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other, for the Cingalese; and to give up | Sunday evening we had the honour of Manaar; and that two of che brethren dining with his Excellency the Governor. should go to Jaffna. To'ıe second question On being introduced to him, he received was, Who shall go to these several places ? us with that affability for which he is so This being by far the most important remarkable, and assured us that he conquestion, we humbled ourselves before sidered us an acquisition to the Colony; God, and prayed for resignation and di- and expressed his sorrow at the public vine direction: we looked at the places loss of so valuable a character as Dr. and languages, and the disposition and ta- Coke. We returned him our warmest lents of each brother. We foresaw that thanks for his unexpected goodness to us those who learned the Tamul, could not, and our companions, and asssured him at any future period, change with the that we would ever retain a grateful brethren who would have to learn the sense thereof; and endeavour so act, as Cingalese ; nor the latter with the former. that his excellency, and all our kind beWe agreed to fix our stations by ballot: nefactors, should not have cause to regret when brothers Lynch and Squance were their friendship to us.” chosen for Jaffna; brother Ault for Bat- The society have received a very inticaloe; brother Erskine for Matura; and teșesting letter from the Mr. Armour, brother Clough for Galle. We felt truly mentioned in the preceding account, resigned to our appointments. Not a dated Columbo, July 19th,giving a pretty murmuring word, nor, we believe, a circumstantial detail of his proceedings in thought of the kind existed. At this in- that island for fifteen years past. It afstant our feelings were most acute. We fords much valuable information both saw ourselves as at last separated to vari respecting himself and the general state ous and distant parts of the island: we of things in the island. The picture embraced, and wept, and prayed for each which it exhibits of the state of morals other.--God has given us the spirit of love in that island, is miserable indeed, and in an unusual degree. We agreed that sufficiently shews how much it stands in brothers Squance and Lynch should set need of the labours of the Christian misal out on the Thursday following; and that sionary. But we must wave particulars brothers Ault and Erskine should remain. that we may afford room for an extract at Galle till further instruction how to from a letter which the society have reproceed to other places."?
ceived from Mr. Lynch, dated JaffnaMessrs. Lynch and Squance took an patam, Sept. 9, 1814. “ By our letter affecting farewel of their brethren, and of last July we informed you of our arproceeded to Columbo on their way to rival at Point de Galle, of our reception Jaffna. At the former place they met by the government, the proposal of his with a very kind reception from the Ho- excellency, and our acceptance of it; nourable and Rev. Mr. Twisleton, who and the different places of our appointinvited them to his house, and to make it ments, and also of Mr. Squance's and my their abode, during their stay in the arrival at Columbo, on our way to this place. “ About sixteen miles from Co- place. We remained with the Hon. and lumbo," say they “ we were met by two Rev. Mr. Twisleton fifteen days, during servants, and a letter from Mr. Twisle- whieh time we experienced every kindton, with the most friendly invitation to ness which warm friendship and benevohis house during our stay in the place; lence could suggest. His whole heart is and we were received by himself and engaged for the religious and temporal Mrs. T. with that politeness which is pe- improvement of the ignorant and miserculiar to the Europeans receiving each able poor people of this country. Here other in a strange land. Here we have we formed an acquaintance with a Mr. félt ourselves unexpectedly surrounded Armour, of whom you bave some account with the friendship both of the great, and in the above-mentioned letter; whose a few who are truly Christians of the pri- heart is truly engaged for the salvation of mitive stamp. On Sunday we attended souls. He preaches with fluency and divine service. After which we were in- energy both in the Cingalese and the cortroduced to a Mr. Chater, a Baptist mis- rupt Portuguese of the country: and I sionary, a man of a most excellent cha- have reason to believe that he is greatiy racter, we believe, of a truly Christian stirred up to preach more ardently, and spirit; and afterwards to a Mr. Armour, aim at the conversion of souls. We also one of the excellent of the earth. In- formed an acquaintance with Mr. Chater, deed, we had no thoughts of meeting with the Baptist missionary. At first, not such a man in Ceylon. At present he knowing his character or principles, we preaches both in the Cingalese and Por- rather declined the offer of his pulpit; tuguese languages, and visits the provin- but both Mr. Twisleton and Mr. Armour cial schools. We cannot express our mu- having given a most excellent character tual thankfulness on meeting; and we of him, and informed us that whatever are very glad to find that he fully ap- his religious sentiments were, he never proves of our mode of proceeding, and introduced Calvinism in the pulpit; and thinks we have taken the most effectual many wishing us to preach in Columbo, method of learning the languages On we preached six times in Mr. Ci's chapel;
