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of our Lord Jesus Christ; and in the understand that a memoir of him will be personality and Deity of the Holy Ghost, speedily published, to which we must refer and the necessity of his influence to our readers. Among his unaccomplished change the heart and to renew the mind. plans he was preparing materials for a
This I solemnly, and in the sight of God, grammar in thirty languages, chiefly with declare to be my belief respecting these a view to his great object, the translation great and fundamental doctrines of Chris- and interpretation of the Holy Scriptures. tianity. As evidence of the truth of this Such was the solemnity that pervaded his statement I might refer to my Christian mind when employed on works relating friends, and to ministers of the Gospel, to the word of God, that he never_sat some of whom have known me from my down to the translating of the New Tesyouth upwards; but it may prove more tament into Hebrew, the last work he ever satisfactory, and be more appropriate to completed, without first solemnly implormy present design, to refer to the pages ing Divine assistance. of the Comprehensive Bible, from which Mr. Greenfield has left a wife and five it will be seen that this is no new declara- children to mourn his loss, for whom a tion of faith.”
liberal subscription has been commenced, The recentness of Mr. Greenfield's his early removal not having permitted him death, has prevented our receiving various to provide for them, beyond a small ininteresting details which we are informed surance on his life. We affectionately might be furnished relative to his life, and commend the appeal on their behalf to the especially his religious character ; but we Christian liberality of our readers.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. M. L. G.; K.; J. F. R.; J. H. K.; Y.; A. R.; E. R.; W. C.; G. S. ;
W. M.; An Anxious INQUIRER; PETER; A. F.; H. S.; M. ; and S. T. P.;
are under consideration. Mr. Drummond's reply to our remarks was too late for the present Number, but
shall appear in our next. We can only repeat to TRINITARIUS, that as he undertook to intimate what the Sack
ville-Street Committee and Naval and Military Bible Society might or might not do, we did not think it right to insert his paper without their authority. It might even be said, in these days of unsparing assertion, that we had invented it. Mr. T. P. Platt has favoured us with an extract from his pamphlet, to prove that in
imputing“ wild wanderings ” to the Rev. D. Wilson, he did not intend a personal attack upon that individual, but upon a system of biblical interpretation held by him in common with “ very many commentators ;" a system which, Mr. Platt says, has prevailed in the church ever since the days of Jerome; the system, in short, of figurative interpretation, where literal interpretation would, with deference to our respected correspondent, be indeed" wild wandering," as any reasonable man may convince himself of, who will read the writings of Mr. Irving and other authors who adopt it. Mr. Platt will perceive, by referring to the passage he alludes to in our work (Sept. p. 574), that we did not do him the injustice to suppose that he meant to contine his charge personally to Mr. Wilson ; far from it; for we expressly said, “ This excellent man, Mr. Wilson, not indeed alone, but in much good company,” &c. in fact, with the universal church of Christ, except some members of the new sect, who say that all the prophetic descriptions of the Bible, as, for example, the gold, the precious stones, the sea of glass, and the other illustrations in the Revelation are literal ; that heaven is a paradise on earth, and so on, of innumerable other descriptions. These we freely confess we think to be “ wild wanderings " indeed, and we only lament that such a man as Mr. Platt should have been carried away with some of them. We do not wonder that Mr. Irving argued so zealously in one of his works against allowing the use of " common sense" in biblical interpretations. But why did God give us common sense if we are not to use it? Does the use of common sense derogate from the divine office of the Holy Spirit ? We quite concur with “ An Aged Clerical Friend,” that, after what has already
appeared in our own columns and elsewhere, we may in future very safely leave certain of the writers in the Record to their own devices. The Record has, however, found an anonymous friend, to whom it specially refers us with much satisfaction, saying, “ Let the Editor of the Christian Observer mark the testimony in another column (of the Record), borne by an able and impartial witness, to the effect produced in his mind by the simple perusal of this one discussion.” The Editor of the Christian Observer, as in courtesy bound, did refer to the testimony of this “able and impartial ” anonymous witness; the weight of which may be judged of by a single specimen of his style. He is speaking of “ the principal and clergy of the seminary of Stonyhurst,” who declined entering into a public disputation with “ Mr. Whitaker of Blackburn, and others,” on the ground that such polemical scenes only cause popular excitement, and do no real good; upon which, the Record's able and impartial friend and correspondent thus depones : “ So have I seen in younger days the gasconading bully of a country village, when called upon by his match to shew forth his prowess and his courage at the
