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no part in the dispute between the ence of the right administration of Baptists and the Pædobaptists; to do baptism is contained in the New so is quite foreign to the object and Testament; but Mr. T. has not prodesign of our work, which was never duced from that history any one intended to be, and which, so long as single instance of the baptism of an it remains in the hands of its present infant ! conductors, never shall be, ihe ve- Again, The Baptists will assert that hicle of any party. All that properly Mr. T.'s statements are neither fair belongs to our province is, in the nor accurate, nor is his reasoning present instance, to pass a judgment conclusive. on the execution of the work; its An impartial reader of Mr. Towlanguage, style, and manner; to say good's book can scarcely fail to rehow far, in our opinion, it answers mark that, whatever be the conto its title; but beyond that, we have clusion at which he wishes to arrive, no inclination to advance.

he has invariably one method of In the “ Recommendation,” pre- making his way towards it. He alfixed to the volume, and subscribed ways sets out with an ingenious conby Eleven of the most eminentjecture of his own; the next thing ministers among the Pædobaptists, is to shew the plausibility of this we are told that Mr. Towgood conjecture, by a train of circuitous makes a direct appeal to divine reve- reasoning; and having made that, as lation and authentic history; that his he thinks, very apparent, he then has statements are fair and accurate ; his recourse to divine revelation, to see criticisms learned and solid; his rea- what light is there thrown upon the sonings manly and conclusive ; and subject, when lo! to the astonishment that in every part he displays the of nobody, matters turn out exactly spirit and manners of the gentleinan as Mr. Towgood suspected, and the and the Christian.” p. iii.

conclusion is demonstrated. We could This quotation abundantly shows produce abundant instances of this in what light the work is regarded mode of procedure, did our limits by the Pædobaptists; but confident permit. For example, the right of as these eleven eminent ministers are, infants to baptisın is the conclusion that Mr. Towgood has settled the at which he wishes to arrive. Well, point, we really fear the Baptists will how is this to be made out? by excontinue to demur. We have al- press precept, or by adducing a plain ready said that we are not going to apostolic example ? Oh no! Mr. T. take

any part in this dispute, but we sets out with a review of the miseries can easily imagine what a shrewd which sin has introduced into the and ingenious Baptist would have to world, and particularly in the death say on the other side of the question. of infants; this lays the foundation For example,

for his conjecture. “Now, were it He would affirm that Mr. Tow-not,'

" in these circumgood does not make a direct appeal stances, a most desirable thing, that to divine revelation on this contro- God would give us some revelation verted subject, nor even to authentic or promise concerning our infants ? history.

Some covenant to assure us, that In the discussion of this contro- they are the objects of his favour versy, the Baptists challenge their and peculiar regard; and that as they opponents to produce from divine suffer and die in this world, so they revelation one express command of shall be raised again to life and happiChrist to administer baptism to an in- ness in the other?Introduction, p. 3. fant.” But can it in truth be affirmed Well, what then? why this is done in that Mr. Towgood has brought for the covenant which God entered into wards any such precept? We really with Abraham, wherein he promises fear not Whatever of the nature of to be a God “ to him and to his seed" evidence the work can be regarded --which, according to Mr. T. implies as possessing, is derived from infer- that “ he would take them under the ential reasoning, but is not founded especial patronage and care of his upon a direct appeal to divine reve- providence, influences of his Spirit, lation. And, with regard to " au- and ministration of his angels; and thentic history,” the Baptists will tell that if they died in their infant state, these eleven gentlemen, that the only before any transgression had put them “authentic history,” that is in exist- 1 out of the covenant !. they should cer

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DISSERTATIONS ON CHRISTIAN BAPTISM.

