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to “prevail in the matter,” we do are we aware, that there was pot understand ; as we should have royal injunction on the occasion. We concluded there would naturally be should rather think not, as there hapan order for the one province as well pen to be before us at this moment as the other ; but possibly there ex- two distinct forms; one issued by the isted some local jealousies, the then Bishop of Ely for his cathedral and recent union of the two provinces; diocese; and the other by Bishop under one temporal head of the Grindal, which we presume was church might be liable to friction in for the diocese of London, but intendits machinery, like the union of Eng. ed as a model for other dioceses. land and Ireland, and formerly of It consisted of a hymn composed of England and Wales, or Scotland. verses from the Psalms, and a thanksOur reason, however, for mentioning giving ; both which secretary Cecil the province of York is for the sake assiduously revised and corrected in of quoting a passage from Whitting- the manuscript. We should as little ham, Dean of Durham, in a letter think of seeing a modern Secretary which he wrote to Cecil respecting of State thus employed, as of a Dean the observance of the Queen's injunc- adding to his other duties by teachtion, and the general course of pro- ing charity children four hours daily. ceeding in his cathedral and city. He We copy a short passage, to shew the says :
spiritual turn which Grindal gave to “First, in the morning at six of the his composition. After thanking God clock, the grammar school and song for the ceasing of the plague, and all school, with all the servants of the his other mercies, he adds : house resort to prayers into the church. “We beseech thee to perfect the Which exercise continueth almost work, of thy mercy graciously begun half an hour. At nine of the clock in us; and forasmuch as true health we have our ordinary service; and is to be sound and whole in that part likewise at three afternoon. The which in us is most excellent, and Wednesdays and Fridays are ap- like to thy Godhead, we pray Thee pointed to a general fast, with pray- thoroughly to cure and heal the ers and preaching of God's word. wounds and diseases of our souls, The Sundays and holidays before grievously wounded and poisoned by noon, we have sermons; and at after the daily assaults and infections of noon the Catechism is expounded. the old serpent Satan with the deadBecause we lack an able schoolmasterly plagues of sin and wickedness ; I bestow daily three or four hours in by the which inward infection of teaching the youth, till God provide us our minds, these outward diseases of of some that may better suffice. The our bodies have by the order of thy people in the country are very docile, justice, O Lord, issued and followed, and willing to hear God's word; but &c." the town is very stiff, notwithstand- We now break off our notices, ing they be handled with all lenity but we hope to resume them in our and gentleness. The best hope I next Number. Our state prayers, have, that now of late they begin to after the occasion ceases, are thrown resort more diligently to the sermons aside, and after a lapse of time are and service. God make us all pro- not easily recoverable; at least they fitable setters forth of his glory, and were not, when there were fewer vepreserve long, bless, and direct your hicles of preservation than at present. honour to his glory and all our com
Dr. Niblock has spent twenty years forts.”
in forming his valuable and matchIt pleased God to remove the cala- less, though still imperfect, collection; mity, and thanksgivings were offered and we cannot better repay his courup in the churches: whether through- tesy in favouring us with the use of out all the dioceses, or only in some it, than in exhibiting the nature of of them, we cannot ascertain ; nor its contents to our readers; only 800 Queen of Scots Prayer -- Bristol - Review of Scott's Continuation of (APP. requesting in return, that they will communicate to the lender any forms “ In this last solemn and tremendous
hour, not yet in his possession, the titles of which he has already specified in
My Lord, my Saviour, I invoke thy
power! our volumes. The passages which In these sad pangs of anguish and of we have copied are not to be gene
death, rally met with; and we think them Receive, O Lord, thy suppliant's parting
breath! not only of sufficient intrinsic value Before thy hallowed cross she prostrate to reward perusal; but they will lies; serve as materials for forming a judg- O hear her prayers, commiserate her ment of the state of religion at diffe
sighs ! rent times of our ecclesiastical his
Extend thy arms of mercy and of love,
And bear her to thy peaceful realms tory. May they also be mentally above."
GALWAY. adopted by the reader, and heard and answered in this present exigence, by a merciful God and Father.
For the Christian Observer.
THE CATASTROPHE OF BRISTOL.
