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Thou whose architect is God;

I can only sigh for thee, Thou whose portals Jesus' blood; Longing in thy streets to be. Thou whose denizens are blest,

How are all thy children glad, Welcomed to eternal rest;

For the festive banquet clad ;Thou whose walls are living stone, Where their joys have no alloy, By their strength and beauty known: Who sball speak how great that joy? City of the Heavenly King,

Oh! what gem shall paint the hue Green with everlasting spring!

Of thy beauteous sapphire blue, There the incens'd odours curl

Where thy walls in splendour rise, Sweetly o’er the gates of pearl,

Gleaming in those cloudless skies? And the golden streets along

None can half thy bliss declare · Pours the sacred tide of song.

But the blessed who are there. Dark corruption dwells not there

With that joyful ransomed throng All is lovely, all is fair ;

Thy golden streets who wend along, All, like Christ, their Lord on high, Saints and martyrs blissful meeting, Clothed in immortality.

Moses with Elias greeting, City, of thy Maker blest,

Be it mine for aye to sing On the Rock' of Ages placed !

Hallelujahs to our King ! Fair and safe thy havens are ;

B. I salute thee from afar :


Sermons by Edward Maltby, D.D. submitting to the Gospel of Christ, Vol. i. 12s. London: 1819. but the cause of that submission ;

and where he speaks of " deserving This volume, having reposed, unread the favour of God by faith and obeand uncut, upon our shelves for more dience ;” and of " rendering ourthan ten years, is beyond the ordi- selves worthy of admission into the nary retrospection of a review : it kingdom of God.” The unscriptural were therefore but fitting that we character of these declarations we should state, both why it has so long need not pause to exhibit. been left unopened, and why it is In 1812 we reviewed the author's opened at last.

Anti-Bible-Society pamphlet; in Our reply to the first question is, which, to the extreme affliction of that our recollections of Dr. Maltby's all good men, whether members of former publications did not incite in the Bible Society or not, he grievus any wish to peruse a volume of ously disparaged the revealed word Sermons from his pen: and as we of God; declaring, that, out of threehad already,on several occasions, ex- score and six sacred books, there are pressed our views of his theology, it not more than seven in the Old Tes. seemed no necessary duty to repeat tament, and eleven in the New, fit or a process from which we expected necessary for general perusal. With no great advantage to ourselves or the exception of Genesis, Exodus our readers. In the very first volume Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, of our work, nearly thirty years ago, Isaiah, the four Evangelists, the Acts in reviewing Dr. Maltby's “ Illustra- of the Apostles, the First Epistle to tions of the Truth of the Christian Timothy, Titus, Philemon, St. James, Religion,” we felt ourselves con- 1 Peter, and 1 John, the whole of strained to lament the unsoundness the Bible—that blessed book, which of the author's theology, as indicated was given without any restriction, in many parts of that work—as, for and was intended for the welfare of example, where he says that “the faith asinfuland perishing world—is likely, which Christ insisted upon was en- he considers to do harm, rather than titled to remuneration, as being the good. And even of these favoured evidence of a virtuous disposition;" selections he is unwilling to admit where he makes "a high degree of that they may not be likely, in some moral excellence," not the result of parts, “ to produce material error.

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All that is necessary to be known, former sentiments: or, if we had he says,

is found in those few books; doubted on the subject, the eulogies as if God had given the remainder which it received from writers with a foolish superfluity, which whose praise is no honour would man's wisdom was to correct; espe. have determined the point. The cially in the case of the Epistles of Monthly Reviewer, for exampleSt. Paul, the doctrinal statements a Socinian Reviewer-says, that “he of which Dr. Maltby treats with al- has carefully read all these dismost as little ceremony as do the courses, twenty-four in number;' Socinians themselves. The mass and that he highly commends them, of mankind, he says, can no more as “ not contaminated by any of that understand them “ than the trage- evangelical mixture which has been dies of Æschylus.” Indeed, of the falsely denominated Christianity. Epistles in general he remarks, very This obnoxious "evangelical mixmuch in the style of Belsham and ture” the reviewer characterises as Priestley, that " they are valuable pervading “the most objectionable when considered as mere matters of of the Thirty-nine Articles;” which, record connected with the introduc- he complains, the clergy,goaded on by tion of Christianity:" but beyond this Mr. Wilberforce and Bishop Horsley, partial praise he does not seem in- have during the last quarter of a clined to commend them; especially century more generally adhered to

