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TURKEY.

confirmed in these pages, the melancholy The Rev. H. Dwight, an American mis- truth that there continues great hostility sionary to Armenia, in a letter dated Tocat, in the West Indies both to religion and to thus describes a visit to the grave of Henry the instruction of the slave population. The Martyn :

free Coloured people are stated to be rapid" To-day I have seen the little space ly advancing in intelligence, and respectthat contains all that remains of Martyn. ability of character; and we trust the hour But, he is not there. The grave could is not distant, when, in the Chartered as in not hold him. His body was left here to the Crown colonies, they shall enjoy all the moulder, while his spirit was borne by privileges of their fellow-subjects. angels up to the bosom of his God. Oh

CUBA. that his mantle might rest on us that re The remains of Columbus, at first inmain, and that we might be endowed with terred in Valladolid, were afterwards rea double portion of his spirit! We found moved to Seville. In the year 1536 they very little difficulty in ascertaining the were transported to St. Domingo, where spot where his body was placed, as we they remained till the cession of Hispahad, before coming here, heard that he niola to the French in 1795. On that ocwas buried in an Armenian cemetery. casion the Spaniards removed them to the His grave is in a large burying ground, island of Cuba; and with much religious attached to one of the Armenian churches solemnity and military display deposited in this place, and is marked by a small them in the cathedral of Havannah. marble stone, on which is rudely carved a Lardner's Cyclop. Latin inscription, done at the expense of

UNITED STATES. an Englishman from Bagdad, whose name We have already, more than once, comwe could not learn, who passed through plained of the unacknowledged mutilation this place about a year after his death. We of English works in American reprints ;have found several persons who recollect for example, in those of Legh Richmond. the fact of an Englishman's dying here, but A charge has lately been made against the none can give us minute information on American Sunday-School Union,” that the subject. A Turk told us that he was they had printed an edition of Mrs. Shersick only a few days, and that some Ar- wood's “ Infant's Progress,” containing menians came and administered medi- "a passage favourable to Infant Baptism." cine to him. At that time the plague was The defence of the society is, that their raging here, so that three or four hundred edition, which is stereotyped, “ does not died daily; and it seems most probable contain the objectionable passage.” If Union to us that he died of that disease. It is tract societies cannot assent to infant probable that he had very little attention, baptism, or any other doctrine respecting and that his external circumstances were which the members differ, they ought at of such a nature as to aggravate any disease. least, in reprinting the works of authors, It is our intention to visit a part of Persia whether living or dead, to advertise their in our tour, and we may there learn some readers that they have taken the liberty thing more about his influence among the to omit certain passages not framed on Mohammedans of that country.”

“ union” principles. JAMAICA.

The Ohio Bulletin says, that good comA monthly periodical publication in the fortable boarding, with washing, may be West Indies, and, most of all, one decid- had for fifty students, in respectable famiedly religious, Church of England, and lies, at Athens, the seat of Ohio college, zealously opposed to slavery, is truly an for one dollar a week. interesting announcement. Such a one, An American journalist, speaking of the however, we rejoice to say, has recently been improvement in printing, remarks: “The commenced at Jamaica, under the title of introduction of the Napier machine into “ The Christian Record.” An article in this country, together with the Treadwell the first Number, on Mr. Bridges and Co- press, made at Boston, has been the means lonial Councils of Protection, amply con- of producing quite a revolution in printfirms all that has appeared in the Anti- ing. A great variety of machine presses Slavery Reporter, or our own pages, on have snbsequently been invented here; both these subjects. May the conductors and the self-inking apparatus has been of this arduous undertaking be assisted by improved, and applied to the common the gracious favour and furthered with press. The inking roller, which took the the continual help of Him whose glory place of balls, has in turn been supplanted and the welfare of his creatures it is their by the new inking roller, made of glue object to promote ! We lament to find and molasses, causing a great consumption

already for the two articles, and producing several miles in breadth, advancing across
finer work, at a saving of expense and those wide plains, leaving behind it a
labour. The most rapid machines can black cloud of smoke, and throwing before
be made to strike 5,000 impressions in an it a vivid glare which lights up the whole
hour. This is equal to the work of twenty landscape with the brilliancy of noon day,
hand presses; or, to express it differently, A roaring and cracking sound is heard
it will enable us to print the common 18mo like the rushing of a hurricane. The flame,
Bibles at the rate of seventy-five an hour. which in general rises to the height of ...
A hundred presses at this rate could supply about twenty feet, is seen sinking, and
every family on the earth with a Bible in darting upwards in spires, precisely as the
three years."

