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and practical theology, and in making try. In his countenance the attentive himself acquainted with general literature; observer might have distinctly traced the so that his mind was richly stored with combined feelings of lofty adoration, peimportant and valuable information on nitential abasement, believing confidence, every topic he was called to discuss. and filial gratitude ; and it was no uncomWhen his public avocations became af- mon thing to see the big tear trickling terwards very numerous, he was accus- down his cheek while his full, expressive tomed, in conversing with his younger eye was directed to Heaven. The impresbrethren, occasionally to refer, with his sion conveyed to every worshipper was, usual modesty, to that course of diligent that the venerable supplicant was conand laborious study which he had found versing with God, and that he was deeply so advantageous, not only to his minis- solicitous to draw all who listened to him terial labours, but also in greatly further- into the same holy and endeared fellowing the exertions he had been enabled to ship which it was his privilege to enjoy. make, along with pious and good men, to His celebration of the Divine perfections, extend the interests of religion and charity his recognition of an all-pervading Proviboth at home and abroad.” pp. 107, 108. dence, his confessions of human guilt and
apostacy, and his tender and melting reDr. Waugh entered into the ferences to the cross of Christ, were such marriage state with a Miss Neill, as to awaken and call forth the strongest some time after settling in London; sentiments of devotion. He knew, likeand he lived to see a numerous
wise, how to embody the particular ex
igences of the church, how to vary his family grow up around him; and petitions and thanksgivings as circumnever was there a man better fitted
stances might dictate, how to anticipate to enjoy and to communicate the the wants and feelings of human nature, blessings of domestic intercourse. and how to adapt himself to the succes
sive stages and numerous lluctuations of Much is said respecting his pul- Christian experience. It is not therefore pit ministrations from which we wonderful that his prayers were held in copy the following passages.- peculiarly high estimation by the people
of his charge, as there was perhaps no “While no one could fail to receive a part of his ministerial service so beneficial distinct and powerful impression from his in producing serious impressions of Divine ministry, it partook, at the same time, of things, and kindling feelings of ardent, a character which it would be most dif. elevated piety in the soul.” pp. 173—176. ficult successfully to define. He had “ His excellence as a lecturer shone copied no man; and, on the other hand, forth with greatest lustre in Scripture he was superior to the petty arts of an history, and in the delineation of Scripture affected originality. His composition, his characters. Few men could exhibit with manner, and the order and arrangement such striking effect the beautiful family of the all-important truths he uttered, pictures furnished us by the sacred writers, were peculiarly his own. The solemn or render them so subservient to the high and dignified mien which he always ex- purposes of promoting domestic devotion, hibited in the pulpit, was the appropriate and of strengthening holy affection and index of a mind deeply hallowed and im- confidence. He knew how to select, to pressed with a sense of the high and combine, and to apply. His sketches sacred functions in which he was engaged. were of the living rather than of the dead: It was impossible to behold his large, ath without any of the unfair means of roletic form- his commanding and expres- mance, he brought back to view, with sive eye--his open, expanded forehead, singular felicity, the men of former ages, beaming with kindness and benevolence-- and presented them to the notice of his and to listen to his impressive tones, and hearers in the full array of human passions still more impressive sentiments, without and of human conflict, each performing feeling a measure of that reverence and his part on the great theatre of life, and holy awe which become the house of each opposing or subserving the great God.