LONELY beside my cottage hearth I sate, METRICAL VERSIONS OF MARY QUEEN Loud howld the storm, and upward from OF SCOTS' PRAYER.
With hollow murmur, swept the midnight We have received several metrical Methought, deep musing on my country's
gale: versions, besides those
fate, already printed, of Mary Queen of Of coming evils and a falling state, Scots' prayer. We insert two-the
With voice prophetic of a people's wail,
The wild wind to the spirit told the tale: first original, the second copied from Methought, with stirring passions' fierce Miss Seward's Anecdotes, which debate, we think will be sufficient.
And mighty echoes of a nation's rage My Lord and my God, I have hoped Clamorous for change, its breezes loaded
in thee, O Jesus, beloved, now liberate me!
Of burning cities and a vault of flame In this hard galling chain, in this harass- It seemid to speak, and din of arms. ing pain,
Assuage, My desire is to thee!
Great God! my country's woes; let disIn languishing, groaning, and bending the
cord cease, knee,
Bid faction's voice be dumb, and all be I pray, I implore thee, to liberate me!” peace.
W. L. N.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
REVIEW OF scott's THIRD VOLUME. least of all of the distinguished person
whom Mr. Scott .presents to our (Concluded from p. 761 of Dec. No.)
notice. As Christians and Pro. We now turn with eagerness to the testants, our code of faith is in the second division of this volume : we Bible, and not in any human intersay with eagerness, because we can- pretation of it, however in the main not but hail the appearance of an sound and excellent. On what is impartial history of one of the great. termed the Calvinistic controversy, est and most calumniated names of we have seldom touched but as mothe Reformed churches. While we derators between good men, who, admire the grace of God in many of holding different opinions on it, have the leaders of the Reformation, we not been always sufficiently ready are partizans of none of them, and to weigh with calmness each other's
conscientious difficulties. We have he was stored-his unwearied dili. ever considered the grand vital gence and ceaseless promptitude in truths of the Gospel in the fall difficulties – his remarkable faculty of man, and his destitution of every as a preacher-the amazing extent of thing spiritually good—in the meri- his correspondence-his surpassing torious cross of our Divine Lord, merit as a commentator on the Scripand justification through faith only tures—his firmness and tact as a in his obedience unto death-in the leader in the free state where his regenerating and sanctifying opera- influence was so predominant—the tion of the Holy Ghost, and the very position of that small republic fruits of faith and love, of holy tem. on the borders of France and at the pers, words, and works--and in the entrance on Italy—the refuge which ascription of our salvation, from first it afforded to the persecuted Proto last, to the merciful will of God testants in that division of Europe, our Heavenly Father, and not to our the systematic form which he gave own works or deservings-as, inde- to the newly asserted theology of pendent of the particular manner in Luther and Zuingle, and his noble which the depths of the Divine coun- defence of that general scheme of cils may appear to different minds doctrine, which identified it with to be most Scripturally explained. the Reformation itself as opposed to We enter, therefore, on the division the mass of superstition, ignorance, before us with unbiassed judgment; and false worship maintained by the and shall proceed to invite the atten- Church and Bishop of Rome; these tion of our readers to the state of the things account for the elevation to Reformation in Geneva, when Calvin which he has been raised, and acappeared – to some of the chief cir- count also for the eager controversy cumstances of his life-to the case which has since disputed many of of Servetus, which is generally con- his positions and doctrines. As sidered as pressing most painfully respects our own church, the conon his memory—and to the in- troversy became naturalized among structive and interesting account of us by the intercourse of the Rehis closing days Some reflections formers with each other; the imporon particular points in his theology tation of some of the continental ones will naturally follow; the whole to our own shores, and the residence being intermingled with such re- of some of our own on the continent marks on our author's execution of during the Marian troubles; and in these several branches of his labour particular by the correspondence as may occur to us.
