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is more difficult to ascertain the « Lovest thou me ?"

genuinness of our love to Christ. It “LORD, thou knowest all things, is easy to be accounted for, that we thou knowest that I love thee,” should love those whom we have would be the answer of some: but seen, rather than those whom we it is not every Christian that can have not seen: in one case the affec-without hesitation adopt this lan- tions are aided by the senses, in the guage. There are many who would other that assistance is withdrawn, say, “Oft it causes anxious thought, and every thing depends on testido I love thee, Lord, or not?” Many mony only. Nothing do we know who are apt to question their love of God, but as he is revealed to us to Jesus, rather than avow it; and in his word; nothing of the Saviour, yet in various instances, these but what is testified of him by those humble-minded individuals afford who beheld his glory. Moral excelno less evidence of their sincerity lence is that which constitutes his than the former.

chief, his only glory: the love of May not this arise from the deep this is the love of God and of the consciousness they feel of their Saviour. own unworthiness, and of the weak- So great is the importance atness of their love, compared with tached to this affection, such intethe infinite worthiness of him who rests are involved; as may well is the object of it. Compared with render it a matter of the most anxiHIM, in whom are hid all the trea- ous solicitude. Whether I have any sures of wisdom and knowledge, all friendship with this, that, or the our wisdom is folly; placed before other person, may be of little conthe eyes of his purity, behold, we sequence; but whether I love are vile. Considering the greatness. Ther, oh my Saviour, is a point

is love to us, ours to him seems on which all my salvation depends! little better than criminal indiffer- Were it possible that our eternal ence. How often does it resemble interests depended on the love we the smoking flax, which seldom bear to any created object, clear kindles to a flame; and how mixed, and certain as we now are of the how debased, with the forbidden existence of such an affection, the or inordinate love of other objects ! consequences involved in it would

In some cases, the fear of not create a thousand doubts and perloving the Saviour may arise from plexities where none at present are the want of considering the various found to exist. The man who stands operations of that love, and what on yonder shore, and sees the vessel are its proper evidences. Some sailing into port, after a long and pious persons are ready to con- dangerous passage, can easily and clude that their love to Jesus cannot confidently anticipate her safe arribe sinceré, unless they feel that val; but he who occupies the same burning ardour and rapturous de- ground, and views the same object, light which would exclude the ex- but whose all is on board the vessel, istence or the influence of every feels innumerable anxieties to which other affection; not considering the other is necessarily a stranger. that love operates in a way of ap- And thou, oh heart, deceitful probation, as well as of grati- above all things, and desperately tude, and produces self-abhorrence wicked -- thou who hast so freequally with objective admiration. quently imposed on my credulity,

We are more easily assured of and soothed me with thy syren our attachment to visible and sensi- song shouldst thou deceive me as ble objects, than wecan be to those thou hast done, and give forth thy that are intellectual and invisible; sentence falsely-I am eternally and for this reason among others, it undone !


Theological Review.

A View of the Rise and Progress of such subscribing members, shall de

the Divisions in the Scots Church, termine the call and choice. The London Wall : including a Corres- vacancy is required to be filled up pondence between the Elders and a in six inonths from the time of its Committee of the Congregation : with taking place. int:oductory Observations on the ex- The death of Dr. Young on the culpatory Statement of the Vestry. 8th of Oct. 1813, having left the By the Rev. Archibald Barclay, congregation without a minister, four A.M. London: printed and sold or five respectable gentlemen came by J. Peck, Lombard Street. 1815. forward as candidates, and, agree8vo. pp. 200. Pr. 5s.

able to the tenour of the trust deed, This is one of the many publications fore the congregation, for the trial

preached on different sabbaths bewhich, had we been left to our own of their abilities; these were Messrs. choice, we should decline noticing ; Cunningham, Wilson, Finlayson, and but our judgment upon it, and also Dewar. A Mr. Burns also had exupon the proceedings which have oc

pressed a wish to preach, with a view casioned it, has been asked; and as

of becoming a candidate; but before we are totally unacquainted with the parties, and consequently have nei

an opportunity could be found of ther antipathies nor predilections to his abilities, the elders considered

giving the congregation a trial of gratify, we shall give it with the themselves called upon to make a strictest regard to impartiality. The Scots Church, London Wall, didate for the vacancy, and accord