ends of the Divine government..... There “ This sensation was generally and pow- was a fine infusion of poetry and simple erfully felt in the audience when he ad- rural feeling in all his delineations. The dressed himself to the solemn_duty of scenery and the history of his native intercession and thanksgiving. From the country had wrought themselves deeply earliest period of his public life he was into the very texture of his conceptions ; remarkable for the sublimity of bis devo- and he knew not how to speak on any tional conceptions, for their richness and animating topic, human or divine, without variety, and the freedom and pathos which employing that beautiful and impressive characterized his expressions; and as age imagery by which his mind was refined and experience matured his intellectual and elevated. Those who had the privi. and moral faculties, he became still more lege of listening to his lectures on the his. eminent in those high qualities which tory and character of Abraham, of David, shed a mild lustre on his opening minis. of Paul, of John, and, above all, of Him
• who was fairer than the sons of men,' of his beloved duties is proved by will be able, in some measure, to appre- the following calculation. ciate the justice of these remarks." * Much as Dr. Waugh's mind was im
From 1802, when he had become bued with a taste for the classic writers, generally known, it was very common for and much as he had cultivated almost him to preach eighteen or twenty times every subject connected with sacred lise during the month. A friend, who has rature, never was a ministry more devoid
been at the pains to take from his memoof every thing like learned parade ; and
randum-book the number of his public never was there one which inore simply discourses, finds that they amount to seven and uniformly presented the doctrine of thousand seven hundred and six sermons Christ and him crucified to the view of and lectures, from his ordination in Sepmen sinking and withering under the
tember 1780, to his death in 1827; avecurse of sin. His sermons, in general, raging, by more than four hundred, three were distinguished by the strength and
discourses on every Sabbath during that soundness of their theological bearings; long period, though he had again and with him the trumpet was never per
again, for considerable intervals, been mitted to give an uncertain sound. The
disabled for all public labours: so fully love of God, the atonement of Christ, and
did he exemplify his favourite aphorism, the gracious and regenerating influences
• Work on earth, rest in heaven.” pp. 190, of the Divine Spirit, producing holiness
191. of heart and life, were his themes, and But numerous as were his disimparted a distinct and unequivocal cha
courses, his biographers state that racter to all his discourses. When he spoke of the love of God in Christ Jesus, they were not hasty unstudied it seemed as if a live coal from off the
effusions. altar had touched his lips. In the pulpit, “ . For many years he was a close and particularly at the sacramental table, student of the word of God, and of the his whole soul was animated at the thought most approved works on theology and geof Christ dying for the ungodly. Could neral literature; seldom venturing to the a collection of his most striking sayings pulpit till after the most mature preparaon this subject be made, it would prove tion, having both written his discourses and at once the originality of his conceptions, committed them carefully to memory. In and the glowing warmth of his piety. The process of time, however, he found it both system of theology which he had adopted unnecessary and impracticable to perseled him to proclaim with equal fearless- vere in this rigid method.of pulpit prepaness the doctrine of free grace to the chief ration. It was unnecessary; for his stores of sinners through Jesus Christ, and the of information were rapidly accumulating, universal and eternal obligation of moral
and his habits of communication were precepts on the whole family of man..... every day acquiring new facilities. It was Nothing was held by him in such deep impracticable ; for the great cause of misabhorrence as that mode of preaching sions had roused his benevolent mind, and which tends to weaken and relax the sacred he felt he must study less, and act more. obligation of the Divine law on the heart From that time forward he never wrote and life. Many years ago, a very popular out his sermons fully.” pp. 187, 188. clergyman had preached a sermon at the annual meeting of the London Missionary tions of his manner of preaching,
We copy the following illustraSociety, on the influences of the Spirit,-sermon which certainly excited a consider- as cursorily taken down by some able sensation through the church in which of his hearers. it was delivered. Dr. Waugh, whose general “ Of the ancient Prophets, as Examples disposition was to praise, was silent. At of Confidence in God: ---Could I place the length he said :: I am always afraid when
prophet Isaiah at the base of one of the lofI hear any minister speak on the influ- tiest of the eastern mountains; and, whilst ences of the Spirit without appealing to he was gazing on its varied scenery, were the word of God: it is a dangerous an earthquake to rock it upon its deep founpractice : I know not where a man will dations,until,like the Numidian lion shaking land who goes to sea without chart or the dew-drops from his mane in the morncompass. Never let us separate what ing, it threw off from its hoary and heaving God has united, and let all the evidences sides the forests, und flocks, and hamlets, of the Holy Spirit's influence be decided
and vineyards; and, were a whirlwind to by the word of God.' Facts, years after- rush in, at that moment, scattering the wards, justified these observations. That broken and fallen masses in mid air; still, clergyman gradually went off into all the
the voice of the prophet, if it could be peculiarities of a school bordering on An. heard amidst the convulsions of nature, tinomianism, and has left in his later would exclaim, • Though the everlasting writings a nidus which will spread the mountains bow, and the perpetual hills be moral pestilence among his admirers and scattered, yet will I rejoice in the Lord, readers.” pp. 178–181.
and joy in the God of my salvation," That he was not idle in this part p. 549.
