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as it were from house to house, and this, as in other respects, “it is marparish to parish, but with none of vellous in our eyes. those signs and wonders which have Our readers cannot but have reoften characterised remarkable re- marked in the preceding extracts, vivals of religion. The instruments what appears still more conspicumade use of by the Divine Agent to ously in the discourses themselves, effect this great spiritual and national the general unity of sentiment of the blessing have not been two or three various writers in the great points of remarkable men, who seemed where- Christian faith and practice. We ever they wenttoexcite a general shak- hear it objected, often and often, ing among the dry bones, while all that the religious part of the comaround was the silence of death; but munity are rent into factions; that the benefit has been gradual, and there is no brotherhood of affection progressive; a salutary dew of the or approximation of sentiment. But Divine blessing on a wide-spread when we take up, as we have done thirsty land, rather than a few casually, a pile of visitation charges copious showers, followed by exube- and sermons, all so nearly concurring rant fertilization on here and there in the great matters of Christian docan oasis, surrounded by drought and trine ; all so earnest for the glory of sterility. It has grown, like the natu- God and the salvation of the souls ral frame, steadily but imperceptibly. of men; we feel assured that the alIn places wholly detached from each leged discrepancies are much less other, clergymen of faithfulness and serious, and confined to much fewer zeal have been simultaneously raised individuals, than is currently supup; the leaven is leavening the mass; posed. There are indeed those who the ordinary means of grace are ren- would sow strife among brethren ; dered effectual to the ends for which and in certain quarters of what is they were appointed; scriptural called the religious world, there are education, and the circulation of strange notions and dangerous errors the word of God are every where afloat ; and much we lament these producing solid fruits ; our Univer- things : but the great mass, we feel sities send out many faithful labour- assured, are sound: the novelties, ers into the harvest: and thus, while much as they are to be lamented, are no one man or body of men can not by any means co-extensive with claim the honour, God himself, in the tumult which they excite. In the unseen ordering of his divine pro- not one of the discourses before us vidence, is consummating the bene- do we trace a symptom of dangerfit. Whom could we make our pope, ous flights and fancies. They differ if we wished to choose one? Who is in style and talent; we might not our Whitfield, or Wesley, or Brain- concur in every syllable in all of erd, or Elliot ? We have no apostles, them : but they all inculcate the no remarkable or extraordinary men same great principles; and they are on whom all eyes are fixed as the all, we might add, business-like serauthors of this widely-spread revival mons, not for display, or eloquence, of religion. There are indeed many or curiosity, but for the use of edifywho are highly and justly beloved ing. We may be told, as we have and venerated; there are also a few been on former occasions, that this who have been eminent instruments only proves sameness, common-place, of spiritual blessing to their coun- and “ the dull monotony of the trymen ; but there is no one who Evangelicals ;” always harping can claim to be the acknowledged, upon the fall and the atonement, father of the church. The body of repentance and faith, love and holitruly religious persons among us is ness, and some half dozen other fanot a sect under a recognized leader; vourite topics: but to our minds it -no," it is the Lord's doing; and” in is a hopeful feature ; and though we
can well appreciate a novel and in- faithful and the “articulus stantis genious disquisition, at whatever it vel cadentis ecclesiæ.” From such may be intrinsically worth ; yet to a notion we must utterly dissent ; repeat the great truths which form for never assuredly was there more the staple of these discourses, even need than at the present moment of were it with some degree of trite- preaching in all its plenitude that ness, is far the safer side. Several of fundamental scriptural doctrine of these discourses indeed display con- justification through faith : nor do siderable talent, as well as piety, and those who preach it, and the other are by no means vapid, as we are doctrines connected with it, fail told that the sermons of what are constantly to bring forward, both called the Evangelical clergy usually for warning and for consolation, the are; but take the most common- second advent of our Lord and Saplace among them, or one ten times viour Jesus Christ ; not indeed enmore common-place, down to a village cumbered with nice speculations, be evangelical sermon, and much more is they correct or otherwise, of time it for the benefit of the souls of men, and locality, but in the simplicity of than the most ingenious of that plainly revealed truth; ever connectextraordinary species of discourses ing with his first coming in his huwhich has of late prevailed in some miliation to atone for sin, his second quarters, and for which, in virtue of coming in glory to receive to himself their being speculative, is claimed a the church which he had purchased far higher rank of scriptural dis- with his most precious blood. Christ cussion, than for those which are crucified, and Christ glorified,—the sneered at under the name of “prac- former in his atonement and examtical.”