far the greater part of them, than formerly, having before wellhe says, “ relates to controversies nigh forgotten them. He particuagitated at the time,” but with which larly specifies the Fall of man, and he gives us pretty plainly to under- the Atonement, “original sin, and stand we have now no concern. What the expiation of that sin by the is really “ practical ” in them, and death of Christ; which fanatical therefore “of general use "—the notions, he says, have of late years rest being, of course, mere chaff- gained such currency among the may be just as well learned, he clergy,“that it required some enerintimates, from the Book of the Pro- gy of character not to be carried verbs, or the lessons of our Lord: away by the stream.” There are therefore, so far as the bulk of man- some, however, he tells us, who have kind are concerned, pare down the that energy; and then he concludes, Bible to these limits; or, better still, with much gratification, substitute some human syllabus in- happy to add Dr. Maltby to the hostead: in practical sequence with nourable band who have not suffered which he recommended for popular their sermons to be tinctured with this circulation, in place of the word infusion ; -the infusion of the docof God, a volume judiciously se- trine of “original sin, the expiation lected from Cappe's Life of Christ” of that sin by the death of Christ, and —the work of an avowed Socinian! other doctrinesof mysterious import.' We need scarcely add, that Dr. Such were candidly our reasons Maltby seemed to be as little pleased for not cutting open Dr. Maltby's with many parts of the Liturgy and volume ten years ago. Our reason Articles of the Church of England, for cutting it open now, and for as with the corresponding parts of reading it over with much care, the Inspired Text from which they though beyond our ordinary range are borrowed ; and that he was anx- of critical retrospection, is, that we ious for a revision of them.

lately saw in the newspapers a stateWith these painful recollections ment that Dr. Maltby was likely to fresh in our mind we had no great be made a bishop. Not that we had disposition to peruse the volume now implicit faith in such newspaper anbefore us; the character of which we nouncements; for with almost equal had no reason to suppose otherwise confidence the same veracious intelthan in accordance with the author's ligencers told us that an undergra

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duate of Cambridge, an illegitimate ner's living, on the same honourson of an actress, whose only alleged able and conscientious principles on claim to distinction was his mother's which a stall was bestowed, by Bishop profligate connexion, was to be made Barrington, upon that eminent divine, a bishop too !-as if the present ca- as a mark of gratitude and respect binet had lost all sense of public for his invaluable writings and exdecency, all regard to their own re- emplary character, they needed only putation and the reputation of the to have consulted the Right Reverend King, the interests of religion, the bench in order to find proper persons. popularity of the church, and the The Bishop of London has on these stability of the common weal. Was principles just presented Mr. Hartit not enough, that, when Dr. Bird well Horne to one of the few dig. Sumner was

