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set in a boat at the mouth of the Tiber- tions they had of the Bible, and of that of Mr. Brown, who was drowned in the real nature of religion. The folthe Grotto of Neptune, at Tivoli, in attempting to creep round it on its slippery lowing is her conclusion. stones; likewise the tomb containing “ With respect to the Roman subjects, Shelley's heart. We were told, at Flo- I am persuaded that the slavery, and conrence, that when he was drowned, they sequent hypocrisy, is complete. We had burnt his body on the shore, but that bis a curious opportunity of discovering this heart would not burn. On his tombstone in various conversations with Italians. was 'Cor Cordium 'of Shelley. We were We were speaking on the subject of relilikewise told that his wife travelled to En- gion to an Italian woman, who, on other gland with a vase in her hand, containing matters, appeared sensible. She soon some of his ashes. Near his monument is told us that she did not think her soul that of his child by his first wife, Miss would live after death: indeed, she was Wolstoncroft. Many others met our quite sure it would not; that there was eye, erected by travellers to those who no immortality. “I do not believe what had been the companions of their steps, our priests tell us,' said she: “they come but whom death had detained prisoners brushing here with their holy water ; they in his dark realms : for, alas ! in every tell us to fast, and to do a great many clime, all things have an incurable taint of things which they do not. You have mortality. The monument of William not then a Bible?' said I ; 'you do not go Bowles is there, close to the Ostian way. to church?' • Oh yes; and my niece, The simplicity and smallness of these seven years old, never misses confession. tombs are strongly contrasted with the I have a vigna under Monte Mario; in gigantic folly of the pyramid of Cestius, that there is a little chapel, where we which shadows them. One poor poet maintain a priest when we are there." complains, that his name is written in Have you then a Bible ?'. We have one water-not so those whose names are in in the chapel ; it is what the priest use3 the book of life! · They shall not be as would you like to see it ?' • Yes.' In a water spilt upon the ground, which can- few days it was brought. not be gathered again.'” vol. i. pp.
“ This Bible turned out to be · Storia 154, 155.
dell'Antico e Nuovo Testamento, del
Padre d' Agostino Calmet, &c. The picture of Luther at the Far
“ We one day brought in our Testanese palace elicits the following ap- ment, wishing to converse upon it with posite remarks :
an Italian of good education : he gently “ In one compartment is seen Martin pushed it from him, exclaiming e proLuther disputing with Cajetan.
The hibito,' and said that they were not allowfinely-cultivated genius of Leo the Tenth ed the liberty we enjoyed ; indeed, in all could not be insensible to the brilliant our conversations with him, he spoke powers of Luther; he is said to have re- with horror of their state, and yet with marked, in the beginning of the contro
fear and whispering, as if he heard the versy, ' Brother Martin is a man of very familiar at his heels. fine genius-these squabbles are the ef
“Another Italian, with whom we had fect of monastic envy. But, alas! self- almost daily opportunities of conversation, interest silenced the dictate of better was in good earnest “a faithful servant of knowledge. Vassari has represented Ca- the church?—was protected and favoured jetan in front of a palace-I suppose at by cardinals, and held the pope in high Augsburg:. He appears to be dismissing veneration. At our breakfast-table, on Luther with contempt, who stands firmly fast days, he would not touch a morsel of before him; and I fancied him saying, • 1 bread and butter, but only take a tumbler cannot recant but on scriptural grounds.
or two of wine_his happy brain seemed Our peace consists in coming to Christ never to have thought on aught the church in lively faith. Without this, we may be deemed hurtful.” vol. i. pp. 213, 214. absolved a thousand times by the pope We must now quit Rome'; but himself, but we shall never obtain on good shall just transcribe the following grounds a quiet conscience. In the next account of the permission of Procompartment the troops of Paul III. are barbarously destroying the Protestants in testant worship in that stronghold of the Netherlands. This should have been Papal superstition. blotted, even from the memory, in such In 1817 the English were received a noble palace; above all, it should not with great attention in Rome. Pius VII. stand boldly out to public detestation." appeared to feel all that gratitude which vol. i. p. 166.
