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inform them of the holy nature and will of God', and of their duty, binding them to walk · accordingly"; to convince them of their disability to keep it, and of the finful pollution of their nature, hearts and lives", to humble them in the fense of their fin and misery', and thereby help them to a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ', and of the perfection of his obedience.

Q. 96. What particular use is there of the moral law to unregenerate men?

A. The moral law is of use to unregenerate

v Lev. II 44. 45. For I am in no wise: for we have be. the Lord your God: ye fall fore proved both Jews and Gentherefore Sanctify yourselves, tiles, that they are all under and ye shall be holy; for I am sin. For all have finned, and holy. Lev. 20. 7 8. Rom. 7. come fort of the glory of God. 12. Wherefore the law is holy; Rom. 7. 9. 13. When the and the commandment holy commandment came, sin re. and just and good.

vived, and I died- That fin by w Jam. 2. 10, 11. For who- the commandment might besoever shall offend in one point, come exceeding finful. he is guilty of all. Mich. 6. 8. z Gal. 3. 21, 22. Is the law then What doth the Lord require of against the promises of God? thee, but to do juftiy, and to God forbid! For if there had love mercy, and to walk hunibly been a law given which could with thy God?

have given life, verily rightex Psa. 19. 11, 12. Moreover ousness should have been by the by them is thy servant waroed law. But the Scripture hath

- Who can understand his er. concluded all under fin, that rors ? Rom. 3. 20. For by the the promise by faith of Jesus law is the knowledge of fin. Christ might be given to them Kom. 7. 7. I had not known that helieve. fire, but by the law, for I had a Rom. 10. 4. For Christ is not known lust, except the law the end of the law for righ'e. had said, Thou shale not covet. ousness to cvery one that be

y Rom. 3. ), 23. What then? lieveth. Are we better than they? No,

men, to awaken their consciences to flee from the wrath to come", and to drive them to Chrifto ; Or, upon their continuance in the estate and way of fin, to leave them inexcusable", and under the curse thereof.

Q. 97. What special use is there of the moral law to the regenerate ?

A. Although they that are regenerate and believe in Chrift, be delivered from the moral law as a covenant of works", so as thereby they are neither justified nor condemned": Yet, beside the general uses thereof common to them with all men, it is of special use, to shew them how much they are bound to Chrift for his fulfilling it, and enduring the curse thereof in their stead

b 1 Tim. 1:9, 10. Knowing him who is raised from the this that the law is not made dead, that we should bring for a righteous man, but for the forth fruit unto God; but now lawless and disobedient, for ihe we are delivered from the law,' ungodly and sinners, &c. Rom, that being dead wherein we 7. 9.

were held: that we should c Gal. 3. 24. Wherefore the serve in newness of spirit, and law was our schoolmaster to not in the oldness of the letter. bring us unto Christ, that we And 6. 14, For ye are not unmight be justified by faith. under the law, but under

d Rom. 1. 20, So that they grace. are without excuse. Compared g Rom. 3. 20 Therefore with Rom. 2. 15.

by the deeds of the law there e Gal. 3. 10.

For as many shall no flesh be justified in his as are of the works of the law fight. are under the curse.

h Rom. 8. 1, 33, 34. There f Rom 7. 4. 6. Wherefore is therefore now no condemnamy brethren, ye also are he- tion to them that are in Chrift come dead to the law by the Jesus : Who is he that conbody of Christ; that ye should demneth? be married to another, even to

and for their good'; and thereby to provoke them to more thankfulnessk, and to express the fame in their greater care to conform themselves thereunto as the rule of their obedience'.

Q. 98. Wherein is the moral law fummarily comprehended?

A. The moral law is fummarily comprehended in the ten commandments, which were delivered by the voice of God upon mount Sinai, and written by him on two tables of stone"; and are recorded in the twentieth chapter of Exodus. The four first commandments containing our duty to God, and the other-fix cur duty to man".

for us.

i Gal. 3. 13, 14. Christ hath I Rom. 7. 22. For I delight redeemed us from the curse of in the law of God, after the the law, being made a curse inward man. Tit. 2. 11. 12,

That we might receive 13, 14. For the grace of God the promise of the Spirit thro' that bringeth salvation, hath faith. Rom. 8. 3, 4. For what appeared to all men, teach. the law could not do, in that ing us that denying upgodit was weak through the flesh, liness, and worldly lufts, we God sending his own Son in the should live soberly, rightelikeness of linful flesh, and for ously, and godly in this present fin condemned fin in the flesh; world; looking for that blessed that the righteousness of the hope, and the glorious appearlaw might be fulfilled in us. ing of the great God, and our 2 Cor. 5. 21.