which some of our most eminent But we must first offer a single ecclesiastics held with Calvin himobservation on the preliminary in- self, and the deference which they quiry, how it has come to pass that so ever paid to his brotherly sugmuch interest should have attached gestions. All this will, we hope, itself to the name of Calvin : how become more apparent as we proit has occurred that, after nearly ceed with our remarks in the order three centuries, we seem in all the which we have suggested. asperity of a recent controversy We commence with the date of respecting him: how his name, and the Reformation in Geneva, when theology, and history have acquired Calvin entered on his labours in such an intense attraction and been that city. It is frequently asserted the centre of such eager dispute. that he was thie Reformer of Geneva;
The truth we conceive to be, and in popular language this is true. that the time when he appeared, the But Mr. Scott proves that four years strong and commanding cast of his before Calvin came there, or ever talents--the depth of his personal thought of making it the place of piety-his undaunted courage the his residence, the blessed truths of large furniture of learning with which the Gospel had begun to make their Curat. OBSERS,
way in that city. The twenty-se- was ended, her courage was so much incond chapter of this volume, which creased that she ventured to speak to him, gives an account of the establish- and to ask if he was satisfied of the truth
of what he had delivered ? He replied that ment of the Reformation there, from he was ready to maintain it. She asked, the tendencies towards that event in Could he prove it from the Gospel ? On 1526, to its final triumph and legal his answering in the affirmative, she furrecognition in 1535, which latter ther inquired, with respect to the mass,
Was it not founded in Scripture ? He asdate was itself a full year before sured her that neither the name nor the Calvin arrived, is a most interest thing was to be found in the New Testaing and affecting narrative. Here ment, She inquired, Was that book from we meet again with Farel. The
which he bad taken his text the New
Testament? and, being told that it was, year 1532 was the era of the effec. she begged that he would permit her to tual introduction of the Gospel, read it. The loan of the book being chiefly by means of that remarkable granted, she shut herself up in her chamman, assisted by Froment, Bouquet,
ber, and, scarcely allowing herself time
to take refreshment, did nothing for some Olivetan, and Viret. Again and
days but read the sacred volume. The again was he banished from the more she read, the more were her admiraplace; but he returned as facilities
tion and the ardour of her soul excited. were presented, or urged others to
She wept abundantly : she prayed : she
discovered her errors, and renounced her do so, and in the interval kept alive superstitions. At the end of three days by his correspondence the sacred she sent for Froment to her house ; she cause.
conferred with him; and, after having As an illustration of the scenes in again heard him preach, she avowed her
reception of the evangelical doctrine, blesswhich the early annals of the Refor. ing God most earnestly for having thus mation abound, we will cite one ex- enlightened her with the knowledge of his ample of conversion under Froment, truth. Nor was this all : she gained over whom Farel had induced to go to
her husband, who had been no less bigot
ed than herself, and others of her relaGeneva as a schoolmaster, and who tions; and abounded in all the offices of soon drew around him a considerable Christian charity and kindness to those number of hearers of all ages and of who suffered for their religion's sake.” either sex.
pp. 270-272. “ One instance of remarkable conver- One step succeeded another. The sion, by the joint means of the preaching tyranny and ambition of the popish of Froment and the reading of the Seripa bishop of Geneva--the infamous tures, is recorded. The priests had spread among the ignorant and superstitious peo- vices of many of the priests—the ple the idea that the teachers of the new treachery of the duke of Savoydoctrines were no other than magicians, and the opposite councils of the who had hosts of evil spirits at their command to accomplish their purposes. This
cantons of Berne and Friburg, all notion had taken full possession of the contributed to the result; but the mind, among others, of a Genevese lady main instruments were the Bible of the name of Glaudine ; so that, re- translated and circulated, and the garding Froment as an arch-sorcerer, sbe resisted all the solicitations of those who great truths of that inspired volume, would have had her go to hear him. At proclaimed and preached with fidelength, however, she suffered her curio- lity and zeal by Farel and his bresity and the solicitations of her friends to thren. It is curious to observe the overcome her fears, and she resolved for instinctive horror of the Scriptures ence to visit his preaching-room-using which the partizans of Popery bethe precaution to fortify herself by every preservative against enchantment, such as trayed. The first French version of the Agnus Dei, relics, crossings, and the the New Testament appeared at like. Thus protected she entered the Geneva in 1533, and was allowed room, and placing herself in front of the preacher, repeatedly traced upon her per- by the Council, who also ordered son the sign of the cross, and ardently that “only the Gospel should be commended herself to God and to the preached, and nothing delivered care of the saints.
