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France, since the astonishing revolution lic worship, are constant in their attend-
of July. The obstacles to the spread of ance here, and many Catholics are delight-
the Gospel, which the ancient govern ed with the means afforded them of in-
ment always suffered more or less to re forming and edifying themselves. Of
main, have almost entirely disappeared. each class, not a few have felt and evi-
It is no longer necessary to obtain per- denced the power of the truth of the
mission to spread the word of life and Gospel applied to the conscience and
hold religious meetings. Already three the beart by the Holy Ghost. It is pro-
new Protestant churches, which do not bable that next autumn many more per-
receive stipends from the state, have been sons will wish to attend than can be ac-
organized at Paris. Others of the same commodated. A Sunday school is form-
kind have been and will be formed in the ed here, and the children are taught by
country. Like those which I serve, they ladies and gentlemen, who are zealous for
admit to the table of the Lord only those the diffusion of the Gospel. This is the
who appear to have experienced the effi- only congregation from which we can
cacy of his sacrifice, and to have felt the for the present expect contributions: the
sactifying intluence of his Spirit. This persons who compose the other assemblies
discipline is intimately connected with are in a situation to receive rather than to
the purity of the church, and the exten- impart. The friends who attend at this cha-
sion of its limits. It is truly desirable pel, subscribe towards the general expenses
that it should be introduced into all the of the chapels and schools, about 300l. per
Protestant churches of France; but, alas!

This is the beginning of volun-
it meets with great opposition in them, tary support of the Gospel ministry by the
although it is conformable to the ecclesi. French, who are accustomed to look to
astical discipline. Yet this opposition, the government for every thing.
and that which the Gospel meets, more “ Our great anxiety at this moment is
or less, in all unregenerate hearts, do not for the Fauxbourg du Temple; a quarter
prevent its advancing in the greater part peopled by poor workmen and their fa-
of our churches. Almost every where milies living in the grossest ignorance.
the people begin to rise from that lifeless Here we have had, long before the Re-
state into which they were sunk. Many volution, intercourse with various fami-
souls are renewed in Christ. Indifference lies, to whom we have given some reli-
and credulity daily lose some of their gious instruction, and among whom some
partisans. The old doctrines of the Re- have become Christians. After the Re-
formation resound in many pulpits. The volution we began worship in a small
work of God is spread abroad. Domestic room : the hearers soon overtlowed; their
worship is re-established. Bible classes children accompanied them, and were pre-
are formed, and Sunday schools organ sented for instruction: their numbers and
ized. Our religious societies prosper."

their interest increased rapidly and regu-
The writer proceeds to speak in a san larly. We were obliged to change and en-
guine manner of the movements which large our plans and accommodations, to
were taking place in the Roman-Catholic establish Sunday schools, day schools,
church, but which, as already mentioned, evening schools; and at this hour more
appear to have been over-estimated, at than six bundred scholars of both sexes
least as to their immediate effect.

and of all ages are inscribed on our reThe following is the substance of ano gisters, and receive instruction or are ther letter, written a few months since, promised admission. God has provided by an English Protestant minister in us with Christian masters and mistresses: Paris.

they open and close the exercise of each “ It is difficult to give you in a small school with prayer, and teach the scholars compass the information which it is de- both to read and to understand the Scripsirable you should possess : so many de tures : their teachings and conversation tails are necessary to be known, in order have been blessed to the awakening of to comprehend the whole character and several young persons; many of our importance of what has been done, that scholars being from sixteen to twenty-five in this communication I can only give you years of age, and some older. The public an imperfect idea of our efforts and of our worship, both on the Lord's day and on necessities.

Wednesday evening, has been frequented “ Since the revolution we have opened with eagerness; and the attention and several chapels, several schools, and have docility of the hearers are most impressive also commenced several meetings in and really remarkable. The voice of Prorooms in different quarters of Paris. vidence and of duty was clear and perempAfter having filled a place of worship near tory. We have sought to meet the wants. the Boulevard des Italiens, the most fa- and the desires of this interesting popushionable part of Paris, we have rented lation. We have found, and purchased on a large hall on the Boulevard s. Every advantageous terms, a large stone edifice, Sabbath morning we have here a most and are preparing schools for two hunrespectable, steady, and serious auditory. dred and fifty male and two hundred Many Protestants of the first rank of so and fifty female scholars, with an infant ciety, who very seldom attended on pul school, and a place of worship, refectories Christ. Obsery. No, 359.


