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of being a thief !) had not been suf- quently expressed our extreme pain fered (who had hindered it?] to grow in reading some accounts of the last up;” and that, in fine, “ he made all hours of what have been called the amends [Dr. Maltby's italics] canonized malefactors.” On that for his past offences which it was point we have nothing to retract; possible for any one in his situation but shall we therefore, in order to to make.” In short, any thing but avoid turning the grace of God into the infinite mercy of God; any thing licentiousness, pervert the character þut the meritorious sacrifice of Christ; of such a narrative as that of the any thing but the renewal of his soul penitent thief upon the cross, and by the Holy Ghost. It was, indeed, learn from it, not the grace of God, his “ misfortune” to be a thief; but but the worthiness of man? still he was “ brave” and noble in admit, and haveourselves often urged, his character ; he had “a capacity for the peculiarities in the case of the moral improvement ;” (Dr. Maltby's penitent thief; and especially those divinity does not profess to go be- proofs of the reality of his faith and yond “ moral improvement," or to conversion, which, though we could take in the code of Scripture doc- not designate them as “ amends trine ;) and, above all, he did all he made to God, or meritorious claims could to make“ amends” to God for to paradise, are essential parts of his his sins: and thus, being “worthy,” brief spiritual history, and are full and meriting the Divine approba. of instruction and warning. But to tion, and needing neither grace nor
take Dr. Maltby's view were utterly an atonement nor justification, he to pervert the narrative ; nay, would was admitted, upon the footing of be fraught with the very evils which his own merits, to the paradise of he professes so sedulously to guard God. And thus Dr. Maltby thinks against : for what excuse could there that he has removed all ground for be more specious for any person in the doctrine of our Eleventh Ar- our own day guilty of the most atroticle—we beg pardon, of “ certain cious crimes, than that he has certain enthusiasts"—and solidly established countervailing“ good seeds," though the virtue-producing Pharisaical claim they have never put forth leaflet or of justification before our Creator in radicle; and a capacity for moral right of our own goodness. As no improvement;” and a desire to make other person who has the misfortune all possible “ amends” by penitento be a thief is likely to have so many
tial confession ? We would also ask, counterpoising merits, Dr. Maltby whether the practice, which we have considers that the case in question so often censured, of administering is taken wholly out of the line of the holy communion almost promisprecedent. We will not affront our cuously to condemned malefactors, readers by refuting such an argu
or indeed without solemn caution to ment.
sick persons—which practice is deBut in defending one truth we fended by some divines who would would not merge or drown any other. blush to be thought abettors of enIt has justly passed into a proverb, thusiasm—is not as enthusiastic, as That one was thus saved at the ele- dangerous, and as much calculated venth hour, that none might despair; to lead the recipient to deceive himand but one, that none might pre- self as if he had found out a viaticum sume. Dr. Maltby would take away to heaven, as the most unguarded the Scriptural consolation expressed exposition of the history of the thief in the former member of the maxim; upon the cross ? Dr. Maltby is very while there are others who forget the warm in his displeasure against what solemn warning in the latter. We he calls Calvinistic doctrine (under have often addressed ourselves to which broad appellation he includes both ; and it is within the recollec- far more that is not Calvinism than tion of our readers that we have fre- that which is), on account of its
alleged immoral tendency ; but, in did the allusion to “ Ennui” and our idea, even ultra-Calvinism has Lord Glenthurn in the sermon on not by any means so much to answer industry; but with “ the curious for as concerns the guilt of lulling specimen ” in the notes, p. 547, from persons into false security, as some “ an old pamphlet,” we are not so other opinions which are less accused well amused; not merely because it of immoral tendencies. Even if it is “trash,” but because, though prowere true, for example, that gratui- fessedly levelled at “Anabaptists, Intous justification by faith, is, as Dr. dependents, Brownists, Enthusiasts, Maltby considers, Calvinism, it cer- Levellers, Quakers, Seekers, Fifthtainly does not exert so soporific an Monarchy-Men, and Dippers, shew. effect upon the consciences of men ing and refuting their absurdities,” it as mistaken views of the grace of is one of those passages, which, like baptism and superstitious notions the burlesque verses of Hudibras, respecting the opus-operatum effect disparages what is good with what is of the Lord's Supper.
