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death is represented as a true and / own blood, to present it unto God, proper sacrifice, and the legal sa and, as it were, sprinkle the heacrifices, being so many types or venly mercy-seat with it, see Heb. prefigurations of it, serve to illus- viii. 1--5. ix. 23, 24. Thus his work trate it. The apostle Paul, particu- of atonement was completed, and larly in his epistle to the Hebrews, in this view he is “set forth as a points out the correspondencies be- PROPITIATORY in his blood," tween those typical sacrifices and Rom. ji. that of Christ the great antitype;
Further, the divine acceptance of and while he shews the vast dis- the typical sacrifices is expressed parity, to set forth the superior ex- by the Lord's smelling an odour of cellency of the latter in point of a sweet si vour, Gen. viii. 21, Ler. worth, efficacy, and extent, he at i. 9, 13, 17. or, as the Hebrew has the same time traces an exact ana- it, a sarova of rest. But though he logy between them as to the main accepted thein for the temporary design of their respective appoint- ends of their appointment; yet be ments; and, in speaking of Christ's had no pleasure in them as an adesacrifice, he uses the same terms quate atonement; or proper satiswhich are applied to the typical factiou for the sins of men, Psal. sacrifices in the Septuagint version xl. 6. Heb. x. 6, 8. This was reof the law of Moses. From which served for the sacrifice of Christ, it appears abundantly clear, that who came to do his Father's will, Christ was the only true and effec- by giving himself for us, an offering tual sacrifice for sin; that he died and a sacrifice to God for Ą SWEET as the substitute of sinners, bearing SMELLING SAVOUR,” Eph. v. 2. the punishment of their sins in his In this one offering God hath own body on the tree, 1 Pet. ij. 24. smelled a savour of rest; having or suffering for sins, the just for accepted of it in full of all dethe unjust, chap. iii. 18. and that he mands, he requires no more offerhath effected our redemption from ing for sin, but declares that the the curse of the law by being made sins and iniquities of his people he a curse For us, or by enduring the will remember no more, Heb. x. curse in our stead, Gal. iii. 13. 12-19.
But it must be observed, that the Again, the sacrifice of Christ mere slaying of the sin-offering has obtained not merely the nonunder the law did not complete imputation of sin, but acceptance the atonement. It was necessary, into a state of favour and positive in order to this, that the high-priest happiness. It is through the blood should carry its blood within the and priestly office of Jesus that we vail, into the holiest of all, and have liberty with boldness to enter there present it to God, and sprinkle into the holiest with acceptance in it upon and before the mercy-seat, all our approaches to and correafter having offered the incense, spondence with God while in this see Levit. xvi. Now the apostle world. See Heb. iv. 14, 15, 16. x. shews at large, that this peculiar 19—23. And it is through his enservice of the high-priest on the tering heaven with his own blood great day of atonement, was a in the character of our high-priest figure of Christ's entrance into and forerunner, that he hath seheaven with his own blood to ap- cured our future admission into pear in the presence of God for us, glory, Heb. vi. 19. Heb. ix. 11, 12, 14,24. So that he Now, since Christ's death was a not only suffered on earth as a true and proper sacrifice for sinsacrifice for sin, but also rose from since his blood shed on earth, and the dead, and ascended into heaven presented by him in the beavenly as our great high-priest with his sanctuary, has been accepted as a
303 satisfactory atonement for sin, and that they might be justified or rehas removed its guilt and punish- conciled to God by his blood, as ment, Heb.ix. 12. x.14. Gal. iii. 13. is plainly set forth in the foregoing since it hath procured peace with verses. There is no other kind of God, Col. i. 20.- present freedom obedience mentioned in any part of access to the throne of grace of this chapter; foras to our being with acceptance, Heb. x. 19-23. “ saved BY HIS LIFE,” vér. 10. and future admission into the pos- it does not mean his life in this session of the eternal inhieritance, world, but his life from the dead Heb. ix. 15. I say, since these as a priest in heaven, where he things are ascribed to the sacrifice EVER
to make interof Christ, and his priestly service cession for us, and so is able to in offering it, that must undoubtedly SAVE to the uttermost them that be the meritorious procuring cause come unto God by him," Heb. of justification. This is also evident, vii. 25.