annual wake, crestfallen shirk the rencontre, and in silence keep his own counsel till his dreaded foe had disappeared, and then suddenly recovering his craven spirits, and emerging from his eclipse, rudely fix upon some poor, quiet, inoffensive, peaceful spectator, from whom he well anticipated a denial, and challenge him to the ring, as a shallow effort to retrieve his character among his old associates." We are heartily glad that able and impartial gentlemen who adopt this style, find other pages more congenial to their taste than those of the Christian Observer. We are only grieved that there should be found religious Blackwoods and John Bulls to encourage it. Such language, like the ravings of Mr. Armstrong, tends to confirm Papists in their popery, and infidels in their infidelity; while it deeply pains every serious mind. Is this the
way in which any friends of the Reformation Society in meekness instruct them that oppose themselves ? If such be their spirit, well might Captain Gordon, long ago, forewarn the public that it was not to be a society for scriptural education, for circulating Bibles, for reading, for preaching, or for evangelical tracts—but for controversy, controversy, controversy. But why may not even controversy be conducted in a Christian spirit ? Has the new friend of the Record, and of the Reformation Society, so soon found out the Record's maxim of “the more exasperation the better?" Or does he adopt the creed of Mr. Boys, who designated poor Greenfield a Neologian, because he said in the Comprehensive Bible, in common with every sound expositor of all churches, that by our Lord's coming to send a sword upon the earth was meant that such he foreknew would be the consequence of his doctrine ; which Mr. Boys calls impugning the Divine veracity; because it contravenes the comment and practice of those who think that Christ came upon earth literally to set people to quarrel and fight. We class all these matters together, because they indicate one spirit; respecting which, it is our duty to warn
the church of Christ with all faithfulness. We have received some alleged specifics for the spasmodic cholera, and some outlines
of plans for a modified parliamentary reform, which we must request our correspondents to send for the consideration of the respective anthorities, as we cannot make our pages responsible for them. The respected correspondent, who in sending us a very intricate and impracticable plan of giving an individual so many votes according to his property, refers to “the new vestry act as a precedent, does not seem to be aware that that very proposition was rejected by the House of Lords
in that very bill. In reply to the inquiry of G. respecting the note on the last page of our last Number,
on the Reformation Society, we need only say, that if he will look back to the whole of the notices in our volumes relative to that society, he will find that we have never ventured to speak without much reserve respecting its proceedings; chiefly from the harsh spirit of some of its agents, and the doctrinal errors of others; and we therefore thought it the fairest plan to the society, to lay its own documents before our readers, with favourable notices of the many things that were excellent, and honest intimations of those which appeared to us otherwise. A publication being now specifically devoted to the particular object of the RomanCatholic controversy, the society has judiciously arranged to circulate its intelligence through that channel; but we must say in Christian faithfulness, that it would have been impossible for us to have continued much longer, even partially, to recommend its proceedings, since it has become a medium for diffusing by means of its travelling missionary, Mr. Armstrong, and others of its agents, the wild, fanatical, and (but for the intention) we should say blasphemous notions which are now afloat, especially those which attribute a sinful nature to our adorable Redeemer, and the gibberish uttered under the name of unknown tongues, to the Holy Ghost. We see no use in again adverting—at least for the present-to the afflicting delusions
to which N. refers : they are, we trust, fast working their own cure, at least, where cure is possible. Even Mr. Irving, it is stated, has at length seen it necessary to forbid these melancholy exhibitions in public, and to confine them to the few who may assemble to witness them before sun-rise on a winter's morning. We think the restriction very judicious ; though upon Mr. Irving's principles we see not how he can justify it : for if the work be really of the Holy Ghost, he ought to allow it to take its course in spite of alleged danger, imposture, or satanic impediment. Some specimens of the pretended miraculous addresses have been sent us, which are such mere wild rhapsody that we shall not insert them. The uni. versity of Cambridge has invited the attention of its members to “ the intent and use of the gift of tongues in the Christian dispensation," by making it the thesis for the Norrisian essay.
