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REVIEW OF CAMPBELL'S TRAVELS IN AFRICA. 151 be the worst thing a man could do? It the ways of God are inscrutable, and the was sometime before we could make him permission of this seems to be one of understand the meaning of a bad thing, them.” p. 208. for he had never heard that one thing was On the 8th June, the whole of the worse than another. When he appeared procession succeeded in crossing the to form some idea of the meaning of bad, river at a fordable place, and on the 1 asked what he thought was the worst thing he had ever seen done in his kraal. following day they reached Klaar He said they often quarrelled, and when Water, or Griqua Town, another any of these quarrels ended in killing one missionary settlement, where they another, it was fine, good sport; it shewed continued only a week, having recourage. He said all these quarrels were solved to visit the city of Lattakoo, about their wives: one was for having the which is situated considerably higher other's wife, which he did not think was up Africa. They therefore proceeded bad. Being asked if he would consider

on the 15th, and reached the place of it bad if any in the kraal were to take their destination in about ten days. his wife while he was with us, he answered, Bad, bad. He said it was fine to

This is a royal city; but on their take others wives, but not fine to take arrival our travellers had the mis. his. He said he never stole. He acknow- fortune to find that Mateebe, the ledged it was bad to quarrel, steal, murder, king, was absent on a hunting party, and to commit adultery. On asked in consequence of its being the time which was the worst of these, he said he of the annual circumcision. The folcould not tell.

lowing interesting account is given “ I then asked him what he thought by our author of his arrival at this was the best thing a man could do? His celebrated city, which consists of reply to this question was extremely about 1500 houses, and whose popuaffecting All my life (said he) I have only seen evil, and never any good, where lation Mr. Campbell estimates at fore I cannot tell what is best." The about seven thousand five hundred questions appeared to him, however, as inhabitants. mere sport, for in the very midst of the “ Having crossed the river, we imme. conversation he complained that he had a diately began to ascend rising ground. bad cap. He informed us that a boor Many footpaths became visible, all runonce came and attacked their kraal, and ning in one direction, toward the N.E. they knew not why, but he and those which indicated our approach to the city. with him killed ten men, women and At three, P.M. reaching the summit of the children, of the kraal. We asked if his hill, Lattakoo came all at once into view, father had given him any good advice lying in a valley between hills, stretching before he left him to come with us. He about three or four miles from E. to W. replied, ' My father said I was going with On descending the hill towards this Afristrange people, and must be obedient, and can city, we were rather surprised that perhaps I should get something; and while

no person was to be seen in any direction, with them he should take care of my wife except two or three boys. Though come and child, and when I got education and within a hundred yards of the houses, still returned 1 should be able to teach them'.” no inhabitant appeared. When my wag

gon got to the entrance of the principal On the last day of May they arrived signs for us to follow him. Proceeding

street or lane, a man appeared, and made at the great river, which is said to be amidst the houses, every thing remained as broad as the Thames at London as still as if the town had been forsaken bridge, and both deep and rapid; of its inhabitants: this was the case till but we must not pass over the follow- we came opposite to the king's house, ing short paragraph.

when we were conducted into a square,

formed by bushes and branches of trees “ It is rather singular that we should laid one above another, in which were have crossed the Bushman's country with- several hundreds of people assembled out meeting one human being, except one together, and a number of tall men with family on the day we entered it. That spears, drawn up in military order on the even the part where we crossed has some north side of the square. In a few minutes inhabitants I have no doubt, from the the square was filled with men, women, remains of huts which we discovered in and children, who poured in from all two or three places; but their number quarters, to the number of a thousand or must be very small. It fills the mind with

The noise from so many tongues, Tegret to see so large and beautiful a bawling with all their might, was rather portion of God's earth so destitute of po- confounding, after being so long accuspulation, and to think of its producing, tomed to the stillness of the wilderness. year after year, provender sufficient to We were soon separated, and lost sight of support millions of cattle, whilst only a each other in the crowd. At first the few wild beasts roam over it. Many of women and children fled if we only looked

