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(D1) 1 Cor. xv. 3, 4.-For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures, And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures.

(E1) John xx. 25, 27.-The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe. Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.

(F1) Mark xvi. 19.-So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God. Acts i. 9, 10, 11.-And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; Which also said, Ye men of Galilee why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.

(G1) Rom. viii. 34.-Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. Heb. ix. 24.-For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us.

(H1) Acts x. 42.-And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead. Rom. xiv. 9, 10.-For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived that he might be Lord both of the dead and living. But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. Acts i. 10.-And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel. 2 Pet. ii. 4.-For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.

5. The Lord Jesus, by his perfect obedience and sacrifice of himself, which he through the eternal Spirit once offered up unto God, (11) hath fully satisfied the justice of God, procured reconciliation, and purchased an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven (K 1) for all those whom the Father hath given unto him.

(11) Heb. ix. 14.-How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? Chap. x. 14.-For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. Rom. iii. 25, 26.—Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness; that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.

(K1) John xvii. 2.-As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. Heb. ix. 15.-And for this cause he is the mediator of the New Testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.

6. Although the price of redemption was not actually paid by Christ till after his incarnation, (L1) yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefit thereof were communicated to the elect in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices wherein he was revealed, and signified to be the seed which should bruise the serpent's head; (M 1) and the Lamo slain from the foundation of the world, (N 1) being the same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever.

(L1) 1 Cor. iv. 10.-We are fools for Christ's sake, but ye are wise in Christ; we are weak, but ye are strong; ye are honourable, but we are despised. Heb. iv. 2. For unto us was the gospe! preached, as well as unto them: but the Word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. 1 Pet. i. 10, 11.-Uf which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched

diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.

(M1) Rev. xiii. 8.-And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

(N 1) Heb. xiii. 8.-Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever. 7. Christ in the work of mediation acteth according to both natures, by each nature doing that which is proper to itself; yet by reason of the unity of the person, that which is proper to one nature is sometimes, in scripture, attributed to the person (o 1) denominated by the other nature.

(o 1) John iii. 13.-And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven. Acts xx. 28.-Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.

8. To all those for whom Christ hath obtained eternal redemption, he doth certainly and effectually (P 1) apply and communicate the same, making intercession for them; uniting them to himself by his Spirit, (1) revealing unto them, in and by the Word, the mystery of salvation, persuading them to believe and obey, (R 1) governing their hearts by his Word and Spirit, and (s 1) overcoming all their enemies by his almighty power and wisdom, in such manner and ways as are most consonant to his wonderful and (T 1) unsearchable dispensation; and all of free and absolute grace, without any condition foreseen in them to procure it.

(P1) John vi. 37.-All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out. Chap. x. 15, 16.-As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep. And other sheep I have which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold and one shepherd. Chap. xvii. 9.—I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine. Rom. v. 10.-For if when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son; much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.

(Q1) John xvii. 6.—I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. Eph. i. 9.-Having made known unto us the mysterv of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself. 1 John v. 20.-And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true; and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.

(R1) Rom. viii. 9, 14.-But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.

(s 1) Ps. cx. 1.-The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. 1 Cor. xv. 25, 26.-For he must reign till he hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.

(T1) John iii. 8.-The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth; so is every one that is born of the Spirit. Eph. i. 8.-Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence.

9. This office of mediator between God and man is proper (u 1) only to Christ, who is the prophet, priest, and king of the church of God; and may not be either in whole, or any part thereof, transferred from him to any other.

(u 1) 1 Tim. ii. 5.-For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.

10. This number and order of offices is necessary; for in respect of our (x 1) ignorance, we stand in need of his prophetical office; and in respect of our alienation from God, (r 1) and imperfection of the best of our services, we need his priestly office to reconcile us and present us acceptable unto God; and in respect of our averseness and utter inability to return to God, and for our rescue and security from our spiritual adversaries, we need his kingly office (z 1) to convince, subdue, draw, uphold, deliver, and preserve us to his heavenly kingdom.

(x 1) John i. 18.-No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.

(Y) Col. i. 21.-And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind, by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled. Gal. v. 17.-For the flesh lusteth against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.

(z 1) John xvi. 8.-And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment. Ps. cx. 3.-Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. Luke i. 74, 75.-That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear. In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.



1. God hath indued the will of man with that natural liberty and power of acting upon choice, that it is (A) neither forced, nor by any necessity of nature determined to do good or evil.

(A) Matt. xvii. 12.-But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed: likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them. James i. 14.-But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust and enticed. Deut. xxx. 19.-I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live.

2. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that (B) which was good and well-pleasing to God, but yet (c) was unstable, so that he might fall from it.

(B) Eccles. vii. 20.-Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.

(c) Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

3. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost (D) all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation; so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that good, (E) and dead in sin, is not able by his own strength to (F) convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto.

(D) Rom. v. 6.-For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. Chap. viii. 7.-Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

(E) Eph. ii. 1, 5.-And you hath he quickened who were dead in trespasses and sins. Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved).

(F) Tit. iii. 3, 4, 5.-For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another, But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared. Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. John vi. 44.-No man can come unto me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him and I will raise him up at the last day.

4. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, (a) he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin, and by his grace alone enables him (H) freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good; yet so as that by reason of his (1) remaining corruptions, he doth not perfectly, nor only will, that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil.

(G) Col. i. 13.-Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son. John viii. 36.-If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.

(H) Phil. ii. 13.—For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

(1) Rom. vii. 15, 18, 19, 21, 23.-For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. For I know that in me (that is in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me, but how to perform that which is good I find not. For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not that I do. I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.

5. The will of man is made (K) perfectly and immutably free to good alone in the state of glory only.

(K) Eph. iv. 13. Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ.



1. Those whom God hath predestinated unto life, he is pleased in his appointed and accepted time, (A) effectually to call, by his Word and Spirit, out of that state of sin and death in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation (B) by Jesus Christ; enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly (c) to understand the things of God; taking away their (D) heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh; renewing their wills, and by his almighty power determining them (E) to that which is good, and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ; yet so as they come (F) most freely, being made willing by his grace.

(A) Rom. viii. 30.-Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justined, them he also glorified. Chap. xi. 7.-What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded. Eph. i. 10, 11.-That in the dispensation of the fulness of times, he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth, even in him. In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will. 2 Thess. ii. 13, 14.-But we are bound to give thanks alway to

God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the spirit and belief of the truth; Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.

(B) Eph. ii. 1-6.-And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us. Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ (by grace ye are saved;) And hath raised us up, together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus.

(c) Acts xxvi. 18.-To open their eyes and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me. Eph. i. 17, 18.-That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints.

(D) Ezek. xxxvi. 26.-A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you; and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.

(E) Deut. xxx. 6. And the Lord God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live. Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. Eph. i. 19.-And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe according to the working of his mighty power.

(F) Ps. cx. 3.-Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. Cant. i. 4.-Draw me, we will run after thee. The king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee; we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.

2. This effectual call is of God's free and special grace alone, (G) not from anything at all foreseen in man, nor from any power or agency in the creature, (H) being wholly passive therein, being dead in sins and trespasses, until being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit; he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it, and that by no less (1) power than that which raised up Christ from the dead.

(G) 2 Tim. i. 9.-Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began. Eph. ii. 8.-For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God.

(H) 1 Cor. ii. 14.-But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him; neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. Eph. ii. 5.-Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ (by grace ye are saved). John v. 25.-Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and they that hear shall live.

(1) Eph. 1. 19, 20.-And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places.

3. Infants dying in infancy (K) are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit; who worketh when and where and (L) how he pleaseth; so also are all elect persons, who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word.


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