waves dash against each other, and as the
A writer in the Illinois Magazine gives spray flies up into the air; and the whole
the following account of the fires which appearance is often that of a boiling and
annually sweep over the immense prairies flaming sea, violently agitated. The pro-
of the West. One of the peculiarities of gress of the fire is so slow, and the heat
this climate is, the dryness of its summers so great, that every combustible object
and autumns. The immense mass of in its course is consumed. Woe to the
vegetation with which this fertile soil farmer, whose ripe corn fields extend into
loads itself during the summer, is sud. the prairie, and who suffers the tall grass
denly withered, and the whole surface to grow in contact with his fences! The
of the earth is covered with combustible whole labour of the year is swept away in
materials. The grass grows to the height a few hours.
of from six to ten feet, and, being entirely The Philadelphian states that the stock.
exposed to the sun and wind, dries with holders of a theatre which was contem-
great rapidity. A single spark of fire, at plated in Pottsville, have concluded to
such a time, would instantly kindle a convert their property, worth about 3,000
blaze, which would spread on every side, dollars, into shares in a Reformed Dutch
and continue its destructive course as church. The foundation of the theatre,
long as it should find fuel. Travellers one hundred feet by fisty, had been laid,
have described these fires as sweeping and nearly one story

built. with a rapidity which renders it hazardous It appears by a statement in Silliman's to fly before them. Such is not the case. Journal, that about fifteen hundred persons The fire advances slowly, and with power. have lost their lives in the United States No sight can be more sublime, than to by explosions from steam-boat boilers, behold, in the night, a stream of fire of

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

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OBSERVANCE OF THE LORD'S dent torpor ; institutions to promote the
DAY.

object, either locally or generally, are mulA SERIES of very excellent resolutions has tiplying around us; churchmen, dissenters, been circulated in Calcutta, under the in- and methodists, unite cordially in the comfluence of the Bishop, pledging the par mon cause, and their efforts are zealously ties signing it to do all in their power in encouraged by several of (we hope virtheir families, and among their connexions, tually by all) our prelates ; among whom to promote the due observance of the ought especially from their station and Lord's day, to employ no native workmen their anxiety on this vital question, to be on that day, and to give a preference to named his Grace of Canterbury, and the those tradesmen who adopt and act upon Bishop of London. Courses of sermons these resolutions We rejoice to say that on the law and the duties of the Sabbath, the importance of this momentous sub. have been preached in various parts of the ject is beginning to be felt throughout the kingdom, and numerous publications on Christian world. In the United States of these points have issued from the press. America great efforts are being made by Among these we have much pleasure in the friends of religion of all parties, to recommending a work just published by prevent Sunday travelling, and the trans the Rev. D. Wilson, entitled “- The Divine port of letters on that day by the mails ; Authority and Perpetual Obligation of and in our own country a spirit has gone the Lord's Day;" which contains in the abroad which we trust will lead to impor- smallest compass, the best epitome of the tant issues. From the apathy of public whole argument extant in our own or any opinion we have hitherto almost despaired other language. It is a truly excellent upon the subject; but at length we begin publication, not only on account of its to cherish considerable hopes. The re- irrefragable arguments, but for its devout ligious part of the community throughout spirit, and its solemn appeals to the heart the land are awaking from their despon- and conscience, which have been too Christ. Obsery. No. 349.

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murh neglected in similar treatises. On strongly recommend this portion of Mr. one most important part of the question Wilson's complete, and in a good meait is invaluable; we mean, the Divine sure, original argument. An epitome of appointment and moral obligation from what is itself so highly condensed, would the very creation of the world, of a day of be but a dry and unsatisfactory digest ; weekly rest and religious observance. "To and it is the less necessary as the work is those who are in danger of perversion printed cheaply, in a neat compact form, from the arguments of Paley, or some for wide circulation. Few readers who more recent writers, at the head of whom feel at all interested in the question will we grieve to place the respected name of scruple half-a-crown for such a publication. Dr. Whately (on whose publications we May the blessing of God attend its circupurpose, in one of our next Numbers, to lation and perusal. offer some extended observations), we

OBITUARY.