P. 195.


at them, but they gradually became stir in the town than usual. On coming bolder. I observed some of the children, into the square, he took no notice of us whose heads I had stroked, throwing or our waggons, but acted as if ignorant themselves in my way, that I might do that strangers were there. He then with it again; when they looked to their more his people crouched down in the form of timid companions, as if they had said, a circle, when Mateere related to him Are not we courageous ? The crowd so every thing that had taken place during increased, that we could hardly find out his absence. He then related the circumcach other, and wondered when we should stances of his own excursion, both of be permitted to take some refreshment. which speeches did not occupy ten miWe adopted a scheme, which, after a nutes; after which, in consequence of while, answered our purpose; we drew orders, we walked up to him, when, up the waggons in the form of a square, without looking towards us, he stretched and placed our tent in the centre. We out his right hand, which we shook, saying were introduced to Munaneets, the uncle, to him, “ Mateebe, O Iss,” which is the and to Salakootoo, the brother of the salutation given to the king. During all late king Mallayabang, who stood in the this there was not the smallest alteration middle of the spearmen. A house in the in his countenance. He appeared thought

square, 'used by them for some public ful, deep, and cautious, extremely like * purpose, was assigned to us for a kitchen, the portraits I have seen of Buonaparte,

“On getting into our tent, a crowd of which were taken ten or twelve years ago. the chief men followed us and filled the

After remaining about two hours tent to the outside, and the square formed in the square, without appearing to notice by our waggons was like a bee-hive, in us, he went across the road to his house, which the confused noise rendered con- having hinted to Adam Kok, that when versation almost impossible. On some- he had rested, he should converse with us thing being put down on our table, we on the object of our visit, which would were agreeably surprised to find the be about the going down of the sun. crowd immediately retire. Whether this “ About sun-set, Mateebe, attended by proceeded from a sense of decorum, or in his brother and some of his chief men, consequence of orders from Munaneets, approached our tent. On entering, he the uncle and deputy of the king, I could sat down and remained in silence, first to not learn. p. 245-247.

receive our present, and then to hear

what we had to say. I made him a present It was ten days before the king of some trinkets furnished me by the ladies returned from his hunting excursion, of Kingsland, accompanied by the lid of but the inter val afforded our tra- my shaving box, which happened to convellers an opportunity of making tain a looking-glass. When taking out the themselves acquainted with the cus

different articles, I observed him slyly toms, manners, and dispositions of looking towards the parcel, to discover his subjects, whom he describes as proceeding, he sat motionless

, but when a sprightly and ingenious people, he saw no more presents were coming, he --in point of natural abilities ap- condescended to open his mouth, and said, parently superior to any of the “ You would have been perfectly safe, African nations he had seen;" and though you had not had Ādam Kok and at quitting the place he could not his friends with you, or though I had avoid regarding it as a city which received no presents. So soon as I was may yet become a Jerusalem to informed by Munancets of your arrival,

I came to you. Africa. We are happy to find that the Society have appointed four per- from the same country from whence the

“ I proceeded to tell him, that I came sons to this station, namely, Mr. missionaries had been sent to instruct the Barker, Mr. Williams, Mr. Hamilton, nations in Africa. That when I came to and Mr. Evans. May their mission Klaar Water, I heard his people would be crowned with success!

be glad to have teachers as well as other At length, however, on the 5th nations, wherefore I had undertaken a July this important personage ar- journey to his country to ask his perrived. The following is our author's mission to send them, and his protection

for them when with him.-I stated to him account of this matter.

that the teachers we should send, would “ Two parties, as forerunners of Ma- | convey information of the true God who teebe, arrived in the morning, and at made the beavens, the earth, and all creanoon he himself arrived, with many at- tures and things in them -of his love to tendants carrying spears, and poles dressed

the world-of the laws he has given rewith black ostrich feathers, which are specting good and evil.--After answer. stuck into the ground around places where ing some objections, the king said, 'SEND they halt, to frighten away lions, who it | INSTRUCTORS, AND I WILL BE A FATHER seems are not fond of their appearance.