247 tainly be raised to happiness after kind,” say the Baptists, " the reasondeatň.” (p. 5.) Hence then, “ it is ing of Mr. Towgood might do very most evident that infants may be re- well. Moral duties may indeed be ceived in Christ's name, and, that fairly argued from general principles they were to be admitted into the and moral considerations, which lie kingdom of the Messiah is quite at a great distance from the parrational to presume.” p. 10. We ticular point that is to be proved scarcely need to finish the syllogism but the case is entirely altered when -the reader has already anticipated a positive institution, and such is bapit—he shall however have it in Mr. tism, becomes the subject of disTowgood's own words. “ If they cussion; for in the latter instance, were to be solemnly declared a part we have nothing to regulate our of that society or church whom inquiries but positive law, and the Christ came to save, they were then example of inspired men relating to to be baptized ! !“ The baptism of the matter of investigation; and until infants, viewed in this light,” says he, one or other of these be produced " is a very rational institution-it for the baptism of infants, nothing was quite reasonable to believe,—it is done to purpose. The most plauwas perfectly just, ! say, and reason- sible reasoning in the world upon the able to imagine, that whenever God necessity, the utility, or the reasonerected a church upon earth, he ableness of admitting infants to bapwould appoint some such standing tism, though sanctioned by eleven or token of his mercy and favour (as even eleven hundred learned divines, baptism) to these tortured and suffer- will not weigh the weight of a ing innocents.” p 14. Such is the feather in evidence upon such a basis of Mr. Towgood's plea for in- subject.” fant baptism! and though he finds it But further, we suspect that the nécessary to go over the same ground Baptists will not only demur to the again and again, and for the sake of principle on which Mr. Towgood illustration to exhibit it in different proceeds, but that they will accuse views, yet the argument is always him of very sophistical reasoning in substantially the same. “ The infants the support of it. If we are not of believers were, in former ages of mistaken, very much of this will be the church, taken together with their found in the use which he makes of parents, into covenant with God” the word “covenant”-the covenant (a covenant which, according to his made with Abraham, for instance. own concession, was annulled by the The carelessness of that reader must very first personal transgression !)- border upon fatuity, who does not “ hence it necessarily follows, that perceive the ambiguity that is at(as this privilege has never been tached to this term in the writings revoked), they have a right to chris- of Mr. Towgood and of other advotian baptism." p. 18, 19. · Will any cates of infant baptism. Ask you man say, that the infants of believers them what they mean by the covein former ages of the church were nant made with Abraham, they will not taken with their parents into co- answer, 'twas the covenant of cirvenant with God the consequence cumcision, and that circumcision was is inevitable—they have a right to a type of baptism; that in this covebaptism.” p. 19, 20. This is the nant Jehovah engaged to be a God “ manly and conclusive reasoning,” to Abraham and his seed. Paul inthese • the fair and accurate state- deed, in explaining the seed here ments,” which these eleven eminent spoken of, restricts it to Christ (see divines have sanctioned by their | Gal. iii. 16.) but Mr. Towgood chooses authority. But we can easily tell to explain it of all his natural postethem what the Baptists will say to rity, p. 5. ;-so he tells us that this all this.

covenant implies the bestowment of In the first place, they will tell spiritual blessings upon them, them that Mr. Towgood begins at influences of his Spirit,” ibid. ; yet the wrong end of the argument; that “any one personal transgression and that, by the whole process of would put them out of the cove. his reasoning, he is labouring to nant,ibid. If you ask Mr. Towgood teach his Bible, instead of allowing what advantage then had thë Abrahis Bible to teach him. “ Were the hamic and Jewish infants by this subject of dispute one of a moral covenant ? the answer is ready, “it.

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insured the especial patronage and introduced into that kingdom.' When care of Providence, influences of his therefore Mr. Towgood asks, p. 38. Spirit, and ministration of angels; Are not infants as capable, under and dying in their infant state, that the Christian covenant, of being bapthey should be raised to happiness tized, as they were of circumcision after death." p. 5. Yet it seems that both under the Abrahamic and Mothey were put out of this covenant saic?” he puts an improper question, by any [personal] transgression !” for the Baptists will tell him, that to Can we be surprised that the Baptists avail any thing in the argument with should make sport of such reasoning them, it should be put thus, “ Are as this, and of all the arguments for not infants under the New Testament infant baptism that are founded on dispensation as capable of hearing, the Abrahamic covenant. The truth understanding, and believing the is, that upon this point the Pædo- gospel, and consequently of conbaptists are wandering in a maze of fessing it with their mouth unto salconfusion without any clear and de- vation, as the Jewish children were terminate ideas of the nature of the of receiving a mark in their flesh at several covenants (for there were no eight days old ?" and then every less than three different covenants) man's common sense will lead hiin which God inade with Abraham, or to answer in the negative. of the nature of the blessing attach- In short, the train of argumentaing to each of them. See Gen. xii. 3. tion pursued throughout this little xv. 9–17. xvii. 4-15.

