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Examples for Exercises in Translation.

1294-Dunbar,

1759-Dekalb,

12—Dana,

14-Troy, 15-Othello,

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100-Theseus,

121-Dante,

132-Damon,
145-Waterloo,

170-Dix,

192-Audubon,

247-New York,

274-Niagara,
295-Hannibal,

320-Hemans,

324-Monroe,

331-Mahomet,

347-America,

351-Hamlet,

402-Harrison,

420-Rienzi,

430-Ramsay,

452-Rollin,

2742-Anacreon,

2952-Napoleon,

970-Bacchus,

985-Buffalo,

3041-Mozart,

3102-Madison,

3432-Marmion,

3791-Macbeth,

4050-Rasselas,

4147-Rhoderic,

4350-Romulus,

4972-Rubicon,

5210-Leonidas,

5591-Lilliput,

5741-Lockhart,

5910-Lepidus,

6202-Johnson,

6702-Jackson,

7152-Catlin,

7515-Caldwell,

7701-Quixote,

8420-France,

8512-Fulton,

8572-Vulcan,

465-Herschel,

500-Ulysses,

592-Albany,

595-Ole Bull,

647-Jericho,

722-Canaan,

740-Greece,

752-Calhoun,

832-Hoffman,

9137-Potomac,

845-Waverley,

9201-Poinsett,

904-Pizarro,

9217-Pontiac,

939-Pompeii, 9414-Porter,

942-Byron,

9431-Bermuda,

951-Plato,

9521-Poland,

8714-Victoria,

9012-Boston,

9722-Buchanan,

9952-Babylon.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR

LEARNING CHRONOLOGY.

ALL facts expressed in figures are difficult to remember. In recollecting statistics by Mnemotechnic rules, we do not attempt to remember the figures, but we change them to words, and then recollect the words. Our first examples are in Chronological Events. On finding an Event with its Date, that we wish to Mnemonize, or retain in the mind by Mnemotechny, we take the "Mnemotechnic Dictionary," turn to the number that represents the date, and from the words that stand for the number, we select one that has the most intimate connection with the Event itself, and connect it with the Event, by a Sentence or Formula, and by looking over the Formula carefully, we remember the keyword, or, as we call it, the "Mnemotechnic Phrase," and that by translation will give us the Date. Suppose the

Event to be

London founded by the Romans,

·

A. D. 49.

The word Europe standing for 49, we make this Formula: London founded by the Romans, is now the 4 9

largest city in

Europe. re, pe. The Mnemotechnic phrase Europe, is easily recollected in connection with the foundation of London, and stands for 49, the correct date.

We divide Chronology into three great periods; "Ancient," ," "Middle Age," and "Modern." We have Ancient Chronology comprise the period from the Creation to the birth of Christ; Middle Age Chronology extends from the Christian Era to the year 1000; and Modern Chronology extends from the year 1000 to the present time. It may sometimes be difficult for the learner to tell whether an event took place before or after the Christian Era, if it was within. a few years of that period. To prevent mistakes, the formulas have been constructed in a manner that will show

whether an event took place before or after Christ, provided it was within 100 years of that period. All those events that took place before the Christian Era, and within 100 years of that period, have formulas with zero phrases, or phrases that stand for a zero or cipher first, and the remaining articulations stand for the correct date. All events that took place after the Christian Era, and within 100 years of that period, never have phrases that represent a cipher first. Song stands for the year that " Dionysius of Halicarnassus completed his history," and as Song stands for 07, the cipher before the 7 shows the event to have been before the Christian Era.

The learner will remember that this rule only applies to dates represented by one or two figures only. When Events transpired more than 100 years either before or after Christ, the formulas are no guide to the period, and it must be left to the judgment of the learner.