THE RIGHT REV. BISHOP connected with his own church and our's; HOBART.

and to his obliging communications our The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, readers have been often indebted for inD.D. first bishop of New York, whose teresting articles of transatlantic informalamented decease we lately announced, tion. But for the very reason that we was born in Philadelphia, in the year differed from our Right Reverend friend 1775. He was early distinguished for on some momentous topics, while we great activity of mind, energy of character, regarded him personally with the esteem and literary acquirements. He was edu- due to a zealous defender of what he concated at Princetown college, obtained the sidered truth, we think it better that the highest honours of his class, and early present notice should consist chiefly of a succeeded to the tutorship. He was or few extracts from some of the funeral disdained deacon and priest by the venerable courses published on occasion of his much. Bishop White, who had always a great lamented death. The extent both of our affection for him; and in 1800 he became differences and our agreements our readers the assistant minister of Trinity church, may ascertain at their leisure, by referring New York. In the year 1811 he was to the many articles connected with his elected assistant bishop of New York, name, in our former volumes. In our and on the death of Bishop Moore, in volume for 1816, page 671, they will find 1816, became the diocesan, and also rec an account of the opening of that unhappy tor of Trinity church. He filled succes warfare against the Bible Society, which sively a variety of offices connected with we must continue to think does more ho. his ministerial and episcopal character, nour to his zeal and perseverance than to and among others the professorship of his judgment. Of his mistaken sincerity pastoral theology and pulpit eloquence in on this subject we could give many proofs. the theological seminary at New York. He did not, however, anticipate the same With almost every institution in the evils from the Bible Society in England, American Episcopal Church he was closely where Episcopacy is the established reassociated ; as well as with the many dis- ligion, and is so strong both in numbers cussions which have arisen within its pale and influence, as, if it pleases, to keep during the last quarter of a century. He every sect at a distance by its paramount was a most ready and prolific author; an power of doing good: but he thought unwearied and indefatigable pastor; and Episcopacy in the United States, too us a bishop,“ in labours beyond measure." feeble to bear collision with the overOf a man so remarkable and energetic, a whelming numbers of Presbyterianism. prelate whose name involves much of the In our volume for 1823, page 752, will history of the infant communion to which be found a letter from his pen, signed he was most conscientiously and zealously “An American Episcopalian,” which we attached, our readers cannot but look for notice as evincing his anxiety to correct some notice in our pages.

what he considered some mistaken views In complying with this expectation, we respecting the doctrines held by that pormight avail ourselves of our private sources tion of the American Episcopal Church of information, and our long correspon of which he was the most conspicuous dence with Bishop Hobart, in order to champion. He was particularly distressed sketch some interesting particulars re that it should be for a moment supposed specting his character ; for though we that himself or his friends insisted less differed from him on some highly impor- earnestly than any of their brethren, upon tant questions, yet he was ever a ready “ the fundamental doctrine of salvation and valued correspondent on subjects from the guilt and dominion of sin, only

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through the all-sufficient merits, and all. and of which he says in a private letter,
powerful grace of a Divine Redeemer.” that he thought it exhibited, though with
His views of baptism, he says, corres inferior ability, yet not with less fidelity,
ponded with those of the present Bishop the views so eloquently displayed in Mr.
of Lichfield, in his first Charge at Glou- Wilberforce's exercises of the Christian in
cester ; attaching the word regeneration looking unto Jesus," we did him the jus-
to baptism, but not to the exclusion of tice to insert at large, thinking it would
subsequent “ renovation.” His chief po not be unedifying to our readers as a Fa-
sition, however, was that the church, mily Sermon.
that is, the Episcopal church, is the only In the same volume (p 617), we re-
Divinely-promised and pledged vehicle of viewed his discourse delivered on his return
religious benefit.