3. From those passages which Christ's laying down his life, and ascribe justification to his
obedience offering himself a sacrifice to God or one righteousness. The apostle for sinners, contains in it all the opposes the obedience of Christ to essential properties of the most the disobedience of Adam in these perfect and proper obedience, for words, “For as by one man's dis- -(1.) To constitute obedience obedience many were made sinners, there must be a law or commandso by the obedience of one shall ment enjoining it; for as where no many be made righteous," Rom. law is there is no transgression, so v. 19. I think it will be granted neither can there be
any obedience, that to be made righteous here that being conformity to a law: signifies to be justified; but as to, but Christ in laying down his life the nature of that obedience which acted in obedience to a commandis the immediate procuring cause ment, for he says,
" This COMof it, we must consult the scope MANDMENT have I received of and connection of the passage. In my Father,” John X. 18. and going the preceding context he had said forth to yield himself up into the that“ Christ died for the ungodly,” hands of his enemies, he says, “As ver. 6.—that " while we were yet the Father gave me COMMANDsinners, Christ died for us,” ver. 8. Ment, even so I do. Arise, let us that we are "justified by his blood," go hence.” chap. xiv. 30, 31. So ver. 9.-" reconciled to God by that in offering his body once for the death of his Son." ver. 10. and all he did his Father's WILL, Heb. “joy in God through our Lord x. 7–11.-(2.) It is necessary to Jesus Christ by whom we have proper obedience that it be volunnow received the reconciliation," tary. Mere suffering, or even act, ver. 11. To illustrate the subject ing, be it ever so great and arduous, of Christ's death and its effects, if without or against the consent of and to shew he acted therein as a the will, does not partake of the public representative, the apostle nature of that obedience which introduces the comparison with God requires: But Christ was voAdam, connecting it closely with luntary in laying down his life, as what goes before by a WHERE- he declares, “No 'man taketh it FORE, ver. 12. If therefore any from me, but I lay it down or regard is to be paid to the ob- MYSELF: I have power to lay it
and close connec- down, and I have power to take tion of this whole passage, the it again.” John X. 18. His obeobedience of Christ must particu-dience is most frequently expressed larly mean his laying down his life by active terms, such as that he for the ungodly, while yet sinners, delivered up himself, Eph. v. 2, 25.
- gave himself, Gal. i. 4. 1 Tim. is the fulfilling of the law, Rom. ii. 6. Tit ii. 14.--gave and laid xiv. 8–11. so Christ, having, out down his life, John x. 11, 15.—and of perfect love, obeyed his Father's offered himself up to God, Heb. commandment in laying down his vii. 27. ix. 14. Had he not been life for the sheep, has fulfilled the voluntary and active in this matter, law, and satisfied all its demand's it could not with propriety be upon them, and so has become termed obedience, nor opposed to "the end of it for righteousness to the active disobedience of the first every one that believeth.” Rom. man.-(3.) It is essential to true x. 4. Now, as the apostle affirms and acceptable obedience that it that by this obedience many shall proceed from a proper inuard be made righteous, or justified, it principle and disposition of heart. must undoubtedly be the meritoThe law of God extends to the in- rious procuring cause of justifiward principles, motives, and state cation. of the mind, and requires that we The same thing is affirmed in should act from a principle of love these words, “ Therefore as BÝ to God and our neighbour, Mark ONE OFFENCE, judgment came xii. 30–34. therefore, though a upon all men unto condemnation: man should give all his goods to even so BY ONE RIGHTEOUSfeed the poor, and, which comes NESS (which is literally the sense nearer to the point, give his body of the original, and so the transto be burned; yet if this does lators have rendered it in the not proceed from love to God margin), the free gift came upon and man, it has nothing of the all men unto justification of life." nature of holiness or moral excel. Rom. v. 18. The one offence is lence in it, but the contrary; it is evidently the single transgression of no account in the sight of God, of Adam, which he committed at nor rewardable by him, i Cor. once in eating the forbidden fruit; xiii. 3. But Christ was influenced therefore, by analogy, the one righby the most perfect love to his teousness which is opposed to it, Father when he came to obey his must be one particular work of will in offering the sacrifice of him righteousness performed by Christ. self: so he declares, “Lo I come For though Christ was perfectly