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and play grounds : and lodgings of to crown the exertions already made. If it masters and mistresses. The habitation

were necessary to add any thing to shew of every scholar has been, or is in the the peculiar importance, at this moment, of course of being, visited: instead of pre- scriptural education and scriptual preachjudices to overcome, or objections to ing in France, it would be the fact that a combat, we have met with desires and plan is in progress for affording the means gratitude that have inspired us with joy of reading to the whole body of the workand satisfaction. In many cases, where ing population in France, by placing a only one family was to be visited in a public library in every one of the 40,000 house, all the others inhabiting the same communes (or parishes) into which the dwelling, six, seven, eight, and more, have kingdom is divided. The books are to come forward to entreat that they or their consist of elementary works on the arts, children might have the same privilege. sciences, and literature, history, biography, Many declare their intention to have their poetry, and other subjects selected by a children educated as Protestants, and al- committee in Paris. A nation of readers most all desire that they should attend with a scientific library in every village, our Sunday-school instructions. This, as is a spectacle upon which many philosowell as the preaching, is quite free from phers would gaze with unmixed delight: controversial discussions, and solely de- and we would by no means detract from signed to present the simple truth; the whatever may be the benefits of such doctrines, duties, and promises of the resources to the labouring classes; for Gospel of Christ. The interest, intelli- far are we from thinking that popular gence, and progress of the scholars and ignorance is a blessing to society, or hearers are very cheering. We have no that the best method of quieting political doubt of the true conversion of several factions and revolutionary tumults, is to who were utterly ignorant when we went

degrade the poor to the level of brutal among them. Several are preparing to

ignorance; but melancholy will be the become schoolmasters in the country. lot of France, or of any other country, in There is every reason to hope that the which, while secular science is promoted, effects produced not only on individuals the knowledge of God is neglected. The but in the social and domestic habits of poor may be happy without much science; the quarter, will display most advantage- but neither poor nor rich can be happy or ously the real influence of the Gospel and safe without religion. “ The fear of the of religiousinstruction in bettering in every Lord that is wisdom, and to depart from respect the condition of the poor. The evil is understanding.” municipal authorities already appreciate our efforts, and offer us every facility and DESTRUCTION OF protection, from conviction of the use MISSIONARY SETTLEMENTS fulness of our religion.

IN THE WEST INDIES. “ The current expenses are very great; We have perused with much concern the and it is the more urgent to raise imme statements printed on the cover of our last diately the principal for the payment of and present Number, relative to the de the purchase, and the preparation of struction of various missionary settlethe premises, namely 1900. On British ments in the West Indies, by the late deChristians God has conferred the honour solating hurricane. The letters of the misof being the instruments of his goodness, sionaries furnish specimens of the awful raand the agents of his charity: it is hoped vages of the desolation which has swept that many will be disposed to enjoy their over some of the fairest portions of the share of the privilege.”

West-Indian islands. The loss both of pro: Other efforts are in progress; and we perty and human life is most afflicting; and might, in particular, advert to those of a would that we could hope that all the few friends in England, who have assisted sufferers were supported by the same unobtrusively, but with much beneficial heavenly consolations which sustained effect, in promoting various objects of the spirits of these devoted missionaries. piety in France : among others, the trans The missions of several societies have, lation of valuable works of doctrinal and as we have stated, suffered considerably; practical divinity; aiding pious young and the private distress is incalculable. men in their academical studies; promot. We trust that the liberal assistance of ing the circulation of Bibles and tracts; the mother country will not be withheld the establishment of Scripture readers, in this hour of need. An earnest apand the opening of chapels for Protestant peal appears on our cover, for assistworship and the faithful preaching of ance towards re-building the dilapidated the word of God. These efforts are in churches in Barbadoes, which in an espedependent of those of the Bible Society, cial manner we would urge upon the inthe Continental Society, Tract and School tention of our readers. Societies, and other public institutions.