to America, relative to the Church of EngOur volume for 1824 introduces him land. He wrote that discourse, he said, on several occasions, in connexion with pungent as it certainly was, in simplicity the discussion which arose relative to the of spirit, and with no wish to exaggerate theological institution at New York, and what might be wrong in the discipline Bishop Chase's college at Ohio. We de- of a church which he warmly loved, and clined opening our pages to that unbappy among whose members he had found a controversy ; but we were in private welcome home in a foreign land ; and most communication with both our trans-At- deeply was he pained at the complexion lantic visitors ; and on the table at which of the critique on it in the Theological we are now writing, were drawn up by Review, now the British Critic. We will Bishop Hobart the articles of peace in

not characterise that critique in the words which both parties eventually concurred. of Mr. Norris, (see Christ. Observ. for While we must say that our revered 1829, p. 54,) as “a tirade of scurrility friend from Ohio had in every respect the without one redeeming property, a volright side of the argument, his Right Re- ley of trashy, insulting, Billingsgate ververend brother

, we believe, was perfectly biage ;” but it was certainly such a paper honest in his alarm lest the institution of as the conductors of such a work must diocesan colleges, without an adequate regret to see indelible on their pages in power of controul by the church at large, reference to a foreign prelate, and above would lead to sectional prejudices, and all such a man as Bishop Hobart, who the ultimate dismemberment of the eccle- certainly meant us no real injury in pointsiastical union. The meek and Christian ing out what he considered the evils temper of Bishop Chase, on this occasion, arising from our system of tithes, pluraligreatly endeared him to the friends of ties, ecclesiastical patronage, the alliance of religion in this country, and promoted church and state, and other matters which his excellent object beyond the most san he thought better ordered in his native land, guine expectation; and he was ever the The remaining notices in our recent brst to palliate the conduct of his brother volumes (see Christ. Observ. for 1827, of New York. “Dr. Hobart,” would he pp. 185, 444, 536; 1828, p. 405 ; 1829, say, " means right : he is quite mistaken pp: 248, 517) relate chiefly to the bishop's in this matter ; but I do not respect bim indefatigable exertions in his diocese, and the less; he is a lovely character."

in connexion with the episcopal church Our volume for 1826, page 26, contains in his native land. These we must pass a review of two volumes of sermons, which over, and proceed to give the extracts Bishop Hobart printed in this country, which we promised from some of the chiefly with a view to disprove, as he funeral sermons preached on occasion of states in the preface, an alleged charge his death. that himself, and those of his brethren Dr. Onderdonk, the attached friend of who-concurred in his views, “ did not Bishop Hobart, and who has been elected faithfully inculcate the distinguishing doc.

as his successor,

states as follows:-trines of the Gospel." In private corre

“A burning and a shining light has spondence he earnestly requested us to been—not extinguished-but taken from review these discourses, and to state freely us, and called to mingle with the pure what sentiments appeared to us erroneous splendour of perfect day. And why should or doubtful ; a duty which we endea we weep because another ardent spirit voured to discharge in the article just has been summoned to join the ranks of mentioned, and which our readers may those who cease not, day nor night, in refer to for further information. His views rendering homage to Him who sitteth of faith, justification, salvation, and some upon the throne, and to the Lamb ? other essential points, appeared to us

Why should we weep because another clouded with much misconception, so as

blessed trophy of God's grace has been by no means to exhibit the simplicity of added to the number of the saved? Why evangelical truth; while it is impossible should we weep, because another soul, not to be interested by the devout spirit, purified and made white in the blood of and rich vein of theological discussion the Lamb, has been called to adorn itself and practical application which distinguish in the robes of celestial righteousness ? these discourses. The sermon on doing for these things we weep not. We weep all in the name of Jesus, which appears to

not for the father and the friend who has have been a favourite with the author, rested from his toil. his anxieties, and