exceptionable. We would seriously Of the style and literary furniture ask Dr. Maltby whether it was of this volume, it were as superfluous worthy of himself, or his book, or his for us to speak as of the mental argument, to add to the remarks in power and well-known classical and his sermon on “ itinerant preachers, critical attainments of the learned and haranguers in private houses,” writer. Our object has been to shew such a scholium as the following. the character of the work, in its
“ They are mothy and mongrel predibearing upon more important mat- cants, centaurs in the church, half clerics ters; and we know not that our and half laicks, the by-blows of the clergy, feeble praise in these minor respects, gifted hypocrites,severe momusses,a whinor even in relation to the many pas- dwinding divines, the prophetical pigmies
ing people, triobolary Christians, new sages which in themselves, and ab- of this age, unordained, unblest, untried, stracted from the foregoing consider- unclean spirits, whose calling, commission, ations, are both interesting and in- and tenure, depends on popularity, flattery, structive, would be worth the learned and beggary; their excellency consists in
tautologizing, in praying extempore, that author's acceptance. Such, however, is, out of all time, without order or method; as it is, it is cordially at his service. being eminent in nothing above the pleOccasionally, his classical lore dis. beian pitch and vulgar proportion. They plays itself in juxta-position with his spin out their sermons at their wheels, or
weave them up at their looms, or dig them theological discussions; and once very out with their spades, weigh or measure amusingly, in the middle of an argu- them in their shops, or stitch and cobble ment on the difficulties of St. Paul, them with their thimble and lasts; or happening by chance to mention the ward preach them in their barns to their
thrash them out with their flayls, and aftername of Cicero, like the cat metamor- dusty disciples,who, the better to set off the phosed into a fine lady, who started oddness of their silly teachers, fancy themfrom her sofa to catch a mouse
selves into some imaginary persecution, as which chanced to cross her path, our
if they were driven into dens, and caves,
and woods. Their holy and learned acalinguist, turned preacher, abruptly demies, where they first conned this chyinterpolates his sermon with a literary mical new divinity, and are since come to parenthesis :
so great proficiency, were Munster's Re“ And here let me be excused for ob- dam's Toleration, and New England's
velations, Geneva's Calvinism, Amster. serving that the letters of this great writer Preciseness.” p. 548. have been explained with distinguished success by one member of this university; Some Cambridge unfledged underand that two other scholars, whom we graduates may think that Dr. Maltby rank among the brightest ornaments of lacked reasons when he condescended it, have employed not only verbal criticism, but historical research, in disprov- to retail such wretched attempts at ing the authenticity of the epistles to wit; and some graduates may think Brutus." p. 426.
that the wit savoured of unseemly This, however, is very innocent, levity, in connecting what is ludiand only raises a playful smile, as crous with what is too serious to be trifled with. Does he confine the to be agreeable intelligence that anreference to Wesleyan-Methodist other publication had taken up the and other itinerant preachers; or subject nearly thirty years before does he intend, by a sly glance, to them, and has endeavoured, year raise a sneer against some practices after year, to pursue British Neology indulged in by some of our own through its windings, long before it clergy, not excepting even the atro- had currently acquired that imported city of “praying extempore,” and name. Our reason for stating this expounding Scripture in private is, that some of the writers to whom houses, and talking to people just as we have alluded, in their well-inif they had souls to be saved, and tended zeal against Neology, have that heaven and hell mean something? thought they have discovered what In either case, the quotation boots no other person was aware of, and little in the
of argument. have made the Morning Watch, the We forgot to mention that one of Jewish Expositor, and the Record Dr. Maltby's most ready ways of newspaper, vehicles for very serious getting over, or, if he cannot get and unjust charges against the great over, getting under, a text or body of religious persons in this passage, is to resolve it into an Ori- country, and especially against the entalism. No Neological canon has religious periodical publications episeffected more destruction than this copal and dissenting. The editor same Orientalism.
of the Record is constantly giving “Every one is aware that the style of us to understand, both through himallOriental writers is exuberant, and even self and his correspondents, that if hyperbolical; that events the most quiet it were not for his journal, Chris. and natural assume, under their descrip• tian truth and honesty would be at tion, an appearance dazzling and astonishing to our cold and calculating minds; a low ebb indeed. Where else is while the expression of a simple feeling there a faithful defender of the Gosconveys to us the idea of turbulent emo- pel of Christ against Neologians, tion.” p. 447.