so justly raised to nities in his gift, a stall in St. Paul's the Episcopal bench, a late cabinet cathedral. Some admirer of faceavailed themselves of the right of tiousness and the Edinburgh Review the Crown to present this Cam- has been less scrupulous in sending bridge undergraduate to the bene- to this metropolitan chapter a divine fice vacated by that much esteemed whom the Church could very well prelate ? Even this was not grati- have spared from her dignities. fying to those who, for the sake of But, to return from this digresour beloved Church and for the sion: though not crediting all newsinterests of religion, wish to see the paper announcements or popular ministers of the Crown bestow its rumours, yet upon the late menpatronage in a manner becoming tion of Dr. Maltby's name, knowing their high responsibility : but to that strange ecclesiastical appointhave made this young man a bishopments have sometimes happened, we would have been so utterly prepos- turned to the neglected volume of terous that no statesman of any cha- his discourses, with a view, as the racter could have seriously contem- last óf his works which we happen to plated it. Of the individual whose have heard of, seriously to inquire, in name has been thus publicly thrust case the writer should ever chance upon the world our feeling is, that, if to be made a bishop—which we he be eminently qualified for a bishop- hoped was a most unlikely eventrick, or any other high office, the way whether we might at least have the should be open to him as much as consolation of tracing some germ of to others; but, till this is known, the change in those erroneous opinions unhappy circumstance of his birth which he once undoubtedly cheought not to be made a plea for rished. It was possible, notwithplacing him in offices the duties of standing the insidious panegyric of which he has not given proof of his a Socinian reviewer, that, at least in ability to discharge. Some of the news- some of the later discourses, we might papers were much displeased with find some traces of improvement, what we wrote before on this pain- some nascent approximation towards ful subject. They accuse us of nar- a better line of doctrine; and in that row-minded prejudices. Why, says case it was our wish to hail it as a the Morning Chronicle, should not favourable omen, and to indulge the Mr. Fitzclarence be made a dean, or hope, that, if Dr. Maltby should pera bishop, if he is qualified for the chance ever be raised to the mitre, office? But this begs the question. we should not have a prelate among Our objection was, that he or any us who wished deliberately to banish other man should be raised to church from our schools and cottages nearly offices without due inquiry into his three-fourths of the books of the fitness, merely from court favour. Inspired Volume ; to substitute for If a late cabinet had wished, as faith- them a Socinian Life of Christ as ful stewards, to select some individual the Jewish Socrates; and to cleanse who might succeed to Dr. B. Sum- our pulpits from the fanaticism of the Thirty-nine Articles, particu- rived from the sanctifying influences larly (if the Monthly Reviewer is of the Holy Spirit, or that Joseph, or not too sanguine) “ original sin, its any other good man, was, after all, expiation by the death of Christ, in the language of our Saviour, but and other doctrines of mysterious "an unprofitable servant,” and could import."

urge no claim of “ merit” before It would be disingenuous to say his Creator, he adds in the conthat this volume has given us this cluding paragraph : satisfaction; or that, if Dr. Maltby

« Favoured as he was, in a most espestill retains the sentiments which it cial manner, by the approbation of his

Maker, he appears, above all the mere conveys, that it would be otherwise

sons of men, to have deserved it by the than an offence against the Word of unshaken constancy of his virtue.” p. 16. God and the Church of England to This assertion of human merit raise him to the episcopal office. before God runs throughout the We are plain men, and shall speak volume. Thus (p. 57) our religion plainly; and as Christians, and is to be proved," not by any vain friends to the Church, it is our duty and fancied pretensions we may to do so.

think to have to the favour of God” It is not the worst evil of these —such, we suppose, as the fanatical discourses, that we can shew many notion of faith in the vicarious sacripassages in them positively and seri- fice of Christ—but by our anxiety ously erroneous in sentiment. Their to deserve [Dr. Maltby's own italics] worst character is their extreme de- his favour.” The joys of heaven are fectiveness ; the habitual absence for those “ who honestly strive to from them of some of the most ob- be good,” but “the bad are unworthy vious and essential verities of the to share them.” Our Lord, in Matt. Gospel: so that, if there were not a xix. 23, “ had just been describing single particle of actual poison to be those who should be worthy of addetected in the compound, it would mission into his kingdom.” But it still be incapable of supporting spi- were as superfluous to multiply inritual life; so that those who were stances of this kind, as to bring a depending upon it for religious sus- brick as a sample of a house. It tenance must perish from inanition. is only necessary to add, that this There are whole discourses which “ bad” and “

and “good," “worthy are as barren of any reference to a

and “ unworthy,

unworthy,” relate only to Redeemer as if Christ had never human virtue, and not to any suplived or died. In short, there is posed modifications of phrase dethroughout the work a lamentable. pendent upon what the Christian is dearth of Christian doctrine, which in reference to the imputed merits forms little or nothing of the basis of bis Saviour, or the renewing inof the author's system, and has fluences of his Holy Spirit. The scarcely even a tacit influence upon author's system is direct, unabated his moral exhortations.