91 and have reason to believe that God persons, who would be gratified with its blessed his word. Mr. and Mrs. Chater success, are not acquainted with the pehave considerably retrieved the mission- cuniary burthens, which retard its proary character in Columbo. Being sen- gress, the following particulars are re.. sible, prudent, industrious, and truly spectfully stated. pious, they adorn the doctrine of God During the first ten years of the labours our Saviour. I feel deeply interested for of the founder of the British System, by the character of all who profess to be reason of having no established committee Gospel missionaries. We obtained a good nor funds adequate for the building of deal of information from Mr. Armour school-rooms, training of masters, and concerning the real state of Christio aity making the requisite preparations for the in Ceylon: and I must conclude, that diffusion of his plan, he became involved though it is one of the most encouraging in debt, and experienced difficulties places for Gospel missionaries, yet the which threatened the absolute ruin of his number of professing Christians, and their affairs, and the entire suppression of his piety, have been greatly exaggerated. | method of instructing. Most of the native Christians are Bud- At this juncture, in 1808, he was extrihites in their hearts, and frequently at- | cated by the prompt exertions of a few tend their idol worship, and devil dances; persons, who at sundry times have adand the Roman Catholics are scarcely a
vanced above 60001. and have also deremove in Christian knowledge or prac- voted much of their time and personal extice above them. It is to be regretted, ertion to support so useful an establishthat our European Christians, by their ment, without which it is probable that conduct, rather encourage, than discoun- the world would not now have been in tenance cast. I cannot but detest a na- possession of this valuable institution. tional custom which prevails, that no na- By these exertions a great number of tive, no, not even a native Christian, is schools have been established in England, allowed to sit in the company of an Én- Ireland, and Scotland, and the system glishman. It is true, some of our coun
has been introduced into Asia, Africa, trymen, who are in mind and station and America, by persons trained and above the common ones, subject them- qualified at the parent institution. In selves to the censure of their imaginary | less than seven years many thousand childsuperiors, by inviting a respectable native
ren of both sexes have been rescued from Christian to take a seat. "But while we ignorance, and have been directed into abhor the Antichristian conduct, we feel the paths of virtue and piety. very delicate at once to break through At this important period the most un the custom, lest we expose ourselves to expected facilities present themselves for censure on the one hand, and such a de- the spread of the British System throughgree of familiarity on the other, as might out Europe. The anxiety of benevolent cause contempt. The inhabitants of the persons on the Continent ought to be resouthern part of the island are mostly garded as an impcrious call upon the worshippers of the god Budha; they de sympathy and assistance of Britons, to ny that there is an Eternal self-existent furnish the pre-requisites of qualified Being, and affirm that all the gods, and school-masters and lessons in the various the world, &c. were made by chance, and European languages. It must be obvithat in proportion to a virtuous life in this ous, that so great a burthen for the pubworld, men pass into a state of annihi- | lic good ought not to be suffered to press lation, which they afirm is the highest on a few disinterested individualş; and state of happiness. In a conversation that some effectual means ought to be with two of their priests, we were fully taken to place the funds of so important convinced of this being their doctrine; an institution on a respectable footing, and they reason with all their skill against and enable the committee to extend the the existence of God, or the creation of blessing of universal education to every the world.”
part of the world.
Hitherto, no active steps have been taken to accomplish this desirable object.
Those who advanced their property to BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL save the plan from destruction have wait. SOCIETY.
ed in patience, and have laboured to pro
mote the general good, in the fullest conThe importance of the British system fidence that when the public should be of Education to the best interests of man- convinced of the importance of the work, kind is so universally acknowledged, that they would then liberally contribute to no arguments are now requisite to replace it upon a firm fonndation. That commend it to public notice.
period is now arrived. Persons in geneThe British and Foreign School So- ral are now convinced of the great utility ciety is established for the promotion of of the British and Foreign School Society, Schools in all parts of the world; and as and it is presumed that an appeal to their it is apprehended that many benevolent generosity will not be fruitless, when it
is considered that far larger sums are Mr. S. Tuke,...
