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Q. 99. Are the Infants of such as are professing Believers to be baptized ?
A. The Infants of such as are professing Believers are not to be baptized, because there is neither command or example in the Holy Scripture, or certain consequence from them to baptize such. (M)
(M) Exod. xxiii. 13.-And in all things that I have said unto you, be circumspect. Prny. Xxx. vi.-Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar.
Q. 100. How is Baptism rightly administered ? A. Baptism is rightly administered by immersion, or dipping the whole body of the party in water, (n) in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, according to Christ's Institution, and the practice of the Apostles, (o) and not by sprinkling or pouring of water, or dipping some part of the body, after the tradition of men. (P)
(n) Mat. ill. 16.-And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water. John iii. 23.-And John also was baptizing in Ænon, near to Salimy because there was much water there: and they came and were baptized.
(0) Mat. xxviii. 19, 20.-Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
(P) John iv. 1, 2.-When, therefore, the Lord knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John, (though Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples.) Acts viii. 38, 39.-And they went both down into the water, both Philip and the eunuch, and he baptized him. And when they were come up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught away Philip.
Q. 101. What is the duty of such as are rightly baptized ?
A. It is the duty of such as are rightly baptized, to give up themselves to some particular and orderly Church of Jesus Christ, (R) that they may walk in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lordi blameless. (8)
(R) Acts ii. 47.-And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved. Acts ix. 26. And when Saul was come Jerusalem, he assayed to join himself to the disciples. Pet. ii. 5.—Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.
(8) Luke i. 6.-And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless.
Q. 102, What is the Lord's Supper?
A. The Lord's Supper is an ordinance of the New Testament, instituted by Jesus Christ; wherein by giving and receiving Bread and Wine, according to his appointment, his death is shewed forth, (T) and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporeal or carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace. (v)
(T) 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24, 25, 26.-I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took Bread, and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat, this is my Body, which is broken for you ; this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the Cup, when he had supped, saying, This Cup is the New Testament in my Blood, this do ye, as often as ye drink it, in remembrance of me: For as often as ye eat this Bread, and drink this Cup, ye do shew forth the Lord's Death till he come.
(0) I Cor. x. 16.-The Cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion or ihe Blood of Christ? The Bread which we break, is it not the communion of the Budy of Christ?
Q. 103, Who are the proper subjects of this ordinance ?
A. They who have been Baptized upon a personal profession of their faith in Jesus Christ, and repentance from dead works. (w)
(w) Acts i:. 41, 42.- They that gladly received his word were Baptized, and they continue i stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and feilowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers
Q. 104. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's Supper ?
A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's Supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord's Body, (x) of their faith to feed upon him, (v) of their repentance, (z) love, (A) and new obe lience, (B) lest coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves. (c)
(x) I Cor. xi. 28.-Leta man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.
(1) 1 Cor. xi 31.- If we would judge ourselves. we should not be judged. (2) 2 Cor. xiii. 5.-Examine yourselves whether ye be in the faith.
(A) I Cor. xi. 18, 20.-When ye come together in the church, I hear that thero be divisions among you-This is not to eat the LorI's Supper.
(B) 1 Cor. v. 8. -Ler us keep the feast. not with old leuven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
(c) 1 Cor. xi. 29. He that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
Q. 105. What is Prayer ?
A. Prayer is an offering up our desires to God, (D) by the assistance of the Holy Spirit, (+) for things agreeable to his will, (F) in the name of Christ, (a) believing, (H) with confession of our sins, (1) and thankful acknowledgments of his mercies. (K)
(D) Psal. lxii. 8.-Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour out your heart before him; God is a refuge for us.
(B) Rom. viii. 26.—The Spirit also helpeth our infirmities; for we know not what we should pray for as we ought. But the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us, with groanings which cannot be utrered.
(F) Rom. viii. 27.--He maketh intercession for the saints, according to the will of God.
io John xvi. 23.-Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give
( Mat. xxi. 22.-All things whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive. (1 Dan. ix. 4.-And I prayed unto the Lord my God, and made my confession.
(K) Phil. iv. 6.-Be careful for nothing, but in every thing, by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made knowo unto God.
Q. 106. What rule hath God given for our direction in Prayer ?
A. The whole Word of God is of use to direct us in Prayer, (L) but the special rule of direction is that Prayer which Christ taught his disciples, commonly called The Lord's Prayer, (m)
(1) Luke xi. 1.-Lord, teach us to pray. 2 Tim jii. 16, 17.-All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitrble for doctrine, for rew.soot, for cori ection, &c. &c. 1 John v. 17.-If we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth
(m) Mat. vi. 9.- After this manner, therefore, pray ye. Q. 107. What doth the Preface of the Lord's Prayer teach us ?
A, The Preface of the Lord's Prayer, which is ---Our Father, which art in Heaven, (N) teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children, to a father able and ready to help us, (o) and that we should pray with and for others, (P) (n) Mat. vi. 9.
(o) Rom. viii. 15.–For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. Mat. vii. 11.-If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven, give good things to them that ask him.
(P) Acts xii. 5.--Peter therefore was kept in prison, but Prayer was made without ceasing of the church unto God for him. I Tim. ii. 1, 2.-I exhort, therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men ; for kings, and all that are in authority.
Q. 108. What do we pray for in the first Petition ?
A. In the first. Petition, which is.—Hallowed be thy name, (Q) we pray, that God would enable us and others to glorify him in all that whereby he maketh himself known, (R) and that he would dispose all things to his own glory. (s)
(Q) Mat. vi. 9.
(R) Psal. Ixvii. 1, 2, 3.-God be merciful unto us, and bless us, and cause his face to shine upon us, th thy way may be known upon earth, thy saving health among all nations. Let the people praise thee, O God: let all the people praise thee.