We might say more; but the foregoing particulars will suffice to shew the need of exertion, the facilities for exertion, and the success with which it has pleased God

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The last month has been one of extreme ourselves of Dr. Niblock's courtesy in
public anxiety. The riots, devastations, affording us the loan of his valuable col-
burnings, and blood-shed in Bristol : thélections, to offer to our readers a few ex-
- gathering of lawless and tumultuous as tracts. On such occasions, a day of fast-
semblies in various places; the forma- ing and humiliation was usually appointed;
tion of extensive and dangerously organ- and this solemnity, we cannot but think,
ized political clubs; the revival of the would be highly appropriate at the pre-
‘atrocious system of incendiarism ; the sent moment, in relation to the state of
menaces against our nobility, bishops, and the country at large, and without any re-
clergy; the uncertainty of the time of ference to party politics. Truly may we say
the meeting of parliament, and the mea in the words of the second of the prayers,
sures to be pursued at its assembling; and as they originally stood, but which are
above all, the formidable appearance of omitted, we suppose for the sake of bre-
what is stated on high authority to be the vity, in the form just issued ; « O Lord,
· Asiatic Cholera in Sunderland; have all whom have we in heaven but thee? And
tended to alarm the country ;-would we there is none upon earth that we desire
could hope, to bow it in deep humility in comparison of thee. Grant, O merciful
and penitence before Him whose judg God, that we may never be separated
ments, though mercifully mitigated, are from thee; but that, while we live, we
abroad in the land. We have not time may have our conversation in heaven,
or space at present for detailing all that walking by faith, not by sight; and that
we feel and think in relation to these and when we die we may be received into
other serious topics: on some of which thy heavenly habitations; and with all thy
we await the further light which will be saints and servants who have gone before
thrown upon them at the approaching us in thy faith and fear, may ever praise
meeting of parliament, which is fixed for and glorify thy holy name, through Jesus
the 6th of December. We rejoice to see Christ our Lord. Our readers will do
that Government has issued a proclama- well to add these beautiful clauses to their
tion against illegal and unconstitutional copy of the second prayer: “O Almighty
political clubs, the direful effects of which God, (to whom alone belong the issues of
have been sufficiently visible in Paris; life and death,] who by the many (mani-
and some of these clubs have in con fold) instances of mortality, &c." We
sequence had the good sense and forbear- should have preferred the retention of the
ance to dissolve their union The provi. word in brackets; and so the solemn
sions of the forthcoming Reform Bill, and expression, " that pardon to-day which
the measures which Government intend otherwise we may never obtain to all
to devise for carrying it, are not yet eternity," rather than the substitution
known to the public; so that it were use of “ to-day," and“ to-morrow ;” and so
less to speculate upon them.-- Two forms perhaps of some other of the alterations ;
of prayer have been issued by authority, but we have no wish to exercise minute
imploring the mercy of God in relation criticism in such a matter, and on such
to the pestilential disorder which has an occasion, and where the substance is so
visited so many countries. They are not excellent.
new prayers, but are taken, with some al Dr. Whately has been appointed to the
terations and abridgments, from the pray See of Dublin. It is a high advancement
ers issued in the years 1720 and 1721, to be raised at once, without gradation
during Archbishop Wake's presidency, to an archbishoprick; and we can only
" for beseeching God to preserve us from pray and hope that his grace may be en-
the plague with which several other coun dued with wisdom, and strength, and all
tries are at this time visited.” They are the episcopal qualifications specified by
highly appropriate to the present emer St. Paul for his peculiarly arduous office.
gency, and we trust will be heard and an Our earnest trust is, that, unawed either
swered: though, as our ecclesiastical rulers by the state of parties in Ireland, or by
went back so far, we wish they had gone any supposed views of some in power
back a century farther : for without at all in England, he may at once determine, in
undervaluing Archbishop Wake's com the strength of God, to take a bold and de-
positions, we prefer those which were cided stand as the champion of the Pro-
used several times during the preceding testant faith ; and especially, that he may
century on similar occasions, and which follow up vigorously the pious designs
we have traced as far back as to the year of his lamented predecessor, and among
1625, in the time of Archbishop Abbot. others the excellent plan of itinerant
A series of very interesting passages preaching in the Irish language by clerical
might be collected from the forms issued missionaries. It would be inconsistent
in the days of our forefathers on occasion with Christian honesty, after our review
of pestilential disorders, and the thanks of his Grace's Bampton Lectures and our
givings after they had passed; and we recent notices of some of his later works,
purpose in our ensuing Number, or the if we denied that we should regard with
Appendix published with it, to avail considerable apprehension the extension

