be made ness, which formed, in after life, so conclerical adventurers. She was
spicuous a feature in his character.!" wooed, without the expectation of a dowry. The sacramental host of the
The origin of the Episcopate, in the Lord and of his Christ were the self-denying who were willing to spend and to
State of New York, of which Dr. be spent, that they might ó serve God, for Hobart was the third prelate, was the promoting of his glory, and the edify- so prominent occurrence in ing of his people.'
the annals of the Anglo-American * This noble principle Bishop White beheld with joy, among the character
Church, that we extract the followistics of his affectionate son in the faith, particulars respecting it. on whom he had so recently laid his hands
“At the period of the American Revoin ordination. • At that time,' observes the Bishop, . it was very near to my heart, lution, the Church of England in this
country had, for more than a hundred and that he should be settled near to me. With this view I interested myself in the fifty years, been considered a portion of settling of him in the two churches of Bishops of London. But, even at that
the spiritual charge intrusted to the Lords Trinity, Perkiomen, within from ten to
time, no prelate of the Church had ever thirteen miles of the city; knowing their
trodden on our soil. They had jurisdicinability, at that time, to make perma
tion over a vast realm, on which their nent provision for a minister.' “ In this first ministerial cure, he offi
eyes had never rested.
All their spi
ritual children who were born here, grew ciated from the period of his ordination until the spring of the next year. His up without the valued benefit of confirma
tion. Not one edifice for public worship successor, who now occupies the parishes,
was here consecrated. Our clergy and the Rev. George Sheets, says, ' His salary
our parishes were destitute of that superwas small, and paid with difficulty. st was not his lot, as to his accommodations, church government.
intendence, which is the
very life of our
Every candidate to fare sumptuously every day. But his congregations were crowded, his pulpit into orders, was compelled to repair with
upon our shores who would be admitted talents greatly admired, and his person that view to the far-distant mother-counmuch beloved. I have conversed with several old parishioners, who have a per- of three thousand miles. No less than a
try: A great gulf lay between ; an ocean fect recollection of him, and I find them fifth part of all our young men who were unanimous in their statement respecting
destined for the Lord's service in the his accomplishments. They all loved bim
sanctuary,-being exposed to various much, and greatly admired his preach
‘perils in the sea,'-paid with their preing.'” pp. xxxii. xxxiii.
cious lives the cost of the severe ecclesiAfter one or two changes Mr. North America had a bishop, Francis
astical requisition. Roman Catholics in Hobart settled in New York, where
Laval, as early as 1659,-—and the Morahis early appearance is thus de vians had four bishops previous to the scribed :
year 1750; but, for the Church of En.
gland here, there was not provided one “ Mr. Hobart was soon hailed, in the spiritual father to take 'the oversight city, with a peculiar satisfaction. His thereof.' hallowed fervour, in pronouncing the im- “ Well might the members of the pressive language of the Liturgy, his com- Church throughout the colonie manding utterance in reading the holy anxiously desire a different state of things, Oracles of Truth,and his attractive energy and again and again petition the throne in proclaiming all the counsel of God, for a redress of what they felt to be a were witnessed, week after week, by grievance without parallel." The Bishops large assemblies, who anticipated with of London were, for many years, themanxiety his appearance in the Lord's holy selves very favourable to the object. A place. And he reciprocated their best resolution was taken by King Charles tributes of regard, by his undeviating assi- the Second, in 1672 or 1673, to send a