return to the congregation of a canappears to have been founded early ingly, on March 27, 1814, (a fortin the year 1766, at which time “ A night before the six months were ex, Deed of Settlement” was drawn up; pired) they returned the Rev. Daniel and executed by the Rev. Robert Dewar for the choice of the subLawson, M. A. its first pastor, and scribers : and here commences all eight other persons acting as elders, the animosity and confusion that has (more properly deacons) and co-trus- since distracted and nearly ruined tees, having for its object the regu; the society. As there were at least lating and conducting the choice and three other candidates, it is manifest election of all future ministers and that, according to the “ Deed of Setpastors of the said congregation. Ac- tlement,” their names ought to have cording to this instrument, it was been mentioned along with Mr. Destipulated that, upon the death or

war's; and the omission very nadismission of their minister for the time being, the vacancy is to be de- turally infused into the minds of the clared to the congregation from the congregation an idea that “ the vespulpit, on the second or third Lord's: and deprive them of their right of

try” designed to forestall their choice day next after such vacancy took election. Mr. Barclay, the author of place,—that the elders and trustees the pamphlet before us, sarcastically shall have the power to propose and

remarks that nominate a candidate, or candidates,

“ This nomination of Mr. Dewar struck for supplying such vacancy-but that

every person in the congregation with the elders and trustees shall have astonishment, and excited no small degree no power or right to the calling or of carnal indignation against the elders election of any minister more than for the conscientious fidelity with which the rest, except only their right of they had discharged their duty. On this nominating; and that no person shall fatal day were sown the seeds of the calagive their voice or ballot for the mitous divisions, which, in spite of the

conciliating efforts of the vestry, exerted choice of a minister, unless they are

with the most unwearied perseverance, subscribers, (that is, persons who sub- have attained so stately a growth as to scribe to the support of the minis- overrun and desolate the church. ter, &c.) and were so at the vacancy “ It is in vain for the congregation to happening, and that a majority of say, that this kind of nomination annihi


lates the right of election vested in them augmented by the high degree of by the deed of settlement. With as much satisfaction which the congregation plausibility may it be said, that the kings recieved from the pulpit services of appointment of a bishop annihilates the

Mr. Rannie ; and the consequence right of election vested by the ecclesiastical constitution in the dean and chapter or was, that, finding themselves foiled a diocese. The king appoints or nomi- in their wishes of filling the vacancy nates the bishop, and the dean and chapter with Mr. Dewar, they vindictively elect him, and thus the rights of both par- resolved, if possible, to disappoint ties are preserved inviolate. This nomi- the congregation of Mr. Rannie, and nation, therefore, does not annihilate the to this motive the present minister right of election; it only limits it to one of London Wall owes his election ! person. The congregation, however, took But to return to the narrative the it into their heads that the elders were going to obtrude a minister upon t'em, and vestry, who, while Mr. Dewar's elecevery effort to quell the alarm, which this tion was pending, had shewn such idea had excited, proved utterly ineffec- laudable anxiety to have the vacancy tual. In vain did the vestry argue with filled, now lost all concern about the the most forcible reasoning; in vain did matter, entirely directing their efthey plead with the most melting pathos ; forts to prevent that of Mr. Rannie ; in vain did Dr. Nicol harangue with the and hence they resolved to lay themmost fervid eloquence: all their arguments selves fully open to the “ and all their oratory were insufficient to accidents.*

Chapter of

When the ides of March eradicate the impression that the elders had usurped a power which the charter

were passed, any frivolous pretext had not given them, and that they had would serve for an excuse to avoid

Mr. trampled upon the rights of the sub- bringing the matter to issue. scribers."

Rannie, for full proof of his abilities,

was requested to preach sixteen ser: Such was the state of things in the mons, though from other candidates interval between the 27th of March, two were considered sufficient ! Mr. the day on which Mr. Dewar was R. perceiving the drift of the vestry nominated, and the 8th of April, on in this and various other maneuvres, which it was intended that the va- prudently withdrew himself, and recancy should be filled up: but during turned home, leaving his cause in this period two fresh candidates ar- the hands of his friends. rived from the North, viz. a Mr. There appears to bave existed an Burns, from Paisley, and a Mr. Ran- unaccountable repugnance on the nie, from Banff; an unfortunate oc- part of the vestry, to nominate Mr. currence, which entirely frustrated Rannie as a candidate for this vacanthe scheme of the vestry, and dis- cy; and hence several months were appointed them of their favourite suffered to elapse before any further candidate, Mr. Dewar. The gentle- steps were taken, though a commen brought with them such hon- mittee, which had been formed by ourable testimonials of their charac- the congregation for the purpose of ter and talents (Mr. Rannie in parti- managing their interest in this affair, cular) from the principal Professors were continually goading them to and Clergymen in Scotland to whom bring the matter to issue. On the they were well known, that, in spite 23rd of October, however, it was inof all their efforts to the contrary, timated from the pulpit, that the the vestry were obliged to yield to elders had appointed the 2d of Nothe voice of the congregation, and vember for the congregation to degrant a trial of their abilities. This cide on Mr. Rannie's pretensions to prevented the election from taking be put in nomination as a candidate, place on the 8th of April, as intend- and the 7th of December for the ed; and to make bad worse, an eligi- election of a minister. But here a ble station in Aberdeen being at the new catastrophe, of a very singular moment offered to Mr. Dewar, he na re, opens upon us.

