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and also to buy seven pair of yellow got by heart, and longer too, the hose for as many bachelors of the people will be spelling the dowlasage of sixty at the least : the said and-hose bequest, and thinking of garments and hose to be distributed various legal quibbles which our men on St. Valentine's day annually for of law have created respecting it. ever; and if no such persons put in Ought there not to be some remedy a claim to the dowlas and hose afore. for these mural desecrations ? I said, then the money to be given to have seen tablets in vestries, and the poor of the neighbouring parish thought them in their proper place; of North P-, at the discretion of but to fix them on the walls of the two unmarried ladies of the like age temple is a mockery and defilement. with the twelve spinsters, as herein- There is another class of mural before mentioned.”
inscriptions, Epitaphs, which calls Then, besides the charity tablet, for something more serious than a we have“ beautifications,"especially playful address. I somewhat blame two gigantic figures of Death and myself, indeed, for the jest-andTime; the first of them copied in earnest style I have so far adopted; soot and water from an emblema- for it is not coincident with profestic design in an old edition of the sional consistency to court a smile Duty of Man; and the other, as I where the thoughtful will rather think, quite original, and taken un- incline to sadness. Many of our deniably from an image in the paint. familiar epitaphs, if they were only er's wonderful imagination. For ridiculous, and nothing worse, would although the sithe and the hour. be still very exceptionable. In glass are done, as my clerk tells me, Johnson's criticism on Pope's sepulfrom nature, I am afraid that this chral inscription on the poet himself, is more than can be said of the the stern moralist says,
" He atsuper or extra natural figure who tempts to be jocular upon one of holds them in what are meant to be the few things that make wise men its hands. Then, sir, we have che- serious.” But the monumental parubim; which are, as usual, heads rade, both in our churches and ceflying about, or rather soaring after meteries is, in a thousand instances, a stationary fashion, with duck's an actual premium upon self-deluwings ;-item, Moses and Aaron, on sion. Bad men are canonized on either side the altar, executed by the their grave-stones; and survivors of same artist who perpetrated the their own class begin to read their Death and Time--for it is as im- wretched eulogies with a sneer, and possible to doubt his style, as to take end by encouraging themselves in Mr. Angerstein's Claudes for signs pursuing the course which the dead of the rising and setting sun;-item,
Such things the twelve heraldic devices of the lower the spiritual standard to the tribes of Israel ;-and lastly, various lowest point of the world's wishes. texts, most unhappily selected, and “ Let us eat and drink, for tobordered by scroll-work and devices morrow we die; and to-morrow as beautiful as they are. And not we shall also receive a certificate for only are these things to remain, but heaven, recorded on our tombs.” we are soon to be dazzled with gilt Let me illustrate this painful subinscriptions, surrounded by flou- ject by referring to the following rishes, already in progress under confirmation of what is here adthe direction of a famous school vanced, and by one whose evidence master, who never sets his boys a is equal to the genius which thus copy without covering a third of the delivers it :page with what he calls ornamental
Death levels man:--the wicked and the penmanship. You may readily sup
just, pose the rest; which is, that Sunday The wise, the weak, lie blended in the after Sunday, and till the whole be
can run no more.
And by the honours dealt to every name, In these sarcastic yet vigorous and
philosophical lines the reader will wife The pride and comfort of her husband's know the world, and are not afraid Here, to her spouse, with every virtue to disclose their knowledge. It is
graced, His mournful widow has a trophy placed;
evident that such lookers-on read And here 'tis doubtful if the duteous son, epitaphs backward, and regard them Or the good father, be in praise outdone. as examples of solemn irony, though This may be nature: when our friends found in the very last place where we lose,
one sinner should trifle, and talk Qur altered feelings alter to our views : What in their tempers teased us or dis- idly, about the character of another. tress'd,
I have made some efforts in my own Is, with our anger and the dead, at rest. parish to correct these things; but And much we grieve, no longer trial with very slender success.
The made, For that impatience which we then dis- lower classes of mankind are partiplayed;
cularly jealous of any interference Now, to their love and worth of every respecting their dead. Hence their
kind A soft compunction turns th’ afflicted extravagance at funerals; and hence mind;
their extreme dread of the remains Virtues neglected then, adored become, of their friends being submitted to And graces slighted blossom on the tomb. dissection. In their estimate, in 'Tis well; but let not love nor grief fact, the body takes place of the
believe That we assent (who neither loved nor
soul. I have often been astonished grieve)
at their anxiety to be buried in a To all that praise which on the tomb is favourite cemetery; and at the elabo.
read, To all that passion dictates for the dead; rate discussions held, even by the But, more indignant, we the tomb deride dying themselves, on the most Whose bold inscription flattery sells to minute circumstances of their appride.
One might Read of this burgess—on the stone ap- suppose, that they expect in a dis
pear How worthy he ! how virtuous ! and how embodied state to hover over the dear!
procession to the grave, and enjoy What wailing was there when his spirit the honour paid to the corpse. I
fled, How mourn'd his lady for her lord when in their last days, and even years,
dead, have known individuals live hardly And tears abundant through the town were shed.
that they might leave money for See ! he was liberal, kind, religious, wise, their funerals—or, as their actual And free from all disgrace and all dis
“ that they may be carguise ; His sterling worth, which words cannot ried handsomely home.”