is natural to a man who has received his Miss Morton was curious to as. kingdom, and its astonishing works of certain whether the people of Rome The English were allowed free entrance
art, through the valour of any nation. whom she fell in with, believed the
any where, even where the Italians found tales of their priests, and what no: it difficult to enter. The pope received Christ. OBSER. No. 364.
them, even ladies, in his garden without reap corn, which, as they were most of ceremony. In this state of things, they them gentlemen, was a severe punishventured to solicit for the public celebra- ment.' tion of service according to the rites of our “ The permission to worship is most own Established Church. Gonsalvi was propitious for travellers. It is such an the cardinal then at the head of the coun- inestimable privilege to find no waste, cil. We are informed by a late writer, howling wilderness, to drink of the brook that Gonsalvi replied, • I cannot autho- by the way, and wherever we go to be rize what would be directly in opposition made glad by the streams that flow from to the principles of our religion, and the under the true altar. All the clergy that laws of the state ; but the government pass through Rome have an opportunity will not interfere with any thing you do to proclaim the Gospel.” vol. ii. pp. 170 quietly among yourselves, as long as it is -172. done with propriety. The established And here with much respect worship of our church was then set up in and esteem we take leave of our Rome.
“ In the year 1820 the priests took Christian traveller, entreating her alarm, and it was feared that it would be tender construction of the few modiscontinued. It was at that moment nitory words in our proemium, but celebrated in a room near the pillar of which do not at all derogate from Trajan—the storm blew over-it was then removed to the mausoleum of Au
the pleasure with which we have gustus ; but it was still too near the perused such passages as the foreCapitol, and I understand the English going, and to which many others themselves removed it without the Porto might be added. Long could we del Popolo. The service is now celebrated in a large upper-room, and we had linger upon Italy with all its pleasthe privilege of going without the gate to ing, and, alas! its painful associations; join in our own comparatively pure wor- with its balmy soothings and its ship; the door is guarded by two of the heart-sickening superstitions ; its pope's own body guard. I never heard the precise object for which they are
Christian not less than its classical placed, but I should strongly suspect to Paganism; the mystical not less keep out the Catholics! They reminded than the literal city of the seven hills, me of the fact related in church history, and the fearful desolations which of Huneric, king of the Vandals, and await it. It is a theme for solemn, Arian. • He fearing that he should lose his Vandals if they attended the preach- but salutary reflections ; and we ing of the Christian bishop Eugenius, shall rejoice if our notice of the pubordered guards to watch at the door of lication before us shall suggest such the church, who, when they saw a man or woman in a Vandal habit attempting
to the minds of our readers; and to enter, struck such person on the head lead them to prize more highly the with short staves, jagged and indented, civil institutions, and unfettered which being twisted into the hair, and religious liberty, and spiritual prividrawn back with sudden force, effectu- leges, which by the mercy of our ally detained them; and many that belonged to his court were thus detained, heavenly Father, bless a less radiant, and afterwards sent into the country to but more happy land.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
A Charge. By the Bishop of Bath and The Importance of Religious KnowWells.
ledge; a Sermon. By the Rev. J. Hough. A Sermon preached at St. Paul's. By Prize Essay on the Causes of Dissent the very Rev. G. Chandler, D.D. Dean in Wales. of Chichester.
The Family Scripture Reader. 5s. Works of the late Rev. R. Hall, with The Constitution of the Bible Society a Memoir. By Dr. Olynthus Gregory. defended. By the Rev. J. Fletcher. Vol. i. 12s.
On the Divine Authority of the Lord's Sermons by the late Rev. G. Jones; Day. By the Rev. C. R. Cameron. edited by the Rev. J. Owen. Vol. i. 48. « A Vision of Hell;" a Poem. 58.
Recognition and Felicity of Glorified A Letter to the Hon. and Rev. B. W. Saints. By R. Meek.
Noel, on his Speech at the Bible Society. “ The Ministerial Gift;" a Visitation By Fiat Justitia. Is. Sermon. By the Rev. J. Garbett. The Single Talent well employed;
Lectures for Young Persons. By the History of Ruth Clark. 6d. M. A. Ryan. 4s.
The Presbyterian Review, No. I. 39. The Family Cabinet Atlas ; Biblical Biblia Sacra Polyglotta. Accedunt Series. 3s. 6d.