volume is so obviously fallacious, Again, the Baptists will be equally that we cannot but express our astodissatisfied with the conclusion which nishment, that so many of the leading Mr. Towgood draws from his pre- men among the Pædobaptists could mises. Here follows a specimen of be found to lend their names in the both. “ In the construction of the way of recommending it. Is it that christian law, infants are most cer- these renowned Doctors and others tainly in a state of condemnation and really know no better; or that they treated as sinners - that they are think the authority of their names therefore capable of justification or will make any thing go down with remission, and stand in absolute need the gaping multitude ? That such a of it-that as they are capable of driveller as the Rector of Aldwinkle this grace, so express provision is should thus doat about the subject, made in the constitution of the gospel would excite in us no surprise ; and covenant for their being justified and we could even account for its resaved-hence all who by the gospel ceiving the suffrage of that champion covenant are entitled to justification, of Pædobaptism in the south of salvation, and life, are entitled also to England, whose excess of zeal seems, baptism.p. 13, 14. The Baptists will to have got the compleat ascendancy smile at such reasoning as this, and over his prudence; but what is Dr. pity the understanding that cannot Pye Smith about; or Messrs. Hooper perceive its fallacy. They will remind and Lowell? Is it possible they can Mr. Towgood's eleven admirers that have read the book and not have perthe law of christian baptism runs ceived that it is entirely made up of thus, “Go teach ail nations-preach Perverted texts, and strained allusions, the gospel to every creature-bap- False premises, and wrong conciusions ! tize those who are made disciples by teaching," and that to depart from Unless the Pædobaptists can furthis rule is to invert the order of nish some better defence of their things, and not to act as “ obedient cause, they will, in our opinion, act children,” or faithful stewards in the wisely not to publish at all upon the kingiiom of Christ. They will tell subject; for, what end can it answer, these eleven gentlemen, that though except to induce other eminent men it be a delightful truth, that all in- among them to quit their camp and fants dying in infancy are admitted go over to that of the enemy!! into the kingdom of heaven, yet that We have bestowed more attention it does not therefore follow they upon this article than the publication ought to be baptised, for that bap- which led us into it deserves; but our tism belongs to Christ's visible king- apology will, we trusi, be found in our dom, and is the rite by which it is his deference to the cause of truth, and will that all his subjects should be I detestation of sophistry and deceit.

Beligious and Literary Intelligence.

that o

HIBERNIAN SCHOOL SOCIETY. this up as hopeless, listen to the reading of

Thrs Society have recently issued their the Irish Testament by their children, or ninth Annual Report; and it is accom

the masters, on Sundays or holidays. One panied with copious Extracts of Corre Master, a Catholic, assured me that there spondence from some of the Society's and old in his neighbourhood, and that

is a general reformation in both young Agents in Ireland. We are pleased to find, from a note at the bottom of p. 17, many, at the age of sixty years and upthey have given these Extracts wards, who never knew any thing about

Jesus Christ but his name, nor ever underliterally, to enable their readers to enter into the spirit and feelings of the writers." stood that he rose from the dead, now It is impossible to express the gratifica: the wonders which they learn from the

listen with pleasure and astonishment to tion we have received from the perusal Tetament. He also mentioned, with ear. of this Report, which, in point of interest, nestness and deep emotion, that from what far surpasses every other Report that we have met with from any quarter whatever;

he had seen in the neighbourhood of his and we should think it impossible for any school, he is fully convinced, that if the Christian to read it without being sensibly drunkenness, riot, thievery, murder, and

Priests would countenance the schools, affected by the details, and having his heart made glad at seeing the grace of all insubordination, would be nearly God so signally displayed in the work banished from the island. that is going forwards in that lately be by the children on the minds of the parents,

Respecting the effect of the word read nighted country. To such as can procure the Report, we earnestly recommend it take the following instance, which only to them to do so; but for the sake of those

came to my knowledge a few days ago. who have not access to it, we shall subjoin of our Inspectors, in his routs, called at a

May such happy instances abound! One a few extracts.

cabin between C-- and K--, and on From an Agent of the Society, July 26, perceiving one of the children, a well 1814.

grown boy, have the Irish Testament, he I am happy to open my present com- enquired, in Irish, of the boy's mother, munication with being able to assure the how she liked what her son read? She Committee, that, at no period since the com- replied, that she never heard the like, mencement of their labours, has the pros- and that she paid such attention to it, that pect been so pleasing and animating as it though she could not read, she could now is at present. The Schools are not only explain many passages to her son, in extending, and in general doing well; but answer to his enquiries. In relation to their effects on the inhabitants in their those questions, she mentioned that her respective neighbourhoods, are most visible son, when reading, “ Let the dead bury and cheering. Situated as I now am, in their dead," enquired of her how people, the principal town to which the people after their death, could bury other dead resort from the different parts of the people? She replied, that she learned County, many find it practicable to call from that book, that all in their naural on me; and did the growing business of state are dead, until Christ made them the Society afford me leisure, I enjoy a alive by quickening them; and that it was fine opening for usefulness in directing the that state of death the Lord alluded to. minds of many, who have had their atten- " Then (said my informant) you believe tion excited to divine things by the word that you are by nature in a state of conof God, which sounds out from all our demnation and death ?” She replied with Schools. If my time admits, I may com- great earnestness, “ Most assuredly I do; municate some pleasing instances of this and when I learned this from the book, i before I close.

was very unhappy, until I got the invita. The Society, if not already provided tion.” He enquired,“ What do you mean with a very active friend in the south of by the invitation ?” She replied, “Hearing this kingdom, is now likely to be provi- from the book Christ's word, “Come unto dentially provided with a very suitable me all ye that labour and are heavy laden, one, the Rev. L. B.--, whom I have and I will give you rest:' ever since I frequently mentioned, and who offers to understood that she continued), 1 have devote his time to the Society's service.

rest and peace.