If the express,
reader should be betrayed into a Lives with his friends, their pride and smile at this recital, I wish to recal their distress.
him to very serious feelings by the All this of Jacob Holmes ? for his the
consideration that the phrase just name; He thus kind, liberal, just, religious ?- repeated is a fearful indication of the shame!
false confidence with which the bulk What is the truth? Old Jacob married of mankind enter the invisible world. thrice;
vice : He dealt in coals, and avarice was his Home is the image of repose, enjoyHe ruled the borough when his year ment, and happiness-home, sweet
home. The vulgar idea of death is, And some forget, and some are glad he's therefore, that of a resting-place
gone ; For never yet with shilling could he after the tumults of life: and there part,
is generally connected with it a cerBut when it left his hand, it struck his tain persuasion that we are all to be heart *.
recompensed in the unseen state for
our troubles here below. The vic• Crabb’s Borough, Letter II. tims of this persuasion may have
very confused and indefinite notions is thy sting? O grave, where is thy of their own meaning; and may victory ?” hold, at the same time, a few opinions yet more perplexed, and more indeterminate, on the difference between a good life and a wicked one, LITURGICAL COMMISSION of 1689. and of two distinct consequences; To the Editor of the Christian Observer. but the uppermost and the reigning conviction is all on the meritorious It is well known to the readers of side. They think that a long illness our domestic history, that, towards after a life of poverty and toil, or a
the close of the seventeenth century, short one after an idle life—for King William the Third authorized these things, with them, are scarcely certain prelates and inferior clergy to questions of degrees-must end in revise the Liturgy and Canons; and happiness ; or, as they phrase it, in to take also into their consideration “ going to a good place.” The same
the state of the ecclesiastical courts, form of conviction extends itself to with a view to their reformation. the rude grave-stone which marks Among the commissioners were the place of their interment. Gray, Archbishops Tillotson, Sharpe, Teniin his beautiful and mischievous son, and Lamplugh ; Bishops Lloyd, elegy, thus tells, indeed, of the un- Burnet, Stillingfleet, Patrick, Kidder, lettered muse :
and Beveridge; together with sunAnd many a holy text around she strews, dry other divines ; although the
perThat teach the rustic moralist to die. sons now specifically named had not, But this is not true. Holy texts are in every instance, attained the episrarely discoverable in cemeteries; copate. They assembled in the and, even when found, they are Jerusalem Chamber, the locality of generally perverted to purposes of which is thus described :—There is flattery. Sometimes they are abused an old, low, shabby wall, running off by ministering to the self-righteous from the south side of the great west feelings of the reader. In other door-way into Westminster Abbey : cases they would seem to be selected this wall is only broken by one long by the rule of contraries.
wired window : and the whole aptold that rustic moralists are taught pearance of the wall and window is to die: would it not be better to so dull and dirty, that many strangers call them rustic Christians ? “ Talk and inhabitants may well have wonthey of morals !”
dered why they were allowed to enMural tablets, and combinations cumber and deform this magnificent of sepulchral magnificence, though front: but that wall is the wall of erected in St. Paul's and West- the Jerusalem Chamber, and that minster Abbey, and in edifices of all guarded window is its principal light. but equal grandeur, might be men
The chamber itself appears about tioned, where inscriptions commu- forty feet long and twenty wide, nicate to serious minds any thing and was built in the reigns of Edward but pleasure. The rhymes, indeed, III. and Richard II. ; and here the are not uncouth, and the sculpture Upper House of Convocation assemis not shapeless. But in our medi- ble each Parliament. In a sort of tations among
the tombs, and with ante-room to it assemble the Lower such a guide in our hands as Hervey House; which ante-room is now —with all his faults—it is painful called the organ-room, to study many a monumental bust, some time ago was an organ in it, and many an epitaph, with a con- by which the choristers in the Abbey viction, that, when we have admired were accustomed to practise.—To the astonishing skill of the artist, this it may be added, that Henry IV. and perused the eulogy, we cannot died in the Jerusalem Chamber, ask the questions, “O death, where being carried thither from the shrine
of St. Edward the Confessor, when transcribe the document upon which he was surprised by his last illness; I am about to comment. In the and the circumstance is mentioned April Number of that work we first in a familiar passage in Shakespeare. find the editor proposing an “ asso
The proceedings of the commis- ciation ” or “ combination ” for the sioners of 1689 were all recorded, suppression of Neologism in England. and the original record is now in in the May Number a correspondent the archiepiscopal library at Lam- follows up the idea; but having beth. It appears that Bishop Gibson proposed that the Society should was librarian to Archbishop Tenison be public and open, and consist of in 1696 ; that in 1748 the bishop“ such Christians as find it in their gave the record in question to the spirit to join it," the editor checks Lambeth collection *, to the especial his imprudent zeal, by observing that custody of the primate for the time " a too general invitation to join in being. Very recently, William the proposed work would defeat its Winstanley Hull, Esq., of Lincoln's own object;" which, if the work Inn, requested permission from the were good, and to be carried on in a present Archbishop to see the MS.; manner that would bear the light, but his Grace considered, that, as the seems an extraordinary proposition; papers were committed to his special for why not enlist as many persons as and private keeping, he was not au- possible on the side of truth? At thorized to allow the inspection of length, in the June Number, the entire them, which might lead to the pub- plan is elaborated as follows:lication of their contents. Mr. Hull “I will tell you what I think is author of two late works on the ought to be done against rationalism. present state of the Established I. Form a little association of three,, Church.