Prolegomena, auctore S. Lee, S. T. B. The Reign of Terror, and other Poems. &c. 1 vol. folio. By J. Everitt.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE hitherto recognized; but if the society is SOCIETY.
to become a community for the recogni. In our notice last May, of the efforts tion of sentiment, &c. &c.".... ....“ We made to impose a test in the Bible So would advise the gentlemen who proposed ciety, we remarked, that if the principle and supported these amendments, calmly of a test is admitted, the test must be far to reflect on their own inconsistencies. more stringent than any that has been Here, in the Bible Society, which is proposed. We think it ought, at least, not a religious society, but only a society to exclude those who deny the doctrine for furnishing the means of religion,' they of justification by faith; and we are sure are clamorous for Christian fellowship, that according to the Apostle's canon, it devotional exercises, and orthodox opiought to shut out grossly vicious persons; nions : they refuse the gold, and would for drunkards and adulterers are as little reject the persons of Socinians, to secure entitled to the name of Christians as the these, while in that church to which most abettors of the most deadly heresies : in- of them belong, and which is, or ought to deed, no heresy is more heretical than an be, a religious society, they receive from ungodly life. A sufficient proof of the Sociniaus, who may be their parishioners, impropriety of requiring any test in such their proportion of church-rates and a society, is the impossibility even of men tithes, not for civil, but for the most of undoubted piety finding any one in sacred purposes. Though they will not common, except that professed adherence reckon the Socinian body amongst the to the declarations of the Bible itself, denominations of Christians, yet they still which the proposers of the new test do drag Socinians to their altars to perform not consider sufficient. In proof of this, the marriage right in the name of the it may be worth while to lay before our Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.' readers the opinions of some of our Dis- And though they will scarcely maintain senting friends respecting the members of towards them the courtesies of civil soour own church. To those who will duly ciety during their lives, yet they recognize read the signs of the times, they are not them as brethren at the grave, and bury, a little instructive; and the Church of them in sure and certain hope of a resurEngland will have little occasion of gra- rection, to eternal life. Happy is he titude to those who have elicited these that condemneth not himself in the things
We shall confine ourselves to which he alloweth. Let these members a portion of the passages collected in the of the church militant begin their crusade “ Christian Advocate;" but many others against Socinianism in their own church. might be added. Thus the Congregational The Anti-trinitarian heresy which has Magazine remarks :
desolated the Presbyterian churches of “ But could these new notions prevail this country, was generated in their comin the society, there must be a test both munion; and it may be that oaths and of principles and conduct, a new act of subscriptions, tests and articles, have not uniformity passed, and a committee of proved more efficacious in repressing it triers set up, and then that great body, now than they were in those days." which has been so long and so success- The Baptist Magazine writes : fully held together by the simple acknow- “ The society has been denominated a ledgment of the Divine authority of the Christian Society, and a reference to its Sacred Scriptures, and that every man records has been made to prove it such should possess them, will be resolved and then comes the inférence : that into its numerous original elements, never those are not entitled to be admitted as to unite again. We can tell Mr. Gordon members who reject an essential article and his supporters, that the orthodox of the Christian faith. But here again Dissenters will never have Christian fel- the argument is sustained by the amlowship with those who teach baptismal biguity of the term Christian in this regeneration, the peccability of the hu- connexion. If taken in its broad and man nature of Christ, or the carnal and popular sense,—the sense in which this worldly notions of the modern fifth-mo- is a Christian country as distinguished narchy men. Such persons are now to from Heathen and Mohammedan nabe found in the society, and we are happy tions, the Socinians, being compreto act with them on the simple principle hended in this definition of the term, are
still entitled to be admitted within the of the Bible Society, has already afforded pale of the society. But if the term a specimen of the extension of the prin. Christian be understood in its strict and eiple,' by intimating his high determinaproper sense,-as denoting one who is tion that no individual shall be permitted vitally united to Christ,—to preserve the to open with prayer a meeting at which purity of the society in this character, he is present, who has not been Episco would require a law of exclusion, it is to pally ordained ? Now, as we cannot supbe feared, much more extensive than that pose that the archbishop in question embodied in Captain Gordon's amend- would altogether stand alone in his pitiment.”........