Socinians, and lukewarm proIs not this worthy of any doctor fessors of religion? In the very or collegiate professor of the German last Number of that journal, the schoolof rationalism? Now ithappens editor allows a correspondent,T.P.P., that in the very first volume of the to compare him to Elijah and JereChristian Observer Dr. Maltby's love miah, to the Apostles and Martyrs of resolving Scripture into Oriental- and Reformers; exhorting him to go ism was animadverted upon; but we on in the path " which God has are sorry to find that in so many marked out for him,” contending years he has not relinquished his earnestly "with those who call thempredilection. We remarked that the selves the people of the Lord;" with vague application of this term to much more to the same effect. And whole passages of Scripture, after the same fundamental assumption the fashion of some writers, is highly avowedly characterizes the Morning dangerous, “ since it may lead, as Watch, and the (now defunct) Jewish it has led, some persons already Expositor; and charges are brought predisposed to unsound opinions, to that almost all the other religious resolve into mere Orientalisms all periodical publications, and innuthose passages of the word of God merable others not periodical, are which contain doctrines, not quite tainted with Neologism. If a man agreeable to their prejudices, or not disapproves either of the doctrine or perfectly comprehensible to their the spirit of Mr. Bulteel ; if he do understandings." This dangerous not follow Mr. Boys and Mr. McNeile use of the term has been lately into their speculations on modern noticed, and very justly, by some of miracles ; if he think the constituthe writers who have alluded to the tion of the Bible Society lawful, or system of Neology; to whom it ought oppose the opinions of Mr. Irving and Mr. Drummond on the inter- of “ wild wanderings ;" and the pretation of the prophecies ; or if Morning Watch tells us, that “the he dissent from Mr. Thelwall's mi- Evangelical world are now pervertcroscopical constructive anti-neolo- ing the plain language of the Bible, gical canons, as set forth in the as Mr. Platt has shewn in a letter columns of the Record—straightway to Mr. Daniel Wilson, in the same he is a Neologian. Mr. Thelwall is way that the Neologists of Germany himself, upon his own principles and are doing; and these evil courses those of Mr. Boys, a Neologian, if are of a piece with blaspheming he do not believe that the sun re- against the Holy Ghost.” Thus, volves daily round the earth. Neo- under the assumption of greater logy is a fearful and an increasing faithfulness to Christ, do certain heresy; but some of the accusations writers among us, without a shadow lately held out respecting its cur- of reason, become false accusers of rency among religious persons are so the brethren, fancying themselves visionary, that we only fear lest the specially set up like Elijah and Jerereal evil should be countenanced by miah—not, however, to assault the being said to keep such good com- strongholds of Satan—but to wage pany. Among the servants of Christ, war with those who, following their whose names adorn the age in which blessed Master, are endeavouring to we live, let us take an example. devote all their attentions and enerCan we name one more faithful and gies to the cause of God, and the sal. zealous, more scriptural in his doc- vation of the souls of their fellowtrines, more devoted to the cause of his creatures. God and Saviour in his life, in labours Truly painful are these things to more abundant, more justly esteemed pious and humble-minded men; and for his valuable writings, or a man fearfully, however unconsciously, do more decidedly given, in faith and they aid the machinations of the șimplicity, to the duties of his sacred world, the flesh, and the devil. calling, than the Rev. Daniel Wilson? Under the peculiar circumstances of Yet this excellent man—not indeed our own church, though it is a most alone, but in much good company, important duty to contend earnestly is made a mark for this unjust dis- against the erroneous doctrines of pleasure and obloquy, merely be- such publications as that of Dr. cause, while he desires to stem the Maltby, yet there is another duty wickedness of the age, he will not still; to exhort those who are little encourage its wildness; and more in danger of Dr. Maltby's class of fierce is the attack in the very pro- errors, to guard against others of a difportion in which his name carries ferent character; to follow Christ in weight in what is called “the reli- meekness and love; to beware of that gious world,” and his consistent worst of all self-sufficiency which course impedes the progress of per- takes a religious guise; which mounts nicious novelties. A Mr. Carson, in a university pulpit, or stands on the a work on the inspiration of Scrip- platform of a religious Society, or ture, speaks very coolly of “the sets up a newspaper or magazine, to horrible blasphemy of the Rev. D. accuse the most faithful brethren Wilson and the Christian Observer;" and fathers in Christ of lukewarmand Mr. Boys discovers, in Mr. Wil- ness and unfruitfulness, and says, son's admirable funeral sermon for Come, see my zeal for the Lord of Mr. Basil Woodd, such doctrinal in- Hosts : all that have gone before decision“ as gives him a sensation me, have compromised with conamounting almost to giddiness;" and science; or they have not my wisMr. T. P. Platt (whose remarkable dom, or my boldness, or my grace. initials remind us of the T. P. P. of One of the worst evils of these eventthe Record) has issued a pamphlet, ful times, is this contention for rein which he denounces him as guilty ligion without the spirit of religion ; zealotry without love; a gladiatorial and foreboding; and preferring the temper assuming the honours of conduct of St. Peter, who in his zeal martyrdom ; calling down fire from inflicted a wound, to that of Christ, heaven; prophesying, denouncing, who in his mercy healed it.
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“ Blessed is he that not its strict sense. Miss Baillie is an readeth, and they that hear the words of Arian of Dr. Clark's school. We are glad this prophecy;" he omits the words, “ he to learn that an answer to her work is that readeth;" which, if Amelote intended forthcoming from the pen of that learned in compliment to the Church of Rome, theologian, and indefatigable opposer of which forbids the promiscuous “reading” the Socinian and cognate heresies, the of the Bible, the mutilation is worse than venerable Prelate of Salisbury:
“ imperfection," and comes under Mr. Croly's work on the Apocalypse the malediction pronounced elsewhere has been translated into French. The denounced in the same books against translator uses Amelote's French version those who should add to or take from its of the Apocalypse, which was the only sacred contents. one he had at hand : its imperfections M. Biot, in his life of Sir Isaac Newton,