QUESTIONS DISCUSSED BY A CLERICAL What are the obligations to, and SOCIETY,
advantages of, solitude ?
What improvement can be made (Continued from p. 651.)
of the news from France ? (1792.) WHAT is to be understood by The prominent features of the enhabits of grace?
mity of the carnal mind. How shall we preach Christ with- What are the characteristic effects out derogating from the honour of of faithful preaching? the Father and the Holy Ghost ? What is the true criterion of reli
By what arguments may we best gious friendship? support the mind against the attacks What are the wood, hay, and of infidelity?
stubble that will be burnt up at What is the scriptural view of the last ? Millennium ?
What is the Christian's duty in a What is the criterion of sanctified time of civil contention ? affliction ?
What is the use and what the What is meant by rightly dividing abuse of festivals ? the word of truth?
What is the respect of persons What part ought a Christian and which the Scriptures censure ? a minister to take in the present How far is faith its own eviquestion of the slave trade? (1792.) dence ?
What is meant by the difference What is the best method of studywhich the Apostle makes between ing Scripture ? milk and strong meat ?
What constitutes a decided reli. What plan of preaching would St. gious character ? Paul pursue in London at this time? What are the signs of the times ? (1792.)
The causes, effects and cure of The nature, bad effects, and cure envy. of indolence, especially in ministers. How shall we best improve the
In what cases is it wise to be approaching fast? (1793.) silent? and in what cases is it sinful (We omit similar questions which to be silent?
occur on similar days.] In what sense is Wisdom justified How have ministers of the Gospel of her children?
contributed to increase the offence of Who are they who preach salva- the Cross ? tion freely by God's grace, and who What customs have been intro, are the counterfeits ?
duced in the late revivals of religion Why does a believer groan ? and which are reprehensible ? what does he wait for ?
What will justify the refusal of a How shall a young man cleanse pulpit ? his ways ?
In what does Divine illumination CHRIST, OBSERV, No. 360.
differ from the highest natural at- jectures with respect to the unseen tainments ?
world? Does St. Paul discountenance What are the natural, moral, and marriage except in times of perse- evangelical restraints of evil? cution ?
What is the efficacy of the Sacra. The advantages and disadvantages ments ? of human learning in the ministerial What are the ordinary workings office ?
of sin in ministers ? What is the modern progress of The best mode of distributing infidelity?
charity. In what way does God ordinarily How to treat the world as it is, speak peace to the disconsolate soul without justly disgusting the people
What observable declension is of the world. there in the present administration What are the feelings which a of the Gospel ; with its causes and minister should have towards his cure ?
people, and how are they to be ats What rules can be laid down tained ? respecting borrowing and lending How shall we know when we exmoney?
ercise grace in performing duties ? How far may a person engage in The present consequences of piety a business which involves pernicious and impiety. consequences ?
What are the origin and effects What is the best mode of con- of what is called “ the methodistic ducting public worship?
style of preaching ?” What is the wisdom of words What is the right way of reconwhich St. Paul rejected lest the Cross ciling St. Paul and St. James on the should become of none effect? subject of justification ?
What is the criterion of a blessing How far Christ as a preacher is a obtained under the preaching of the model for ministers. Gospel ?