“ We will only add, the most able bigotry, we really think that the singular feature in this opposition to the alarm taken by Dissenters at the first Bible Society is, that it originates with introduction of a test, as preparatory to Evangelical members of the Church of a rule of worship, is not altogether unEngland. On witnessing the zeal of these reasonable. Some persons have avowed gentlemen on the late occasion, we could their indifference as to the possible senot help asking ourselves,—Is the Church cession of the Quaker from meetings of England then quite clear of all unholy commenced with a prescribed act of worand heretical members ? Have not the ship, in a manner which indicates pretty very individuals whom this party are anx- plainly that their retirement would not ious to exclude from the Bible Society, be displeasing. And were the introducfree access to the most sacred rights of tion of a form of prayer, and of regulatheir own church ? and if expelled from tions confining the occasional chaplaincy the one, may they not if they choose still to clergymen episcopally ordained, deemclaim membership with the other? But ed advisable, we have no reason to think is the Church of England less religious that any consequent secession of Indein its constitution than the Bible Society? pendent Dissenters would be regarded as And is its communion table less sacred a serious evil by a certain party, who, in than the platform of a human institution? anticipating the temporal reign of the He who contributes his guinea to a Bible saints, are not very anxious to have too Society incurs no personal hazard, while many partners." he may be the means of conferring on The Evangelical Magazine takes a si. others incalculable benefits : he who ap- milar line of argument :proaches the table of his Lord “unwor. “ The ground of exclusion insisted on thily,' confers no benefit on any one, is, that the Socinians are not Christians; while, according to the decision of an and the evidence of their not being ChrisApostle, he .eateth and drinketh damage tians is derived from their denial of the to himself.' If the party who are thus Holy Trinity. That, in the strictest sense concerned to purify the Bible Society, of the term, they are not Christians, we
have a zeal for God which is according readily allow, as also that their rejection to knowledge,' we are satisfied they may of the Trinity is the proof of this their exert their influence in a more important unhappy state. But if, because they are sphere, and in a less equivocal and inju- not Christians, they are thereby disquarious direction.”
lified from being members of the Bible The Eclectic Review argues as fol- Society, it must follow that all other perlows:
sons not Christians ought in like manner to “ The second clause of Mr. Gordon's be excluded from this privilege, unless it can amendment, in order to convey the real be shewn that one class of the enemies of meaning, ought to have stood thus : That Christ are better and more lovely in his no Dissenter from the Established Church, sight than another. Even Captain Gorrejecting the doctrine of a Triune Jeho- don's test proceeds too far, or it does not vah,' can be considered a member of a go far enough. If it were adopted to Christian institution. As it now stands, morrow, it would put no interdict upon no Socinian avowedly belonging to a Sabbath-breakers, profane swearers, Socinian · denomination of Christians,' drunkards, fornicators, covetous persons, is to be considered eligible; but the ninth lovers of pleasure more than lovers of general law would still include all im- God, self-righteous Pharisees, and an pugners of the doctrine of the Trinity endless class of other characters, who are who nevertheless adhered to the Establish- as determined enemies of the cross of ment. For instance, according to this Christ, and as easy of detection, as any proposed definition of the law, the learned Socinian in the world. (Philip. iii. 18, 19.) champion of the Credibility of the New- Besides, we must remind our friend, that Testament History, and the pious author the proposed test could only reach those of the Dissertations on Providence and Socinians who worshipped in a Unitarian Prayer, being Presbyterian Dissenters, conventicle ; it would not touch a Bishop would be no Christians; but Bishops Watson or a Dr. S. Clark, however much Hoadly and Watson, how equivocal soever or justly suspected, because they happentheir personal orthodoxy, might, if living, ed to take shelter within the pale of a be eligible vice-presidents of a Christian Trinitarian church. In fact, Lieutenant institution.”...... “ Is not Mr. Noel Gordon wants to raise a higher wall of aware that an Irish prelate,a vice-president protection around the Bible Society than
his own church raises around the commu- tians, especially by Christian Ministers. nion table; for, notwithstanding the sub- By Sexagenarius. The author of this scription of Trinitarian Articles demanded pamphlet is understood to be the Rev. of her clergy, and notwithstanding the Joseph Hughes, one of the secretaries to strictly orthodox character of her creeds the society, and the honoured individual and liturgy, a Socinian may take his seat, with whom the institution originated.” at any time, at the sacramental table, and As between the Church of England defy the clergyman who would hinder his and the Dissenter, the above strictures approach. Episcopalian tests are only are easily answered; but they shew the for the clergy; the laity may do as they inconsiderateness of the proposed course, please. But, perhaps, after all, it is only unless the object be either to break up a nominal orthodoxy for which Lieutenant the society, or to split it into as many Gordon contends.' Perhaps, if he could fragments as there are sects.
