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less really. Religion is safely ridiculed ness of impropriety and evil ; while, at under the name of hypocrisy. A preacher the same time, through the influence of of God's Word, is, perhaps, exhibited in example, and the foree of custom ;—from strong caricature, with affected gravity want of due consideration, or sufficient and absurd grimace. A sermon is de- firmness of mind;—and perhaps from livered in burlesque imitation. A religi never having had their attention specially ous character is introduced, for the pur- and seriously called to the sinful nature pose of being placed in the most ludicrous and injurious tendency of such amusepoints of view, and exposed as a person ments;--they allowed themselves to be of weak intellect and of pitiable credulity. present at exhibitions which their conHis conscientiousness and fear of sin- sciences condemned; and to be spectators ning are made contemptible by being dis- of scenes, and hearers of sentiments, played only in petty and punctilious scru against which tl.e quick sensibilities of a pulosity. His purity of mind is connected modest and delicate mind so painfully rewith circumstances of exquisite absur- volted as to cover them with confusion ;. dity. His meekness under insult is made and which scenes and sentiments they to appear only as mean and unworthy ti. would not, on any consideration, have midity. His simplicity and sincerity of either ventured to describe and repeat, or beart are represented as rendering him endured to hear described and repeated, the dupe of every designer, and the butt in private company, or in the society of for every dart which malice or mirth may their personal friends." pp. 262, 263. choose to throw. And, while he is thus set forth as a laughing-stock, many a scoff Mr. Best states, that the attendand jest is uttered respecting over-righte

ance of respectable women at the ousness and puritanical zeal. The words * saint' and 'holy' are used only in sneer

Sheffield theatre has, heunderstands, and sarcasm. • Heaven' and ''hell,' and greatly diminished; and we doubt terms of equally aweful meaning, are em not the effect has been caused in no ployed with levity and laughter: And thus, slight degree by his own indefatigawhile religion in the general is, perhaps, ble exertions in pointing out to his complimented with some unmeaning expression of regard; its sanctity is profaned, flock and fellow-townsmen, the evils -its character is degraded—its authority of this “ innocent amusement.” Let and its influence are undermined, and its him not then be wearyin his useful laseveral parts and its conscientious pro- bours. It is very important that while fessors are brought into derision and contempt." pp. 189, 190.

the great body of the ministers of And while religion is thus sneered

Christ are occupied for the most at, sin is dressed out in colours the part in the general duties of their most attractive. Can then the mo

holy calling, there should be indiral impression of the scene be doubt.

viduals among them, who are deful? Some, however, may profess voting much of their thoughts and to doubt it; and may adduce their

efforts to some particular point or own case in proof that the effect is question. By this division of labour, not so practically evil as is repre

facts and arguments are accumulated, sented. To such persons we fear we

attention is aroused, zeal is excited, mụst reply with our author, that

one works for all; and his brethren

and the world are benefited by his They give a very plain proof that labours. Thus Mr. Close, by his exthey must have already sustained no small injury; since their moral sensibilities

ertions at Cheltenham, in reference are become so far blunted, as to permit to the evils of the race-course,

has them to witness the scenes and listen to forced the subject upon the public the sentiments, which they must hear and attention in other places : and so of see, at any evening's performance, in any Mr. Herbert Smith's labours for the theatre, without feeling with indignant shame, that their better principles had suppression of Sunday travelling ; been outraged, and their sense of propriety and in various other instances. We grossly insulted, and painfully offended.” always rejoice in laying before our “I might confidently appeal to the re

readers, for the general benefit, the collections of those females who may result of such isolated efforts, and bave formerly, frequented the theatre, in the present instance shall feel whether the pleasure which they expe- thankful if our notice of Mr. Best's rienced, on their first attendance, was not often mingled with an involuntary sense

volume shall awaken the attention of shame, a secret and painful conscious of his brethren to the subject in

p. 254.

mean

places where their exertions might be tains, in forcible language, the corruption locally useful.

of human nature, and the Divinity of Jesus Christ, and of the Holy Spirit, together with the vicarious agonies and sorrows of the former, and the renewing, sustaining, and all-cheering operations of

the latter. The venerable and beloved 1. A Discourse on the Death of the

Archbishop Leighton announces the sys

tem in words which have ever since obRev. Robert Hall; by the Rev. tained wide currency, and which merit J. HUGHES. With the Address at the distinction. He says, • It lays low the Interment ; by the Rev. T.

the sinner, exalts the Saviour, and pro

motes holiness.' CRISP. Is. 6d.