ple, the latter in his life-giving preThere was a time, we are gravely sence and behests, with all the bless. told, when such discourses as these ed doctrines and precepts connected sermons recommend and exemplify with and flowing from this two-fold were necessary, but that now other view of our Almighty Redeemer and topics are much more seasonable and all-prevailing Advocate, are infinitely important. At the period of the interesting subjects for the ChrisReformation, certain writers on pro- tian's meditation, and of every really phecy tell us, the article of justifica- Evangelical minister's preaching. tion by faith was most necessary to Neither must the cross of Calvary be insisted upon, because the Papists nor the crown of glory be forgotten; had corrupted and concealed it; but and most defective and erroneous that the world has outgrown that is any system of doctrine that era, and that now, not the doctrine omits or misplaces either. Curious of justification by faith, but the doc- disquisitions may amuse or puzzle trine of the quickly approaching the understanding; but the main personal advent of Christ before the fabric of scriptural instruction is Millennium, is the true mark of the faith, hope, and charity.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Remarks on the general Tenor of the Clerical Education. By the Rev. H. New Testament; addressed to Mrs. J. Raikes. 53. Baillie. By the Bishop of Salisbury. “ Balm of Gilead, or useful Instruc
Reasons for Attachment and Conform- tions for evil Times." By the Rev. N. ity to the Church of England. By the Lockyer. 1644. Republished by the ReRev. R. Meek. 45. 6d.
ligious Tract Society.
A Brief Directory for Evangelical fits of a National Church Establishment. Ministers.
By the Rev. C. Davy. Is. An Awakening Call to the Uncon- Remarks on the Health of English verted. By the Rev. S. Corbyn. 1677. Manufacturers, &c. By J. Robertson. Republished by the Religious Tract So- The Moral and Religious Character of ciety. 4d.
the United States. 2s. « The Bible its own Witness.” 6d. Ode on the Coronation. By the Rev.
The Layman's Appeal for the Church. E. Dowling: By R. Baxter.
The Mutiny of the Bounty. Family Sermon on the Coronation. By the Lib. No. XXV. 5s. Rev. R. Cox. 6d.
“ Balaam.” By the Author of Modern “ Reformation not Subversion; Fanaticism unveiled. 5s. Sermon. By the Rev. J. Scott. ls. 6d. Defence of the South-Sea Missions. The Prospects of Britain.
By the Rev. W. Ellis. 2s. 6d. Douglas.
“ Friendship’s Offering " for 1832. 12s. “ The Altar and the Throne ; a Sermon. “ The Bible Christian.” By the Rev. By the Rev. C. Davy. Is. 6d.
C. Davy. The Lawfulness, Necessity, and Bene
MISCELLANEOUS INTELLIGENCE-BRITISH AND FOREIGN. Miss Baillie's Arian publication has been or Christian morals. There are various replied to by the learned and venerable topics which they understand and write Bishop of Salisbury, in a letter which is upon with ability, though not always a model for theological controversy, from wisely ;-but. Christianity, either in its the Christian and courteous spirit which doctrines or its duties, is a subject which it breathes, and which cannot but attract they never attempt to treat of without a candid opponent to weigh with care proving their ignorance and prejudice. its brief but irrefragable arguments. There are some papers of this sort in the The Bishop devotes a portion of his last Number, on which we may perhaps letter to a defence of the text on the find opportunity to remark_hereafter ; Heavenly Witnesses ; in which the un- especially one, entitled “ The Pretensions learned reader is presented with a po- of the Evangelical Class." The strain of pular survey of the chief arguments in this paper is to shew that what the favour of the authenticity of that litigated reviewer calls “ the Evangelical Class," passage. Miss Baillie is happy in falling act absurdly and inconsistently in disinto the hands of so lenient a correspond countenancing various “worldly amuseent; for, besides her rashness in entering ments,” which the reviewer considers into a controversy on so solemn a subject, innocent, nay, laudable ; while they which by her own confession she had not indulge, he says, in other vices, parcarefully studied; and this also avowedly ticularly the love of money and money's without the requisite literary apparatus worth. We have here an alleged fact, for determining points of biblical criticism; and an inference derived from it.
The she has exposed herself to serious remark alleged fact is, that the so-called “ Evanon account of some of the opinions ex- gelical Class,” though they frequent nei. pressed in her volume, and the disrepect ther ball-rooms nor theatres, are as coshewn to the Word of God in rejecting vetous, ambitious, and ostentatious, as from her proofs the evidence of the Old their neigbours. Now,even supposing this Testament, as well as the Book of the were true to the letter, it would not carry Revelation and other portions of the the intended inference; for the wickedNew. The learned and indefatigable ness of doing one thing that was wrong prelate's tractate does not profess to be would not prove that another which a survey of the whole question relative they abstained from was right; or that to the person of Christ · but it is per- their arguments were not solid, though fectly satisfactory as a reply to the Arian their practice was corrupt. The abstiremarks of Miss Baillie.
