Modern French Philosophy
Cambridge University Press, 1980 - 192 pages
This is a critical introduction to modern French philosophy, commissioned from one of the liveliest contemporary practitioners and intended for an English-speaking readership. The dominant 'Anglo-Saxon' reaction to philosophical development in France has for some decades been one of suspicion, occasionally tempered by curiosity but more often hardening into dismissive rejection. But there are signs now of a more sympathetic interest and an increasing readiness to admit and explore shared concerns, even if these are still expressed in a very different idiom and intellectual context. Vincent Descombes offers here a personal guide to the main movements and figures of the last forty-five years. He traces over this period the evolution of thought from a generation preoccupied with the 'three H's' - Hegel, Husserl and Heidegger, to a generation influenced since about 1960 by the 'three masters of suspicion' - Marx, Nietzsche and Freud. In this framework he deals in turn with the thought of Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, the early structuralists, Foucault, Althusser, Serres, Derrida, and finally Deleuze and Lyotard. The 'internal' intellectual history of the period is related to its institutional setting and the wider cultural and political context which has given French philosophy so much of its distinctive character.
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Philosophy in France
The humanisation of nothingness Kojeve
The human origin of truth MerleauPonty
The critique of history Foucault Althusser
Marxism in peril
Difference Derrida Deleuze
The search for a transcendental empiricism
The end of time Deleuze Klossowski Lyotard
The tale of the end of the tale of the end of history
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affirmation already Althusser analysis anthropology Anti-Oedipus appears calls Capital cogito concept concrete philosophy consciousness critique cube defined definition Deleuze Derrida Descartes desire desiring-production dialectical difference doctrine end of history epistemology eternal everything example existence experience explained expression fact for-itself Foucault France French philosophy Freud Freudian Gallimard given Hegel Hegelian human Husserl idealism idealist identity ideology in-itself instance interpretation Intr Jean Beaufret Kant Kojeve Kojeve's Lacan language Levi-Strauss logic Lyotard madness Marx Marxism Marxist Master meaning Merleau-Ponty metaphysics mind myth nature negation negative neo-Kantian never Nietzsche Nietzschean nothingness notion object ontology opposition origin originary perceive phenomenology Plato political position possible praxis precisely present problem produces question reality reason recognise relation revolution Sartre semiology sense signifier Slave Socialisme ou Barbarie speak structuralism structuralist theory thesis thing thinking thought tion trans translation true truth word