Saviour Jesus Chrift; who gave k Col. I. 12, 13, 14. Giving himself for us, that he might thanks unto the Father, who redeem us from all iniquity, and hath made us meet to be par- purify unto himself a peculiar takers of the inheritance of the people, zealous of good works, faints in light : Who hath de. Rom. 12. 2. livered us from the power of m Deut. 10. 4. And he wrote darkness, and hath translated upon the tables, according to us into the kingdom of his dear the first writing, the ten com. Son: In whom we have re- mandnients Exod. 34. 1, 2, demption through his blood, 3, 4. even the forgiveness of sins, n Mat. 22. 37, 38, 39. 40. Luke 1, 68, 69, 74, 75.

Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt

Q. 99. What rules are to be observed for the right understanding of the ten commandments?

A. For the right understanding of the ten commandments, these rules are to be observed;

1. That the law is perfect, and bindeth every one to full conformity in the whole man unto the righteousness thereof, and unto entire obedience for ever; so as to require the utmost perfection of every duty, and to forbid the least degree of every sino.

2. That it is spiritual, and so reacheth the understanding, will, affections, and all other powers of the soul; as well as words, works, and gestures”.

3. That one and the same thing, in divers respects, is required or forbidden in several commandments?

love the Lord thy God with tеry with her already in his all thy heart, and with all thy heart. But let your communifoul, and with all thy mind. cation be, yea, yea; nay, nay: This is the first and great com:

for whatsoever is more than mandment. And the second these cometh of evil. But I say is like unto it, Thou shalt love unto you, Love your enemies, thy neighbour as thyself. On bless them that iurse you, do these two commandnients hang good to them that hate you, and all the law and the prophets. pray for them that delpitefully

o Pfal. 19. 7. The law of use you, and perfecute you. the Lord is perfect. Jan. 2. 10. p Rom. 7. 14. For we know For whosoever shall keep the that the law is spiritual. Deut. whole law, and yet offend in 6.5. Thou shalt love the Lord one point, he is guilty of all. thy God with all thy heart, Mat. 5. 20. to the end. Who- and with all tly foul, and with soever shall fay, (to his bro- all thy might. Mat. 22. 37, 38, ther) Thou fool, ihall be in 39. Mat. 12. 36, 37. danger of hell-fire. Whosoever q Coi. 3. 5.

Mortify there. looketh on a woman to lust af- fore your members which are ter her, hath committed adul- upon the earth : fornication,

4. That as, where a duty is commanded, the contrary sin is forbidden'; and where a fin is forbidden, the contrary duty is commanded": So, where a promise is annexed, the contrary threatening is included'; and, where a threaten. ing is annexed, the contrary promife is included'.

5. That what God forbids, is at no time to be done"; what he commands is always our

uncleanness, inordinate affec- Deut. 6. 13, Compared with tion, evil concupiscence, and Mat. 4. 9, 10. covetousness which is idolatry. s Eph. 4. 28. Let him that 1 Tim, 6. 8. For the love of stole, itcal no more, but rather money is the root of all evil; let him labour, &c. which while some coveted after, Exod. 20. 12 Honour thy they have erred from the faith, father and thy mother, that and pierced themselves through thy days may be long upon the with many forrows. Exod, 20. land which the Lord thy God 3, 4, 5. Amos 8, s.

giveth thee. Compared with rlla. 58. 13.

if thou turu Prov- 30. 17. The eye that away thy foot from the sabó mocketh at his father, and defbath, from doing thy pleasure pifeth to obey his mother, the on my holy day, and cail the ravens of the valley fhall pick fabbath a delight, the holy of it out, and the young eagles the Lord, honourable, and salt mail cat it. honour him, not doing thine v Jer. 18 7. At what instant own ways, nor finding thine I mall speak concerning a na. own pleasure, nor speaking tion, and concerning a king, thine own words. Mat. 15. 4, doni, to pluck up, and to pull 5, 6. For God commanded, down, and to destroy it: if saying, Honour thy father that nation against whom I and mother; and, he that have pronounced, turn from curseth father or mother, let their evil way, I will repent of him die the death. But ye say, the evil that I thought to do Whosoever thall say to his fa- unto them. Exod. 20. 7. Thou ther or his mother, It is a gift shalt not take the name of the by whatsoever thou mightest Lord thy God in vain ; for the be profited hy me, and honour Lord will not hold him guiltnot his father or his mother, he less chat taketh his name in vain. fall be free. Thus have ye Compared with Pfal. 15, 1, 4, made the commandment of God 5. and with Psal. 24. 4, 5. of none effect by your tradition. w Rom. 3. 8. And not ra

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