.York. easily raised for objects of inferior impor. Rev. Mr. Turner, . Newcastle. tance.
Mr. Ray Wilson, .Glasgow. The sum required to relieve this socie- Mr. Wheeler,
High Wyeomb, ty from its difficulties, and place it upon a respectable and efficient foundation, is estimated at 10,0001. and it surely would be thought an unwarrantable reflection LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. on British liberality to say that for such a purpose it would be difficult to raise such
Extract of a letter from Mr. Milne to an amount. The plan now proposed is,
the Directors, dated Batavia, July 1st that 100 individuals should each of them
and 2nd, 1814. undertake to raise 1001. among their friends, to be applied to the firm esta- “I am just returned from a journey blishment of the British and Foreign through the eastern parts of Java, through School Society. If this can be accom- the Island of Madura. During this jourplished, the annual subscriptions of the ney, by the good hand of God upon me, public will be sufficient to carry on the I have travelled about fourteen hundred Institution; and no impediment would | miles over land without a hurt or fall — remain to the most active exertions for visited Bencallan, the seat of the Sultan diffusing the blessings of knowledge to of Madura, and slept a night in the the population of the whole world. palace; and also Solo, the metropolis of
The Finance Committee strongly re- the So-soon-ham, or Emperor of Java, to commend to the friends of universal edu- whom I was introduced. -He reigns over cation the adoption of this plan, and will more than a million of people. I have be happy to receive the names of such also visited all the towns and villages of gentlemen as may be willing to unite in any importance, where there are Chinese, this effort,
from Batavia, near the west end of Jaya, It is proposed that, as the money shall to Sumanap, on the farther extremity of be recived, it shall immediately be in- the Island of Madura ; except Djoc-joovested in the public funds in the names of curta, the capital of the Sultan of Java, Samuel Whitbread, M.P. John Jackson, which is within about fifty miles of Solo. M.P. Samuel Hoare, jun, and William At all these places I have distributed Allen, as trustees; and if in the course of Chinese New Testaments, Catechisms, two years, reckoning from January 1, Tracts, &c. to a considerable amount, 1815, it does not, with accumulated in and made arrangements for sending some terest, amount to the sum of 10,0001. the to the Chinese at Banger-masen,Pontiano, contributors shall receive their principal and Sambas, on the great island of Borneo. and interest, if they desire it, or it shall “ The Chinese are my first object, and be applied in such way as each shall my chief attention has been paid to them direct,
during my late tour, which lasted for six CHARLES BARCLAY, M.P.
weeks. But other objects were not neR. H. MARTEN,
glected.-I baptized one hundred and DAVID RICARDO,
fourteen children, belonging, some to EnROBERT SLATE,
glish parents, but chiefly to the Dutch S. W. TRACY,
and their descendants; and I was comSAM. WAITBREAD, M.P.
missioned to this effect by the two Dutch SAMUEL Woods,
clergymen, who through age and inSubscribers of £100 each.
firmity, cannot remove far from the The Duke of Bedford, President. places of their residence, viz. Batavia Lord Webb Seymour, Edinburgh. and Samarang. This service afforded me John S. Harford, Esq. Bristol.
some pleasing opportunities of stating Robert Owen, Esq. New Lanark. the great doctrines of the sacred ScripRichard Reynolds, Esq. Bristol.
tures of endeavouring to prevent the William Strutt, Esq. Derby.
total extinction of the light of the gospel Hon. George Vernon, London.
among the descendants of the once highlyS. Whitbread, Esq. M.P. V.P. London. favoured Dutch-and of attempting to Gentlemen who hold Subscription books in prevent their entire relapse into Mahothe Country.
metanism and Heathenism,--points to Mr. Jonathan Backhouse, Darlington. which, in my own opinion, they are fast Mr. Hadwen Bragge, · Newcastle. hasteping, for want of public instruction. Mr. Braidwood, · Edinburgh. I had also some opportunities of preachMr. Harrison,
ing among my own countrymen, who are Rev. Dr. Maltby, Bucden.