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in Ireland of some of the opinions which it is not for us to say; what we do pen he has zealously advocated in his public is our heartfelt gratitude to the Father of cations, particularly in reference to the all grace and consolation, who hath heard Christian Sabbath. And will it be said, and answered prayer, for his mercies to that our solicitude is superfluous, when his servant, and to the church and the we find in the Unitarian Monthly Repo world to whom he is spared. sitory of this very month, the following We are obliged to defer our abstract of statement: “Dr. Whately's little tract, the Church-Building Act, and the Aug• Thoughts on the Sabbath,' may well mentation Act. The other ecclesiastical claim attentive perusal from all religionists, bills had not gone through their stages and from none more than from Unitarians. when parliament was prorogued. The This little pamphlet does so much more Pluralities Act, we are glad, is postponed; clearly, than even himself notices, place and we trust it will not be introduced the subject of sabbatical observances in again in its present shape, We purpose its proper light, that I deeply regret to recurring to it in another Number. find Unitarians thus anticipated in so We shall not detain our readers on foimportant a discussion."

No unpreju

reign matters. In France, the bill for the diced reader can rise from the perusal of extinction of the hereditary peerage has the above tract without a conviction, not been introduced into the upper chamber : only that the hebdomadal observance, the late royal family are for ever banished: by disciples of Jesus, of a Sabbath has schools are to be instituted throughout never yet been placed on its true founda the kingdom; so that every child may tion,' but that by that touchstone, to acquire the ordinary elements of knowwhich all pretensions on religious subjects ledge: we fear that religion is out of the must be brought, it is proved to have no question, except as inculcated by indiviFOUNDATION AT ALL.” If any thing could duals. How is it that we have not yet a add to our distress, on reading such a system of parochial education, (Scriptural paragraph from such a quarter, it is, that education we mean,) in every parish in while learned theologians are thus specu England ? We trust that one of the first latively setting aside the divine obligation efforts of a reformed parliament, will be of the Lord's day; a large majority of to secure this great national blessing? the nation are practically violating it : Belgium acquiesces in the propositions of few comparatively are zealously endea the allies, and is acknowledged as an invouring to counteract the evil ; and even dependent nation; but Holland has not our legislature is beginning to sanction it yet consented to the measure. Poland, by act of parliament. The following is a much injured Poland—is prostrate. The clause in the new Hackey-Coach Act, the pope has published a sort of manifesto, in very wording of which must be afflicting which he adinits that it is not within bis to every Christian mind, to say nothing province to decide who is the rightful soof the precedent which it affords for fur

vereign of any country; and that in comther legal desecrations of the holy day. municating with the ruler in actual pos“ It shall be lawful for the proprietor or session, he by no means intends to addriver of any hackney-coach licensed judge the claim of right. This is politic under this act, to stand and ply for hire, in the present state of France, Portugal, with such coach, and to drive the same on and other national relations ; but it is a rethe Lord's-day, any former acl or acts to the markable descent from the papal preten, contrary not withstanding; and such pro. sions of former ages.- We have several prietor or driver who shall so stand and communications from America relative to ply for hire as aforesaid, shall be liable med the arbitrary and unjust proceedings of compellable to do the like work on the Lord's Georgia towards the Indians, and the day as on any other day of the week. There is

severe judicial sentence of four years' connot, we believe, such another clause as finement and hard labour, pronounced this in the whole Statute Book.

upon the missionaries and others, merely While we were writing, the newspapers for remaining at their posts, without takannounced the decease of a prelate, the ing an oath which they considered both loss of whom to the Church of England, wicked and unconstitutional, Dr. Chase and the church of Christ, especially at has resigned the bishopric of Ohio, in this moment, would be an affliction the

consequence of some misunderstanding extent of which we should not dare to

about the management of Kenyon college; estimate; and happily we need not, as and Mr. M'Ilvaine is appointed his sucthe mournful intelligence proves to have

