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My dear friend,—Bishop Horne public services in the family and the of Norwich somewhere blesses God closet, are too much; far from it; that he had always lived where it but judging from actual facts, from was his duty and privilege daily what we are, and not what we to attend the full choral service of should be, I doubt whether nine our church as solemnized at some tenths of mankind can use the same of our colleges, and in our cathe- forms much oftener than this, and drals. I do not concur with the for years together, without some loss good bishop; not, however, because of edification, if not with an approach I do not enjoy choral worship, if not to a dull monotony of feeling, with as much taste, yet at least with which it requires a little variety as much ardour as he could do; but to stimulate to warmth and vigour. because I enjoy it so much that I Possibly I am wrong, and glad shall should be vexed, if by constant ite- I be to find I am so ; indeed, I have ration it should pall upon my senses myself known some few persons who, and fail to melt my heart, till at unless unavoidably prevented, have length I cared as little for it as the regularly attended the full service of singing man who comes to his task our church twice three hundred and with no better zest or feeling than sixty-five times in the year, and this the school-boy to his grammar, or for years together, with constant, the weaver to his loom. For I fear nay, increasing interest and delight. it cannot be denied that the daily I envy such persons their enjoyment; recurrence of the whole of our I envy them their anticipation of church service, morning and even that better world, where the heaing, whether it be sung or said, is venly choristers day without night not favourable to continued and in- circle the Eternal Throne, and are tense devotion; at least, in minds never wearied with their anthems no better constituted than mine, and adorations. But in legislating which I own and lament is a very for the mass of mankind, I doubt bad specimen. But even in men of whether, even if the ordinary busifar more elevated emotions of piety, ness of life allowed of it, this conif I may judge by what many such stant twice-a-day and always conhave told me in respect of them- tinued repetition would be desirable. selves, the effect of the constant Go to our colleges and cathedrals ; twice-a-day recurrence of the same and, avoiding the indecorum of putforms and words, is apt to generate ting

an unseemly question to a provost a formal, listless, and perfunctory or fellow or master of arts, much spirit. I speak not of what ought less to a dean or canon or a prebento be, but of what is; and every dary, just ask some yawning undersuch fact is calculated to keep the graduate or Bible-clerk, or chorister Christian humble before his God. or verger, whether upon the whole The frailty even of those whose he finds that his regular twice-a-day weakness is most sustained by attendance is an edifying service ; strength from above, shews that whether he ever wishes to miss it; man at his best estate is vanity. whether he always returns to it with Not one, I suppose, in a thousand renewed interest; and whether, if it of the monks or

nuns who whirl were less long and frequent, or somethrough their incessant routine of what more varied, he might not find forms in the Roman-Catholic church, his devotion more stimulated to accomes to each renewed service with tion. I fear that his answer, if due

energy, and leaves it with pain. honest, would prove the frailty of ful reluctance. Our own weekly our nature, and the coldness of our Sunday repetition is not too often; hearts ; and shew how little many nor do I think that Wednesday and of us who call ourselves Christians, Friday prayers at church, with the and perhaps are so, partake of the intervening use of portions of the spirit of holy men of old; of the Christ. Observ, No. 355.


spiritual ardour of David and Isaiah bell that summoned me to the choral and Jeremiah and St. Paul and St. symphonies of the neighbouring ca. John. Did the sweet Psalmist of thedral, whose lofty vaults for ages Israel, suppose you, ever tire of the had reechoed the melodies of

prayer daily recurring melodies and sacri- and praise to the King of kings and fices of Jewish worship?