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I am

his sorrows. We weep not that a good distressing; it is agony, agony. Yet what and faithful servant has been called to the is it compared with what my Saviour joy of his Lord. We weep not at hea endured ?' I will not complain. God's ven's gain : but oh! we do weep at our will be done. There was a declaration loss. We weep, because a burning and of the Psalmist which he loved to repeat ; a shining light, in which we had so long and O how often did he, in his own pebeen wont to rejoice, has been taken from culiar, affectionate, and impressive manner us. Sorrow fills the hearts of many who utter it !-Like as a father pitieth his remember how that light shone upon their own children, even so is the Lord merpath, to direct in the way they should go, ciful to them that fear him, to them that the steps of their childhood and their love him.' 0 I do-do I not love that youth. Many a penitent weeps when he gracious Being? Will he not then pity remembers how, from the ministrations me-me, his child? God be praised for of the beloved and venerated man who this precious promise.' His unceasing lies before us, light has flashed conviction prayer was "God be merciful to me å of sin upon his mind, laid open the re sinner! What can I say more? cesses of his corrupt and guilty heart, and a sinner: I need God's mercy; I can led him for refuge to the grace of an all- only throw myself on his mercy. God sufficient Saviour, where he has found be merciful to me, a sinner! yes, a great mercy, whence peace and comfort have sinner: but I have been redeemed by been derived, and in the guidance and the blood of my Saviour; I have been strength of which, he now goes on his sanctified, I trust, by the Divine Spirit; way rejoicing: The bitter tear of bereave- I will therefore hope I shall not be denied ment is shed over those dear remains by the lowest seat in the kingdom of heaven. many, who, in the trials and afflictions of “ When Bishop Andrews' Litany was life, have been soothed and cheered by used by his friend, he observed, 0 in the light of heavenly consolation, ema what endearing relations does the doctrine nating from the friendly and pastoral of the Trinity exhibit to us the blessed offices so congenial with the kind and Godhead!' And again, . Be sure that benevolent nature of the good man whose in all your preaching the doctrines of loss we now deplore. The confirmed the Cross be introduced: no preaching is Christian laments that he is never more good for any thing without these.' to be blessed with his instructions, who so “ There were times, when, under an well conducted him in the ways of truth humble sense of his sinfulness, he was and holiness. The anxious inquirer res- peculiarly oppressed. The promises of pecting the things that belong to his ever the Gospel, however, would revive him. lasting peace, weeps sorely that that voice At one of those times he said to me, with is hushed, whence he has derived so much most remarkable emphasis, Comfort clear light of satisfaction and of comfort. The reply was, “Bishop, it is The lover of truth laments that the fear written, The blood of Christ cleanseth less champion has sunk in death, who from all sin.' 'So it is, so it is,' he added; was ever its ready, enlightened, and valiant God be praised for that; God be praised advocate and defender, who set his eye for all his mercies; God be merciful to and his mind immovably on what his me a sinner!' Pray for me,' said the conscience told him was the right and the dying bishop, that my own prayers may truth, and thither directed all the powers be heard : 0 not, however, because of of an extraordinarily clear and vigorous my importunities, or because there is any intellect, unbiassed by minor and colla worthiness in me or them; but because teral considerations."

of the infinite merits of Jesus, the Divine “ His was that true, primitive, evan. Intercessor.' You must all,' he said, gelical piety, which, building all on the commend me in your prayers to God's one only foundation of Jesus Christ, and

mercy. You are attending to my body, him crucified, and drawing all its hope of forget not that I have a soul to be saved. spiritual ability from the unmerited grace Pray for my soul.' of God, dedicates to his glory the moral • In reference to his approaching disagency which is his gift, by seeking, in solution, and to the future condition of all appointed ways, the influences of that the church, he remarked, · Her affairs grace, and improving them by faithfully will be managed by other hands; God, stirring up the gift of God within—the however, will be with her: God will deability which cometh only of him.” fend her. I observed to him. The pro

Bishop Hobart expired on Sunday mise, bishop, is, The gates of hell shall morning, September 12, 1830, at the vil not prevail against her. Yes,' he replied, lage of Auburn, at the house of his friend, " that promise is sure. God be praised for Dr. Rudd, after a short but severe illness, his mercies. God's will be done.' One mornwith which he was attacked as he was ing he said he wanted a part of a hymn making an episcopal visitation of that part repeated to him; and then he immediateof his diocese. The Rev. Mr. Cumming ly commenced singing it in a style so afmentions the following particulars of his fecting, so heavenly, that we could almost last hours :

fancy he had caught the air from those " When suffering intense pain, he said, who day and night encompass the eternal .O this pain is dreadfully, inconceivably Throne with songs of praise.

me.

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