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has endeavoured to prove, on the testimony Ministers. And thus the Morning Watch, of a manuscript note of Huygens, but- published this month, which highly eulotressed by various collateral facts, that Sir gizes the Record for its line of politics, Isaac Newton became deranged in mind and its attacks upon the Bible Society in consequence of the destruction of his and the Christian Observer, finds it nemanuscripts by his dog Diamond; and that cessary to resort to palpable fabrications, he never recovered his mental powers in order to lay something to our charge. sufficiently to produce any great work If the new sect who are striving to subvert after this epoch, though he was only forty- our religious societies, and whose bitterfive years old at the time. M. de la est object of vituperation (we quote their Placé exultingly adds, that this accounts own words in the Dialogues on Prophecy) for the author of the Principia turning is “ the Evangelicals, through whom, the his thoughts to theology, and writing on English being a phlegmatic people, the prophecy and biblical criticism, which devil has introduced infidelity under the Voltaire sneeringly urged as a proof that mask of sanctimoniousness,” “the men the most exalted mind is not always free who talk about Christian experience, from superstitious credulity. Till the humility, piety, and brotherly love," " the publication of M. Biot's memoir, these men who cant about Bibles, tracts, and alleged facts were wholly unknown in missions;" if the new sect who thus write, England or elsewhere, either from writing could have discovered solid ground for or tradition ; but they have been lately their displeasure against the Christian extensively circulated under high auspices Observer, they needed not to have rein this country, in the Life of Newton sorted to the fabrications in the Morning by“ the Society for the Diffusion of Use- Watch, the absurdity of which is their ful Knowledge;" who, to their disgrace be best answer. The Morning Watch says, it spoken, have not only adopted M. Biot's that “the Evangelical clergymen who statement, but also the infidel sneers have been for many years the principal grounded upon it. Most happy, therefore, writers in the Christian Observer have are we in being able to inform our readers, become deeply imbued with..... modified that Dr. Brewster, in his Life of Newton, infidelity;" they are “ willing to keep the just published in Murray's Family Li- peculiarities and the essentials of Chrisbrary, has collected a number of interesting tianity out of sight,” in order “ to procure facts, bearing upon the point, from which, prebendaries (prebends], archdeaconries, though it certainly appears that Newton and chancellorships ;" a charge not only laboured under a temporary nervous irri- wholly unfounded, for God is our wit. tability, caused by fever and want of rest, ness, that knowingly we have never kept yet that it was only temporary; that his “the peculiarities and essentials" of Chrisexertions, mathematical, theological, and tianity out of sight; but most unkind and critical, bear powerful testimony to his ungrateful, since whatever faults the vigorous powers of mind at the very Christian Observer may have, its friends period of his alleged incompetency; and have certainly never consulted timethat all his theological publications were serving doctrines, or sought favour either composed in the vigour of life before the from cabinets, Whig or Tory, or from illness which is said to have affected his benches of bishops, or from * the reli.
We may take an opportunity gious world.”. We had counted the cost, of detailing the facts more fully, as well and were willing, God being our helper, as some other interesting particulars in to bear the penalty of the doctrines we Dr. Brewster's valuable narrative; but have ever advocated; but we little thought, in the mean time our readers may procure and have as little found, that the course the book for themselves. It does great we have taken was the way to favour honour both to Dr. Brewster and Mr. with Episcopal benches, cabinet ministers, Murray's popular series; and particu- or “the religious world,” all of whom we larly for the praise-worthy anxiety with thought we had in turn displeased by the which the deeply scientific writer rebuts sentiments which we have honestly avow. the insinuations of sceptics against Chris- ed on not a few questions. As little tianity.
truth is there in the surmise of our wishIt is consoling to us that the publica- ing to raise Papists, or any one Papist, tions which are so much displeased at us posts of honour and authority.” If are obliged to find fault--not with what a law were proposed that all persons conwe have said, but with what we have not nected with the Morning Watch should said. This we shewed last month, of the pay taxes and be subject to the laws like Record newspaper.