Lord of lords. If ever I should Now, my dear friend, do not turn Papist, and my confessor should jump to the conclusion, from the condemn me to multiform penances, foregoing remarks, that I would, if I would implore him to send me in I had it in my power, put a stop to pilgrimages to all the cathedrals in our daily cathedral and similar ser Christendom. It would, at least, vices. So far from it, I was debating be a pleasant penance; and if it with myself whether, notwithstand became as fraught with holy thoughts ing all the apathy I have stated and heavenly aspirings as some which not, mark me, apologized for,—it I have enjoyed in my visits to certain would not be a right and good ordi- of these venerable edifices in my nanance to revive daily prayers in all tive land, I trust that superstition our churches, rather than set them would not be the only feeling which aside where they are now customary. the most strenuous Protestant would The danger in the present day is not predicate of my emotions. on the side of excess, but of defect; You will wonder, my dear friend, but in legislating either way, the what this long proemium can aupoint I have mentioned is an essen gur; or what means a dissertation on tial element in the calculation : and the merits of chanting and cloisI am not sure that in the Church of ters. The truth is, I have just réEngland we have not found the true turned from one of my

occasional mean, as nearly as may be, between Protestant pilgrimages; and a dethe formal routine of the Papal ritual lightful, and, I would hope, not unand the restless variety—if varied it profitable, pilgrimage it was. It was is—of Dissenting worship. All I not, indeed, a monkish pilgrimage, meant to say at the commencement since it was enlivened by sundry of my letter, not intending this di- domestic appendages which Popery gression, was, that the solemnity of did not allow to her clergy, but which cathedral service is a gratification so I cannot believe have rendered the delightful, and I hope I may say from Protestant parsonage less a scene of experience a means of grace so edi. happiness or usefulness. I will not fying, that I should dread losing the trouble you with any of my rural zest with which at present I always wanderings, except that to which I thirst for it and enjoy it. To the have alluded—namely, to the purutmost limit of repetition not lead. lieus of a venerable cathedral, to ing to this dreaded result, I concur me till then unknown, to you well with Bishop Horne ; and if I was as known; and if my young freshness sure of my feelings under constant of feeling were matured by your recurrence, as I am of their present better knowledge, I doubt not I intensity, I should echo his words could sketch a scene on which even to the letter, were it only in the you would not disdain to gaze. humble capacity of a singing man or

It was a lovely June morning, soft a verger.

Some of my happiest re and balmy, cool and pensive, rather collections in this chequered world than glaring and fervid, when I opened are derived from a cloistered pre- my casement, as the cathedral clock, cinct ; the halcyon days of my early and I know not how many consentministry were passed in a church ing parish chimes, struck three. A and a parish abutting on a venerable throbbing brow and feverish couch close, where, as often as leisure per- had drawn me, not wont to such mitted, or pensive or devout feeling ante-matin progresses, to taste the suggested, I might obey the silvery fresh breeze of approaching day.

Day already, in truth, it was, for a most hopeful symptom. For thus night there had been none; the twi. writes old Trussell :

“ Few persons light of evening had softened into came from other places to plant here, the twilight of dawn, and the moon, no, not one among forty, but at their not unwilling, had lent her aid to first coming are entertained with assist both. It was also the day of a sharp but short fever, which so holy rest; and it might be that the cleanseth them from all peccant tranquil and heavenly associations, humours, that after their full rewhich ever to the Chrisian's mind covery, their health, being for the usher in that blessed day, cast a most part uninterrupted, hath no wreath of peace and solemnity need to challenge any help from around every image that met the Esculapius or his followers. I affirm eye, or floated in the imagination. it boldly, and truly experience doth I wish I could tell you all I saw and approve it, that the purity of the air all I felt; but the recital were too is such, that neither physician,

apolong—and the emotions perhaps too thecary, or surgeon, did ever grow evanescent to embody. I hope that rich by his practice in that place.” much that past in my inmost soul I copy this passage, my good friend, was not unmeet for such a day and for your comfort, whoseduty calls you such a place; for if there be any to make periodical sojourns ie a spot spectacle that can overpower the so favoured.

