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tuted by God', to represent Christ and his bene. fits; and to confirm our interest in him'; as also to put a visible difference between those that belong unto the church, and the rest of the world"; and folemnly to engage them to the service of God in Chrift, according to his word.
II. There is in every facrament a fpiritual relation, or facramental union, between the
b Mat, 28. 19. Go ye there. thee, and will keep the pafffore and teach all nations, bap- over to the Lord, let all his tizing them in the name of the males be circumcised, and Father, and of the Son, and then let him come near and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. 11. keep it; and he shall be as 23. For I have received of the one that is born in the land: Lord, that which also I have de- for no uncircumcised person livered unto you, that the Lord fall eat thereof. I Cor. 5. Jesus, the same night in which 25. Ye cannot drink the cup he was betrayed, took bread. of the Lord, and the cup of
ci Cos, 10. 16. The cup devils, ye cannot be partakers of blessing which we bless is of the Lord's table, and of the it not the communion of the table of devils. blood of Christ ? The bread c Rom. 6. 3. Know ye not, which we break, is it not the that so many of us as were communion of the body of baptized into Jesus Chrift were Christ? I Cor. 11. 25. After baptized into his death? verse the fame manner also he took 4. Therefore we are buried the cup, when he had fupped, with him by baptism into faying, This cup is the New death; that like as Christ was Teftament in my blood: This raised up from the dead by the do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in glory of the Father, even fo remembrance of me, ver. 26. we also should walk in newFor as often as ye eat this ness of life. I Cor. 10. 16, bread, and drink i his cup, ye The cup of blessing which we do shew the Lord's death till bless, is it not the communion he come. Gal. 3. 27. For as
of the blood of Chrift? The many of you as have been bap- bread which we break, is it tized into Christ, have put on
not the communion of the bo. Christ.
dy of Christ? verse 2. But d Exod. 12. 28. And when were all baptized unto Moses a ftranger fhall sojourn with in the cloud and in the sea,
sign and the thing hgnified; whence it comes to pafs, that the names and effects of the one, are attributed to the other'.
III. The grace which is exhibited in, or by the facraments, rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them; neither deth the efficacy of a facrament depend upon the piety or intention of him that doth adminifter it, but upon the work of the Spirit", and the word of institution, which contains, together with a precept authorising the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receivers'.
11. f 'Gen, 17. TO. This i heart, in the spirit, and not my covenant, which ye thall in the letter, n hofe praife is seep berween me and you, not of men, båt of God. i Pét. and thy feed after thee: Every 3. 21. The like figure whereman child among you, Thai unto, even baptism, doch also be circumcised. Mat. 26. 27, now save 46, (not the putting 28. And he took the cup, and away of the filth of the flesh, gave thanks, and gave it to but the answer of a good conthem, saying, Drink ye all of science towards God) by the it - For this is my blood of resurrection of Jesus Christ. the New Testament which is h Mar. 3. 11. lindeed bapMed for many for the remission tize you with water anto reof sins. Tit. 3. $. Not by pentance, but he that cometh works of righteoufness, which after nie, is mightier than 1, we have done, but according whose shoes I am not worthy to his '
mercy he saved us by 'to bear; he shall baptize you she washing of regeneration, with the Holy Ghost and with and renewing of the Holy fire. 1 Cor. 12. 13. For by Ghoft.
one Spirit are we all baptized III. g Rom. 2. 28, 29. For into one body, whether we be he is not a Jew, which is one Jews'or Gentiles, whether roe outwardly: neither is that be bond or frec; and have been circumcision, which is out, all made to drink into one ward in the flesh: But he is Spirit, a Jew which is one inwardly; i Mat. 26. 27, 28. Sec in and circumcision is "tbåt of the
IV. There be only two facraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospel, that is to say, baptism and the fupper of the Lord: neither of which may be dispensed by any, but by a minifter of the word, lawfully ordained".
