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Examples for Exercises in Translation.
ALL facts expressed in figures are difficult to remember. In recollecting statistics by Mnemotechnic rules, we do not attempt to remember the figures, but we change them to words, and then recollect the words. Our first examples are in Chronological Events. On finding an Event with its Date, that we wish to Mnemonize, or retain in the mind by Mnemotechny, we take the "Mnemotechnic Dictionary," turn to the number that represents the date, and from the words that stand for the number, we select one that has the most intimate connection with the Event itself, and connect it with the Event, by a Sentence or Formula, and by looking over the Formula carefully, we remember the keyword, or, as we call it, the "Mnemotechnic Phrase," and that by translation will give us the Date. Suppose the
Event to be
London founded by the Romans,
A. D. 49.
The word Europe standing for 49, we make this Formula: London founded by the Romans, is now the 4 9
largest city in
Europe. re, pe. The Mnemotechnic phrase Europe, is easily recollected in connection with the foundation of London, and stands for 49, the correct date.
We divide Chronology into three great periods; "Ancient," ," "Middle Age," and "Modern." We have Ancient Chronology comprise the period from the Creation to the birth of Christ; Middle Age Chronology extends from the Christian Era to the year 1000; and Modern Chronology extends from the year 1000 to the present time. It may sometimes be difficult for the learner to tell whether an event took place before or after the Christian Era, if it was within. a few years of that period. To prevent mistakes, the formulas have been constructed in a manner that will show
whether an event took place before or after Christ, provided it was within 100 years of that period. All those events that took place before the Christian Era, and within 100 years of that period, have formulas with zero phrases, or phrases that stand for a zero or cipher first, and the remaining articulations stand for the correct date. All events that took place after the Christian Era, and within 100 years of that period, never have phrases that represent a cipher first. Song stands for the year that " Dionysius of Halicarnassus completed his history," and as Song stands for 07, the cipher before the 7 shows the event to have been before the Christian Era.
The learner will remember that this rule only applies to dates represented by one or two figures only. When Events transpired more than 100 years either before or after Christ, the formulas are no guide to the period, and it must be left to the judgment of the learner.
On the opposite page is a table of Events. In order to tell the dates from memory, the learner must commit the formulas on the two following pages. The phrases in Antique letter at the close of each formula, translate to the date of the Event that is mentioned. Without spending much time in practicing on the words in the preceding pages, if learners will commit to memory a few pages of formulas every day, and recite them by giving the dates aloud by translating the Phrases, in the course of a few weeks, they will commit to memory all the tables in the volume, and amass an amount of Historical, Biographical, Literary and Scientific information, that very few persons learn in the course of their lives. It will be seen by prac. tice, that the formulas for a page of dates can be committed to memory in less than one fourth the time that the dates themselves can, and be retained infinitely longer. Some practice in translation, will enable the learner to give a date as readily by translating the phrase, as if the date itself was remembered.
EVENTS FROM ANCIENT HISTORY.
Artificial Memory first taught by Simonides,
Athenian army under Nicias, captured at Syracuse,
Byzantium, (now Constantinople,) founded, .
Cæsar killed in the Senate-house, by Brutus and Cassius,
Cicero banished, at the instigation of Clodius,
Death of Socrates,
Grecian system of education adopted at Rome,
Dionysius of Halicarnassus, completes his history,
First law in Rome against bribery at elections,
First Triumvirate, between Pompey, Cæsar and Crassus, .
Gladiators first exhibited,
Lysimachus defeated and slain at Cyropedium, .
Retreat of the Ten thousand Greeks, under Xenophon, .
Rise of the Achæan League,
B. c. 469
Sardinia and Corsica conquered by the Romans,
Scipio "carries the war into Africa," and besieges Utica,
The seven wise men of Greece flourish,
The Mausoleum, the sixth wonder of the world, erected,
ANCIENT HISTORICAL EVENTS.
4 6 9
Artificial Memory first taught by Simonides, made him Rich and Happy. re, che, pe. The Athenian Army, under Nicias, was cap4 1 3 tured at Syracuse, during A War Time. re, te, me. The Olympic Era, was established by some 7 7 6 King or Jew. ke, ghe, je.
Byzantium or Constantinople was founded, 6 5 7 and cost more than A Shilling. she, le, ghe.
Casar, who was killed in the Senate-house, 0 4 4 had the reputation of A Wise Warrior. ze, re, re. Cambyses, king of Persia, conquered Egypt, 5 2 5 and took A Sail on the Nile. le, ne, le. Cicero was banished at the instigation of 0 5 8 Clodius, and he left rather than be A Slave. se, le, ve. Cyrus captured Babylon, by 5 3 8 A Sly Move. le, me, ve. Socrates was put to death, and slept as quiet0 0 ly as if on a bed of ze, ze. 0 7
4 Roses. re,
Dionysius of Halicarnassus completed his
The First Eclipse of the Moon on record, 7 2 1 looked like A Sky Window. ke, ne, de The Law in Rome against bribery at elec- 1 4 9 tions, affected many A Tribe. te, re, be.
The First Triumvirate, was a coalition of
0 6 0 Sages. se, je, ze. Gladiators were first exhibited, and inflicted 2 6 4 on one another much Injury. ne, je, re.
The Grecian System of Education, adopted
at Rome, had many
1 6 4 A Teacher. te, che, re,