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ceive that some of Mr. Cecil's most though there should be no claim to prejudiced hearers were soothed and respect in the ministers' conduct, nay softened by finding that the “ Chris even in despite of every thing that is tian greatness,” of the priesthood is calculated to excite the most connot assumption, but humility, ac- trary feelings. Is not this one of cording to the declaration of our the very features of Popery? How Lord, “Whosoever will be great can Mr. Preston expect that the among you, let him be your minister; people will sincerely respect a man and whosoever will be chief among whose conduct is disreputable, and you, let him be your servant.” whose sacred office only renders

We may have mistaken the drift his delinquencies the more abhorof Mr. Preston's sermon, and shall rent? But let our author speak fairly be glad to find we have done so; for himself :but, as it appears to us, its tendency “ This feeling (of want of submission is to encourage that very spirit which to ecclesiastical authority), carried to the every true friend of the Church point of rejection, is that of our open adwishes to see for ever discarded as

versaries : but it is a question of serious

import how far the same disinclination to incompatible with civil liberty, with submit to the actual authority of their fellowthe usages of modern life, with Pro

men may be secretly working in the testantism, and with genuine Christi- minds of many members of the Estabanity. If a layman had been speaking and at present kept in check by old habit

lished Church, unknown to themselves, to laymen, it would have been well- and association. timed to tell them of the just rever “ It may not, therefore, be out of place ence which they owe to the “priest

on this occasion, to state the grounds upon hood,” or rather, using a better which the ministers of the Church still

claim that authority.” pp. 5, 6. phrase, to the faithful ministers of

“ We contend that this forms in fact Christ. But for a priest to rise a part of that great system of subjection, among priests, to tell them of the which not only keeps society together, but high respect which others owe them, has its higher and ultimate object in the

training of our spirits, as capable of virtue was not perhaps so necessary as to and happiness for ever. shew, as Mr. Cecil does, how they authority—let a man, at any period of his might ensure that respect by their course, have nothing to stand in awe of, own conduct. The topic of Mr. and there is no degree of wretchedness, as Preston's discourse is the priest's be must not be betrayed.” p. 6.

there is no limit to the errors, into which "authority,” and the people's duty; , “The sense of ourobligation to obey God that of Mr. Cecil's is the priest's as our paramount Lord, would be shaduty, which, as he was chiefly ad-dowy and evanescent, and fade away, if

there were no provision made to repredressing his brethren, was the more

sent it continually to the eyes of men. important; for it seldom necessary In the provision actually made, not for to remind men of their rights; but the undue elevation of a single class, but it is very necessary to remind for the general good, our Maker has fol:

lowed His usual rule of action. There them of their obligations; to tell is no gift, however precious, not even husbands of their duties to their that highest of all, the knowledge and wives, and wives their duties to their love of Himself

, which is not conveyed to husbands : and the same of parents us, in part, through our fellow-men. We

are ordained to be instruments of good to and children, masters and servants, each other, because we are all members of magistrates and subjects, ministers one body. And it is but a branch of the

We are all ready to system that a part of society should be exact what is due to ourselves; but invested with the office of representing few of us sufficiently remember what ful Lord and King : that they should thus

God's authority over the whole as rightwe owe to each other. Mr. Preston give shape and reality to the speculative tells his brethren that they are to conception, and lead men to the actual assert and maintain their own dig- contemplation of Him, sitting upon the

throne, to execute judgment upon all the nity, “claiming submission;” not

dwellers upon the earth. indeed, he admits, “ for ourselves,” " Whoever then confesses God as his but he adds to ourselves," and this Lord, and also desires to retain his obedi

Take away

and people.


ence to Him, will never hesitate to admit unless we become as little children, we
the authority and the rule of God's mi cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
nisters: for by this rule he understands Yet it is not too much to affirm, that
merely the witnessing on his own behalf without the sense of some superior ever
that God is Lord ; and a demand upon present, this childlike and teachable dis-
his compliance only with the written position never can exist, nor be maintained
and recorded authority of His word. And in us.” pp. 10–13.
he will rejoice in this salutary provision
for the wants and weaknesses of his spi-

It is with pain we perceive a cler-
ritual nature, so prone of itself to forget gyman inculcating among his as-
the Majesty of Heaven.
“ It would have sufficed for my argu-

sembled brethren a spirit like this, ment thus to shew that without the

because nothing more has tended to priesthood, as visibly ruling in God's name, injure the Church of England than there would be great danger of the Divine those relics of it which have survived Authority being disregarded entirely, Popery. Ask the tradesmen around that men would shake off their allegiance. But besides its use, as a witness of the

a college or cathedral, or the merSupreme Ruler, there is this invaluable chants in our towns, or the farmers benefit arising out of the relative position in many a rustic parish, or the gentry occupied by the ministers of God--that it not only sets before us the idea of God think of the neighbouring clergy,

at many a country-seat, what they as our Sovereign, but serves directly to train our wills and affections in the obe and will not the answer often be, dience due to Him as such.

