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Holofernes was beheaded by Judith, who acted like a

perfect

Josiah the pious began to reign, and ruled with a great

deal of

Shylock.

Charity.

Jeremiah wrote the Lamentations, long before our Saviour was betrayed by

Judas.

came the

Live-oak.

At the End of the Kingdom of Judah, the many be-
Slave of the Few.
Jerusalem was taken by Nebuchadnezzar, and the Tem-
ple destroyed, though perhaps made of
The three children were saved from the fiery furnace,
instead of being burned
All to Ashes.
At Belshazzar's feast, the hand-writing appeared on the
Wall of the Lodge.

Daniel was cast into a lion's den, or

Leo's Lair.

Cyrus captured Babylon, and put an end to the Jewish captivity, by A Sly Move. Darius divorced Queen Vashti, and married Esther, having A Sly Wedding. Haman was hanged on a gallows, destroying his life, though he had A Soul to Save. Ezra wrote the book of Chronicles, and gave the history of many an ancient Apollonius was defeated by Judas Maccabeus, who A Dutch Jew. Aristobulus was appointed King of Judea, and found in his reign many a hard Gabinius established the Sanhedrim, and gained influence quite

Realm.

acted like

Task.

Slowly.

John the Baptist was born six months before our Saviour, during the same

Year.

The Birth of Christ, took place four years before the vulgar

Era.

The Christian Era commenced, just after the days of Cicero and Cæsar.

FORMULAS FOR

SACRED CHRONOLOGY,

"AFTER THE CHRISTIAN ERA.

Christ disputed with the doctors in the Temple, and found them nearly as ignorant as

John the Baptist began his ministry, during

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Heathen.

A New Age. Christ's Sermon on the Mount, is recorded in the book of Jesus took five loaves and two fishes, and fed five thousand

Matthew.

At the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Christ, his
Father called
Him Home.
St. Paul was converted to Christianity, when he to the
Saviour paid

Homage.

Pontius Pilate killed himself, in

St. Matthew wrote his Gospel, and it was published and illustrated by

A Miff

Men.

А Мар.

Rare.

St. Peter was liberated from prison by an angel, which he must have considered very

Mary the mother of Jesus died, and after her death, re-
ceived homage more than

St. Paul preached in the Areopagus at Athens, which
A Holy House.
St. Paul was imprisoned at Rome, probably in

was

Royal.

The Martyrdom of Peter and Paul at Rome, was according to the decision of an unjust

A Jail.

St. John wrote his Gospel, and was banished to Patmos, where he lived quite

Judge.

St. John died at Ephesus, where his ashes reposed

after his

Happily.

Decease.

Ancient Chronology.

1.

Babylon supposed to be founded, by Nimrod,
Sicyon, the first kingdom in Greece,
Letters invented, in Egypt,

Sparta founded, by Spartes,

Athens supposed to be founded, by Cecrops,
Thebes founded, by a colony under Cadmus,
Troy founded,

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Chronology of the Arundelian Marbles begins,
Lacedæmon founded, by Lelia,

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War chariots first used,

Iron discovered, by the burning of Mt. Ida,
Erectheus, an Ionian chief, flourished,
Eleusinian Mysteries at Athens,
Olympic Games instituted, in Olympia, by Pelops,
Sicily first settled, by the Italians,

Era of Nabonassar,

First Messenian War,

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Smyrna founded,

Homer supposed to have flourished,
Laws and Constitution of Lycurgus,
Kingdom of Macedon, founded by Caranus,
Silver first coined, at Ægina, in Greece,
Beginning of the Olympic Era,

Rome founded,

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Eclipse of the Moon: the first on record,
Sardanapalus, king of Assyria, flourished,
Combat between the Horatii and the Curiatii,
Byzantium, (now Constantinople,) founded,

B. C. 2234

2089

1822

1718

1556

1550

1546

1518

1516

1500

1406

1383

1356

1307

1262

1262

1252

Argonautic Expedition,.