TO THEM'." The arrival of Mateebe occasioned no more

Religious and Literary Intelligence.


the children of Israel that Jesus is the for promoting Christianity among the Messiah; it consequently became necesJews.

sary that the ordinance of Baptism should

be administered to them. A part of the Some important and fundamental al converts accordingly received Baptism in terations having recently taken place in the Church of England, agreeably to the the affairs of this Society, it may be use- rites of that Chnrch ; and others were bapful to our readers to be made acquainted tized at the Jews' Chapel, in Spitalfields, with them, and with the circumstances by a Minister of the Presbyterian and Nawhich occasioned them.

tional Church of Scotland, and according • It appears, that on the formation of to the forms of that National Church. The this Society, it consisted of Christians of baptism of the converts from year to year various denominations, without any refer- has continued to be conducted in the same ence to their respective differences of sen- manner, with the exception of last year timent; and in the earlier stages of its

only. progress, it was stated in its Reports, that At the same time that sermons and lecthe exertions of the Institution, as far as tures, as above mentioned, were preached they were of a spiritual nature, were to in the chapel of the Society, the committee be confined to the simple object of con- embraced every opportunity of procuring vincing the Jews of the Messiahship

of our aid from the talents and piety of the clerLord Jesus Christ; leaving the Jewish gy of the Established Church, by solicitconverts to decide for themselves, what ing them to preach occasional lectures to external communion they would join.

the Jews in places of worship connected * It is evident, that so long as the opera- with the Church of England. In pursutions of the Society were limited strictly ance of the same general plan, and with to the above object, it was possible for a design of connecting the Institution more them to proceed in their course without nearly with its friends of the Establishcoming upon disputed ground, involving in ment, and of procuring for it more general it the points of difference between Chris- support in thât quarter, the committee obtians: and thus far, all truly pious Chris- tained a lease of a piece of ground at Bethtians could most cordially act together, nal Green; where a large Chapel for the without offering violence to their strictest Jews has been erected, and opened under and most conscientious views of duty.

a license from the Right Rev. the Lord The Society having, very soon after its Bishop of London. This chapel is under original formation, become possessed of a the ministerial charge of the Rev. Mr. large place of worship in Spitalfields, since Hawtrey, a regular clergyman of the called the Jews' Chapel, it was opened Church of England. for the Jews; Sermons were there de

‘In prosecuting these various measures, livered by Dissenting Ministers of various it was the ardent desire of the committee denominations, and Lectures on the Evi- to conciliate the mjods of all pious perdences of Christianity were preached by sons, both in the Establishment, and a. Mr. J.S.C. F. Frey.

mongst the Dissenters. It was their view ‘By the Divine blessing on the use of to establish in the Episcopal Chapel a mrise these means, a small congregation of con- sion to the Jews conducted by the clergy verted Jews was collected: but, as the of the Established Church; and that a Society was not then possessed of an Episo similar mission should be formed in the copal place of worship, the Committee, Jews' Chapel, where the Rev. Mr. Frey anxious to conduct the Institution on the should officiate as a regular minister after principles of strict impartiality, and to receiving ordination : and that in this chaavoid giving occasion of offence to the con- pel pious and learned Dissenting Ministers scientious members of the Established should have opportunities afforded them of Church who were subscribers to the In- preaching to the Jews. It was thus the stitution, did not think it advisable that endeavour of the committee, to unite both the Jews Chapel should be permitted to the Church and the Dissenters, in the assume the form of a Dissenting Church; great work of evangelizing the Jews.' and the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper It has, however, been found by expehas consequently never been administered rience quite impracticable to conduct the there.

affairs of the Institution prosperously up** But it having pleased God, as above on the above principle. A debt of about mentioned, very early to bless the efforts six thousand pounds having been incurred of the Institution, in convincing some of l by the purchase of ground and the erecVOL, I