No sooner wisely accepted it, and, quitting Lon- had the elders given notice that Mr. don, declined all further competition Rannie's claims were to be finally for the vacancy at London Wall. settled on the ed of November, than It

appears but too plain, from the curiosity was changed into alarm.. whole narrative of their proceed. From certain dark hints and oracular ings, that this double disappointment expressions, which had fallen from galled the vestry to the quick, and one of the vestry, the most alarming their mortification was still further I apprehensions were excited through

“ hun



111 out the congregation! Mr. Barclay, concerning Mr. Rannie, together with Mr. in his usual manner, has wrought up John Philip's commentary, having been this part of the tragedy with great read, the Rev. President rose and adstage effect; and the pages 70-72, dressed the congregation in a strain of in which it is detailed, sufficiently Tally would have listened, not only with

eloquence, to which a Demosthenes or a indicate what he is capable of as a admiration, but rapture. He convinced writer ; but we must not confound the audience that, to the black catalogue this mock-heroic with simple prose. of his abominable crimes, Mr. Rannie had The plain unvarnished tale is, that now added the most profligate ingratiDr. Nicol had received a letter from tude; for he had not only asked Mr. R. a clergyman at Aberdeen--a clergy

“ to breakfast” one morning, but he had man, too, who six months before had even invited him to a “family dinner.” favoured Mr. Rannie with a letter He further stated, that he was stabbed,” of introduction to the vestry at Lon- the bottom, if it should cost him a

and that he would probe the matter to don Wall, intimating that he was now der poun.” apprised of “a change in the conduct “When the Dr. had finished his oration, and manners of Mr. Rannie, and was he abruptly quitted the chair and rushed of opinion the latter was not wor- out of the church, leaving the congregathy of such recommendation or tes- tion to settle their differences in the best timonials,” as he had formerly given

anner they could. him. The congregation were con

“ After the Dr.'s retreat, the acting sesequently threatened, that if they cretary took the chair, and a most inpersisted in urging the nomination teresting and animated debate ensued, of Mr. Rannie as a candidate, “the were then taken on the question of Mr.

which lasted several hours. The votes elders would feel themselves under Rannie's admission, and he was, by a the necessity of reading this letter to majority, DECLARED A the members and subscribers on the THE 2d of November, before the question Church. of such admission should be put.”.

The vestry were struck with dismay, It is easy to penetrate this flimsy dis- when they saw a result so different from guise; nevertheless it compelled the that which their meritorious efforts had friends of Mr. Rannie to investigate through their veins, and all their joints

led them to anticipate. “ Horror chill ran the truth of these foul insinuations, relaxed.” They saw the industrious la. which they did by writing to Dr. G. bour of six months completely destroyed Gerard, King's College, Aberdeen; in one moment. They were not, however, to the Rev. Alex. Milne, and the Rev. quite inconsolable; they comforted themAber. Gordon ; and ultimately to the selves under this grievous affliction by reRev. John Philip, himself, the dark flecting, that they had persevered to the assassin, in this instance, the result last with the same zeal with which they of all which was, that the character had set out in the glorious cause; that of Mr. Rannie came forth like gold according to the best of their judgment;"

they had exerted their “utmost ability from the furnace, and shone with and, that the greatest human exertions brighter lustre ; while his assailant, may deserve, but cannot command sucreduced to the abject necessity of ex- cess.” plaining away all he had written, retires discomfited and disgraced,

To put our readers in possession throwing the blame upon Dr. Nicol of the final issue of this singular confor making public what was only in- test, we need only quote the contended for his own private use !

cluding paragraph of Mr. Barclay's But the 2d of November at length

narrative. arrived; and we believe we must “ No one who is acquainted with the have recourse to Mr. Barclay's pam- persevering disposition of that venerable phlet for a short extract to describe body will snppose that they relaxed their the interesting scene which then took efforts against Mr. R. after the defeat, (as place at London Wall.

