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ensuite, afterwards; hier, yesterday; loin, far; longtemps, a long time; maintenant now; mal, badly; , where; partout, everywhere; quand, when; quelque part, somewhere; quelquefois, sometimes; si, 80; souvent, often; tantôt, by and by; a little while ago; tard, late; toujours, always; tout à l'heure, presently, just now; tout de suite, immediutely, etc.

The following adverbs are also frequently used : Ailleurs, elsewhere.

Dorénavant, henceforth. Ainsi, thus; so.

Exprès, purposely, on purpose. À la fois, at a time; at once. Même, even; also. Alors, then ; at that time.

Peut-être, perhaps. Auparavant, before; first. Plutôt, rather. Autrement, otherwise.

Presque, almost. D'abord, at first; first.

Sans doute, undoubtedly.
Dedans, within ; in it.

Surtout, especially.
Dehors, outside ; out of doors. Tôt, soon.
Dessous, below; under it. Tôt ou tard, sooner or later.
Deesus, above; upon it.

Volontiers, willingly.

2.

ADVERBS OF QUANTITY. Adverbs of quantity are used with verbs and with nouns. When they are used with nouns, they require the preposition de before the noun, and when the noun is not expressed, it is represented in the sentence by the pronoun en.

The adverbs of quantity are: Assez, enough.

Guère (ne), but little ; but few.
Autant, as much; as many. Moins, less.
Beaucoup, much; many.

Peu, little; few.
Bien (Rem. 1), much; many. Plus, more.
Combien, how much; how many. Tant, so much ; so many.
Davantage, (Rem. 2), more. Trop, too much ; too many.

REM. 1. Bien requires de and the article before the noun; that is : du, de la, de l', or des.

REM. 2. Davantage is never followed by de and a noun; it is used preferably to plus at the end of a sentence.

Il travaille autant que vous.

He works as much as you do J'ai autant de livres que vous. I have as many books as you. Vous en avez plus que moi. You have more than I. Il y a beaucoup de fautes (or bien There are many mistakes in this

des fautes) dans ce thème. exercise.

When two nouns are compared in regard to quantity, the preposition de is repeated before the second noun. Vous avez plus de courage que You have more courage than pa. de patience.

tience.

3.

FORMATION OF ADVERBS IN MENT.

Many adverbs are formed from adjectives by the addition of the syllable ment. When the adjective ends with a vowel, ment is added to the masculine form; when it ends with a consonant, to the feminine form, as : Poli, polite,

adv. poliment, politely. Ordinaire, usual,

adv. ordinairement, usually. Seul, f. seule, alone,

adv. seulement, only. Heureux, f. heureuse, happy, adv. heureusement, happily; luckily. Doux, f. douce, soft,

adv. doucement, softly; gently. REM. Beau, beautiful; nouveau, new; fou, foolish; mou, soft; though ending in a vowel, add ment, to the feminine forms; bellement, finely; nouvellement, newly; follement, foolishly; mollement, softly.

Adjectives ending in nt, change nt into mment, as : Prudent, prudent,

ado. prudemment, prudently,

Except: Lent, slow, Présent, present,

adv. lentement, slowly.
adv. présentement, presently.

ADJECTIVES USED AS ADVERBS.

A few adjectives are also used as adverbs.
ADJECTIVE. ADVERB.

ADJECTIVE. Adnan.
Cher, dear, dear.

Bas, low, in a low voice. Faus, false, out of tune. Juste, just, correctly. Haut, high, loud.

Fort, strong, very; very much.

I vend cher.
Elle chante faux.
Nous parlons trop haut.
Elle joue juste.
Il gèle fort.

He sells dear.
She sings out of tune.
We speak too loud.
She plays correctly.
It freezes hard.

Jate;

.

