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God.” “ When my soul is over- son, so the Lord thy God chasteneth whelmed, lead me to the Rock that is thee. This is the season when God higher than I.” “ But I give myself is doing business with you in mighty unto prayer,” saith the same sacred waters. He seems to retire from writer, when princes sat and spake you and hide his face; but his hand against him.

is active, and his wisdom employed Faith in invisible realities is, also, still. The veil will soon be taken then most strengthened when it is away, and you will see those afflicthe only light that shines. When tions to be the most necessary which we see nothing of a present world, were the most bitter and painful. then the glorious realities of a future Your faith, though now tried in the state break upon the Christian; and fire, will be found at last to praise these become more glorious from the and honour and glory, at the apshade which prevails around them. pearing of Jesus Christ. He says with the prophet, “Though The Lord Christ was the great the fig-tree shall not blossom, nei. type and pattern of suffering. He ther shall fruit be in the vine ; the achieved glory by sufferings. He labour of the olive shall fail, and the obtained dignity by humiliation. By fields shall yield no meat; the flock being made the subject of death, he shall be cut off from the fold, and obtained eternal life. We must be there shall be no herd in the stall; conformed to him in his death. We yet I will rejoice in the Lord, I will must drink of the cup which he joy in the God of my salvation.” drank of, and be baptized with the

But time reminds me to stop. baptism wherewith he was baptized. I will only say, in application, Re- If you wish for an easy life, for member, Christian, the privileges worldly prosperity, for indulgence and duties which are before you. and comfort, then choose the broad The time will come when you will road; but if you choose the narrow bless God for your corrections, and path, you must take up your cross, consider them the most important you must expect to be bound and portion of his dealings with you. chastened; you must be in subjection These light afflictions, which are to the Father of spirits, that you but for a moment, will have worked may live for evermore. out for you a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory. Your The writer of the above sketches present sorrows will soon end: they finds that his introductory obsermay endure for a night, but joy vations have not altogether satisfied cometh in the morning : the vision some of the intimate friends and adis for an appointed time : they that mirers of Mr. Hall. This is quite sow in tears, shall reap in joy. He natural. The writer had never seen that goethout weeping, bearing that astonishing preacher till the moprecious seed, shall doubtless come ment that he beheld him in the pulpit, again with joy, bringing his sheaves towards the very close of his miniswith him.

try. He was in Mr. Hall's company Of those who are singing now in only once for any space of time. heaven their songs of triumph and Six sermons in the ordinary course joy before the throne of Christ, there of his doctrine, and not on any speis not one but who came out of cial occasion, did he hear, and six great tribulation. Remember that only. And the design of taking the trials to which piety is exposed notes even of them, was insensibly from the contradiction of the world formed as he heard them. The to the Spirit of Christ, is a part of remarks were still less in the writer's this tribulation. As many as Christ intention. He put them down at loves, he rebukes and chastens. Thou the moment, when copying out the shalt consider, saith Moses, in thine discourses from his short-hand for heart, that as a Father chasteneth a his own private use. Not an idea

JOHN XVII.

did he then entertain that they would volume has scarcely ever been at ever see the light; and indeed, when, home since it was completed. What after Mr. Hall's decease, he sent the then must that preacher have been, manuscript volume to the Editor of whose ordinary sermons, imperfectly the Christian Observer, at his re- taken down, attract such admiration quest, and allowed its publication; on the one hand, and are yet consihe had no notion that the prefatory dered to fall so far short of the real matter would be considered worth excellency of the discourses themretaining. It is not at all surprising, selves on the other? then, that the old friends of Mr. I only add, that if the editor, Dr. Hall, who, like your correspondent Gregory, should be pleased to acT. H. K., had been in the habit of cept of these sermons as a contri. hearing him for twenty years or more, bution to the work which he is preshould detect many errors in the con- paring, it will afford me the sincerest jectural part of my observations, and gratification ; and I heartily beg his even in the account I gave of the im- forgiveness if any of my remarks on pression of Mr. Hall's manner and his illustrious friend have given him voice. I quite believe I may have been a moment's pain.

D. W. wrong in all these respects. I wrote what occurred to me at the time; but had I known and heard Mr. Hall as much as the friends who have ani. MR. BULTEEL'S MISAPPLICATION OF madverted upon some of my expressions, I should very probably have to the Editor of the Christian Observer. concurred with them in almost every point.