“ Mr. Hall pushed no speculation be2. Posthumous Testimony (a Funeral yond its proper limits. He dilated with Discourse for the same). By the

freedom, power, and impartiality, on those Rev. F. Cox, LL.D.

things which are revealed,' and there

fore · belong unto us and to our children;' 3. The Destruction of the Last

but aimed not to lift up the veil spread Enemy (same occasion), By the by Infinite Wisdom over those things Rev. N. Bosworth. ls. 6d. which are secret, and therefore ' belong

to the Lord our God' alone. 4. Authentic Account of the Illness

While he

* shunned not to declare the whole counand Death of the late Rer. Robert

sel of God,' he was careful to present Hall. By J. M. CHANDLER. Christian truth in its attractive symmetry,

assigning to each of its many parts a deSo much has already appeared in

gree of consideration proportioned to its

relative importance. our pages relative to the remarkable

“ There was a time, when theologians man whose decease was the occasion of an adverse school, ever claiming to be of the above pamphlets, that we do accounted rational, above all others, and not think it necessary to dilate much

then, especially, insinuating no upon their contents, especially as a

compliment to themselves, ventured to

predict that so intelligent a man would regular memoir of Mr. Hall is in soon join their party. What preserved preparation. The respective writers him from affording these prophets a sigwill have perceived that difference

nal triumph ? My brethren, it was the of communion has not prevented could have subdued his reasoning pride.'

mighty power of God.' Nothing less our doing justice to their departed It was hence that he resisted the tempfriend, both upon the footing of our tation to dismiss and despise the peculiacommon Christianity, and in re

rities of the Gospel, and sat, a docile gard to those eminent talents with learner,' at the feet of Jesus.”” pp. 29–31. which it pleased God so conspicu

Of his catholic spirit Mr. Hughes ously to endue him.

Having said thus writes : thus much, we shall merely copy, who has more warmly eulogized the Li

He was a Protestant Dissenter—but from their several publications, a few turgy of the Established Church ? His passages illustrative of Mr. Hall's expressions, disseminated and approved character, leaving them severally to

in all our churches, are these :- I bespeak their own merits.

lieve that the evangelical purity of its

sentiments, the chastised fervour of its Mr. Hughes, after alluding to devotion, and the majestic simplicity of his talents and eloquence and early its language, have combined to place it in piety, proceeds to point out as fol the very first rank of uninspired compolows, the character of his theology.

sitions.'

“ He was a Baptist—but he respected * As a theologian, he belonged, deci- the right of private judgment; he condedly, to what is called the evangelical ceded the liberty which he asked ; and school-a school which, owing to the having, as he thought, no inspired prestrange theories and collisions of some cept or precedent for the deed, could not modern partisans, cannot be so exactly persuade himself to erect the ritual pecudescribed as it might have been only liarity of a small denomination into a thirty years ago. Yet it still has the main barrier which should exclude from sacracharacteristics which it wore in previous mental communion every denomination ages ; and may, on the whole, be repre- besides ; though a Beveridge, and a Howe, sented as the depository of those princi- and a Baxter, and a Wesley, and a Whiteples in which Protestants of the more field, and a Doddridge, and a Watts, stood spiritual class are fully united. It main- without, soliciting the privilege of feast

latter years.

ing with their brethren at the table of not less by spirituality of feeling than by their common Lord.” pp. 34, 35.