COMPARISON OF ADVERBS. Adverbs are compared in the same manner as adjectives. Tard,

plus tard, later; le plus tard, latest. The following are irregularly compared. Bien, well;

mieux,

better; le mieux, best. Beaucoup, much; plus, more ;

le plus,

most. Mal, badly; pis, worse ;

worst. Peu,

moins,

le moins,

least.

le pis,

little ;

less ;

6. ADVERBS MODIFYING ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES.

Certain adverbs when used to modify adjectives or other adverbs, assume in this connection a different meaning. Bien fort or très-fort, very strong; Fort bien or très-bien, very well. Assez bien, pretty well ;

Assez joli, rather pretty. Un peu tard, rather late;

Trop tard, too late. REM. Très, bien, and fort may be used to strengthen the sense of adjectives and adverbs. Before nouns bien is used, and before parti. ciples, either bien or fort.

5.

THE ADVERB TOUT.
Tout is used as an adverb in the sense of quite.
Tout doucement.

Quite gently.
Tout before an adjective that is feminine, takes the same
gender and number as the adjective when the adjective begins
with a consonant, but not when the adjective begins with a
vowel.
Elle est toute surprise.

She is quite surprised. Elle était tout étonnée.

She was quite astonished.

8.

ADVERBS OF NEGATION.

on.

The adverbs of negation are: Ne, not.

Aucunement (ne), by no means. Pas (ne), not.

Nullement (ne), by no means. Point (ne), not (with emphasis). Que (ne), only, but; nothing but. Plus (ne), no longer.

Guère (ne), but little ; but few. Jamais (ne), never.

Non, no. REM. 1. Adverbs of negation accompanying a verb, require ne before the verb.

REM. 2. The negative pas is generally omitted in the negative jugation of the verbs cesser, to cease ; oser, to dare ; pouvoir, to be able ; savoir, to knor. Elle ne cesse de pleurer.

She does not cease weeping. Je n'ose parler de cela.

I dare not speak of that. Je ne puis le faire.

I cannot do it Je ne le puis.

I cannot. Je ne sais où il est.

I don't know where he is. The adverbial phrase du tout, at all, is often added to negative adverbs, to strengthen their sense, as: pas du tout, point du tout. Du tout is also used alone with the force of a negative.

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Vocabulary 44 Avancer, to advance; to bring Un châle, a shawl. forward.

Confiant, confiding; confident. Oser, to dare.

Fidèle (à), faithful; true to. Marcher, to walk; to march. Extrêmement, extremely. Agir, to act.

Vraiment, truly; indeed. L'âge, m., the age.

Autrement, otherwise.

Exercise 44. ADVERBS. (See List 1.) 1. Autrefois je travaillais peu ; j'étais malade alors. 2. Maintenant je travaille davantage, et je me porte bien. 3. Dorénavant je serai moins confiant 4. Je veux bien que vous jouiez, mais faites votre devoir auparavant. 5. Mes frères sont dehors ; ils vont rentrer bientôt. 6. Voici la lettre; l'argent est dedans. %. Avancez la table, et mettez votre cahier dessus. 8. Voilà votre châle; vos gants sont dessous.

ADVERBS OF QUANTITY. 9. Vous n'étudiez pas autant que votre frère. 10. Il a plus de patience que vous. 11. Je n'ai

pas moins de courage que lui. 12. Si vous aviez autant de patience que de courage, vous réussiriez mieux.

ADVERBS IN MENT. 13. Il arrive ordinairement après l'heure. 14. J'ai voulu seulement vous faire

remarquer

cela. 15. Parlez doucement, s'il vous plaît. 16. Il m'a dit poliment que j'avais agi follement.

ADJECTIVES AS ADVERBS. 17. Vous avez payé cela trop cher. 18. Elle joue faux. 19. Ne parlez pas si haut. 20. Parlons bas; il y a quelqu'un dans l'autre chambre.

MODIFICATION OF ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES. 21. Elle est très-forte pour son âge, et fort avancée dans ses études. 22. Elle est très-aimable et assez jolie. 23. Elle joue assez

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