They are much too lordly and “ For this habitual submission of the authoritative; they seem to form a people to their minister, paid indeed to his person, but not to him as a man,

caste of themselves, and to look brings the heart into that very frame and down upon us laymen as far below posture which is essential to the true them ; it is a pity they do not throw worshipping of our Creator, and leads

off the high priest, and mix with us men not merely to know God, but also to know Him as their God. Besides,

with less of mortifying condescenand above the instruction of the ignorant, sion." We do not say that the charge there is this advantage incidental to the is true; the clergy of a close are percharacter of those who serve in holy haps quite as humble as the mayor things. They who honour God's ministers aright learn in the act to honour and corporation ; but that it is urged God. The deference due from all to

as sufficient to shew that there is no the dignity of the message we bear, great necessity for the particular line checks the emotions of pride and self of remark which Mr. Preston has sufficiency. To measure the utility of such an office by the quantity of positive selected. It is true that he adds to instruction, (though this is uniquestionably his statements, that “ the sense of a main and leading object,) by the number the dignity of their commission of truths conveyed from the pulpit to should humble, as well as elevate the people, is to form a very imperfect their spirits ;” and that “ though set estimate of the influence exercised by the priesthood. Rather it is beyond calcula- above our fellow -men,” we differ from tion, because it works unseen, how much those who obey our rule in nothing of religious feeling is derived from the but a more fearful responsibility; outward form and expression of it. How but even these admissions are lordly, much the heart owes to the accustomed spectacle of the worship of God in His and are not more than are professed solemn assemblies, where one is invested by the pope himself, that “ servant with authority in his name, and set over of the servants of God.” How much the congregation. Not that to them, who listen, is thus denied the right of judging

more really dignified is Mr. Cecil's for themselves, (it is their positive duty" delineation of Christian and mito do it,) but that the disposition to cavil nisterial greatness.” It is not inand dispute, and the ever-recurring sense of self-sufficiency, is thus kept in check, Paul calls “

deed incompatible with what St. and the main stumbling-block'in a Chris

magnifying his office;" tian's course removed. Under an autho- but it is utterly hostile to that Laudrity admitted by all as the delegate of the and-Sancroft system, which is too apt Supreme, the heart of the worshipper be- to obtrude upon the ministers of comes by prepossession and by babit more teachable as it is inore humble; that very

Christ, especially in a rich and statewhich is the condition of all God's gifts powerful hierarchy, alienating the and graces to man—and wanting which, affections of the people, and leading

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them to expect a degree of public committed unto them. Yet, even these deference and “ obedience and apostles and ministers of Christ have a “submission,” with which, however tion to Christ their Head, which swallows

greatness, arising from their spiritual relamuch entitled to it, they are not up all the honour by which they are visi

It now-a-days greatly overburdened. bly distinguished from each other. We are quite sure that if our clergy may be said to the most powerful and

honoured instrument in the church, ' Notare to recover the popular venera

withstanding, in this rejoice not, because tion which Mr. Preston admits they the spirits are subject unto you ; but rahave well-nigh lost, it will not be ther rejoice, because your names are writeither by mere dean-and-chapter ten in heaven.' The blessings and privi

leges which you enjoy, in common with dignity, or by demanding

the least disciple, are greater than those dience

and submission," as per- which separate you from them : • For he

set above their fellow-men,' that is least among you all, the same shall and expecting as dispensers of the be great. Several times in the Gospe.

does this subject recur; and on each ocSacraments what Popery gave to the casion our Saviour turned the weakness sacrificers of the Mass; but by that of his disciples into an important instrucmeek humility, that self-denying tion.” pp.

3_5. zeal, that faithfulness in the dispen- blessed Virgin, and like Hannah, to trace

“ It is delightful to be able, like the sation of Divine truth, that anxiety all our greatness and exaltation to the for the glory of God, and the eter- free love, and compassionate tenderness, nal welfare of the souls of men, and everlasting choice of our Almighty which shall prove them to be indeed Father. This privilege belongs to every true ministers of Christ, and faithful ciple hath been raised from the dust of

disciple of Jesus. The least true disa stewards of the mysteries of God. death, and from the pit of corruption, to It is true that the fault of the priest sit with princes, and to inherit the throne invalidates not the efficacy of a sa

of glory. The weakest child in Christ

Jesus hath received unspeakable mercies crament, because that is connected from the free love of God; and must for with the faith of the receiver ; but

ever cry out, with the whole church, · Not for a wicked man to talk of “ unto us, not unto us, but unto thy name thority,” and to demand “ obedi. be the praise, for thy loving mercy, and

