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Theological Review.

AUGUST, 1815.


(Concluded from page 199.) The distinguished honour was re- its conduct so little to gratify the served for Mr. Fuller, to become malice of its bitterest enemies."* one of the first in his own deno- The justice and propriety of this mination, who opened the door of encomium may be appreciated by faith to the modern idolatrous the results which are already before Gentiles, and prepared the way for the public. Twenty missionary a Mission to the East. Here a stations have been formed in vascene presented itself, of sufficient rious parts of India, in the course extent to afford the widest scope of as many years ; some of them for his abilities, and setting before more than three thousand miles him an object commensurate with apart; upwards of forty missionthe boundless desires of his heart. aries, Europeans and natives, are This was the commencement of a constantly employed; more than new era in the life of this great five hundred persons of different man: henceforth his labours took nations have heen baptized, and a new direction, and his character formed into distinct churches; the began to unfold itself in a still Scriptures have been, or are in a more interesting and magnificent course of being, translated and form.

printed in more than twenty of the The Baptist Mission in India oriental languages, and are circuhas been described by persons who lating, in connection with the had no immediate concern in the itinerant labours of the missionundertaking, to be“as disinterested aries, amongst an immense popuin design, and as strenuous in ex. lation, and over an extent of ertion, as any that the christian country fully equal to that of the world ever did or ever can employ whole of Europe. for the illumination and conversion Such are the present fruits of of idolaters; and surpassing, be- this mission: its future conseyond comparison, every former quences, who can calculate ! But mission, and all other undertak- the origin of this mighty work, in ings, in the grand article of trans- which the hand of God has been lating the Bible into the languages so visibly displayed, has never yet of the heathen; and also that it been distinctly traced; nor would may be doubted, whether there the unostentatious character of its ever was au undertaking of the principal agent admit of the dissame magnitude and continuance, closure. and in which so many persons

The Baptist Missionary Society were concerned, that supplied by is stated to have been formed at

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Kettering in 1792, and its forma and to this were added, A few tion to have been occasioned by Persuasives to a General Union the suggestions and frequent solici- in Prayer for the Revival of tations of the present Dr. CAREY; Religion. This address, though and to whose indefatigable zeal unaccompanied with any design and unparalleled exertions, the beyond what it immediately specimission, and the church of God, fies, contained in reality the germ will be under perpetual obliga- of the future mission, and was the tions. There was however a prin- prelude to that event. ciple operating which led to this In less than two years another result, though its effects were not event followed, in close though immediately discerned; and the undiscerned connection with the fire which Carey kindled, was preceding, tending still farther to taken from a coal that had been prepare the way for the ultimate burning upon another altar. designs of Providence. Early in

On a subject of such general 1786, Mr. Fuller published his importance, even its minutest cir- Treatise, which he had written four cumstances become interesting; or five years before, entitled, “The and viewed in connection with an Gospel worthy of all acceptation;" efficient cause, they tend to shew in which he undertook to explain by what gradual and bumble means the nature of saving faith, and to it pleases God to accomplish his prove the obligations of men to greai designs. “ The kingdom of believe in Christ, wherever he was heaven cometh not with observa- made known. This performance tion;" its coming is generally un- made a considerable impression on observed, and the lowly form which the churches and ministers in imit assumes, gives but little notice mediate connection with the auof its approach. Its first appear-thor, and occassioned much disence is as insignificant as a grain cussion in other parts of the same of mustard seed, which indeed is denomination. In some quarters it the least of all seeds; but when it excited great opposition and alarm, is grown it is the greatest among and brought on a long and aniberbs, and becometh a tree; so mated controversy. It was the that the birds of the air come and means however of awakening the lodge in the branches thereof. attention of several of his brethren

Several years previous to the to the important duties of their existence of the Baptist Mission, office; of giving a more practical and before any ideas were enter- turn to their preaching, and a new tained of a missionary undertaking, face to their religious interests; the low state of religion in general, and in connection with the monthly and of the Baptist churches in prayer-meetings, it produced the particular, had become a subject first impulse which led to missionary of deep lamentation among many undertakings.. of the ministers. At an Associa. Mr. CAREY was born into the tion held at Nottingham in 1784, religious world about the time that it was resolved to set apart an hour these things were going on, and on the first Monday evening in soon became an interested spec. every month, for' extraordinary tator. He was baptized in 1783, prayer for the revival of religion, was called to the ministry two or and for extending the kingdom of three years afterwards, and orChrist in the world. Mr. Fuller dained pastor of the church at at the same time dulivered his Moulton, near Northampton, in Sermon on “The nature and im- 1787. At his first setting out, he was portance of Walking by Faith," much perplexed between the statewhich be afterwards published; ments of the Arminians, on some


22 theological points, and the crude and with his accustomed freedom representations of some Calvinists; demanded that the two junior but having adopted a satisfactory ministers, Mr. Carey and his friend, medium between these two ex- should each propose a question tremes, his mind was fully pre- for general discussion. Mr. Carey pared for the doctrine so success-pleaded several excuses—but a fully pleaded by Mr. Fuller. question was imperiously demand

