Liberty, Retrenchment and Reform: Popular Liberalism in the Age of Gladstone, 1860-1880
Cambridge University Press, 1992 - 476 pages
In common with republicanism or socialism in continental Europe, Liberalism in nineteenth-century Britain was a mass movement. By focussing on the period between the 1860s and the 1880s, this book sets out to explain why and how that happened, and to examine the people who supported it, their beliefs, and the way in which the latter related to one another and to reality. Popular suport for the Liberal party was not irrational in either its objectives or its motivations: on the contrary, its dissemination was due to the fact that the programme of reforms proposed by the party leaders offered convincing solutions to some of the problems perceived as being the most urgent at the time. This is a revealing, innovative synthesis of the history of popular support for the Liberal party, which emphasises the extent to which Liberalism stood in the common heritage of European and American democracy.
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agricultural labourers anti-clerical Arch Artisans Biagini and Reid Bill Bishopsgate Institute Bradlaugh Britain British Burt candidate Chartist Chronicle Church classes Co-operation constitution Cowen Currents of Radicalism democracy democratic Demonstration Disestablishment Durham Miners economic Education Election electoral England English Labourers fact franchise free trade Gladstone Gladstone's Gladstonian Harrison household franchise Howell Coll Ibid Irish J. S. Mill John Bright Joseph Arch labour movement Labour Representation League land leaders Lib-lab Liberal party liberty Littlejohn Lloyd Jones London manhood suffrage Meeting Morpeth National Newcastle newspapers Nonconformist Northumbrian organized Parliament Parliamentary plebeian radicals popular liberalism popular radicalism programme question Reform League Reid eds religious resolution school boards Sept social Socialists Society speech taxation Thesis Thomas Burt Tory trade union Victorian vote W. E. Gladstone workers working-class radicals