We had remarked others, but be excluded from civil privithat intemperate language on the part of leges, we should think such a law unjust; those who profess to be anxious for the but does it follow that we have any wish cause of God is injurious to religion ; to see these writers occupying “ posts of this the Record found it convenient to honour and authority ?” We assure them turn into the extraordinary proposition that we have not. Nor have we wished, that we were afraid of the fair fame of as they assert, to "delude our readers the Christian Observer with Mr. O'Con- into the belief;" that “ religion will be nell, Mr. Wellesley, and his Majesty's promoted” by giving “increased power
to the rabble ;" so far from it, we have tice to ourselves ; but having done so, we expressed our belief on the Reform Bill, shall in future leave the Morning Watch that it may be a desirable measure, so far and the Record to publish their invenas religion is concerned, expressly be- tions as they see fit; and if they shall add cause it takes away power from such “ O'Connell,” “ Wellesley," " the a pot-walloping
London University,” and “the rabble,” Húnt to Parliament to oppose it; and, Hunt, Taylor, and Carlile, we shall not also, prevents boroughs being barter- be careful to answer them, however ed, as hitherto, for bishopricks and much we may deplore that writers provotes for livings ; and adds to the influ- fessing to stand up in the cause of God ence of the great mass of moral, religious, and truth can resort to such weapons. loyal, substantial,and well-informed house- Before, however, we quit the Record, holders; thus taking both church and we shall just advert to one charge, bestate equally out of the hands of a cor- cause it is true; namely, that in derupt “rabble," and an interested oligar- scribing the conduct of some of those who chy, and placing them under the protect- are opposing the Bible Society, we have ing auspices of the vast bulk of the pro- used hard words hitherto unknown in the perty, the intelligence, and the religion of “exemplary decorum”
of our pages ; the country. The Christian Observer
such as «« expediency,' only echoed the Record itself, which says, ing,”, “worldly policy" &c.
“ It is a fact upon which our readers not the Record aware that we only bormay depend, that some of the most intel- rowed them from its own columns, and ligent radicals in the country are in the the writings and speeches of the Morning last degree desirous that the Peers should Watch, and the Sackville-Street Com. throw out the Bill. Their idea is, that mittee, and ought in fact to have marked if passed, it will effectually prevent that them as quotations with inverted commas ? more sweeping Reform to which their Curiously enough does it happen, that principles and longings impel them.” Why some of these very terms are copied from did not the Morning Watch animadvert Mr. Washington Phillips's own eulogized upon the Record ?
letter, inserted in the Record close to the But if one fabrication can be more un- extract from the Christian Observer; yet founded than another, the most baseless the editor of the Record discovered them of all the fabrications of the Morning in the one, and not in the other. The Watch, is that “the Christian Observer Christian Observer's argument was : You has ever been the most active defender of say that the friends of the Bible Societybend that creature of Lord Brougham, the to " worldly policy,”
” London University, and patron of a sys
“ time-serving,” in not enforcing a test; tem of education from which God was but we reply, that it is you who thus act, professedly and explicitly rejected.” By professing the necessity for a test, but this one déclaration, may the whole ques- adopting one which practically does not tion of the moral honesty of the Morning exclude even the Socinian, and does not Watch, and of the new sect who wish to so much as profess to exclude the Neolobring into odium " the evangelicals who gian, the Idolater, the Antinomian, the cant about Bibles, and tracts, and mis- drunkard, and other known heretics and sions,” be tried. Let them point out in gross offenders, and in not acting even the Christian Observer any one para- upon your test when you have propounded graph or sentence, in which we have de- it. How is it that the Record, which is fended either the London University, or so much grieved that the Christian Ob“a system of education from which God server should think these expressions may was rejected.” We need not say to our be applied to their inventors, was not disown readers, that no such passage is to pleased with the inventors themselves ? be found; that the whole charge is a Why allow hard words on your own side, fabrication, intended to bring the Chris- and be wrathful when it is attempted to tian Observer into disrepute with those be shewn that they might be as fairly who, knowing nothing of it, take applied by the other. The Record menthe averments of the Record or the tions the names of several good men to Morning Watch for facts.