From his first entering on the ed. At length he submitted, work of the ministry, if not from Whether the command given to an earlier period, Mr. Carey ap- the apostles to “teach all nations," pears' to have been deeply im- was not obligatory on all succeedpressed with the state of the ing ministers to the end of the heathen world. In reference to world, seeing that the accompany, this object, he made himself ac- ing promise was of equal extent. quainted with the geography, po- The querist was soon told by his pulation, and religion of the various interrogator, without waiting for na ons of the earth; and with the the sense of the company, that labours of Christians, both of early certainly nothing could be done and later ages, in propagating the before another Pentecost, when an gospel. He also acquired consi- effusion of miraculous gifts, includderable knowledge of various lan- ing the gift of tongues, would give guages, particularly Latin, Greek, effect to the commission as at first, and Hebrew, by his own personal and that he was a most miserable application; and all seemed to be enthusiast for asking such a quesdirected to the same end.

tion! This was the first time Mr. Hitherto, however, his thoughts Carey had mentioned the subject had brooded over the subject, with openly, and he was greatly abashed out assuming any specific form, or and mortified; but he still pondigesting any future plan of opera- dered these things in his heart. tion. The appearance of Mr. Mr. Fuller, at the same time, synFuller's work, just mentioned, pathised with him; offered several came directly in aid of his in- encouraging remarks; and recomquiries, and fixed his attention mended it to him to pursue his more deeply on the subject. The enquiries. point of contact seems to have The annual Association was held been this; Mr. Carey, who cor- at Nottingham, in the spring of dially admitted his friend's posi- 1792, and Mr. Carey appointed to tion, drew from it an inevitable preach. His sermon was founded inference:- If it be the duty of all on Isa. liv. 2, 3. Having observed men where the gospel comes, to that the church of God is haré believe unto salvation; then it is addressed as a desolate widow, the duty of those who are entrusted dwelling in a little cottage by with the gospel, to endeavour to herself; that the command to make it known among all nations enlarge her tent contained an intifor the obedience of faith.

mation, that there should be an Before the end of 1786, Mr. enlargement in her family; and Carey, accompanied by another that to account for so unexpected minister,' of the same age and a change, she was told, that her standing with himself, went to a "Maker was her husband," who minister's meeting at Northampton. should be “called the God of the Towards the close of the evening, whole earth ;"-he took up what when the public services were he conceived to be the spirit of ended, and the company engaged the passage in two exhortations; in à desultory conversation, Mr. namely, Expect great thingsRyland, senior, entered the room'; \ Attempt great things. The effect of this discourse was considerable: his arrival was announced. IniA resolution was passed, That a patient to behold his colleague, he plan should be prepared against entered the room in haste; and the next ministers' meeting at Mr. Carey rising from his seat, Kettering, for the purpose of they fell on each others necks and forming a society for propagating wept. The Committee, then asthe gospel among the heathen. sembled at Kettering, accepted Mr. Carey at the same time ge- their joint services, and engaged perously proposed to devote the to do all in their power to provide profits which might arise from his the means of sending them to late publication on the subject, to India. the use of such a society.

The Baptist Mission having The ministers assembled at Ket-thus risen out of the labours and tering, Oct. 2, 1792. After the writings of Mr. Fuller, powerfully public services were over, they seconded and applied by his coretired for prayer, and pledged adjutor, he immediately became themselves most solemnly, to God the life and soul of the undertakand to one another, that they ing; replenishing its resources, would make an attempt to intro- and directing all its movements. duce the gospel amongst the hea- The labours of these eminent men then. At present there were no had a reciprocal influence on each openings for a mission in any par- other; the successful and zealous ticular direction; no missionaries Missionary imparted to the Secreprovided, and no funds to meet tary fresh energies, while the latter the expense. The sum of thirteen provided for the former, the means pounds only was subscribed; and and the hopes of success. Never soon after, seventy pounds were were two minds more congenial, collected by Mr. Pearce at Bir- more powerfully directed towards mingham; but until a more specific one object, or less ambitious of object were proposed, no appeal the honour arising from its attaincould with any propriety be made ment. It was with great propriety to the public. At two subsequent that Mr. Hinton, in his late Sermon meetings, in October and Novem- at the Spafields Chapel, compared ber, Mr. Carey offered himself as the Mission to a chain, of which a missionary, and was accepted. Fuller and Carey were the two

While things were thus pro- end links, one of them planted in ceeding, Providence was preparing the east and the other in the the way to India, by the most un- western hemisphere. expected means. Mr. J. Thomas, The pecuniary concerns of the who had formerly been a surgeon Mission involved considerable exin London, and who was totally pense and difficulty; all would unknown to the Society, had been depend on a successful appeal to several years in Bengal, preaching the religious public, and the means the gospel to the natives. On his must be provided by their volunreturn to London, he endeavoured tary contributions. Mr. Fuller howto establish a fund for a mission to ever said, at the commencement of that country, and called on Mr. the undertaking, "Only let us have Abraham Booth for his advice, faith, and we shall not want money;" who immediately communicated and his indefatigable labours verithe information. The Society in- fied the truth of the remark. The vited Mr. Thomas to their meeting sum of five hundred pounds was on Jan. 10, 1793, after having re- required to be raised in the space ceived a satisfactory answer to their of three or four months, for the inquiries; and late in the evening, equipment of the two first missionAvhile they were in full deliberation, aries, and more than twice the

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