A&C Black, 7 janv. 2009 - 139 pages
Félix Ravaisson's seminal philosophical essay, Of Habit, was first published in French in 1838. It traces the origins and development of habit and proposes the principle of habit as the foundation of human nature. This metaphysics of habit steers a path between materialism and idealism in one of the best and most sophisticated treatments of the topic. Ravaisson's work was pivotal in the development of European thought and has had a significant influence on such key thinkers such as Proust, Bergson, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Derrida, and Deleuze.
This edition makes this important work available to an English-speaking audience for the first time. Clare Carlisle and Mark Sinclair provide a comprehensive introduction to Ravaisson's life, works, and enduring influence that clearly situates Ravaisson's text within the European philosophical tradition. The translation also includes a thorough commentary on the text that illuminates its arguments and its context.
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according action activity animal appear argues Aristotle becomes begins body c’est cause changement claim conception condition conscience consciousness constitutes continuity dans le desire determinate développe direction disposition distinction effect effort elements elle existence explained extension external fact Faculty feeling final force freedom functions gradually habit human idea immediate implies impression inclination increasingly influence instinct intelligence interval knowing knowledge l’action l’habitude less limits living Maine de Biran manifest means mechanical même ment mesure moral move movement n’est nature object obscure opposed organs origin particular passion passivity perception philosophy physical possible potentiality presents principle progress pure Ravaisson reflection relation remains repetition resistance seems sensation sense sensibility soul space sphere spontaneity succession temps tendency things Thinking thought tion touch tout transformed understanding unity volonté whole