V. The facraments of the Old Testament, in regard of the spiritual things thereby fignified and exhibited, were, for substance, the same with those of the New
letter f. Mat. 28. 19. See in that is called of God, as was letter b, verse: 20. Teaching Aaron. them to observe all things V. 1 1 Cor. 10. 1, 2, 3, 4. whatfnever I have commanded Moreover, brethren, I would you: and lo, I am with you not that ye should be ignorant, alway, even to the end of the how that all our fathers were world. Amen,
under the cloud, and all pafIV. k Mat. 28. 19. Go ye fed through the sea ;-and therefore and teach all nations, were all baptized unto Moses baptizing them in the name of in the cloud and in the fea:the Father, and of the Son, And did all eat the same spiand of the Holy Ghost. Cor. ritual meat ;--and did all 11. 20, 23. When ye come drink the same fpiritual drink; together therefore into one (for they drank of that fpiplace, this is not to cat the ritual rock that followed thcar Lord's Supper.- For have and that rock was Christ.) received of the Lord Jesus, that I Cor. 5. 7, 8. Purge out which also I delivered unto therefore the oid leaven, that you,
that the Lord Jesus, the ye may be a new lump, as ye fame night in which he was unleavened. For even betrayed took bread. I Cor. Christ our pafsover is facrificed 4. I.
Let a man fo account of for us. Therefore let us keep us, as of the minilters of the feast, not with old leaven, Chrift, and stewards of the neither with the leaven of mysteries of God. Heb. 5. malice and wickedness; but
And no man takerh this with the unleavened bread of honour unto himself, but he fincerity and truth.
CH A P. XXVIII.
APTISM is a facrament of the New Testa
ment, ordained by Jesus Christo, not only for the folemn admission of the party baptized into the visible church', but also to be unto him a sign and seal of the covenant of grace', of his ingrafting into Chrift", of regeneration', of remission of fins', and of his giving up unto God,
1. a Mat. 28. 19. Go ye are circumcised with the cirtherefore and teach all nasions cumcision made without hands, baptizing them in the name of in putting off the body of the the Father, and of the Son, fins of the flesh, by the cir. and of the Holy Ghoft. Mat. cumcision of Christ:---Buried 16. 16.
with him in baptism, wherein bi Cor. 12. 13. For by one also ye are rilen with him, Spirit are we all baptized into through the faith of the operone body, whether we be Jews ation of God, who hath raised or Gentiles, whether we be him from the dead. bond or free; and have been d Gal. 3. 17. For as many all made to drink into one Spi- of you as have been baptized rit. Gal. 3. 27, 28.
iuto Christ, have put c Rom. 4. II. And he re- Chrift. Rom. 6. 5. For if we ceived the sign of circumcision, have been planted together in a seal of the righteousness of the likeness of his death; we faith, which he had yet being shall be allo in the likeness of uncircumcised; that he might his resurrection. be the father of all them that e Tit. 3. 5. He saved us by believe, though they be not the washing of regeneration, circumcised: that righteouf- and renewing of the Holy ness might be imputed unto
Ghoft. them also. Compared with Col. f A&s 2. 38. Peter said, Re2. II, 12. In whom also ye pent and be baptized every one
shrough Jesus Christ, to walk in newness of life?: which facrament is, by Christ's own appointment, to be continued in his church until the end of the world'.
II. The outward element to be used in this facramentis water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoft, by a minister of the gospel, lawfully called thereunto'.
III. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary; but baptism is rightly administered by pouring, or sprinkling water, upon the person".
of you in the name of Jesus man forbid water that these Christ, for the remission of should not be baptized, which fins. Mark 1. 4. Acts 220 have received the Holy Ghoft. 16.
Acts 8. 36, 38. And as they g Rom. 6. 3, 4. Know ye went on their way, they came not, that so many of us as unto a certain water : and the were liaptized into Jesus Christ eunuch said, See here is water : were baptized into his death? what doth hinder me to be bap'Therefore we are buried with tized? And he commanded the him by baptism into death : chariot to stand fill: and they that like as Christ was raised went down both into the water, up from the dead by the glory both Philip and the eunuch; of the Father, even so we and he baptized him. Mat. 28. also should walk in newness of 19. Go ye therefore and teach lile,
all nations, baptizing them in h Mat. 28. 19, 20. · Go ye the name of the Father, and of therefore and teach all nations the son, and of the Holy baprizing them in the name Ghost. of che Father, and of the Son, III. k Ads 2. 41. Then they and of the Holy Ghoit;- reach that glacily received his word, ing them to observe all things were baptized; and the same whatsoever I have commanded day there were added unta you, and lo, I am with you them about three thousand souls. always, even urito the end of the Acts 16. 33. And he took world.
then the same hydr of the II. Ads 10. 47. Can any night, and washed peir Itripes