whom the terms quoted by the Christian only conceive that the Morning Watch Observer cannot apply (nor did the Chrismay have actually transferred what we tian Observer apply them to them, but only said of King's College, to the London to the principle they have adopted); but University. On the latter, (be its system it forgets to how many thousands of wise good or bad,) they certainly will not find and holy men, to how many servants of one line or syllable of panegyric in our Christ departed in the Lord, these terms, pages. How, therefore, they can have and much stronger terms too witness ventured to state, without a tittle of evi- the charge of Satanic possession--are apdence, that we are not only “defenders,” plied by the Record and its friends. Howbut actually “ the most active ” of all ever, we were wrong to adopt such terms, the defenders of this University, we even as quotations; and in future sbali leave to their own consciences to settle. endeavour to leave them to those who We have said thus much for once, in jus supplied them and still continue to use CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 357.
them. We have now done with the lawful, used, like other blessings of Prosubject.
vidence, in moderation ; but that this We are delighted at witnessing the moderation is much overstepped by many rapid progress of Temperance Societies. who are not by any means addicted to Nothing but want of funds, and these, we intemperance; and that the fair test of trust, will be liberally supplied, prevents moderation is, not what the palate apthe central Society formed at Exeter proves, or what raises false spirits, but Hall from branching out its important what health requires, or at least what an labours to all parts of the kingdom. We intelligent physician would say is not ultihave not space at present to notice the mately detrimental to it. If the inquirer numerous facts and publications which is really honest in his wish to learn what multiply around us, but we recommend the is right, and to practise it, let him have whole subject to the renewed consider the courage to ask an honest medical ation of our readers ; and earnestly do practitioner, How many glasses of the we pray that the plague— plague far highly alcoholized wines ordinarily used more destructive to mankind than war or in this country ought I to drink daily, all pestilence-may be stayed among us. the year round, for my health's sake ? All
What we said in our last Number of beyond this, we scruple not to say, is the use of wine was, not that it is un- intemperate.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. The Reform Bill has passed the Commons passes, rendering it illegal to hold two by a large majority, and the public atten- benefices with cure of souls; only allowtion is anxiously directed to the reception ing dispensations, if necessary, in those which it may meet with from the House particular cases which may be thought to of Lords. We sincerely think, that on require it; and this only for a time, till, every ground it will be the wisdom of by the augmentation of some small livings that illustrious assembly to receive it fa- and the union of others, there shall not vourably. If the Sybil leaves are sent be a shadow of excuse for the continuance back, they are likely to return again, less of the system. in bulk, but stronger in meaning, and Great complaints having been made by with fewer of those guards which render clergymen and others of evils resulting the present Bill any thing rather than a from the late Beer Bill, Government democratical—it may be, and is, an anti- have brought in a bill for better regulating oligarchical—measure. Most earnestly the beer houses; but we doubt whether do we pray in this eventful moment, that the measure will pass the House of it may please God in his infinite mercy Commons, as there seems to be a strong to guide our rulers and give our senators feeling that the plan has not had a fair wisdom, as shall be most for his glory trial, and that interfering further with and the best welfare of our long-favoured, the beer shops would encourage the spirit but, alas ! ungrateful, land.
shops and public houses. We, however, This engrossing subject has prevented mention the subject at present chiefly the discussion of many other important for the purpose of noticing one point topics in Parliament.-We unfeignedly connected with the Beer Bill, on which rejoice that the Game Bill has passed the some discussion has taken place in the House of Commons; and if the Lords House of Lords ; namely, the grievous pass it in its integrity, it will be a most addition to the violation of the Lord'sbeneficial measure. We will give its de- day, by means of these houses.