for thy truth's sake. And the poorest ence,” because in the routine of an

minister, who is duly called to preach the endowed church he happens to have everlasting Gospel, bears upon him the had interest to procure holy orders,

name and the message of the most high is to pervert the true notion of a God-he is a priest anointed with the

gifts and graces of God's Holy Spirit; a Christian minister into that of a

worker together with God; an angel of Popish priest. In illustration of the churches, and the glory of Christ. these remarks, let our readers con “ And should we, who are called with trast the spirit of the foregoing pas- and thoughts upon differences, which are

so high and holy a calling, spend our time sages with the following, from Mr. swallowed up in the greatness of our Cecil.

common inheritance ? Should we dispute “ The blessings which Christ bestows and contend about those distinctions, which upon every true disciple, and the honour are nothing, compared with the riches of able relation in which every believer the least true disciple and minister of stands to his Lord and Master, will make Jesus Christ? What do men strive and even the least among us truly great.

contend about in the church? Is it forms, stand to God, the privileges, power, honours, gifts, stations? more honourable is our office; and the These are all swallowed up, and lost in more like we are to our Saviour, the the true riches of the least real disciple; greater is our privilege and happiness. or the lowest faithful minister.” pp. No persons upon earth ever stood nearer 11-13. to God than those blessed Apostles who “ And now do you desire to drink of conversed with, and ministered unto the Christ's cup, and to be baptized with his incarnate Son of God, in the days of baptism? Would you be great, as he is his sojourning upon earth. The least great ? then bear his words : (Matt. xx. amongst them all was greatly honour- 26—28) Whosoever will be great among ed and distinguished. And not they you, let him be your minister; and whoalone, but all who are called and sent soever will be chief among you, let him forth, in the name of Christ to preach the be your servant; even as the Son of Man everlasting Gospel, are great in the sight came not to be ministered unto, but to of the Lord, if they truly fulfil the ministry minister, and to give his life a ransom for


The nearer


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many. And fear not that you should words in their fullest extent: "Obey
suffer loss in following an example of so them that have the rule over you ;'
great humility. Such a spirit and temper
as this will make us great in the kingdom but he does not say to the minister,
of heaven, though we be despised and re “ We have a right to receive obe-
jected of men. And the least among us dience, and people are very insub-
all, who is a true believer in Christ, shall ordinate for not bestowing it.” Nor
never feel the want of any other great- does he place this obedience upon

• For he that is least among you

, the same shall be great. The blessed the ground that, as God is above the
Apostle, St. Paul, in imitation of his Di- minister, so the minister is above
vine Master, and in the exact spirit of the the people, and whatever may be
text, takes his own place, and writes his
own title, as one who was less than the his character, deserves their
least of all saints; while, in labour, suf- ration” (though his office does so),
ferings, and usefulness, he was not a whit but upon a less assuming, but more
behind the very chiefest Apostles.” pp. influential motive; “ For they watch
15, 16.
« Let each of us with fear and trem-

for your souls, as they that must
bling apply to ourselves those words of give account.” Now if in the large
our Saviour : Who then is that faithful company of Mr. Preston's clerical
and wise servant, whom his Lord hath auditors, there happened to be one
made ruler over his household to give
them their portion of meat in due season? thoughtless, careless hireling, who
Blessed is that servant whom his Lord,

did not thus watch, it would be very
when he cometh, shall find so doing.' unjust that he should assume to
Here is the trial of true greatness in the himself the claim to obedience;
church of Christ: and where men stop and our objection to our author's
short of these measures, they will be
found wanting in the balance of the sanc-

discourse is, that instead of giving
tuary, how much soever they may be ad- his whole strength to admonish this
mired and esteemed among men.

unworthy brother, he tells him of
“ But all this regards only our calling the wickedness of his refractory pa-
and qualification. Let us consider, fur-
ther, how we are to discharge the office. rishioners, and perhaps leads him to
• I was with you in weakness, and in fear, exact what he has no moral claim to
and in much trembling,' saith the great receive. Alas! our visitation charges
Apostle of the Gentiles. As a little
child entrusted with a weighty errand, I

and sermons are wont to be much
sought not my own glory; but with all too courtly : the present company
simplicity, meekness, and affection, I laid is excepted where any fault is named,
open to sinners the grace, promises, and and included where all that is vir-
invitations, of their adorable Redeemer."