We depreprevail upon the members of the Bible cate both these results ; or whatever else Society to adopt his test, he would then may interfere with the extension and statake it for granted that every one offering bility of this highly valuable and truly to subscribe under the new constitution Christian institution. We cannot but would be entitled to be looked on congratulate all who wish well to it, orthodox. If this be his view, then the as at present constituted, on the numersociety might still continue to suffer all ous and strong expressions of attachment the practical contamination of which Mr. which the recent discussions have called Gordon now complains. Its creed, in- forth from its friends and auxiliaries. The deed, would be more exclusive, but its great body of religious and well-judging practice might, after all, be precisely the persons throughout the country, we are same."
persuaded, feel convinced that the society We conclude our extracts with one is lawfully constituted, and is an eminent from the Wesleyan Magazine, which we instrument in the hand of God for the copy rather for the sake of seconding its spiritual welfare of mankind. Resolustrong but just recommendation of Mr. tions are flowing in from auxiliaries, earHughes's pamphlet. Several other va- nestly deprecating the imposition of tests luable publications may be mentioned, to of faith, or other changes in the constituwhich we shall recur, if necessary; among tion of the society. Captain Gordon's others, one by the Rev. Dr. Fletcher, and committee, indeed, begin to feel by this another by “ Clericus.”
time, that, though they may adopt a test “ Though the questions at issue have upon paper, they cannot enforce it in been thus decided, there is every reason practice; for they have decided that whoto believe that the individuals who have ever may propose himself as a member, formed a conspiracy to alter the consti- his money is to be taken, and no questions tution of the British and Foreign Bible asked. Where then is the test? or what Society, will continue the work of agita- is its use ? If a tradesman were to action, and may seriously injure the insti- cuse his brethren of being encouragers of tution, unless its friends use every exer- theft, for having no label in their windows tion to preserve it in its simplicity. It against receiving stolen goods; and were is not a church, but an association for the to try to draw off their customers by setone object of circulating the Holy Scrip- ting up a new shop of higher morality, in tures among mankind to the greatest which it was to be written, “ Stolen goods possible extent. If once the principle be not received ; but, nota bene, all goods admitted, that the theological sentiments takeni, and no questions asked ;” would this of its members are to be scrutinized, it is be a very intelligible proceeding; more impossible to say to what length that especially if it were added, that only one principle may in future be carried by rash kind of stolen goods was prohibited, and and intolerant men. To preserve con- all others were allowed? If Captain sistency, a tribunal must be erected, not Gordon and his friends have not yet seen only to judge of heretical pravity, but also their error, and still believe that they have of moral delinquencies; the functions of principle on their side, let them, as ecclesiastical authorities will be assumed Christian men, act boldly upon it; let by aspiring individuals, till the most ex. them exclude Papists, and all persons pansive and efficient society in the world of known vicious life, and whatever else is frittered away, so as to be the organ of in their opinion clearly offends against a mere party. "We shall perhaps enter Christian doctrine, and Christian deportmore largely into this subject at a future ment; and having done this by rule, let opportunity; and in the mean time ear- them follow it up in practice; not writing nestly recommend a pamphlet which has up no questions asked ;” but honestly just been published, entitled, Prayer asking, “ Do you subseribe to the test of and Religious Tests, in connexion with faith laid down by the society; if not, we the British and Foreign Bible Society, cannot admit you.” Captain Gordon's considered in Two Letters, addressed to committee in effect excludes no Socinian : the Right Hon. Lord Teignmouth ; in- he may come and welcome, if he pleases; cluding Remarks on the Tone appto- there is no bar, no inquisition: the test priate to all Discussions among Chris- was only in terrorem, more mocked than