(s) Psal. lxxxiii. 18.-That men may know, that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth. Rom. xi. 36.-For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things, to whom be glory for ever. Amen.
Q. 109. What do we pray for in the second Petition ?
A. In the second Petition, which is-Thy kingdom come, (T) we pray that Satan's kingdom may be destroyed, (u) and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced, (w) ourselves and others brought into it, and kept in it, (x) and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened. (Y)
(T) Mat. vi. 10.
(U) Psal. lxviii. 1, 18.-Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered, let them also that hate him flee before him—Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive, thou hast received gifts for men, yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them. Psal. li. 18.-Do good in thy good pleasure unto Sion,
(w) Rom. x. 1.—My heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.
(x) 2 Thes. iii. 1.-Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the Word of the Lord may have free course, and be glorified, even as it is with you. John xvii. 20,21.Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their Word; that they all may be oue, as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us.
(Y) Rev. xxii. 20.-He which testifieth these things, saith, Surely I come quickly, Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.
Q. 110. What do we pray for in the third Petition ? : A. In the third Petition, which is-Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven, (z) we pray that God, by his grace, would make us able and willing to know, obey, (A) and submit to his will in all things, (B) as the angels do in heaven.
Mat. vi. 10.
Psal. cxix. 34, 35, 36.Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law :: yea, I shall observe it with my whole heart. Make me to go in the path of thy commandments; for therein do I delight. Incline my heart unto thy testimonies." (B) Luke xxii. 42.-- Father, if Thou be willing, remove this cup from Me: nevertheless, rot My will, but I hine be done. Acts xxi. 14.- And when he would not be persuaded, we ceased, saying, the will of the Lord be done.
(c) Psal. ei j. 20, 21.-Bless the Lord, ye his angels that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his Word. Bless ye
the Lord, al' je ois hosts, ye ministers of his, that do his pleasure.
Q. 111. What do we pray for in the fourth Petition ?
A. In the fourth Petition, which is, -Give us this day our daily bread, () we pray, that of God's free gift we may receive a conipetent portion of the good things of this life, (E) and enjoy his blessing with them. (F) (1) Mat. vi. II.
(R) Prov. xxx. 8.-Remove far from me vanity and lies, give me neither poverty por i iches; fred me with food convenient for me.
(F) Exod. xxiii. 25.-And ye shall serve the Lord your God, and he shall bless thy brear and thy water. 1 Tim. iv. 4, 5.-Every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving. For it is sanctified by the Word of God and prayer.
Q. 112. What do we pray for in the fifth Petition ?
A. In the fifth Petition, which is,- And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors, (G) we pray that God, for Christ's sake, would freely pardon all our sins, (11) which we are the rather encouraged to ask, because by his grace we are enabled from the heart to forgive others. (1)
(6) Mat. vi. 12. (H) Psal. Ji. 1, 2, 7.-Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy loving kindness; according unto the muliitude of thy tender mercits, blot out my trans£Ttssions. Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin— Purge me with hyss up, and I shall be clean ; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow
(1) Mat. vi. 14.-For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Luke xi. 4.- And forgive us our sins, for we also forgive every Ove ıhat is indebted to us.
Q. 113. What do we pray for in the sixth Petition ?
A. In the sixth Petition, which is,-And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil, (k) we pray, that God would either keep us from being tempted to sin, (L) or support and deliver us when we are tempted (M)
(K) Mat. vi. 13. (L) Mat. xxvi. 41.-Watch and pray, that ye enter pot into temptation. Psal. xix. 13.- Keep back thy servant also froin presumptuous sins; let then not have domini n ver me.
(-) 2 Cor. xii. 7, 8.—There was given to me a thorn in the filesh: 1e messenger of Satan, to buffet me-for this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me. I Cor. x. 13.- There hath no temptation taken you, but such as is coinmon to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer yuu to be tempted above that ye are able: but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.
Q. 114. What doth the Conclusion of the Lord's Prayer teach as ?
A. The Conclusion of the Lord's Prayer, which is,-For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, (for ever, Amen,) (N) teacheth us to take our encouragement in prayer from God only, (o) and in our prayer to praise him, ascribing kingdom, power, and glory to him, (P) and in testimony of our desire, and assurance to be heard, we say, Amen. (e)
(N) Mat. vi. 13.
fo) Dan. ix. 4, 9, 18, 19.-And I prayed unto the Lord my God, and made my contéssion, and said, O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeing the covenant and mercy to them that love him, and to them that keep bis commandments To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him-O my God. incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and behold our desol +tions, and the city which is called by thy name: For we do not present our supplications before thee for our righteousnesses, but for thy great mercics, O Lord, hear; O Lurd forgive; O Lord, hearken, and do; defer not, for thine own sakė, O my God: for thy city and thy people are called by thy
(P) 1 Chron. xxix. 11, 13.-Thine, O Lord, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in heaven and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingrom, 0 Lord, and thou art exalted as Head above all-Now, therefore, our God, we thank thee, and praise thy glorious name.
(Q) I Cor. xiv. 16. -How shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thaoks. meeing he understandeth not what thou sayest? Rev. xxii. 20.- He which testifieth these things, saith, Surely I come quickly, . Amen. Even so, come Lord Jesus.
PREFACE V. line 18, for even, read ever.
Do. xii. line 10, after “adverted,” supply to-
is Treasurer,” read Mr. Wm. Lepard Smith, Mr. W.
B. Gurney, and Mr. W. Beddome, Treasurers.
Page cliii., line 10, for Rylands, read Ryland.
Page clvii., line 12. for Mr. T. B. Bousfield, read Mr. J.
Page clxi., line 25, for Dr. Steine, read Steane.
read John Ledyard Phillips.