“Of the Character of Christ. In his life to his father and working at his trade ; there was united the mild majesty of and when he entered on his public minispiety, wisdom, and beneficence. His heart try he moved in the lower walks of life, was the seat of every virtue. His life was he associated with publicans and sinners; goodness--not in books, not in words, but the common people only heard him gladly, goodness visible; the perfection of moral the rulers did not believe on him, and a and religious excellence, looking through dozen illiterate men, principally Galileans, the eyes of man ; working with the hands were his chosen attendants during his of man ; listening to the enfeebled cry life, and the first heralds of his religion to of misery with the ears of man; walking the Gentile world. And beside all this, from the temple of God to the low habi. there was the peculiarity of the man's tation of the widow and the orphan with notions. Why, he told his disciples, that the feet of man. He was--the glory of the if a man wanted them to go a mile with human race.
And those scattered rays him, they were to go two ; if he wonld of love to God, and compassion to man, take their coat, they were to give him which shed peculiar lustre on his life, met their cloak also; and that if he smote in happiest assemblage around his cross, them on the one cheek, they were to turn in that blaze of redeeming grace and to him the other also. Now, was it likely mercy, which draws all men unto him. that such a religion as this would be po
Appeal for the Spread of the Gospel.- pular with the men whose fathers had Shall the lust of the flesh among them fought at Marathon and Thermopylæ ! who know not God, bid this man go, and O, no! And yet Paul could say, I am he goeth ?-Shall the lust of the eye bid not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ.' that man come, and he cometh ? - Shall “ God is Love.- What! must we cut the pride of life bid another do this, and off a right hand, and pluck out a right eye, he doeth it ?-And shall the command of if they cause us to offend? Yes; and we our Father in heaven make no impression must part with any thing else, as dear or on the hearts of his children ?-Shall the dearer, if it prove a snare to us. We example of the Redeemer not influence make no terms with depravity. the redeemed ?- Did the Son of God “ God is love: all his perfections and descend from that throne in the heavens, procedures are but so many modifications to which the highest angel in vain raises of his love. What is his omnipotence, his eye? Did he descend to purchase with but the arm of his love? What his omhis own blood the benefits of the Gospel ? niscience, but the medium through which -And--can there be found a man so dead he contemplates the objects of his love ? to every good principle, as to withhold What his wisdom, but the scheme of his his aid in spreading abroad the knowledge love? What are the offers of the Gospel, of these benefits?'
but the invitations of his love? What “ For I am not ashamed of the Gospel the threatenings of the law, but the warnof Christ. This passage, when read to ings of his love? They are the hoarse an English congregation, loses half its voice of his love, saying, Man! do thyoriginal import. We say we are not self no harm! They are a fence thrown ashamed of the Gospel. And why should round the pit of perdition, to prevent rash we? We speak of its Divine origin, of men from rushing into ruin! What was its antiquity, of the sublimity of its doc- the incarnation of the Saviour, but the trines, of the superior tone of its mo- richest illustration of his love? What rality, of the equity of its precepts, of the were the miracles of Christ, but the conbenevolence of its spirit, of its high hopes descensions of his love? What were the and heavenly, prospects. Christianity, sighs of Christ, but the breath of his love? with us, is fashionable. The cross is em- What were the prayers of Christ, but the blazoned on the arms of the great, it is pleadings of his love? What were the used on military ensigns, it surmounts the tears of Christ, but the dew-drops of his - stately cathedrals, it is hung as an orna- love? What is this earth, but the theatre ment' on the bosoms of our daughters, it for the display of his love? What is is honoured as the emblem of the religion heaven, but the Alps of his mercy, from of the land. It was not so with the proud whose summits his blessings flowing down Jew and the speculative Greek. The in a thousand streams descend to water preaching of the Gospel excited the ha- and refresh his church situated at its tred of the one, the ridicule of the other, base.” pp. 550—552. and the opposition of both. There were Iniquity not illegal. – Some men, in many things connected with it which were the indulgence of their iniquitous praccalculated to draw forth the hostility and tices, pacify conscience by the considerathe contempt of the Greek. There were, tion that the long arm of the law, grown among other things, the low repute of the to an enormous extent by the crimes of country whence it emanated, and of the our country, cannot touch them : their Man who was its Founder. The Jews conduct they say is not illegal. God of were despised and disliked by all the sur- heaven! and shall a Christian man square rounding nations; and its Founder was his conduct by an act of parliament, with a Jew, an obscure man, of mean parent. the express precepts and dread sanctions age, the son of a carpenter, being subject of Jehovah's law, and the spotless, peer