tion of the new chapel at Bethnal Green, ed upon to express the high sense they it became necessary to call upon the entertain of the faithful and zealous ex. friends of the undertaking to aid it with ertions of the Rev. Mr. Frey during the donations and subscriptions; when it was continuance of this Society, pot only in found that many conscientious men in the publishing to his brethren of the house Established Church declined to support the of Israel the truth as it is in Jesus, but Institution upon the alledged ground of its also for his unwearied labours in travellconnection with the Dissenters, in matters ing through all parts of England, Scotof discipline; and especially because the land, and Ireland, to make known to Jews Chapel was considered as a dissent-Christians in general the design and obing place of worship. Various attempts, jecis of the Society, whereby those funds which we have not room to particularize, have been procured which were conwere made by the committee to remove stantly found to be so necessary to its this obstacle, but they all failed of success. existence, Joseph Fox, Chairman. In the mean time the committee became “The said Resolutions of the Dissenting, increasingly pressed with pecuniary em- Members having been taken into consibarrassments: an explanation was found deration at a very numerous Meeting of necessary to be made to all the parties; the General Committee, held for the purand the result was a determination, on the pose on the 17th instant, the subject was part of the Dissenters to withdraw from discussed with a degree of Christian temall concern in the management of the af- per, forbearance, and love, which is selfairs of the Institution, which consequent- dom witnessed. — Your Committee at ly is now entirely given up into the hands length came to the determination of reof the members of the Established Church, ceiving the Resolutions, and submitting as appears from the following statement, them to a General Meeting of the Society,

with such new rules and regulations as Ata Meeting of the Dissenters in London. might be necessary in consequence of our

who are subscribers to the London So- Dissenting Brethren having withdrawn ciety for promoting Christianity a- from the management. It now only remongst the Jews, held at the New Lon- nains, that your committee should offer a don Tavern, Cheapside, Feb. 14, 1815, few short remarks, and lay before you Joseph Fox, Esq. in the Chair.

the rules and regulations, which may be Resolved-I. It affords to the present necessary, should the General Meeting acMeeting the most heartfelt satisfaction quiesce in what has been proposed by to contemplate the success which it has the Dissenting Members. pleased Divine Providence to confer upon 'Your committee would remark, in the efforts made for the coversion of Israel, the first place, that the pecuniary situasince the establishment of this Society. tion of the Society is distressing in a high

II. That as the present exigences of degree; and that it most argently rethis Society, and the exertions which will quires the application of a remedy, withbe required for its future prosperity, call out the least delay. No expedient for for greater pecuniary assistance and in- conducting the affairs of the Institution) creased personal attendance:-it appears which does not provide for raising a large to this Meeting, that, from the numerous sum of money, can be effectnal. engagements of Dissenters in London, to- Enough has probably been said, to gether with the various Institutions belong- shew the impracticability of continuing ing to themselves, it will not be in their the principle of united operation the power to contribute more support to the management of this Institution to the Society than they have done hitherto. extent which has been attempted; and as

III. That as it appears that many zeal- the resolutions of the Dissenting Members ous members of the Established Church of the Society, now submitted to this have expressed their conscientious objec- Meeting, seem calculated to remove the tions to unite with this Society, whilst difficulty, by effecting a separation in a its affairs are managed by a committee manner the most agreeable to the feelings consisting of persons of different religious of Christian kindness and charity, your denominations, and have intimated their committee offer to your consideration the willingness to support if carried on exclu- propriety of adopting the following Resosively by Churchmen:--this Meeting em- lution, braces this opportunity of proving that That this meeting is most deeply senthey never, as Dissenters, had any other sible of, and most cordially acknow design but the conversion of the Jews to ledges, the zeal and liberality with which Christianity ;-and, as it is probable that the efforts of the Society have been aided the assets are nearly sufficient to cover the and supported by Christians of various debts,-they therefore cannot feel the denominations throughout the United smallest objection to withdraw, in favour Kingdom, from its original foundation. of such of their brethren of the Esta- The present meeting most deeply regrets blished Church who testify a lively zeal the difficulties which have arisen with rein this grand cause, possessing also suffi- spect to the union of the members of the cient means for promoting it.

Established Church, and other Christians. IV. That this Meeting feels itself call- ' in the management of the Society in mat.