And that I may not heart with emotion, and teach les discredit venerable Mr. Trussell, I sons of heavenly wisdom, it is surely shall now, on my return to the futhat of an ancient and much-dilapi- mum strepitumque Romæ, courteously dated city, the scene of events me. attribute all nervous and feverish morable in history, the birth-place sensations which may visit me for and once crowded haunt of prelates months to come; not to the cares and statesmen and philosophers, of and anxieties of life, or to those warriors and of kings, who have overworkings of mind and body ages since gone to their account, which are incident to an exhausting and where every stone is impressed metropolis, till one learns to dream with vestiges of mortality and decay. of fields and cottages and solitude When one feels most strongly the as an earthly elysium; but to that mutability of short-lived man, and salutary “ sharp, but short fever,” the heart is desolated with images which, had I been a settler instead of war and rapine, of priestcraft and of a pilgrim in Trussell's paradise, tyranny, of all that agitates and ap was to end in the cleansing of all pec. pals the spirit, of the strange mix- cant humours, and that full recovery ture of good and evil in every age, of health which of all earthly boons and the vicissitudes by which nations I least ever expect to enjoy. I wish and empires rise and fall, flourish that you, or some other philosopher and decay, one learns better to esti- and divine equal to the task, would mate the value of Him who is the issue a caution and point out a resame yesterday, to-day, and for ever, medy in reference to that habitual and of those joys which are over-excitement which, rather perchangeable and eternal. At least, haps than climate or any other cir. if our meditations do not tend to this, cumstance, so often renders a me. they lose their best direction. tropolis a deathful residence. If a

I must not chide the feverish man thinks, and speaks, and walks, throb that sent me to my matin and reads, and does everything casement; both because of the sa else just twice as hard in London lutary reflections which I hope the as he does in the country, is he scene before me furnished, and, if I to wonder that he lives only half may believe one of the chroniclers as long ? He may say, that in of your famed city, because a little the result he lives as usefully; but -feverishness on entering its walls is surely there is a just medium, though


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few persons discover it. Some waste mons. Our forefathers did better :
life in doing nothing; others exhaust they did not travel on the journey of
it with doing too much. I fear you, life so fast; they took more hours
my friend, are of the latter order. for their task; their pace was com-
But beware; the church cannot posed and their minds more calm ;
spare, the world ought not to be but they did not arrive less surely
deprived of one hour of so valued a at their journey's end; and when
life. Why will men breathe oxygen they came to it they were less heated
all the year?

Many of our states and more able to recruit themselves
men, and busy lawyers and mer. by moderate repose.“What all this
chants, would kill themselves sooner has to do with the subject of my
than they do if they did not devote letter, if subject it have, I know not;
a few weeks now and then to loading but it has trickled from my pen, and
guns and holding dialogues with I will let it remain, less however for
pointers. They might, however, your edification, than for the edifi-
manage much better than this; for cation of any of your acquaintance
in the first place they might without who may need the lesson ; not by
reproach habitually work six days any means excluding your female
instead of seven, giving God his own friends, some of whom, it may hap,
day, and finding repose in its de are as prone to kill themselves by
lightful yet tranquil duties; and this alternate over-excitement and sinful
alone would add years to their life; idleness, as any of their lords who
and when they occasionally wished should set them a better pattern. I
for a cushion for their minds, they wish we better studied the example
might find rural occupations quite as of Christ in the mild lustre of his
soothing, quite as healthful, and to character, and more implored the
the full as useful as the slaying of influences of the Holy Spirit as a
birds and the pursuit of hares. Mr. God of peace and consolation. This
Fox, after his threefold toils of would tend to give us a serenity of
drinking, gambling, and legislating, mind, and a patient diligence in well
would lie for hours under a tree at doing, which would greatly check
St. Ann's hill, till he exulted that the the excesses to which I allude; and
blackbirds were not afraid of him.

we might perhaps find time to breathe
Thus stretching his listless length, he a prayer and still our heart beatings
recovered the tone of his mind; but between one distraction and another.
the excess and the vacuity were both My casement opened upon a city
blameworthy; for human life was not of ancient days, interesting even
meant to be passed between inordinate now; nay, far more interesting to
excitement andindolent repose. With a thoughtful mind than when its
a well-regulated mind and self-de- massy walls encircled it, its embat-
nying habits, a man may work tled gates were standing, its proud
fairly and work long; but the mis- castles were mantled, its prelatical
chief to persons of ill-judged ardour and royal palaces were in their glory,
is, that they over-work themselves and its fifty churches, of which only
til they are obliged to make holi- six or eight remain, and princely
day; and then lose in necessary in monastic foundations, now for the
dolence more than the time they most part obliterated, filled