nence from worldliness of spirit which We take the opportunity of our allusion' the reviewer says "the Evangelical Class” to the Bishop of Salisbury, to mention that inculcate, is a scriptural duty, however his lordship's last published discourse little some of the inculcators may follow before the Society of Literature contains, up their own lessons. We are not to what the title does not promise, a learn- bend God's word to man's conduct. ed and interesting digest of the evidence Then, as to the fact itself; under the to prove that St. Paul first planted the vague name of the Evangelical Class,” Gospel in Great Britain.
are comprised by the reviewer persons in some future Number, extracting the of numerous sects and parties; many of substance of the argument for the con- no religion, and some with scarcely so sideration of our readers.
much as a semblance of it. What such It is grievous that such writers as the individuals may say or do, matters nothing Edinburgh Reviewers should allow them- in determining a question of Christian selves to touch upon matters of theology morals; nay, not even though they should
profess themselves active partizans of sons whom he indiscriminately reproreligious institutions, and contend for the bates? If he had done this, we think he faithful preaching of the Gospel. We would have seen reason to dilute his cenconcede to the reviewer whatever truth sures; especially as regards the poorer and charity demand; for though we be- and middle classes of this despised body lieve that among the body of persons of persons. whom he reproaches are to be found the King's College, London, has opened excellent of the earth, and shall not shrink in its various classes. For the list of from defending them from the unjust officers and studies we must refer to the and flippant charges so often urged advertisements. Such an institution was against them, we yet deeply lament that much wanted; and we trust and earnestly among those who profess and call them- pray that for ages to come it may prove selves Christians, there is much that a seminary for true religion and useful comports not with their holy profession. learning, in connexion with the EstaWe mourn and weep over the sins and blished Church of England. We repeat inconsistencies by which the Redeemer what we said in our volume for 1825, is wounded in the house of his professed in speaking of the London University : friends ; for too true is it at all times that “ Let literature and science have free pride, ambition, selfishness, the love of scope; but it is on the basis of A SCRIPmoney, and the love of ease, deform the TURAL EDUCATION ALONE, that the manly, character of too many who “ name the solid, and spiritual graces of the human name of Christ ;" and not least do we character can securely rest; it is not enough lament the evil, from the pretext which that we render men literates and mechanics, it furnishes to sceptics and scoffers to set if they fail to become Christians, and if they do at nought true religion as well as the not carry into the intercourse of life the pretence to it. But to the individual just, the moral, the social, the beatifying belongs the guilt; for the word of God virtues of true and undefiled religion." "We is not weakened, nor the power of true have so often urged this important point, religion disproved, because of his incon- so frequently dwelt upon the necessity of sistency; and the Edinburgh Reviewer SCRIPTURAL EDUCATION as, under the ought in fairness to have made this distinc- blessing of God, and in connexion with tion. Not, however, that we admit the the faithful preaching of the Gospel, the alleged fact of the reviewer in the sweep- very panacea for the evils of England and ing manner in which he urges it; for Ireland, and the whole world, that we whatever of " pretension " there may be might perhaps be expected to apologize for among individuals of what he calls « the our wearisome tautology. Often, howEvangelical Class," all who are truly faith- ever, as we have uttered this sentiment, we ful servants of Christ, by whatever name have not, it seems, uttered it often enough, designated—for names are of little ac- since a contemporary journalist has so count-endeavour to shun the practices misread our pages as actually to tell his which he exposes as well as those which readers that the Christian Observer is he vindicates; and they certainly would the most active of all the advocates for not think it “ Evangelical” to cherish “ a system of education from which God selfishness or avarice under the cloke of is professedly and explicitly rejected.” abstinence from worldly pleasure. The If we could raise our voice and be heard reviewer needs not go far to discover in every school, and college, and every among those whose proceedings he repro- bouse and hovel throughout the land, bates, not a few whose conduct, without scriptural education would be our most any “ pretension," eminently adorns the earnest exhortation. In proportion as our doctrine of God their Saviour; and, schools, whether for rich or poor, approach though tares are found among the wheat, this standard, will they prove a blessing to this does not prove that wheat does not the country; and most feelingly do we hope exist, or is of no value. It is an evil that the new college will become a semipractice, whether in Edinburgh Review. nary of truly religious instruction, not in ers, or in any other quarter, to ground on the mere technicalities of formal routine the unworthy conduct of some persons and decent observance, but in the spirit professing religion such remarks as tend of the Christian's holy profession and bapto injure religion itself, or religious in- tismal vow. It is lamentable to see how stitutions, or the great body of religious far short of this elevated standard fall no persons. Let those who are blame- small number of our schools, even of worthy be blamed; but most unjust and those which profess to pay attention to injurious is it on their account to cast a religious culture ; and to this we mainly reproach on others, or on the