On listening to Fro- from the pulpit which could not be ment, her first feeling was that of surprise at hearing nothing which savoured proved from Scripture.” A mandate of incantation. By the time his discourse from the Bishop was then issued,
which he desired to have published curse of God, and must seek out of himwith the sound of the trumpet,' prohibit- self in another) for salvation_namely, ing the reading of the Scriptures in the (Art. 6, 7) in Christ. Art. 8: · By the vulgar tongue.' It was followed the be- Spirit of Christ we are regenerated to a ginning of the next year by one from his new and spiritual nature : that is, the evil grand vicar, commanding all persons who concupiscences of our flesh are mortified possessed copies of the Bible, either in by his grace, so that they no more reign the French or the German tongue, 'to in us; and on the contrary our will is burn them immediately, under pain of rendered conformable to that of God, to excommunication. But it was now too follow his way, and seek those things late to issue such injunctions at Geneva : which are pleasing to him.' Art. 9: • This and the impious order only produced effects regeneration is (only) so far effected, that, the reverse of those which were intended. even till we are delivered from this mortal But well may the historian (Ruchat) de- body, there remain always in us great immand, • Was ever such a proceeding heard perfection and infirmity: so that we are of among the followers of Mohammed or ever poor and miserable sinners before Zoroaster, or under any other profession God.... We have therefore always need of of religion? It has been reserved exclu- tbe mercy of God for the remission of sively for men calling themselves Chris- our faults and offences; and must contian priests, but who are assuredly wolves stantly seek our righteousness in Christ, in sheep's clothing, to command the books and not in ourselves, and repose and aswhich they themselves acknowledge as sure ourselves in him, attributing nothing sacred-God's merciful gift to mankind to to our own works.' Art. 10: • And to teach them the way to eternal life—to be the end that all the glory and praise may committed to the flames. Yet such atro- (as they are due) be given to God, and cities have been renewed in our own days. that we may enjoy true repose and peace (Mr. Scott says in a note, “and we may of conscience; we understand and confess add, in our's also."] Infidels will surely that we receive all the above recited berise up in the judgment against such Chris- nefits from God by his mercy and grace tians, and will condemn them.” p. 280. alone, without any consideration of our
It was on the first of March, 1534, deserts, or of the merit of our works—to that Farel was conducted by a nu
which no other reward is due than eternal
confusion. Nevertheless our (gracious) merous body of the citizens to the God, having of his goodness received us convent of the Franciscans, and in to the communion of his Son Jesus Christ, their church for the first time pub. accepts the works which we do in faith as licly preached the doctrines of the pleasant and agreeable to him : not that Reformation. The see of Geneva they merit this, but that he does not im
pute to us their imperfection, but recogwas declared vacant by the Council nises only what proceeds from his Spirit. in the September of that year; a Art
. 11, The public disputation took place in for us to the enjoyment of so great treaMay, 1535; and the Reformation faith—when in sure affiance and confidence was established by a public edict of heart we believe the promises of the the 27th of the following August. Gospel, and receive Jesus Christ as he is The Confession of Faith, drawn presented to us by the Father, and de
scribed to us by the word of God.'” pp. up by Farel, was sanctioned by the
311-313. Council the next year, from which we must give the following abstract,
We may well here pause, to adore that it
be seen what foundations the wisdom and grace of God which the Reformers uniformly laid. thus prepared the way for the la“ It was comprised in twenty-one ar
bours of Calvin, by men perhaps more ticles. In article 3, the law of God is adapted than himself for that partiasserted to be the only rule of life, and cular work; and which, so far as we exclusively to have authority over the conscience: 'and the Ten Commandments
can judge, he was incapable of ef. are given as a summary of it. Art. 4. fecting; just as they would have Man is acknowledged to be by nature been inadequate to that consoli. • blinded in his understanding, and full of dation and defence of the whole corruption and perverseness of heart : so that of himself he has no power to attain
cause of pure religion, which he for the true knowledge of God, or to give nearly thirty years carried on, and himself to good works : but, on the con- then resigned to the able hands of trary, if left to himself he can only con- his disciple and fellow-labourer, all iniquity.' Hence, Art. 5, he can in Leza. Nor can we fail to notice himself expect nothing but the wrath and the concurrence of events in the