intellectual discernment. And, while his Mr. Hughes attests Mr. Hall's discourses possessed the peculiar excellong-continued consistency of cha- of ordinary capacity, as well as to hearers

lence of affording delight to Christians racter, and his visible growth in who sought no bigher gratification than grace and in the knowledge of his that of admiring his oratorical powers, it Lord and Saviour, especially in his could never be said that the interests of

the former were sacrificed to the gratifi

cation of the latter. If his sermons were “ There have arisen, in all our connex sometimes intended and calculated to ions, ingenious, zealous, and popular men, edify one of these classes more than the who, for want either of diligence, or of other, yet will his most spiritually-minded prudence, or of devotional fervour, or of auditors in the lower classes of life most moral consistency, have declined in repu- readily bear witness to the rich feast tation, usefulness, and comfort, as they which they, as well as others, enjoyed have advanced in years. How many bave during his ministry in this place and there been, whose conduct and doom jus- they, equally with others, can testify that tify the cheerless memorial : • Once they it never was characteristic of his preachwere observed to run well,' but they were ing, that the hungry sheep looked up and hindered; they began in the Spirit,' but were not fed." p. 54. they ended in the flesh ;' they weighed Of his death Mr. Crisp remarks: anchor, and spread their sails, and anti He died as he lived ; those blessed cipated the completion of a prosperous truths which he proclaimed with so much voyage ; but guilt brought down the faithfulness and energy to others, were thunder,' and they were wrecked in sight felt by himself in the closing days of life, of their desired haven.'

in all their soothing influence; a heavenly “ Of Mr. Hall we can confidently peace, the peace of God which passeth speak in another strain.• The light of all understanding,' dwelt in his bosom, the knowledge of the glory of God in the uninterrupted by pain, and undisturbed face of Jesus Christ,' shone in his heart, amidst even the anguish of the last mofor some years before his dissolution,

ments of life, a smile sitting on his counwith augmented clearness ; as the com

tenance while his spirit was departing. batant of unsound doctrine, he waxed'

With his faculties in full vigour to the more and more " valiant;' his fellow

very moment of dissolution, he confided Christians remarked in him the growth and rejoiced in that Saviour whom he deof spiritual affection; during the last year, lighted to exalt in his ministry,—his faith he spake much to those about him, rela- being firm and unshaken in the divine tive to the poor, and expressed his deter

greatness of his person and the all-suffimination to become better acquainted ciency of his atonement.” pp. 59, 60. with them, should he regain strength suflicient to bear the fatigue which it

Dr. Cox corroborates the above would inevitably cost him ; his pastoral testimonies. The following are porfeeling, in general, became stronger and tions of his sketch, stronger; and he was revered and congratulated, as one of whom it might be

“ It was impossible for even the most said, he increaseth with the increase of

casual observer to fail of perceiving, in God.'” pp. 48, 49.

the countenance of Robert Hall, indi

cations of surpassing talent; and never Mr. Crisp, after alluding to Mr.

can any one who was acquainted with Hall's just reputation as a public him forget the brightness of that eye speaker, his style, his topics, his which now sleeps in death, and the malanguage, his matter, is anxious to jesty of that aspect which, but for a con

ciliating humility and kindness as reguard his readers against supposing markable as his genius, must have overthat those were his highest excel awed and silenced every beholder." p. 22. lencies as a preacher; for he adds :

The primary quality of his mind was

simplicity, an element of true greatness. “ But preeminent as he was in this In this he ranks with Locke, and Bacon, point of view, his highest praise is that and Newton, and other ornaments of of a Christian orator. None but those human nature, whose rare excellencies are who constantly attended on his preaching seldom to be found unassociated with this could be aware of the full worth of his attractive peculiarity. He was totally ministrations. This consisted, not so devoid of artifice, and was always genuine much in the display of great genius, as in and natural. A quick observer might a manifest unction from the Holy One. look into the very interior of his mind, By every one this was in some measure which might be continually perceived discernible; but it was particularly seen through his words and by his actions, in and valued by those who, in forming their all its transparency. Those by whom he judgment of his preaching, were guided was surrounded were infallibly impressed

con

with a sense of the presence of a mighty was placed under the care of the celebragenius, but never through any effort of ted Mr. Ryland, of Northampton, whose his own; for never was there less effortschool was in high reputation, and whese at display_never more entire and perfect he was prepared for the Theological artlessness.” pp. 23, 24.