Having been amongst the hearers One thing I wish particularly to of the discourse delivered by the observe : These six sermons are by Rev. Mr. Bulteel, at St. Clement no means a fair specimen of what Danes in May last, in behalf of the the public may expect from the care Continental Society; I wish through of Dr. O. Gregory. I have disco- the medium of your paper to offer vered, in the course of the four or some remarks on that part of it five years that have elapsed since I which referred to the seventeenth wrote out the above sheets, that such chapter of St. John's Gospel. extraordinary diligence has been I have long been of opinion that taken by a variety of friends, in the chapter in question has been catching the very words of this much misunderstood and perverted wonderful man, that many speci- by Calvinistic expositors, with whom mens of his preaching exist far more it is evident Mr. Bulteel concurs from complete than mine. I have myself the manner in which he quoted it in read such ; and I wish it to be under that sermon. stood that the more intimate friends It may tend to strengthen my obof Mr. Hall consider my notes as im- servations in some quarters, if I preperfectly representing his discourses; mise-not however wishing to raise they do represent them imper. a controversy on the matter in your fectly, except perhaps the last of the pages, – that individually I fully series, which I think is almost word subscribe to that view, which, as it for word. I am told I am mistaken ; seems to me, the formularies of our that it is impossible. However, such Church have so scripturally set forth, is my persuasion. I may also add and which Mr. Bulteel so faithfully in justice to myself, that these ser- propounded, -namely, that under mons, such as they are, have been the present dispensation, an elect read by many of the first judges in church only is to be expected to be the kingdom, and have been prefer- gathered to Christ, and that although red to most of his published dis- the death of Christ, is a “full, perfect,

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the whole world,” there is no scrip- they were to stand forth in the very tural ground whatever to suppose that front of the warfare which was about the whole world will be converted by to be waged in his name, against that Gospel, which is nevertheless to the powers of darkness. The exbe preached “ to every creature :” pression “I pray not for the world,” the utmost we can look for is, that amounts to no more than this, “I a church out of every nation shall be now pray erclusively for these my gathered, chosen to be partakers of immediate disciples whom thou hast grace

which is to be brought given me for the work of apostleunto them at the revelation of Jesus ship." Christ.” But while I believe this to When our Lord, however, had be the very truth of God as declared finished his exclusive petitions for in Scripture, I must protest against his apostles, he enlarges the sphere the application of that part of the of his intercessions. At the twentieth seventeenth of St. John, quoted by verse, he distinctly says, “ neither Mr. Bulteel in connexion with it.- pray I for these alone, but for all In confirmation of this view he ad- those that shall believe on duced the words of our Lord (often through their word!” Here then $0 quoted by others), at the inth commences the Saviour's prayer for verse of the seventeenth of St. John, his whole elect church, to the end of I

pray for them. I pray not for the the present dispensation. But he does world, but for them which thou hast not close here, for after having asked given me, for they are thine.” He that their unity might at length be also quoted the twenty-first verse, in perfected, he proceeds to pray in bewhich the Saviour prayed for the half of the world at large, complete union of his church with the world may believe that thou hast this view," that the world may sent me.” Now to suppose that believe that thou hast sent me; this petition was uttered in judgwhich he interpreted in the way of ment, and not in mercy, is surely a judgment, that at last the world, when perversion of its meaning. about finally to be destroyed for Does not Mr. Bulteel allow that their unbelief, would too late be con- a time is to come when the world vinced that Jesus is the Son of God. shall be converted ? What means Now, sir, I conceive that these pas- then the assurance that “all the sages are wholly misapplied to any kingdoms of the world shall become

the kingdoms of our Lord and of Whoever attentively considers the his Christ;" that “the earth shall be last intercessory prayer of our Lord, filled with the knowledge of the contained in the chapter referred to, Lord, as the waters cover the sea ;" will perceive that it is divided into that a happy period is to arrive, three parts, perfectly distinct from when“ Babylon shall fall, infidelity each other.-In the first part, to the shall come to an end, Satan shall end of the nineteenth verse, the be bound, and all shall know the Saviour prayed erclusively for his Lord from the least to the greatest?” immediate disciples then standing Assuredly this consummation will around him, who were to be his be an answer to that gracious petition first messengers of salvation to Je- of the Saviour, “that the world may rusalem, and to the world, When believe that thou hast sent me.” therefore he said at the ninth verse, It is true this will not take place, “I pray for them, I pray not for the until God has “accomplished the world,” it is manifest from the whole number of his elect," under the context, that he only used the ex- present suffering dispensation ; for pression, to shew that at that mo- not until then will “His kingdom ment his petitions did not extend come,” in which they who have beyond those who had the first claim suffered with him shall reign with to his intercessory regard, because him. I am satisfied that in no other CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 355.

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such purpose,

C. S. HAWTREY.

USE OF PLURAL NUMBER IN PULPIT

ADDRESSES.

view than this can the Scriptures on miscellaneous jury of the first twelve the subject in question be consists merchants, noblemen, or country ently interpreted; and I heartily wish gentlemen whom he meets with, they the honest mind of the faithful will decide that from the lips of a preacher, on whose discourse I have young clergyman, they would read remarked, may be led to re-con- better in the singular number. sider the point. I am &c.