A petitails when it has gone through the Lords' tion on this subject was presented, and Committee. Our existing Game Laws its prayer supported by the Bishop of fill our prisons, demoralize our peasantry, London, who has done himself much and are a disgrace to the humanity and honour, and the cause of religion much intelligence of the nation. The Church service, by the part he has taken in the Bills before adverted to are in progress; great question of the Lord's-day. We but we defer our notice of them till the insert a passage from an excellent paper discussions on them in the House of issued by the Society for promoting the Commons. The Church-building Bill due Observance of the Lord's Day, to we have already spoken of: the bill for the statements of which we are anxious the restraint of pluralities will, we trust, to invite the attention of our readers. do good, but it does not appear to us by The Society strongly recommend petiany means adequate to the exigencies of tions to Parliament on the subject. the case. In the mean time, new plu- “The Sabbath was made for man ralities are growing up. The churches, for man universally—and therefore in a for example, under the Church-building peculiar sense for the poor, who compose Bill, if they have cure of souls, are tenable the vast majority of mankind. with other preferment having cure of culiar manner it is the poor man's day. It souls. The axe is not yet laid to the is designed to refresh his weary body; to root of the evil, nor will it be till a bill relieve his mind from excessive care; to
In a pe
give him time for reflection and the con- him with the hopes of glory. It is the cerns of his soul; to restore him to his cement of civil society, the link and bond family and domestic affections, after the of moral obligation, the foundation of law toil of the week; to call him off from and conscientious obedience to human secular and earthly pursuits to spiritual government, the spring of contentment, and heavenly ones; and to interpose one industry, and peace." day in seven for his intellectual, moral, We have not space for the details of and spiritual improvement. The Chris- the Coronation ; but we must not pass it tian Sabbath is a badge and sign of Re- by without recording an earnest prayer, vealed Religion. It openly distinguishes that it may please God to bless our sothe believer in the Bible from the unbe- vereign lord the king, and his illustrious liever ; and forms the ground and plat- house, and to make him a blessing to his form for the application of every part of people. Much of that solemn service is Christianity. It is the season for cele- of a religious character, according to the brating the praises of God in creation, for pious usage of our forefathers, now too commemorating the triumph of our Di- rapidly sliding into desuetude. Oh may vine Redeemer in his resurrection, and his majesty and his people be led to feel the descent of the Holy Ghost at the first it in this sacred aspect! establishment of the Christian dispensa- We have no room for foreign details. tion. It is the day for the public wor- Warsaw, we lament to say, has fallen; ship of God, for the preaching of the and the unhappy Polanders, we fear, are Gospel, the administration of the sacra- at the mercy of their conqueror, unless ments, the instruction of children and other nations interpose for their aid. servants, the_visiting of the sick and The affairs of Belgium and Holland, we distressed.- The Sabbath is the day trust, will be amicably arranged ; nor do for humanizing man,, softening his we see any reason to expect disturbance passions, teaching him his accountable on the side of France. We would hope ness, placing him in the immediate pre- generally that continental affairs are taking sence of his God, setting before him a pacific turn. the means of salvation, and inspiring
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. R. ; A. C. ; R. B.; A TEACHER; E. M. B.; H. J. H.; H. A.; G. W.; T. ;
VIATOR ECCLES.; M. D. ; Q.; A. H.; C. J. P.; IGNOTUS ; and A CONSTANT
READER ; are under consideration. We assure J. M. that we did not quote the extracts in our July Number approvingly,
as respects the question between the Church and the Dissenters : quite the contrary: we stated that they were easily confuted; so easily indeed, that we did not think it necessary to trouble our readers with the argument; but they bore strongly upon the particular point which they were adduced to illustrate. Socinians may come to our altars; but the Church knows nothing of them in that capacity; they do not come as Socinians: neither does the Bible Society recognise them in that capacity, any more than it acknowledges any other heretics, but only as persons professing to believe the inspired word of God, and wishing to assist in distributing it. What their private sentiments may be the Society does not undertake to investigate, any more than their private life. We did not say that the persons who have proposed to exclude Socinians from the Bible Society have “multiplied " their numbers; but that they have “ magnified" them; that is, exaggerated them, and given them a prominence and importance they could not before assume. And is not this the fact ? We shall rejoice if it be not found in the end that they have multiplied them also, by that natural re-action which gives new vigour to all sects