Tyre founded, by a colony from Egypt,

1233

Carthage founded, by a colony from Tyre,
Agamemnon supposed to flourish,
Trojan War, commenced,

1200

1194

1184

1141

Troy burned by the Greeks, after a siege of ten years,
Temple of Ephesus burned by Erostratus: soon rebuilt,
First Egyptian Pyramid supposed to be built, by Cheops,
Ionian Colonies migrate from Greece, and go to Asia Minor, 1044
Institution of the Amphictyonic Council,

1082

1040 1015

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907

884

824

783

776

753

747

743

721

711

667

657

Ancient Chronology.

2.

B. c. 621

621

Draco of Athens, framed his bloody code of laws,
The seven wise men of Greece flourish,
Solar Eclipses first calculated, by Thales,
Tarquinius surrounds Rome with stone walls,
Nebuchadnezzar founded the Chaldæo-Babylonian Empire, 604

620

614

594

Solon's Laws adopted at Athens,
Pisistratus, tyrant of Athens,

560

559

Cyrus the Great, commenced his reign in Persia, .
Cyrus defeats Croesus, near Sardis, .

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546

Homer's Poems supposed to be first collected into a volume, 545

Cyrus captured Babylon,

538

535

Tragedies first performed at Athens, by Thespis,
Cambyses, king of Persia, conquered Egypt,
Tarquin expelled from Rome,

525

509

509

Romans form the first alliance with the Carthaginians,
Ionian War, between Greece and Persia: Sardis burnt,
First Dictator at Rome,

499

498

Coriolanus banished from Rome,

491

486

485

480

.477

471

469

466

456

451

449

449

432

431

430

413

411

411

408

406 404

First Agrarian Law at Rome,

Xerxes, king of Persia, commenced his reign,

Xerxes invades Greece with an army of several millions,

Piraeus built,

Themistocles banished,

Artificial Memory first taught, by Simonides,

Persians defeated at the Eurymedon, by Cimon,
Cincinnatus made Dictator, .

Laws of the "Twelve Tables," compiled,
Athenians defeat the Persians at Cyprus,

Banishment of the Decemvirs, and death of Virginia,
The Metonic Cycle begins, .

Peloponnesian War commenced,
Plague at Athens,

Athenian army under Nicias, captured at Syracuse, .
Thucydides' history ends, and Xenophon's begins,
Alcibiades causes a Revolution at Athens,

Rhodes becomes a free state,

Dionysius the tyrant of Sicily, commenced his reign,
The “Thirty tyrants” rule Athens,

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Ancient Chronology.

3.

Retreat of the Ten thousand Greeks, under Xenophon, B. c. 401 Death of Socrates,

400

City of Delhi founded,

400

Rome burned by the Gauls under Brennus, and the Capitol
saved by the cackling of geese,

Manlius Capitolinus thrown down the Tarpeian rock,
Plebeian Consuls first appointed at Rome,

First Sacred or Phocian war,

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Pyrrhus in Italy,

Pyrrhus killed at the storming of Argos,
Gladiators first exhibited,

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The Mausoleum, the sixth wonder of the world, erected,
Alexander captured the city of Tyre,
Alexander founded the city of Alexandria,

Alexandria completes the conquest of Persia,
Demosthenes banished from Athens,

Alexander the Great, died at Babylon, aged 32,
Ptolemy Soter, the first Egyptian Ptolemy,
Demetrius Poliorcetes liberates Athens, and restores the

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Democracy,

307

301

Alexander's Empire divided, after the battle of Ipsus,
Chinese Wall built-about the year

300

Colossus of Rhodes finished,

288

Septuagint trans. of the Old Testament, under Ptolemy Phila. 283 Lysimachus defeated and slain at Cyropedium,

281

Rise of the Achæan League,

280

275

272

264

264

260

255

237

237

231

224

224

219

219

218

218

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Colossus of Rhodes, thrown down by an earthquake,
Surgery first practiced at Rome,

·

Hannibal destroyed the fortress of Saguntum,
Second Punic War commenced-lasted sixteen years,
Hannibal crossed the Alps,

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First Punic War commenced-lasted twenty-three years,
First Naval victory of the Romans,

Regulus defeated and put to death by the Carthaginians,
Hamilcar, the Carthaginian, leads an army into Spain,
The Roman Senate in its greatest power-about,
Sardinia and Corsica conquered by the Romans,
Carthagena built,

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390

383

367

357

351

332

332

331

325

323

323

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