Pharisaism, self-justification, and, to Dr. Maltby has not, however, left speak truly, practical Heathenism. us to negative evidence: in proof of It is a mystery which we must leave which it becomes our duty to point him to adjust with his own conout a few passages, as specimens of science, how, with such views, he the general tenour of his volume. can subscribe to the Articles of our

In the very first sermon we find Church, or read her Liturgy, or eat no allusion even to the name of the her bread, or remain in her commuSaviour, or to any of the peculiar nion. doctrines of Christianity. It is an

We turned to the third sermon, ethical panegyric upon the good on “ Religious Wisdom,” where, if character of Joseph; and, as if ex- any where, we might expect to learn pressly to prevent the reader ima- that religious wisdom is godliness ; gining that this excellence was de- being wise unto salvation; a prac


tical knowledge and reception of the tetus himself. After this panegyric Gospel, which is “ the wisdom of on the “virtuous" people who reGod in a mystery." But, instead of solve Christianity into a code of this, we have nothing better than good moral maxims divested of such meagre moralizing as the fol- strange mysterious doctrines, and a lowing:

rebuke of the enthusiasts who look “ Of religious wisdom, we learn from into their Bibles for some preconthe text (Prov. iii. 17), that it is capableceived theories of faith”-such, for inof removing those difficulties which lie in the way of happiness; of presenting stance, as those in our intemperate us with materials, upon which we may Articles and Homilies—we find Dr. build the hope of substantial comfort ; Maltby harping on his old oneor, at least, that it may so mould and fashion the mind of man, as to enable him stringed story of the virtual superto discover and secure inward satisface cession of far the larger part of the tion, and to keep at a distance those cares sacred records : books proper indeed and anxieties, which too frequently invade to be read by learned divines, and his peace.” pp. 42, 43.

doctors, by amateurs of antique cusWe learn from Sermon V. and toms, and poets and linguists and deep elsewhere throughout the volume, moralists and philosophers, much as that Dr. Maltby still retains his

one would read “ Æschylus;” but pristine dangerous notion, which

as little fit as Æschylus himself, for renders useless a large portion of the unlearned multitude. But these the Bible—namely, that this large are not the whole of the memorabilia portion refers only to subjects of of the above brief passage, for there temporary interest or importance. is one point more memorable still ; For example :

which is, that, even in the books most “ Those, who take into their hands the favoured by Dr. Maltby, those which New Testament with a virtuous wish of drawing from it rules for conduct, rather he considers the most proper, or than of finding encouragement for some rather the least improper, for popupreconceived theories of faith, cannot fail lar perusal—even in the Four Evanto observe that a great part of the Epistles gelists themselves—there are “ more turns upon subjects, connected with the history of that particular age, and has no passages than a careless or superficial relation whatsoever either to the opinions reader would be apt to imagine" of or to the practice of Christians at the that unprofitable class which compresent day. They will also observe, that some passages of the same kind occur in poses a great part of the Epistles" the Gospels; more, perhaps, than a care

--namely, passages “ connected less or superficial reader would be apt to with the history of that particular imagine.” pp. 84, 85.

age,” but “ having no relation whatThe reader may judge from one ever either to the opinions or the such passage as the above what de- practice of Christians at the present fective and erroneous notions Dr. day;"—good neither for life nor Maltby entertains relative to the doctrine : therefore, only a waste of character and objects of the word of paper and print; and causing grievous God. A very intelligible preference bewilderment in the minds alike is given, in the first place, to those of all virtuous and all theoretical who “ search the Scriptures,” not readers. Should Dr. Maltby ever for such fanatical or temporary rea- arrive at a mitre, as the newspapers sons as those mentioned by our Lord gave us room to hope for, his first -"in them ye think ye have eternal effort, after amending the Prayerlife, and they are they which testify Book, and burning the Homilies, of me”—but " with a virtuous wish should be, to get all these uselessly of drawing from them rules of con- puzzling passages expelled from the duct," as good M. Rousseau and canon of Scripture ; or, better still, others have nobly done ; greatly ad- getting " a judicious abridgment of miring their moral precepts, which Cappe's (Socinian) Life of Christ” even surpass, if without offence to phi- legislatively substituted in their losophy it may be said, those of Epic- place. After nearly three fourths of

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