doctrines attribute it that more good has not been 50 inconsistently advocated. Did the effected by their agency. To all teachers Edinburgh Reviewer ever calculate the of schools for the poor, whether National, amount of the sums collected in cha- Lancasterian, Infant, Daily, or Sunday, ritable contributions, and attempt to esti- and not less to all conductors of those of mate the far larger sums disbursed in a higher class, including our public schools private benevolence, by the class of per- and Universities, would we solemnly put 635 the question, “ Is your establishment, consumption of coal in London is estibesides its literary merits, to the best of mated at 1,500,000 chaldrons. The effort your ability, God being your helper, a of this quantity would raise a cubical nursery for the Christian church, and a block of marble, 2200 feet in the side, preparative for the kingdom of heaven ? through a space equal to its own height, If it be not, you are neglecting the first or to pile one such mountain upon another. and highest duty of an instructor of youth, The Monte Nuovo, near Pozzuoli, (which and it will not avail for the absence of was erupted in a single night by volcanic this heartfelt serious concern for the fire,) might have been raised by such an spiritual welfare of your pupils, that you effort from a depth of about eight miles." summon them to muster-roll prayers and -Ibid. exact a few perfunctory observances. Wonderful Effects of Chemistry." Who The Morning Watch may make what would have conceived that linen rags use it pleases of our declaration, but we were capable of producing more than scruple not to repeat our painful convic- their own weight of sugar, by the simple tion, that, as to any salutary recognition, agency of one of the cheapest and most God is as much rejected in a large portion abundant acids ?—that dry bones could be of our schools for the middle and higher a magazine of nutriment, capable of preclasses of British society as under the servation for years, and ready to yield up reprobated system of Mechanics’ Insti- their sustenance in the form best adapted tutes, or the London University, to the support of life, on the application
In the granite quarries near Seringa- of that powerful agent, steam, or of an patam enormous blocks are separated acid at once cheap and durable ?—that from the solid rock by the following sawdust itself is susceptible of conversion simple process. The workman having into a substance bearing no remote analogy found a portion of the rock sufficiently to bread?”-Ibid. extensive, and situated near the edge of The mutual good Offices of Art and the part already quarried, lays bare the Science.--"A soap-manufacturer remarks, upper surface, and marks on it a line in that the residuum of his ley, when exthe direction of the intended separation, hausted of the alkali for which he employs along which a groove is cut with a chisel it, produces a corrosion of his copperabout two inches in depth. Above this boiler. He puts it into the hands of a groove a narrow line of fire is kindled, scientific chemist for analysis, and the and maintained till the rock below is result is the discovery of one of the most thoroughly heated, immediately on which singular and important chemical elements, a line of men and women, each provided iodine. Curiosity is excited: the origin with a pot full of cold water, suddenly of the new substance is traced to the seasweep off the ashes, and pour the water plants from whose ashes the principal ininto the heated groove, when the rock at gredient of soap is obtained, and ultimately once splits with a clean fracture. Square to the sea-water itself. It is thence blocks of six feet in the side, and upwards hunted through nature, discovered in salt of eighty feet in length, are sometimes mines and springs, and pursued into all detached by this method. Such a block bodies which have a marine origin; among would weigh nearly 500,000 pounds. the rest, into sponge. A medical practi-Herschel's Philosophy, in Lardner's Cyc. tioner (Dr. Coindet, of Geneva,) then
“ A bushel of coals properly consumed calls to mind a reputed remedy for the will raise seventy millions of pounds' cure of one of the most grievous and unweight a foot high. This is the average sightly disorders to which the human effect of a steam engine now working in species is subject-the goitre — which Cornwall. The ascent of Mont Blanc infests the inhabitants of mountainous from the valley of Chamouni is considered districts to an extent that in this favoured as the most toilsome feat that a strong land we have happily no experience of, man can execute in two days. The com- and which was said to have been originally bustion of two pounds of coal would cured by the ashes of burnt spunge. Led place him on the summit. The Menai by this indication, he tries the effect of Bridge consists of a mass of iron, not less iodine on that complaint, and the result than four millions of pounds in weight, establishes the extraordinary fact that this suspended at a medium height of 120 feet singular substance, taken as a medicine, above the sea. The consumption of seven acts with the utmost promptitude and hanhels of coal would suffice to raise it energy on the goutre, (and all glandular to the place where it hangs. The great tumours,) dissipating the largest and most pyramid of Egypt is composed of granite. inveterate in a short time. It is thus that It is 700 feet in the side of its base, and any accession to our knowledge of nature 500 in perpendicular height, and stands is sure, sooner or later, to make itself on eleven acres of ground. Its weight is, felt in some practical application."-Ibid. therefore, 12,760 millions of pounds, at a Some of the London magistrates have medium height of 125 feet; consequently adopted the excellent resolution of binding it would be raised by the effort of about no child, brought by the parish officers as 630 chaldrons of coal, a quantity consumed an apprentice, who has not learned to in some foundaries in a week. The annual read and write. We trust that this will