four, or more staunch men, clergy My object in the above statement and laity of the Church of England, is to suggest whether, previously to in each diocese, who conscientiously any revision of the Liturgy (should devote themselves to the Lord, to such a measure ever be contem- withstand infidelity in every shape. plated), his Majesty's Government be II. That this association publish no competent to require, and, if judged report, and consider themselves as expedient, to publish the Commis- responsible to none but the Lord sioners' Report of 1689 for general himself. III. That they meet at perusal.
stated periods, as may be agreed upon. IV. That between the times of meeting each member endeavour to procure the latest catalogues of theological books selling in London; mark all commentaries, expositions,
doctrinal books, &c.; and either him. For the Christian Observer.
self give the character of the author, I think the Christian Observer has or, at least, ask the other members been somewhat remiss in its office, do they know it, at the next meeting. as one whose duty it is to mark and V. That those who have the means, report upon the signs of the times, in opportunity, &c., read the books, and not having noticed the extraordinary apply earnestly to the study, for the proposals which have appeared in object of controversy. VI. If it be the Jewish Expositor for the forma- possible, get either a gazette or a tion of a new secret society. Before I small periodical going, for the exoffer a few remarks upon the propo- press purpose of exposing the docsition, I will, in justice to the parties, trines and devices of rationalism,
and shewing how they stand opposed * It does not appear how Gibson be- to the Articles of our Church.VII. came possessed of the document. That all keep a watchful look-out as
EXTRAORDINARY PROPOSAL FOR A
NEW SECRET SOCIETY.
to sermons, translations, &c., coming is justly applied to those who, whether out in England, at the Universities in France, Germany, England, orelseor elsewhere. VIII. If a rationalist where, have adopted a system by work appear by a member of an which Divine Revelation, though English University, that the Asso- professed to be honoured, is in truth ciation immediately present a de- wholly subverted. Neology attacks, nunciation to the Bishop of the directly or indirectly, all the doctrines diocese, and to the Chancellor of the of the Gospel. According to its University to which the delinquent shades, it denies, or explains away, belongs: the denunciation to be or philosophizes upon, the Fall and signed by all the members of the the Atonement; the doctrine of the Association in that diocese. (This Trinity; the inspiration of the Holy business of signing a denunciation, Scriptures ; prophecy and miracles ; to which all who will become mem- grace and faith ; regeneration and bers of the Association should oblige holiness; Divine influence; and so or bind themselves, would keep out on—every thing, in short, belonging the undecided.) IX. If the Bishop to revelation. How fearfully it has of or University take no notice, then later years prevailed upon the contigo further, to the Archbishop of the nent of Europe is well known; and too province, the King, &c.; and if all true, I fear, is it that some of the theofail, then publish the whole matter, logical students of our own land are with all the names affixed. This not strangers to its delusive influence. mode will soon shew what the To endeavour to repress such fearful Church of England has to hope or heresy by every Christian and lawful fear from its shepherds in this dread means, is the solemn duty of all who crisis, and would shew the danger are solicitous for the glory of God in its fullest extent.”
and the eternal welfare of the human Of this extraordinary proposal the soul; and most thankful ought we editor remarks, that "it deserves to be to the Father of lights, that consideration ; but where are the he has been pleased to dispose the men?” The Jewish Expositor not minds of his servants, in various having survived to another number, parts of Christendom, to oppose the I cannot ascertain whether this secret inroads of this delusive system ; and society has yet been formed: but, has so far blessed their efforts, that looking at the signs of the times, it in many places, particularly in Gerwould not be surprizing if an attempt many, the subtle poison has been were made for the purpose ; and it to a considerable extent countermay therefore not be unseasonable acted, and the faithful promulgation to offer a few remarks upon it. of the Gospel triumphed over this
Two inquiries present themselves: snare of the enemy of souls. first, Who are the Neologians and But is this really the evil against what the Neologism against which which the proposed secret society this secret society is to direct its is to be levelled? Is nothing more efforts? and, secondly, What is the intended than to crush this hydra, nature of the machinery by which it which all true servants of Christ purposes to work ?
desire to oppose ? I scruple not to The terms Neology and Neolo- reply, and I undertake to prove, that gism have been used of late with far more is meant than the countermuch latitude ; and have in some action of Neologism in its true and cases been employed as convenient proper sense; and that what is in words of reproach, for the mere reality intended is to form a secret purpose of exciting groundless pre- institution, under the conduct of a judices, to perplex an opponent. A new and active sect which has lately Neologist, properly, means a setter- sprung up among us, with a view forth of new doctrines; and the term to oppose and crush all who ven