“ How do you settle Pleasing accounts from many of the this matter with the Priest? what does he Masters respecting the attention of adults say to all this ;” Answer—" I never to learn to read, and the eagernes with trouble him now; I have no more confiwhich those, who from their age often give dence in his work since I heard and VOL, I.

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understood what the Apostle says, “Say, ception (but where our persecutors are not in your heart, who shall ascend into still permitted to trouble us) doing well, heaven, &c. But what saith it? That if never so well. They are multiplying, thou shalt confess with thy mouth the and their friends increasing. Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thy heart

From the same. that God raised him from the dead, thou

October 25, 1814. shalt be saved.” Could I enlarge, the Ilaving no opportunity to judge of the whole of this conversation was most in- correctness of the accounts 1 frequently teresting; and considering the ignorance had of the influence of the gospel on the in which she was brought up, the gross wife, married daughter, and son-in-law of darkness that reigns around, the absolute B. H- I desired S- on his return impossibility of her becoming acquainted from the county of M- to come by with a single idea by any other means the part where that family resided, in than by hearing the book without note or order to converse with them, for the purcomment read by her child, it would be pose of giving me his opinion on his return. evident, to the most sceptical, that the When he arrived at H -'s cabin, he finger of God was here, that the Schools found part of the family in bed with a are of the Lord, and that the Scripture is fever, and the rest busily employed in Atill able to make wise to salvation. attending them.

Fearing the contagion,

and sensible of the unsuitableness the From the same. Sept. 24, 1814,

time, he remained but for a few minutes, After narrating the effects of one of and was accompanied from the house by our Schools, and having, from many similar J. B- brother to the son-in-law of accounts I have received from time to B. H who was one of those confined time, reason to conclude that these effects with the fever. This young man had no are pretty general, and having mentioned opportunity of knowing who S-was, some of the many instances wherein the or what his religious sentiments were. Gospel, through their instrumentality, has After they had proceeded together for been made the power of God unto salva- some time, from what passed in conversation, I cannot lielp contrasting the cheer- tion, S- - understood that the young man ing scene it presents, with the dismal ope had spent much time with

H's family, which the country exhibited before the and seemed to approve of them. He recommencement of the labours of the So- solved to try how he was affected in point ciety. Darkness then reigned in all those of religion, and with that view, without regions. Thousands of the inhabitants any disclosure of his own sentiments, never heard that God had given a revela- carried on the following conversation. tion of his will, or had ever promulgated s. How far from this is the Mass-house? the glad tidings of mercy to guilty men. B. Not far; it lies in the valley below All were left to wander in delusion, those hills. S. It is a great convenience without God, and without hope; hateful to you to have it so near. · B. I have not and hating one another; and their dwell- been very troublesome to it for some time. ings were the habitations of darkness, S. Why should you be so negligent; is it wretchedness, cruelty, and vice. Yet on not a work of great importance to attend these hath the light shined; the precursor, the sacrifice of the Mass, and to be found I trust, of the life-giving and healing ap- doing all we can in the great work of proach of the Sun of Righteousness. saving our souls? B. I have no expectaSurely, all who are concerned in this tion from the Priest or the Mass; and as blessed work have reason to rejoice ; for the work of saving my soul, that inthose who have devised, who support and deed would, by any work of mine, be a carry iton; and those who, as their humble vain and hopeless attempt: wretched instruments, minister the hlessings of their should I be, if I had no other refuge, or bounty: all have reason to bless God for better hope! S. What! not have ex. what he has already wrought; and to go pectation from your own exertions; are on, cheered with these tokens of the ap- not good works the procuring cause of probation of God, and confident of his salvation ? B. I once vainly thought so support. The Institution has been signally in my ignorance; but, I bless God, I see favoured. We were not allowed even to things very differently now. S. This is sow in tears. The rough wind was stayed, strange indeed! I should be glad to know, and the dew of heaven, in early first fruits, if we cannot expect salvation by our good gave the pledge of an abundant harvest works, how else are we to obtain it? Nor will the hopes thus 'excited be dis. B. Blessed be God, there is not only anappointed. Our faith may yet indeed be other but a sure foundation for hope toput to the trial; but eventually the sheaves wards God. " God so loved the world, will be gathered with joyful shouts of that he gave his only-begotten Son, that triumph and gratitude: for God is our whosoever believeth in him should not help. I have indulged myself in these perish, but have everlasting life.” S. How observations, as all I have to say with does that declaration apply to you? B. respect to the present state of our Schools, God has set him forth as the propitiation, may be shortly summed up in this. They through faith in his blood, to declare his are in general, I may say, without ex. I righteeusness in the remission of sins.

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