I DELIGHT to do thy will, o righteous throughout the whole my God; yea, thy law is within course of his life in this world ; my heart;" or, as the original has yet the apostle is not here speakit, "in the midst of my bowels." ing of all the righteous actions of Psal. xl. 7,8. Heb. x. 7–11. And Christ's life collectively, and opwhen going to deliver himself up, posing them to the single offence though there was no cause of death of Adam, but of one notable act of in him, he says, “But that the righteousness, viz. his ONCE offerworld
may know that I LOVE the ing up of himself to God for the FATHER, and as the Father gave redemption of sinners. And this is me COMMANDMENT, even so I farther evident from what has been do.” John xiv. 30, 31. With regard already said of his obedience, for to his love to men, I need not his righteousness and obedience in mention that his laying down his this passage are the same. Now, life for them while yet sinners is as it is by or through this one represented as the highest expres- righteousness that “the free gift sion of love, John xv. 13. 1 John comes to all men unto justification ii. 16. far transcending all human of life,” it must certainly be the affection, Rom. v. 7, 8. and exer- meritorious procuring cause not cised to such a degree as passeth only of pardon, but of acceptance knowledge, Eph, iii. 19. As love to eternal life: For if the single
may truly tell
LETTER OF THE LATE REV. $. G.
305 offence of a mere fallible man', and the good of souls. All scripbrought misery and death upon tural means should be used, with all his posterity, surely this one earnest prayer to God for his blessrighteousness performed by a per- ing May the Lord give us large son of divine dignity and infinite measures of grace, to enable us to worth, in offering himself through lay out ourselves to the utmost for the eternal Spirit without spot to his glory, and the everlasting hapGod, must be more than an ade piness of our hearers; and crown quate reparation for that one of our labours with great success, fence: Accordingly, the apostle It is certain, my dear Brother, shews that the benefit procured by if Christ and his righteousness are it greatly exceeds the damage the objects of our trust, all the which came by the fall; see ver. promises are ours. 2 Cor. i. 20. 15, 16, 17.
I will give you an extract from a [To be continued.] good author. “ Acts of faith do
not consist in believing that our LETTER OF THE LATE Rev. S. G. Christ Jesus and his righteousness
sins are pardoned, but in receiving Hatfield H, March 30, 1802.
way to pardon. Jobni. 12. My dear Brother,
If Christians would give more atT'he experience contained in tention to direct acts of faith, and your letter to me is christian; and spend less time in questioning 1
you is my own. It their condition, they would find contains the language of a soul their interest in the covenant born from above; and makes you cleared up. Let us look more to more able to preach to sinners and Christ, and less to self.” Canticles to saints. With all those feelings 1 viii. 5. For many years my mind do not doubt my own state, nor was perplexed about the covenant have I the shadow of a doubt of grace, but it is now settled. respecting yours. At times I feel | The covenant of grace is a coveas if there was not a spark of grace nant of unconditional, free, and in my heart, yet dare not give over absolute promises. In proof of trusting in Christ' for all covenant this, see the following texts; search good. Though he slay me, I am them closely. Jer. xxxi. 31-35. resolved to trust in him at all times. Heb. viii. 8, to the end. Isa, lix. 21. The following references contain Jer. xxxii. 40. Ezek. xxxvi. 25—29. my experience. Isa. xlv. 24. xliv. 5. This covenant runs thus--I will 2 Tim. i. 12. Sometimes the Bible and you shall. Many authors is to me a sealed book. Sometimes puzzle the mind upon this subject. I know not how to make a sermon. Witsius writes well. Sometimes I dread to enter the
I am sincerely pulpit. The people do not know Yours, in the best bonds, what we feel; and many have little
S. G. or no feeling at all for us. I do think, brother, with you, that many to the Editor of the New Evangelical of our people are determined to
Magazine. make us live by faith. But this is SIR, our comfort; our God is the living CONVERSING with a friend God, and his promise is exceed- a short time since, she informed ingly great and precious. Heb. me that she had been led to doubt xiii. 5. The plan you propose for the truth of the doctrine of the restoring primitive Christianity is a deity of Christ from reading the very good one, and meets my New Testament, and particularly hearty approbation. We cannot the text, Mark xiii. 32. But of that do too much for God's honour day and that hour knowath no VOL. I.