equally destitute of the ordinances of Mr. J. Niven,
religion. Mr. R. Owen,
The Chinese of all ranks, and in every Mr. J. Priestman, Pickering. place, received my books gladly, and Mr. F. Robson,
Sunderland. listened with patience to what I bad to Mr. R. Spence,.. 6.. North Shields. say about the true God. So that what
93 from opportunities of attending to the Slave Trade, though not immediately. object of my mission among the Chinese, Spain and Portugal, we are told, have what from seasons of religious instruc- engaged to do it in six years; and France tion to Dutch and English, what from bas consented to reduce the term from intercourse with gentlemen of education five to two years. Most ardently do we and knowledge of the world, what from hope that we are misinformed respecting occasions of stating clearly the object of these latter particulars; for while any missions, and of endeavouring to re- of the powers of Europe are permitted move prejudices against them, and to continue that nefarious traffic, humawhat from the view of a bighly culti-nity must mourn at the painful recollecvated country, happy under an enlight- tion; and we can have no security that ened and liberal government, I have even our own countrymen are not enmuch reason to be satisfied with this gaged in it; for the unhallowed gains journey, though attended with some attached to it must always operate as an personal inconvenience, and accasion-inducement to them to strive to partake ally with extreme fatigue, both by sea of its spoils, which we suppose they will and land,
find little difficulty in accomplishing, by On my return from the East, I found forming establishments in other countries. three Dutch missionary brethren arrived from London. Their coming here is most scasonable, as both the ministers
REVIVAL OF THE CRUSADES, in the Reformed Church are advanced in age, and the people in many places destitute of the ordinances of religion. ed a very curious address. He says he
The late King of Sweden has publishMr. Supper is chosen and appointed to has received the grand Seignior's permisassist Professor Ross.--Mr. Bruckner sion to make a pilgrimage to the Holy goes to Samarang, to take the place of Land : in consequence of which he inMr. Montanus, who is now unable to vites ten persons to accompany him, one preach ; and Mr. Kam goes to Sourabaya, from each of the nations in Europe. They to wait there for a passage to Amboyna, are to wear black robes, let their beards where there is a considerable number of Christians, entirely without a minister, Brethren, and are each to be attended
grow, take the style and title of Black and very desirous of having one. This
by a servant in black and grey livery. last step was particularly recommended Notice of the willingness of an individual by our friend, Professor Ross. Allow me to mention to you, that, in
to accompany him, is to be pnblished in the Chinese Mission, I hope you will not belongs, and all the Black Brethren are
some paper in the country to which he restrict us to a certain sum. There are
to assemble at Trieste, on the 24th of some favourable seasons when certain June !! pieces of work, by allowing a little extra expence, may be accomplished in one year, and by one person, which on a
ORDINATION. contrary plan would require two years, and two persons and even the same ex- On Friday, February 17, the Rev. pence of last; with this difference-in John Morrison, late student at Hoxton the one case the money is required in Academy, was set apart to the pastoral one year–in the other only in two. I office over the church, in Union Chapel, do not mention this as if we wished to Sloane Street, a new interest, where serve ourselves of the churches, but there is a great prospect of considerable because we are desirous of carrying on usefulness. Mr. Dunn began with the work with vigour ; and of knowing prayer. Mr. Henry Burder gave an acthat we shall not offend hy going a few count of a Christian church. Mr. Liefpounds beyond the line, when the object child asked the questions. Dr. Nichol is sufficiently important to justify it. offered the ordination prayer.
Mr. I am truly glad to inform you, that in Hooper gave the charge. Mr. John consequence of the kindness of the Go- Clayton addressed the congregation, and yernor, the expence of my last journey Mr. Washburton concluded. In the has not been very heavy.-It would evening, Mr. Hackett prayed, and Mr. have amounted to 1600 rupees, had I George Clayton preached from—“ LO! been obliged to pay for the horses. I am with you always unto the end of the
ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE
The latest accounts from the frontiers Died, a few weeks ago, at Colchester, of Austria inform us, that Lord Castle MP. KENDALL, aged 75, a respectable reagh has succeeded in prevailing upon and highly esteemed member of the So. all the maritime powers (ố abolish the ciet Friends --An anecdote is related of this good man, which is worth pre- The following Queries have been sent serving: Some years ago, the country us for insertion, with requests that some players appearing at Colchester, his spirit of our Correspondents will furnish Scripwas stirred in him to testify against this tural answers to them.