their enemies insolently termed it) which

they experienced on the 2nd of Novem“When all the preparatory measures ber. Instead of relaxing, they renewed had been adjusted, the elders, with Dr. their exertions with double vigour, and Nicol at their head, entered the church. the number of proxies which they and The Rev. Dr. took the chair of state. their emissaries produced on the day of “ His valiant peers were placed around.” election, bore a noble testimony to their

activity in the canvass which they had set “The letters which the chairman of the on foot during the interval. On that day committee had received from Scotland. they not only accepted the votes of many

ers, to


know very

persons who were not subscribers to the We find from a note, p. 5, that church, but they even raked together this vestry consisted of five individuevery thing that could swell a majority, als only, viz. John Henderson, James from among those who were pensioned on

Dobie, J.L. Johnson, Peter Duncan, the funds of the institution. And as if this had been insussicient to procure a re

and David Stevenson, Esquires. It

is also added that Mr. Henderson spectable majority against Mr. Rannie, they literally compelled the menial ser- took no part in the proceedings of vants of the chapel--the very pew-open- his brethren, and is consequently ex

support the church." These cluded from all share of whatever things were not done in a corner: they are praise or blame may attach to them. publicly known, and therefore detraction Mr. Dobie, (a gentleman in the proitself cannot withhold from the vestry the fession of the law) is now at the adcredit to which they are entitled; but over vanced age of 75, and though as the more secret means which they used to Secretary he was obliged to take a effect their purpose, I am well aware their modesty will strongly incline them to somewhat active part in the affair, draw a veil: nor will any thing short of we can scarcely allow ourselves to absolute constraint induce them to become impute to him any share of the rethe heralds of actions which redound so sponsibility. Mr. John Lomas John-much to their own praise. In justice, son, another of the number officiated therefore, to the unobtrusive virtue of those

as acting secretary; but there is in ingenuous spirits who “do good by stealth, the pamphlet before us, p. 164, an and blush to find it fame," I must call extract of a letter written by this upon the acting secretary to stand forth, and with his characteristic manliness, an- gentleman to one of the unsuccessful swer me the following questions. Did candidates, immediately after the terthe elders go about to the friends of the mination of the affair, which, if it other candidates, saying,

do not involve in it one of the severwell your friend can have no chance of est libels upon the proceedings of his success ?—“ We know of no person who brethren of the vestry that could will support him but yourself; so, unless possibly be drawn up, we are egreyou join our party, Rannie will get in * You can do your friend no injury by act the passage to which we refer :

giously mistaken. The following is ing so, as the most he can expect will be some dozen votes ?" Did they endeavour

“ After due notice having been given, to make Mr. Manuel's call effectual by

a ballot was taken on Friday last,(2nd Detelling the voters that unless he were elect-cember) on the question of Mr. Rannie's ed, Mr. Riddell was determined to with eligibility, and which, by dint of the most draw his liberal subscription from the strenuous exertions on the part of his sunday-school attached to the church ? friends, and a degree of lukewarmness on Did they do so, individually or collective others, the same was carried by a majority ly? directly or indirectly ?-And, lastly, 54 against it. Thus, then, it was establish

of six! the numbers being 60 for it, and while they were thus virtuously employed, did they recollect that a certain ho-ed' that he should stand, and, from the nourable fraternity, of unquestionable au- species of influence that was exerted, it thority in these matters, once asserted in became doubtful to some whether he might a celebrated STATEMENT, “ that such not be chosen.

Mr. Wilson, also, we means are expressly contrary to the prin

knew, had family connections in the ciples of the presbytery according to the

church, and though Mr. Manuel was most constitution of the church of Scotland, spoken of, it was matter of great doubt which are so pointedly recognized in the whether any thing like a respectable madeed of trust, hereafter mentioned in the jority could be procured, and then, and STATEMENT; and that they are not less at not till then, some of your friends, among variance with the solemn denunciation of whom I must mention Mr. our Saviour himself-He that entereth Road, argued that, as they saw no chance not by the door into the sheepfold, but of gaining your election (against Mr. Ranclimbeth up some other way, the same is nie) it was much better to throw weight a thief and a robber. But he that entereth into a scale that was well supported, than in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep."

to prove an inefficient friendship. The

consequence is, that the call is now made Having thus put our readers in with great effect, and may the Lord look possession of the outline of this af- down in mercy on his chosen servant, &c.” fair, we now proceed to offer a few Thus then we find this respectable remarks, first upon the line of con- vestry reduced to two individuals, duct pursued by “the Vestry;” and namely, Peter Duncan, and David after that, we shall have a few words Stevenson, Esqrs. Of the latter gento say to Mr. Barclay, the author of tleman it is recorded, (note, p. 37.) the pamphlet before us.

that he is subject to an attack in both

of City

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