claiming the honour of persecution. We cannot think, with SÚRRIENSIS, that we have spoken too highly of the Church· building Bill. It is, as we said, “ an admirable bill;” and it is the more gratifying to every friend to the Church from the auspicious circumstances under which it has been brought into Parliament. We, indeed, still think that it might be desirable that a Bishop should state his reasons for a refusal to open a new church, and that an appeal should lie to the Archbishop upon that statement; but, as we remarked last May, in our observations upon the former Bill, there must, in an Established • Church, be some jurisdiction, to prevent the obvious evils that would arise from our correspondent's plan of every man his own church-builder : and, jurisdiction being necessary, what jurisdiction so proper as that of the Bishop of the diocese ? Our only difficulty is, as to his assigning no reason for his veto. In ninety-nine cases his reasons would probably be solid, and he would for his own sake state them, and all parties would thus see that he had acted conscientiously; and should there be a hundredth case, which under a system of secrecy might have proved an exception, publicity and an appeal would prevent the evil; and the whole bench of bishops would not suffer in the national opinion for the isolated act of an individual. Be this, however, as it may, it is only a secondary point; and if practical evil arises, the matter may be amended; but the plan of Surriensis, of throwing every thing open in the same manner as Dissenting chapels, would be fraught with evils : indeed, it is utterly inconsistent with parochial divisions, pastoral functions, primitive order,
and an established church. Let Biblicus calmly answer the following question. He says, that the Bible Society's
rule already excludes Socinians, as “not being Christians ;” and he agrees with the Sackville-Street Committee that “no questions ought to be asked ;” but that all persons, knowing the rules of a society, ought to be left to their own conscience as to joining it. Why, then, have a new rule; or a new society? What could be do more, if his own construction be correct, than is done already? The moment the Sackville-Street Committee found it “expedient” to avoid asking questions, many, even of those who at first went with them, saw that they might now just as well return to the old society. The enforcement of the test being dropped, the only difference between the two plans is, whether to keep the word “Christian,” OF to adopt Captain Gordon's synonime. If " Christians” already mean Christians, why alter the word ? Besides, does not Biblicus see, what we have remarked over and over again, and what neither Record nor Sackville-Street Committee has attempted to answer, that the exclusion of one sect is virtually saying that all other persons are Christians ? By excluding one class on the ground that the union is to be spiritual, you admit all other classes to spiritual union; many of whom are not fit subjects for it.
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. We rejoice to see the long list on the first page of the Society's Extracts, as it shews us on how strong a basis of Christian principle and warm affection, the Society stands among the great mass of religious and conscientious persons in this country ; a sentiment which we also find every where echoed among our transatlantic brethren, in their lamentations at the efforts which have been made to rend it asunder. The MorningWatch sect tell us, that the Society was never intended by the Almighty as a minister of mercy, but only of wrath; to assist in filling up the measure of the iniquities of a guilty world, and 'hastening on forthcoming doom. Let the friends of the Society take heed that they suffer not the prediction to make its own fulfilment, by allowing discord and every evil work to mar their union.
ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY (87 and 88). We are much concerned to find that the Society is burdened with a debt of eighteen hundred pounds, and that its expenditure is quite unequal to the magnitude of the work which lies before it. The West-India interest have a large fund of secret-service money; the popular press is won over to its cause; and the efforts of the Anti-Slavery Society, and its friends, are all that humanity and religion have to oppose to whatever falsehood and interested opposition can devise, to keep parliament and the public in ignorance on the subject of our colonial slavery, and to perpetuate its enormities. The peculiar occurrences of the last year have demanded extraordinary efforts from the Society; their publications are a heayy, though necessary, expence; and grievous would it be if they were obliged to suspend or curtail them at this pressing moment, this crisis of the anti-slavery question, when the West-India interest are using every effort to avert the impending downfall of slavery; and Parliament and Government, as we trust, are about before long to seal its doom. We do earnestly press upon our readers to answer liberally and zealously the appeal which is most conscientiously urged upon them; and with the greater promptitude and largeness of heart in proportion to the importance of the juncture, and the hope that, by the blessing of Him who hears the sorrowful sighing of the prisoner, their efforts will not long be required in this work of Christian mercy. If any thing would make us press this appeal with the more confidence, it is the truly religious and Scriptural character of the instructions lately issued by the Society to its agents. We strongly recommend the perusal of that valuable document to any person who may wish for information on this question. If our readers are not already long ago convinced of the horrors of colonial slavery, and their own duty in regard to it, let them peruse No. 87 of the Reporter, affixed to our present Number. One of the worst of the cases is that of a clergyman; for the Mauritius, it seems, has a Jones, as Jamaica has a Bridges; a fact which deserves serious consideration by the clerical advocates, if any
such remain, for the perpetuation of slavery. Lord Goderich has a humiliating office, in regulating stripes and defining the legal limits of brutality. It will be some relief, after these horrors in a British colony, to read the peaceful, rural, details in No. 88, from the emancipated colony of Hayti.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY. We append with much pleasure the interesting speeches at the last anniversary of this Society, which appears to be doing much good in promoting Scriptural education throughout the world.