What was the nature of the ApoHow far ought we to yield to our stles' faith previous to the descent of bodily infirmities ? and how may we the Holy Ghost? best derive spiritual edification from What are the marks of a selfish them?
character ? How is it that men are so ignorant Upon what grounds may a man of themselves as to the motives of conclude himself to be a Christian ? their conduct ?
Wherein are the best moral chaHow far may a parish minister racters defective and erroneous ? interfere in parochial matters ?
What is the best mode of con. In what cases can a minister of ducting religious meditation ? the Church of England be justified On what grounds is religion in departing from the established cus- charged with a tendency to produce toms of the church?
madness? The advantages and disadvantages How far is it a minister's duty to of extempore preaching.
urge the reasons why Christ must How far should a minister's private needs suffer? feelings influence him in his public How shall we best introduce reministry?
ligious discourse in miscellaneous How shall we distinguish Satan's company? delusions from the corruptions of the What is the nature of that comhuman heart?
munion with God which all true What concessions may the mi- Christians enjoy in this present life? nisters of the Gospel make to the How can we improve the begincustoms of polite life?
ning of the ensuing year in the What light does the Scripture present posture of affairs (1794) ? afford to assist and regulate our con- What is that character in a minister which is suited to make a understanding takes the lead in religood impression on his people? gion ?
What do we now see to have What ministry is likely to form been our principal faults and errors a growing Christian? that which when we set out in our Christian dwells much upon the objects procourse?
ducing the graces, or that which What is it for a professor of reli- describes the graces of Christianity gion to walk disorderly; and how themselves ? are we to withdraw ourselves from How shall we know an event to such a one ?
be an answer to prayer? What is the internal evidence of What are the meaning and extent Christianity which every believer of the promise, “ Sin shall not have possesses ?
dominion over you ?" Has the Spirit of Prophecy ceased? What is the proper use of the : Which is the greater evil, covet- argumentum ad verecundiam ?. ousness or prodigality ?
How far is our Lord's Sermon on : How are we to understand the the Mount a model for evangelical Apostle's exhortation, “ Let no man preachers ? seek his own, but every man ano- In what instances do men deceive ther's wealth ?” (1 Cor. x. 24.) themselves by the semblance of
What are the impediments which Christian graces ? prevent real believers from discover- With what propriety, and in what ing their interest in Christ? mode, may a mission to the heathen
What is the proper idea of natural be attempted by the Established religion ?
Church? (1796.) What are the proper amusements Whether our good works will add and rewards of children?
to the degree of our future glory. What rule should a Christian ob- What is preaching with the deserve respecting continuing in, or monstration of the Spirit and power, changing, his present situation ? as contradistinguished by St. Paul
What are the impediments of an from“ enticing words of man's wis. external kind which act against the dom?" influence of sermons ?
What influence ought a minister's How far the government of the particular situation to have upon
his thoughts, or mental discipline, is conduct ? practicable or necessary.
What scriptural ground is there In what evangelical humiliation for the modern notion of universal consists, and the means of it? salvation ?
What are the advantages and dis- What is to be understood by the advantages attending the different leadings of Providence ? modes of appointing ministers ? How far the preaching of the
What is the ground and character Apostles is an example to us. of false joy in the prospect of death? What is the characteristic of the
The causes and cure of obstruc- present professing world ? (1796.) tions in prayer and other religious What are the origin, progress, and services.
effects of modern Antinomianism, What are the earnest, witness, and the best method of counteractand seal of the Holy Spirit ?
ing it? What are the best means of re- What are the most essential and moving the difficulties of a sincere useful points of Christian doctrine to inquirer after truth, respecting the be insisted upon in public preaching? peculiar doctrines of the Gospel ? Whether is it more difficult to do
How is the exercise of private or to suffer the will of God? friendship consistent with loving How far are our opinions in things our neighbour as ourselves ? secular and religious influenced by
In what sense is it true that the our temperament and situations ?