Academy in Bristol, which he entered in “ His devotion was of the most exalted the year 1778, having been previously adcharacter. One might be almost tempted to mitted into the church at Arnsby, to the say, that this was his pre-eminent quality, great joy of his father. As early as twelve were it not that so extraordinary was he years of age he appears to have been enin every faculty, mental or moral, that, as gaged in prayer-meetings, and other reeach passes in review, it appears the dis- ligious exercises, in his father's congretinguishing excellence of the man; and gation; and at the age of sixteen years yet, in fact, so proportioned and so har. and three months, having frequently admonized, were the whole, that he must dressed the people on religious topics, he have a nice perception, a balance of judg was called to the ministry by the unaniment exquisitely poised, who could deter mous voice of the church, on the 13th of mine the scale of his qualities. Over all August, 1780. On his completion of the his great powers of inind, however, de term at Bristol, he proceeded to the Univotion, like a bright sunshine, threw its versity of Aberdeen, where he took bis heavenly radiance. If ever the scriptural degree of M. A. During his residence account of Enoch and of Noah, of each in this seat of learning, he cultivated his of whom it is stated that he walked with talents with uncommon assiduity and sucGod,' could be applied in the full signi cess, being brought into contact with ticance of the terms to ordinary mortals, many elevated minds, and some it was surely appropriate to him. His genial spirits, who both communicated private communion with heaven was fre- and received many salutary impressions quent and fervent; his domestic prayers and called forth his powers to their lofwere tender and touching ; his public in- tiest exercise. On the conclusion of his tercessions simple, solemn, diversified and course at Aberdeen, in 1783, he returned to intense. He seemed to be pleading with Bristol as classical tutor in the academy. God. His manner and tones bespoke This situation he filled, with much repuinexpressible reverence and absorption of tation to himself and benefit to the stuthought; and so habitual was his rever dents, until the year 1790, when, on the ence for the Deity, and so profound, that decease of the celebrated Mr. Robinson, he was capable of the most remarkable pastor of the Baptist church at Camtransitions from converse with men to bridge, he was invited to preach there, converse with God, and times and seasons and in the course of the same year he were forgotten when he recollected the settled there as the successor of that exclaims of duty and of piety. If in the traordinary man. Talents, such as those intercourse of life he was invariably the of Mr. Hall, were not likely to remain great man, on the bended knee he was the long in obscurity; and the congregation Little child. While the character of his was gradually increased by the addition petitions displayed indeed the peculiarities of many persons who were attracted by of his intellect, the strength of his piety his eloquence. The growth of bis pocompelled you, if ever, to forget his pularity, however, like that of every thing genius.” pp. 33, 34.

which is excellent, was at first but slow : Not having hitherto inserted in his style of preaching was never that our pages any notice of his life, we

which first astonishes, and then disapcopy from Mr. Bosworth's account

points. It was of too high an order to

be immediately acceptable to those who the following memoranda.

had never been accustomed to any thing “ The late Rev. Robert Hall was born similar to it. His own people, however, at the village of Arnsby, in Leicester- regarded him all along with warm adshire, about eight miles from the county miration, and his continuance among them town, on the 2d of May, 1764. His only increased their attachment and vefather was an eminently pious minister neration, until it was raised as high as of the Gospel, and pastor of the Baptist human feeling could carry it. The inchurch in the same village ; a man en crease of his congregation, though not dowed with many elements of greatness, rapid, was both continuous and permanent; a lively genius, and a penetrating mind; and hence it became necessary to enlarge highly esteemed by all who knew him, the place of worship, which was done, by and worthy of being the parent of such a subscription, in 1801. son. The younger Hall gave early indi “ The fame of his talents continued to cations of those talents which afterwards extend itself, until, by the addition to his astonished and delighted the world, and hearers of many individuals and families of that piety towards God which was the from the town and neighbourhood—one crowning grace of his character. Hedisplay- 'family from a distance of sixteen miles ed an ardent thirst for knowledge, and in the meeting-house became as well filled tense application in the pursuitof it. Having as before its enlargement. Members of reached the limit of village instruction, he the University also frequently attended

Mr. Hall's preaching. Among them were at length received and accepted an invita noticed several who are now popular tion to become their pastor, and laboured and useful clergymen in the Established among them with great success for nearly Church and some of our senators, who twenty years, the attendance continuing received their first lessons in eloquence to increase so as to render it necessary to from the lips of Mr. Hall.