less example of Christ blazing in meridian way his undutiful son went when he left splendour before his eyes !" p. 553. his home many a long year ago, descried
“ Sacred Songs.-In David's songs there in the farthest distance a figure moving are no feeble parts; and he gives credit onward, and, looking intently along the to his reader for perception in their way, he recognised him, while he was yet perusal, without those links to connect a great way off-for paternal affection is the different parts, which moderns find it sharp-sighted, -and he said, It is my son! needful to introduce. His mind catches my son! and he ran and fell on his neck the prominent beauties as they rise be- and embraced him. And when the son fore him ; like the roebuck, bounding from began his confession, the father said, It rock to rock, regardless of the spaces that is enough, it is enough ;' intent only on intervene. Many of these sacred songs making preparation expressive of the joy contained or explained the history of their of his heart on his return home.” p. 571. country, and recorded the deeds of their “ Intercourse with God.-The chief deancestors. And who would not be fired sire of a good man is to have intercourse in singing the deeds of Bannockburn, of with his God. It is on this account prinMarston Moor, or Waterloo !" p. 563. pally, that he anticipates a future world,
“ Praising God. When death comes, where all will suit the dignity and purity and we must retire from the fair face of of his renewed nature. • Whom have 1 nature and of day, then must we praise in heaven but thee?' What! none in him. Then, looking back, we see, as it heaven but God? See, there is Abraham; were, a lovely rainbow; one end resting he looks just as he did on the morning of on the earliest recollection of our exist- the day that he prepared to offer Isaac on ence, the other on the moment we take Mount Moriah. And there is Daniel ; the survey. And all along it sparkles don't you see the lions in the back-ground with mercy and goodness, loving-kind- there · And there is David ; and he has ness, faithfulness, and love. Then turn- his harp with him, tuned to sweeter strains ing our eye to the future, all is hope. than ever it breathed on earth. And there, We see the hills of holiness : yonder, the too, is the throne of Gabriel ! and that inhabitants, the redeemed of the Lord, might very well fix the eyes of a good walking in white. Hark! they sing a man for a thousand years. Yet David new song; and soon shall ye be permit- says, Whom have I in heaven but ted to join in their song, if this book be thee?' your support, this holy work your delight “ Love to the Brethren. If we love now." p. 564.
Christ, we will love those in whom we “ Ingratitude.--It is not always con- can discern the slightest traces of his venient to know a man whom we have image. We should not only love those been intimate with in better circumstances, who are eminently pious, but those in and from whom we may have received many whom we see even the smallest marks of favours. O no! sympathy in such cases personal religion, we should take by the is an expensive virtue!" p. 569.
hand, and lead them on. What merit is “ Modest Benevolence. --An angel would there in admiring a rose-bud wet with the bend from heaven for half-an-hour to hear dew of the morning? Who would thank a man, under the pressure of modesty a man for loving St. John ? Christ loves more incumbent than the shades of the the weakest and meanest of his people ; evening, reading the Bible at the bedside and shall we be more fastidious than our of that poor widowed thing." p. 569. Master?
“ The Bruised Reed.-The Good Shep- “ The Love of Christ.-Scarcely for a herd mends, not breaks, his reeds when righteous man would one die ; yet, perthey are bruised. I have seen a highland adventure, for a good man, for a Howard, shepherd on a sunny brae piping as if he a Hanway, or a Thornton, some would could never grow old; his flock" listening, dare to die; but this is problematical after and the rocks ringing around him: but when all. But while we were yet sinners, neithe reed of his pipe became hoarse, he had ther good nor just, Christ' died for us. He not patience to mend it, but broke it, and came to give his life a ransom for many. threw it away in anger, and made another. And as to what he submitted to for our Not so our Shepherd; he examines, and sakes, read his life. He submitted to tries, and mends, and tunes the bruised hunger and thirst, and cold and weariness ; spirit, until it sing sweetly of mercy and he endured the hardships and privations judgment, as in the days of old."" p. 570. of poverty, the contempt of the proud,
“The returning Prodigal.-It was the and the insults of the rude and vulgar. moming of the day on which he wrote his Say not that his conscious innocence confession. Reclining at the foot of the would prevent his feeling so much as we hill, and catching a glance at his squalid might have done. No; the heart which countenance in the streamlet below, and is purest is the fullest of sensibility. And, looking at his tattered robe, he said, God besides, he endured the wrath of God, of Abraham! to what a plight have I which was our due. He descended from brought myself! I will arise and go to the height of his throne of glory, and Gamy father.