But then there are distinctions which a man of true delicacy of feeling will instinctively perceive. When, for instance, the speaker can, as it were, include his audience with himself, there is often a modest propriety

in so doing. Such are some of the 7'o the Editor of the Christian Observer. examples adduced by your corre

spondent; as when Mr. Biddulph Your correspondent J. K- S. says, “ in discussing this branch of has completely succeeded in shewing, our subject, we shall review," &c. what I did not deny, that the use It is not his subject or his review: of the first person plural in pulpit no; he has made common cause with addresses is very common: but he his audience; all are considered as has not proved that it is either cor- interested in the subject, and parties rect or graceful; and some of the in the discussion; so that there is, very instances which he adduces are what in a secular oration would be to my ear not a little displeasing. termed a delicate compliment to the My reasons for appealing to the hearers, rather than an assumption younger rather than the older clergy, of superiority over them. In other were that those of the latter who cases, also, when the words appear have long adopted the practice, can. pompous in print, they may have not be expected to change their usage; been spoken with such modest huand that I also thought it more mo- mility, as to divest them of their dest, as well as more useful, to address displeasing aspect. I would not younger men, who have not yet therefore presume to lay down any become mannerists, and in whom general rule ; but my strong impluralism of style is more improper pression is, that in general the mode and bombastical.

of expression animadverted upon, Common sense and correct taste assumes in young men, in oral de. seem plainly to dictate, that when a livery, at one of loftiness not to be clergyman speaks professionally he commended. should speak in the plural; when These are not indeed the weightier personally, in the singular. To say matters of the law: the first thing

our discourse will be divided into is to see that the heart is right; so many heads ; andwe intend to shew for if the love of the Saviour, and you,” &c. is pompous and unnatural. the doctrines of righteousness dwell I admit that this style is not uncom- there, the lips will not go far astray; mon; and I am far from meaning to in- but still, minor points are not sinuate any charge against those who always unimportant, and may deadopt it ; and who probably do so, serve an occasional notice in a refrom a wish to avoid being egotisti- ligious periodical miscellany. cal: but this does not prove that

RUSTICUS. it is abstractedly laudable, or to be imitated. Educated laymen are often much displeased at this manner of pulpit address; especially from the lips of a young man ; and I think that if J. K. S. will submit some of the very passages he has quoted to a

killed; by the fire, and by the smoke, ON THE APOCALYPTIC TRUMPETS. and by the brimstone, which issued (Continued from p. 345.)

out of their mouths. For their power

is in their mouth, and in their tails : To the Editor of the Christian Observer. for their tails were like unto serACCORDING to the generally received pents, and had heads, and with them interpretation, which I have endea- they do hurt. And the rest of men voured to confirm by citations from which were not killed by these history, the first woe announced by plagues, yet repented not of the the fifth trumpet, terminated on the works of their hands, that they translation of the Arabian Caliphate should not worship devils, and idols from Damascus to Bagdad, “the city of gold, and silver, and brass, and of peace;” and during the long period stone, and of wood : which neither of five hundred years, for which this can see, nor hear, nor walk: neither caliphate subsisted, no event appears repented they of their murders, nor to have occurred of such vital im- of their sorceries, nor of their forportance to the Eastern empire, as nication, nor of their thefts” (ix. to call forth the notice of the Spirit 13—21.) It is necessary to analyse of prophecy. Wars of more or less the import of the symbols and eximportance occurred, but they were pressions employed in this vision. wars of an ordinary character, and On the sounding of the sixth trumthe Greek empire still maintained pet the Apostle hears a voice, or her Eastern barrier of the Euphrates. (according to the original) one voice, This long lapse of time is not ob- from the four horns of the golden scurely intimated in the language of altar, which is before God. Now the prophecy. “One woe is past, this golden altar is manifestly the and behold there come two woes altar of incense, which stood within more hereafter” (Rev. ix. 12). The the holy place, and was typical of expression hereafter sufficiently im- the intercession of Christ, the sole plies, that a considerable space of Mediator between God and man ; time was to elapse between the who “ gave himself up for us, an termination of the first woe and offering and a sacrifice to God for the commencement of the second. a sweet smelling savour.” The deThe prophetic vision thus proceeds : nouncement, therefore, of the woe “ And the sixth angel sounded ; and from its four horns with one voice, I heard a voice from the four horns unequivocally imports, that the woe of the golden altar which is before was to be considered as a judgment God, saying to the sixth angel which of God upon the church of Christ had the trumpet, Loose the fourangels for its superstitious and antichristian which are bound in the great river invocation of saints, worship of relics, Euphrates. And the four angels and other idolatrous and corrupt were loosed, which were prepared practices; and this interpretation for an hour, and a day, and a month, stands confirmed by the concluding and a year, for to slay the third part declaration of the prophecy, that,

And the number of the notwithstanding this heavy judgment, army of the horsemen were two the Christian world would still perhundred thousand thousand : and I

in the same antichristian heard the number of them. And practices. The next symbol used, thus I saw the horses in the vision, is that of the four angels said to be and them that sat on them, having bound in or upon the great river breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, Euphrates. The term angel, it need and brimstone: and the heads of hardly be observed, is in its primary the horses were as the heads of lions : sense used in Scripture to denote and out of their mouths issued fire those celestial spirits whom God is and smoke and brimstone. By these pleased to employ as his messengers three was the third part of men or ministers to execute his divine

of men.

severe

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