Edit. race of genteel vagrants. He accordingly
1. What do the Scriptures propose for went to the Theatre one evening, with an intention of freely delivering his thoughts; relief to a wounded conscience : -- And if but not finding himself at liberty that relieved, how shall the person ascertain evening, he returned without accomplish- whether his relief be delusive, or accoming his purpose.
His conscience, how. panied with salvation? ever, was not satisfied at the silence of 2. Are unbelievers exhorted in the his tongue; and the following day, up- Scriptures to perfect obedience to God's braided him that he should appear to commandments : But if unbelievers are countenance that by his presence which convinced they cannot possibly keep the he went on purpose to discourage by his commandments of God, may they not be speech. He accordingly went again, and exhorted to some duties as means of obon his rising to solicit the attention of taining the faith and hope of the Gospel ? the audience, the populace would have
3. What is to be understood by the silenced him by hisses and shouts ; but Baptism of the Holy Ghost ? such was the veneration which the more respectable part of the company had for
4. What is meant by the Covenant of his character, that they determined to
Grace? procure for him a fair learing ; the play was accordingly stopped while this res
LITERARY NOTICES. pectable Friend uttered his remonstrances against the dangerous and immoral ten- THE NATIVE IRISH, A Memorial on dency of these entertainments. After he behalf of the Native Irish, with a view had thus acquitted his conscience, he to their improvement in moral and reliquietly left his seat, and retired from the gious Knowledge, through the medium place.
of their own language, is now in the press, and will be published in the course of he present Month, by Mr. Christopher
Anderson, Edinburgh. This Memorial in SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATED.
cludes a Statement of what has been
done towards the instruction of this inMr. Campbell in his late Travels interesting class of people by means of South Africa, tells us, “ that the Hotten- their own ancient language, from the tots have a very curious manner of drink- earliest to the present times ;-an account ing water from a pool or stream.” “ They of the translation and printing of the throw it up," says he, “ with their right Sacred Scriptures in Irish ;--the latest hand into their mouth, seldom bringing calculations with regard to the prevathe hand nearer than a foot's distance lence of this language, and the extent of from the mouth, and so quiek, that how population to whom it is vernacular ;ever thirsty, they are soon satisfied. I answers to the most plausible objections tried frequently to imitate this practice against its being taught systematically in but without success.” p. 153. The read- schools, like the other dialects of the ing of this paragraph reminded us so United Kingdom.-A plan is proposed, strongly of what is related of Gideon's and to proceed in its support, various army, that we were surprised Mr. Camp- encouragements, founded on facts, are bell made no allusion to it. “Gideon
brought forward. A variety of particubrought down the people to the water; lars are incidentally mentioned with resand the Lord said unto him, Every one pect to the other dialects of the Celtic, or that lappeth of the water with his tongue, iberion language, whether those spoken as a dog lappeth, him shalt thou set by in Britain, e. g. the Welsh, the Gælic himself; likewise every one that boweth and the Monks, or on the continent, as down on his knees to drink; and the the Bas Bretayne or 'Armoricon, the number of them that lapped, putting their hand to their mouth were three hundred Basques, and the Waldensian. men, but all the rest of the people bowed Facts and Evidences on the Subject of down on their knees to drink. And the Baptism, in a Letter to a Deacon of a Lord said unto Gideon by the three hun- Baptish Church: by the Editor of Cal. dred that lapped will I save you.” Judg. met's Dictionary of the Holy Bible, with vii. 5-7. Would it not seem from this, two plates. Price ls. that the practice of Gideon's three hun
and that which Mr. C. witness- An Easy Introduction to reading the ed among the Hottentots, were nearly, if Hebrew Language; with a copious Henot preicsely, the same; for it is plain brew and English Vocabulary, containthat the former did not, any more than the ing all the Words of common oecurrence latter, bow down their heads to the wa- in the Old Testament, by George Offor,