The old man walking out briel's eye has not yet reached its altifrom the mansion one morning, on the tude, to raise us from our ruined state. CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 349.
His giving himself as an atoning sacrifice his religious feelings and moral duties, for human transgression is such an asto- brought vividly to his recollection in illusnishing act that it cannot be classed with tration of the subject on which his pastor any of his other works.
was preaching or lecturing. And thus Christian Fellowship.- In communion he could make of importance the little with God the soul is divinely quickened hill or brae, the silent rock or bosky burn, to a life of faith ; it strengthens the hope which, unnoticed by all the world beside, of the heavenly inheritance. Nobody that gave character and life to the tender resees that poor old man just come from the miniscences of many a poor man and woisle of Patmos, with the mark of the irons man, whose days of joyous childhood had on his withered arms, would expect that been spent among such scenes. They felt he had any great prospects. Yet he could it of importance that their brae or their say, * Have fellowship with us.' What,' burn should be known to their minister, a man would say, looking at the mark and wondered that he should be able to upon his wrist, ' have fellowship with you! describe them with a fidelity so correct, where's the boon ?' Hear him : • Truly and to enter into their feelings with all our fellowship is with the Father, and the enthusiasm of a companion of their with his Son Jesus Christ.' It did not youth, and even to draw forth beauties in then, indeed, appear what he should be; those scenes, by his picturesque sketches, and the world will not give us credit for which had scarcely ever before attracted our pretensions.” pp. 572--574.
their notice. To persons long absent The man who could speak thus from their native land, but who cherished, had no vulgar mind ; yet Dr.
even in old age, sentiments of ardent at
tachment to it, it may be imagined how Waugh knew how to accommo- touchingly affecting this mode of illustradate his appeals to the lowliest tion often proved.” pp. 185, 186. of his hearers, most of whom were All this, it will perhaps be said, persons in humble life. One of
very ill taste;" but we his never-failing weapons was early may ask, with Mr. Irving, “Who national and local reminiscences, is this said Taste, and where does and how skilfully he could wield she dwell, and what are her attriit the following passage may il- butes ?" If Dr. Waugh's sturdy lustrate.-.
Caledonians were not displeased “ His congregation, though originally at their pastor's taste, it is not for almost exclusively from the north, was
us to interfere. We are not sure, composed of a population of considerable diversity, Scottish Highlanders, Low- however, that alleged good taste landers, Borderers, and a few natives of is not carried much too far in our the north of England; but so well was he Church-of-England ministrations, acquainted with his hearers, that he knew from what part of the country every family
so as sadly to interfere with poor individual came; and, as his know- pular impression.
Sermons are ledge of Scotland, 'its general history, often smoothed down and polished, local traditions, remarkable scenery, and and every unclassical word and sive, he was enabled to avail himself of image weeded out, till nothing the feelings and predilections of his people, terse, striking, or vernacular is and of Scotchmen in general, in a manner
left to arrest the attention or afpeculiarly his own. The Highlanders he fect the mind. Where the exact would arouse with the stern and striking line is to be drawn between courtly imagery of the torrents, lakes, craggy tameness and energetic vulgarism, cliffs, and lonely heaths of their mountain Jand, and that not in the vague terms of we pretend not to say; but the general allusion, but by calling up the habits of clerical education and hills and
streams and glens by name be- association are more likely to lead fore them,-Ben Lomond, Ben Nevis, Glengarry, the Spey, and the Tay. To
our clergy to the former extreme the hearts of the Lowlanders he would than the latter. The late Mr. Cecil appeal with the softer pastoral recollections of Teviotdale or Lammermuir, of of really good taste might dare to
was a remarkable proof that a man Cheviot or Pentland hills, of Nithsdale or Stitchel Brae. To the English bor- be striking, without being vulgar. derers he would recal the field of Flodden, We shall be heartily rejoiced when the Till, Otterburn, the feudal days of Johnson's style and Murray's Percy and Douglas, &c. Often, in this manner, has every member of his congre
grammar are so far forgotten, that gation had the scenes of his youth and Englishmen may afford to speak his early associations, as connected with English. Sydney Smith aimed at it,