On the opposite page is a table of Events. In order to tell the dates from memory, the learner must commit the formulas on the two following pages. The phrases in Antique letter at the close of each formula, translate to the date of the Event that is mentioned. Without spending much time in practicing on the words in the preceding pages, if learners will commit to memory a few pages of formulas every day, and recite them by giving the dates aloud by translating the Phrases, in the course of a few weeks, they will commit to memory all the tables in the volume, and amass an amount of Historical, Biographical, Literary and Scientific information, that very few persons learn in the course of their lives. It will be seen by prac. tice, that the formulas for a page of dates can be committed to memory in less than one fourth the time that the dates themselves can, and be retained infinitely longer. Some practice in translation, will enable the learner to give a date as readily by translating the phrase, as if the date itself was remembered.

A SELECTION

OF

EVENTS FROM ANCIENT HISTORY.

Artificial Memory first taught by Simonides,

Athenian army under Nicias, captured at Syracuse,
Beginning of the Olympic Era,

Byzantium, (now Constantinople,) founded, .

Cæsar killed in the Senate-house, by Brutus and Cassius,
Cambyses, king of Persia, conquered Egypt,

Cicero banished, at the instigation of Clodius,
Cyrus captured Babylon,.

Death of Socrates,

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Grecian system of education adopted at Rome,
Homer supposed to have flourished,

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Dionysius of Halicarnassus, completes his history,
Draco of Athens, framed his bloody code of laws, .
Eclipse of the Moon: the first on record, .

First law in Rome against bribery at elections,

First Triumvirate, between Pompey, Cæsar and Crassus, .

Gladiators first exhibited,

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Lysimachus defeated and slain at Cyropedium, .
Marius defeats and captures Jugurtha,
Parchment invented by King Attalus,
Peloponnesian War commenced,
Pompey's Pillar erected at Alexandria,

Retreat of the Ten thousand Greeks, under Xenophon, .

Rise of the Achæan League,

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B. c. 469

413

776

657

44

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Rome founded,

Sardinia and Corsica conquered by the Romans,

Scipio "carries the war into Africa," and besieges Utica,
Second Punic War commenced-lasted sixteen years,

The seven wise men of Greece flourish,
Solar Eclipses first calculated, by Thales,
Solon's Laws adopted at Athens,

·

The Mausoleum, the sixth wonder of the world, erected,
Tiberius Gracchus put to death,
Xerxes, king of Persia, commenced his reign,

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525

58

538

400

7

621

721

149

60

264

164

907

281

106

210

431

48

401

280

753

231

204

218

621

620

594

351

133

485

FORMULAS FOR

ANCIENT HISTORICAL EVENTS.

4 6 9

Artificial Memory first taught by Simonides, made him Rich and Happy. re, che, pe. The Athenian Army, under Nicias, was cap4 1 3 tured at Syracuse, during A War Time. re, te, me. The Olympic Era, was established by some 7 7 6 King or Jew. ke, ghe, je.

t

Byzantium or Constantinople was founded, 6 5 7 and cost more than A Shilling. she, le, ghe.

Casar, who was killed in the Senate-house, 0 4 4 had the reputation of A Wise Warrior. ze, re, re. Cambyses, king of Persia, conquered Egypt, 5 2 5 and took A Sail on the Nile. le, ne, le. Cicero was banished at the instigation of 0 5 8 Clodius, and he left rather than be A Slave. se, le, ve. Cyrus captured Babylon, by 5 3 8 A Sly Move. le, me, ve. Socrates was put to death, and slept as quiet0 0 ly as if on a bed of ze, ze. 0 7

se, ghe

4 Roses. re,

Dionysius of Halicarnassus completed his
History, which was celebrated in Song.
Draco of Athens framed his bloody code of
laws, and acted like a cruel

6

2 1

Giant. je,

ne, te.

The First Eclipse of the Moon on record, 7 2 1 looked like A Sky Window. ke, ne, de The Law in Rome against bribery at elec- 1 4 9 tions, affected many A Tribe. te, re, be.

The First Triumvirate, was a coalition of

three

0 6 0 Sages. se, je, ze. Gladiators were first exhibited, and inflicted 2 6 4 on one another much Injury. ne, je, re.

1

The Grecian System of Education, adopted

at Rome, had many

1 6 4 A Teacher. te, che, re,

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