We shall notice these and other been unfounded. Deeply as the rumour American memoranda more largely. shocked and aftlicted the hearts of many, it may not have been in vain, if only the We have just noticed the incorrect resympathy, and we might justly say the port of the death of the Bishop of Winconsternation, so widely expressed, should chester. We lament to say, that since this impress those lessons which it were better sheet was in type, a statement appears in that each prelate, clergyman, and layman, the newspapers of the death of another should read for himself, than we should

prelate, a near relation of his lordshipobtrude upon him. What wc kad penned, Dr. Turner, Bishop of Calcutta. We


expressed our fears some time since, that subdivided. His loss to India will be this pious, exemplary, active, and much mournful indeed! It is too late to dilate loved man would fail another victim to on it in our present Number; but we feel the overwhelming duties of a see which inexpressibly aftlicted at the intelligence, ought long ago to have been divided and

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BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. Ir nppears from the Monthly Extracts, that 219 Auxiliaries and Associations have already expressed their continued attachment to the constitution of this invaluable Society, while only seventeen have dissented; and these, we believe, are confined to places where the local intluence of a few individuals has caused a momentary misapprehension of the real bearings of the question. We strongly recommend both to the dissidents from the Society and its friends, an attentive perusal of the second edition just published, with additions, of Mr. Hughes's powerful and convincing pamphlet.

A public meeting is advertised by the Sackville-street Committee for the formation of a new Bible Society. What there can be conscientiously, to prevent the cooperation of all who call themselves Christians, in a matter so simple, neutral, and not to be perverted, as the circulation of the pure word of God in which even the heretic may receive benefit while he confers it, we cannot for ourselves imagine ; but those who think differently have a good right to follow their own plans, provided nothing be done unnecessarily, or in a spirit of strife or vain-glory. By this test must the promoters of the intended meeting be tried. If they state their sentiments peaceably and calmly, much as we differ from their conclusions, and fully as we believe them to be led astray by mistaken, and not just or Scriptural views, we shall honour their motives : but if they exhibit a spirit of unkindness or uncharitableness; if they denounce or dogmatize; if they repeat the false and absurd charges that their Christian brethren, men of love and piety, and of zeal for the honour of God, and the spiritual interests of mankind, are trimmers, time-servers, “ expediency-mongers,” undervaluers of prayer, men who shut their ears against Scripture, who think more of worldly influence and money than of the blessing of God, and who take to their bosom “ those who would tear the diadem from the brow of Christ;” with much more to the same purpose ; then very different will be the estimate of all pious and impartial persons ; then will be seen how much of spiritual pride and self-sufficiency, of intolerance, sectarianism, and over-bearing, of Stand by, I am holier or wiser than thou, may lurk—such is human frailty, such is man at his best estate—under the garb of the most holy professions. We say this only by way of warning. May the result be very different; but when we look back to some of our late public meetings, we do not think the caution misplaced.

Then as to the objects proposed; if the intended Society must have a test, let it be one calmly and wisely considered, large enough, and yet not vexatious or captious. It ought not to be one which would keep out such a man, for instance, as the excellent individual whose work we have reviewed in our present Number; and it ought not to be one which would admit Swedenborgians, Antinomians, the deniers of the fundamental doctrine of justification by faith, and vicious livers of every kind. The tests proposed by Captain Gordon and his friends have the singular infelicity of doing both : first, negatively; for Mr. Gurney, anti-Socinian as he is, or any other pious and intelligent member of the Society of Friends, would not subscribe to a human test, even though they believed it conformable to the word of God; they prefer making the Bible itself their standard, and not any comment on it, be it right or wrong. Then positively; for while such men as Mr. Gurney are excluded, there is nothing to shut out all the characters above mentioned. If, then, the intended project is really conscientious, and not vexatious; if, moreover, it is not the result of a scrupulous, but of a scripturally-enlightened conscience; then let its promoters calmly consider the matter on both sides; not only what they reject, but what they virtually sanction; not only the heresy they denounce, but the many other heresies which, by denouncing one only, they encourage. We address ourselves to them in a spirit of peace and love; and ask, If you think a test necessary, why not as Christians and Protestants, make the whole Bible your test? Lay it down that no person shall be a member of your society who does not profess to believe the Divine inspiration of the Holy Scriptures, and the whole of the truths contained in them. This test will comprise the entire faith and duty of a Christian; it will go far enough ; which your partial test does not. If after such a test improper persons intrude, the blame is theirs, not yours. A society whose only object is to distribute the Word of God, and is not a church, cannot go further. “ Let a man cxainine himself ;. “ to his own Master he stands or falls.” Improper persons may intrude under the Sackville-street plan, as much as under any

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