man, no not the angels which are that I love thee." John xxi. 17. in heaven, neither the Son, but the Jesus needed not that any should Father. And though she had testify unto him, for “he knew never read or heard any other what was in man." John ii. 26. arguments in support of the Uni- He perceived the inmost thoughts tarian doctrine, yet conceiving that of the hearts both of his disciples omniscience was essential to Deity, and others, see Luke ix. 47. with she could not but rejeet the Tri-Mark-ix: 34. And he himself claims nitarian scheme; although in so the high prerogative of " searching doing she had to encounter much the reins and trying the hearts” of opposition from her friends. his people, Rev. ii. 23. But if so,
I must confess, Sir, that the how shall we reconcile these exabove text has had some weight press testinonies of the Saviour's on my mind; and when it is ad- divinity with the text in Mark xiii. vanced as an argument to con- 82. which declares him ignorant vince me of the fallacy of the of the precise period of the final Trinitarian doctrine, I am com- consummation of all things? To pletely at a loss for an answer. this we reply,
If you, or any of your corre- 2. The difficulty arises from the spondents, will elucidate this sub-contractedness of our views of the ject, it will much oblige
economy of redemption. In this Your obedient Servant, amazing scheme of divine grace London, Sep. 1815.
AMICUS. for the
recovery of a ruined world, and which so gloriously unfolds
the infinite wisdom of the blessed ANSWER.
God, it is a first principle, that Although we strongly suspect “God was manifest in the flesh"that the writer of the preceding 1 Tim. iii. 16. for “the WORD,” paper is a musked Socinian, we by whom all creation was called have not hesitated to insert his into existence, was made flesh," letter. We are indeed well aware or assumed the body prepared for that with persons of that stamp, him (compare. John i. 1, 14. with especially when once confirmed Hebrews x. 5.)." and tabernacled in their views, it were absurd to amongst vs”-“the brightness of expect that any thing short of the the Father's glory, and the express power of omnipotence should reach | image of his person.” And thus conviction to their minds, and sa- possessing the divine and human tisfy them of their soul-destructive natures in his one individual person
Yet as Christians are ex- -it is no unusual thing with the pressly enjoined to " be ready at inspired writers to speak of him, all times to render to every man sometimes in reference to his dia reason of the hope that is in vine, and at others to his human them, with meekness and fear,” nature; and if we oply grant this we shall give him our sentiments preliminary principle, it will enable briefly on the subject of his in- us with readiness to adjust all these quiry.
little difficulties, and to see in the 1. We fully agree with Amicus, Scriptures one uniform and conthat Omniscience is essential- to sistent scheme of divine truth ; Deity; and on this principle we whereas, upon any other hypoground our faith in the divinity of thesis, we involve ourselves in inthe Son of God. The inspired extricable confusion, and “wrest writers repeatedly and expressly the Scriptures to our own destrucascribe omniscience to him. Thus tion.” But, further, Peter, for instance, “Lord, thou 3. In order to understand the Honguest all things; thou kpowest text in question, it is necessary to