enlarge the place of worship two or three “ Towards the close of the year 1804, times. On the death of the excellent Dr. it pleased Providence to aftlict Mr. Hall Ryland, pastor of the church at Broadwith a distressing malady, which inter- mead, Bristol, Mr. Hall was invited to sucrupted his labours for some months. The ceed him. After long and anxious delibeestimation in which he was held, was ex ration, he complied with the invitation, pressed by the deep and universal sympa- and removed thither in 1825. Here he thy with which his case was regarded, not passed the few remaining years of his life, only in the congregation and the town, instructing and delighting the multitudes but in the University and the surrounding who thronged to hear him; visiting, howcountry, as well as among his friends at ever, occasionally, as he had often done a distance. The sympathy excited by before his Cambridge friends, and somehis illness, did not evaporate in feeling times the metropolis, and other places.' but displayed itself also in a more sub- Pp. 20—27. stantial form. By the exertions of his We now turn to Mr. Chandler's friends, a fund was raised, and an annuity “ authentic Account of his Illness purchased, which contributed very greatly and Death;” a painfully interesting to the comfort of his future life, and possibly to its prolongation.

document, from which we extract the “ On the recovery of his health in the following medico-theological details. spring of 1805, he returned to his charge, “ Throughout life, or at least from and endeared himself

, if possible, still early youth, Mr. Hall was subject to acute more to his friends and the congregation, pain in the back. When it is considered by his increased solicitude for their eter that this long-continued affliction was nal welfare, and the growing spirituality ascertained to have been occasioned by of his own mind. But his permanent renal calculi, of a very singular if not connexion with Cambridge was now unique conformation, it is surprising that approaching its termination, just at the his expression of suffering should have time when his friends were more than been so feeble, and his endurance of it ever rejoicing in his light, and when they

so patient: but that under the severer were looking for the matured and abund- goadings of these actual thorns in the flesh, ant fruits of his long and faithful labours he should rise superior to pain, and actually among them. In the inscrutable dispensa- derive from it an additional excitement to tions of Him wbose ways are past finding his accustomed eloquence in preaching, out, Mr. Hall was visited by a recurrence of and deliver on such occasions some of the his disorder with exacerbated violence, in richest and most brilliant of his discourses, November, 1805 ; and although he re

was as strikingly illustrative of the order covered in great measure from this of his mind, as it is signally demonstrative attack, it was deemed by the faculty of the perennial resources of Christianessential to his complete restoration, that ity.” p. 11. he should lay aside all public labours, and “ Whilst, on the one hand, we have to abstain as much as possible from all regret that the recumbent position renstrong excitement.

The consequence dered necessary by the pain, which conof these events was his resignation tinued more or less through life, deprived of the pastoral office, on the 4th of us of what otherwise we might have reMarch, 1806, which was communicated ceived from his pen; on the other hand, by him to the church in a very affecting we owe much to this very affliction, by letter. This was received with the most its giving occasion to so beautiful a dispungent sorrow, followed by that resigna- play of the Christian graces, of patient tion to the Divine will which Christianity resignation and general sympathy with inspires.

the sufferings of others. Having spent some time among his “ Our esteemed friend was subject, friends in Leicestershire, he took up his during the last five or six years of his life, residence at Enderby, a secluded and to sudden attacks of difficult breathing. pleasant village near Leicester, where, by These attacks, consisting of laboured cir à union of calm retirement with gentle culation of the blood through the lungs, occupation, he gradually regained his produced more of terrific agony than of health, and with it his capacity for use- positive pain-a feeling as of impending fulness in the church. As his strength dissolution, and that in one of its severest would bear the exercise, he occasionally modes. So great was his distress, that preached to a small congregation in Har- he has often said to me, during and after vey-lane, Leicester, which many years an attack, that he could more easily suffer before had been under the care of the cele

seven years unabated continuance of the brated Dr. Carey, now of Serampore. pain in his back, acute as it was, than one From this small remnant of a church, he half-hour of the conflict within his chest;

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