155 ters of church order and discipline; and as little regard, to the generality of their also that the execution of the rules pro- fellow subjects on this side the channel, posed on the 27th of December last, has as the condition of the Indians who innot appeared practicable. Under cir- habit the back seitlements of the United cumstances of such difficulty as the So- States. Happily, however, the subject ciety is now placed in, unity of design, has been taken up by several able and principle, and operation, is pecu- writers, whose publications, succeeding liarly and indispensably necessary for its each other, have poured a flood of light future management. And as the Dissenting upon it, and contributed not a little to Members have, with a spirit most truly awaken and keep alive our attention to conciliatory, offered to leave the manage- it. Amongst these may be reckoned ment of the Institution in the hands of Mr. Newenham's View of Ireland-Mr. their brethren of the Established Church; Wakefield's Statistical Account of Irethis meeting do, with the same spirit of landmand Mr. Dewar's Observations on Christian meekness and charity, approve the Character, Customs, and Superstitions and accept the offer; and the members of the Irish. Three Societies have also of it who are of the Established Church, been fornied amongst us, each having for most earnestly beseech their Dissenting its object, though in different ways, the Brethren still to favour them with their instruction of the lower classes of the pecuniary support, and above all to aid Irish people. The first of these is intitled them with their prayers; that they may

" The Hibernian Society, for establishbe enabled, with the blessing of God, to ing Schools, and circulating the Holy extricate the Society from the state of Scriptures in Ireland,” instituted in 1806, difficulty in which it is now placed, and to From the last Report published by this pursue the great design for which it was Society, we learn that they had opener instituted, with renewed efforts of Chris- | 145 schools, in which instruction was then tian faith, wisdom, and zeal, to the glory giving to 8312 children of both sexes. of their common Lord, in the salvation The only books used in these schools are of Israel.”

the Society's spelling book, containing The motion, that the above resolution scriptural lessons, and the English or be adopted, having been put and second- Irish Testament. To assist this Institued, the Meeting was addressed by several tion, the Britiih and Foreign Bible Sogentlemen, some of them of the Esta- ciety have granted, at different times, blished Church, and some of them Dissen- 350 Bibles, 2500 English and 600 Irish ters, on the subject of the resolution. Testaments. The Dissenting gentlemen expressed their About a year ago was also established determination, though they had with- “ The Hibernian Evangelical Society,'' drawn from the management, still to con- an institution quite distinct from the fortinue their aid to the Institution, both by mer, inasmuch as it has nothing to do their influence and example, and they with schools, but confines its exertions thus evinced themselves to be actuated by wholly to the object of evangelizing Ireprinciples of the most exalted Christian land by means of itinerant preaching. philanthropy and liberality, which we The third and last Society which we trust will be both felt and imitated in notice, is intitled “The Baptist Society every part of the kingdom. Perhaps the for promoting the Knowledge of the Goshistory of the Christian Church presents pel in Ireland-establishing Schools for few examples of a point of so much dif- ieaching the Irish language--and circuficulty and delicacy having been decided lating Bibles and Tracts." As it forms with such -a happy union of those senti- a discriminating feature in the plan of ments which most highly adorn the Chris- this Society to establish schools for teacha tian character,

ing the Irish Language, it may be useful

to explain the grounds and reasons of NATIVE IRISH CIRCULATING

their procedure in this instance, which

we are enabled to do by means of a SCHOOLS.

highly interesting publication that hat AMIDST the various laudable exertions lately reached us, entitled a " Memorial for ameliorating the condition of the hu- on behalf of the Vative Irish, with 1 View man race to which the present times have to their improvement in moral and religiven birth, there is none that affords use gious Knordledge, through the medium of greater satisfaction than those that are their own Language.The author, we directed to the improvement of the moral learn from the end of the preface, is Mr. state of Ireland-of which it has become Christopher Anderson, of Edinburgh; a proverbial to say, “that there is not a gentleman who, it appears from the work country under heaven for which God hath before us, has lately spent some time in done so much and man so little.” It is Ireland, and since his return, kindly coman extraordinary fact, that until within municated to the public the substance of a few years past, the real state and con- much important information which he dition of the Irish peasantry with regard procured during his residence there. to intellectual and moral cultivation was Mr. Anderson informs us, that the naas little known, or at least an object of tive Irish is a dialect of the autient Cel

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