tuous is lauded. The Christian cha

racter is forgotten in the profesIn all this we do not say that sional; the minister is addressed there is anything but what the rather than the man—and so he writer of one of the sermons before ought to be as respects his peculiar us would be willing to acknowledge obligations and trials and privileges, as well as the other ; and we are far which distinguish an address to the from meaning to impute to Mr. clergy, from a parochial sermon ; Preston more than his own words, but not so as to point out the duties with their reservations and cautions, of others to him, instead of his to necessarily imply; but still it strikes them. The faithful servant of Christ us that the spirit of the two dis- feels the danger of ministering in courses is visibly different, and, we holy things; he dreads self-decepmay add, instructively so, as exhi- tion, and the formalities of profesbiting two representations of clerical sional decorum for the energy of the dignity, both true in their degree; Christian life: and if there be an but one, to say the least, far more exclamation more often on his lips, apposite in a visitation sermon than or in his heart than another, it is ; the other. An Apostle says to the “ Lest having preached to others, I flock, and we fear not to echo his myself should be a cast-away.”

pp. 21, 22

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LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. “ The Dignity and Use of the Priest The Biblical Family Cabinet Atlas. hood.” A Visitation Sermon.

By the

Part. I. 3s. 6d.
Rev. G. Preston.

Sunday-School Memorials. 3s. Sermons by the late Rev. Sir H. Mon Description of the Animals in the crieff. Vol. iii. 10s. 6d.

Zoological Gardens. 2 vols. 11. 5s.
Sermons and Sacramental Exhorta Christian Greatness delineated;
tions. By the late Rev. A. Thomson, Visitation Sermon. By the Rev. W.
D.D. 10s.

Cecil. Is.
A Text-Book of Popery. By the Church Property and Tithes. By the
Rev. J. M. Cramp. 6s.

Rev. J. Miller.
Pulpit Oratory in the Time of James I. A Letter on the Proposed Limitation
By the Rev. J. H. Bloom. 10s.

of Legal Memory in the Claims of the A Mother's Present to her Daughter. Church. By the Same.


in avowing themselves Musselmans, and
CAPTAIN Head, in his memoir of Bruce hypocritically practising the rites and
the traveller, lately published in Murray's ceremonies of that Anti-Christian super-
Library, sneers at the scruples of those stition, cannot be too seriously denounced
travellers in Africa who refuse to exhibit and deprecated.
themselves as Mohammedans, and ridi In a recent law-suit at Wexford, a
cules the labours of missionaries, and the clergyman having declined answering a
absurd philanthropy of England in mak- question which related to matters dis-
ing the abolition of the slave trade one of closed to him in confidence by a person
her articles of negociation with the native on his death-bed, the court determined
chiefs. Poor Lander comes in for a large that he was under no obligation to se-
share of contempt; and much the captain crecy. Ile still however declined replying,
smiles at the idea of sending out a menial and stated that he acted with the sanc-
to discover the source of the Niger. We tion of his diocesan ; and no measures
might feel inclined to argue the matter were taken to oblige him to answer, and
with the writer in reference to his seve the cause was in consequence lost. With-
ral points of Christians professing to out arguing the general question, it is at
be Mohammedans, the labours of mis- least not too much to maintain that, if
sionaries, and the enlightened and dis our courts allow confessions made to Ca-
interested benevolence, which finds so tholic priests to be considered sacred, they
little favour in his eyes, but which to a ought not to refuse the same secrecy to
rightly constituted mind would assume an disclosures made to Protestant Clergy-
aspect of high dignity and moral elevation;
but we think the task superfluous, as the We rejoice to hear of the successful ex-
gallant captain must by this time beertions of the Glasgow Temperance So-
heartily ashamed of his own book, in con- ciety. Among the publications issued by
sequence of the return of poor vitupe- the Society is a monthly periodical work,
perated Lander, another Bruce, trium- entitled The Temperance-Society Re-
phant from the scene in which he was cord,” which contains many important
to make so contemptible a figure. This facts and arguments on the use of ardent
despised man has succeeded where scores spirits in all their forms. We hope to
of travellers have failed: he has deter- find space for some occasional notices on
mined the long disputed course of the the subject, which deeply involves the
Niger, and proved that it falls into the health, the morals, the religion, and the
Gulf of Biafra,—and learned and scienti- general prosperity of the community. In
fic men are awaiting with impatience the all these respects there is but one safe
detailed narrative of his discovery. course,-entire abstinence.

We strongly know not to what corner Captain Head has urge the formation of similar institutions retreated to conceal his vexation : but as throughout the kingdom. he has been so unfortunate in his ridicule That a man, by merely measuring the of Lander, he will perhaps condescend in moon's apparent distance from a star with another edition to abate his remarks on a little portable instrument held in his the other points above referred to. The hand, and applied to his eye, with so unpractice of so many travellers in Africa stable a footing as the deck of a ship, and Asia, in not merely assuming the shall say positively, within five miles, garb of the countries they visit, (which where he is, on a boundless ocean, cannot is innocent and may be convenient), but but appear to persons ignorant of astro


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