saved by impatience. Look at the valley which opens before my eye.
habits of our men of business: Lon. Just listen to the glowing words of
don is a distracting whirl from ten till an old writer :
four ; during the other eighteen hours “ In this reign (Henry I.) the
it is a comparative solitude, nobody city of Winchester may be said to
working that can eat or play. Look have arisen at the summit of her
again at our statesmen, our divines, glory, and, like the sun at mid-day,
our students; and look at the noc to have cast forth the full lustre of
turnal excesses of our house of com- her beams; for as the moon out-


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shines the stars, so did she all her why at this moment should I be more contemporary cities in Britain. For interested about them than I was a now she was defended by a stately month ago? What more to me are castle, high and strong walls, with the names, infamous or illustrious, gates and towers; and was orna connected with the objects before me, mented with a multitude of very than they were when I have read magnificent structures, the dwelling them a hundred times in the records houses of the royal family, knights, of history ? Cicero asked the same merchants, and gentlemen, besides question, and could only reply that those great and magnificent buildings it is so, because it is so. Naturâne of the king's and bishop's palaces, nobis hoc datum dicam, an errore and of so many monasteries, con- quodam, ut cum ea loca videamus in vents, nunneries, and houses of other quibus memoriâ dignos viros accepereligious societies, with such a great rimus multum esse versatos, magis number and variety of churches, as moveamur quum si quando eorum could be no where equalled through- ipsorum aut facta audiamus, aut out the kingdom. It was not only scriptum aliquod legamus.” (De Fin. enriched by the presence of

so many 5.) And the same truly philosonoble inhabitants, but carried on a phical writer elsewhere shews (De clothing manufactory, which almost Leg. ï. 2) how forcibly each misupplied the whole realm, as well as nute feature of local scenery comes several foreign countries. It was the home to the heart in connexion with principal key and thoroughfare into such associations. “Me quidem ipsa all the eastern and western parts of illæ nostræ Athenæ, non tam operithe kingdom ; frequented by all fami- bus magnificis et exquisitissimis anlies of note, and visited by many tiquorum delectant,quam recordatione great powers from abroad. Its summorum virorum, ubi quisque habishop being generally one of the bitare, ubi sedere, ubi disputare sit royal family, ensured it the particular solitus ; studiose eorum etiam sepulmarks of the royal favour ; whereby chra contemplor.” This is why every it was distinguished with the first person that treads the deck of the free charter granted to any city in Victory, pauses to survey the plate the kingdom, which permitted all its that points out the place where goods, wares, and merchandizes to Nelson fell: he would not feel sabe negociated free of any toll or tax tisfied in after life if he had failed whatsoever, throughout his majesty's to mark that particular spot. And dominions ; and is well known to what a field for such affecting rehave been the place of birth, edu- miniscenses, is that now in sombre cation, baptism, marriage, and coro- grandeur before me, and almost nation of many kings, princes, and every stone of which has left its noble personages. It was honoured traces upon my memory and imagiwith a mayor twenty-two years be- nation! Just begin with yonder massy fore London, or any other city, and and magnificent edifice, identified its charter of incorporation has been with the first entrance of Christianity a standard for incorporating several into this favoured land, the scene of cities and towns in this kingdom. some of the most remarkable passages In this magnificent state was the an- of English history, in church and state, cient city of Winchester, when King and every pillar and corbel of which Henry died; who left his succession awakens mingled recollections of to be disputed by his daughter Maud pain and pleasure,--alas ! too much of the empress, and Stephen Blois, son pain. Look, I say, my friend, at that of the Earl of Blois, by Adela, daugh- now Protestant Cathedral, once,– ter of William the Conqueror." but we must visit it apart, and trace

I must have a word with you, my it on the spot; it may not be clusdear friend, about some of these illus- tered in the vulgar heap of memortrious persons and localities. Yetables. Pass it by then for the pre

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