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Holofernes was beheaded by Judith, who acted like a perfect

Shylock Josiah the pious began to reign, and ruled with a great deal of

Charity. Jeremiah wrote the Lamentations, long before our Saviour was betrayed by

Judas. At the End of the Kingdom of Judah, the many be. came the

Slave of the Few. Jerusalem was taken by Nebuchadnezzar, and the Tem

ple destroyed, though perhaps made of Live-oak. The three children were saved from the fiery furnace, instead of being burned

All to Ashes. At Belshazzar's feast, the hand-writing appeared on the

Wall of the Lodge. Daniel was cast into a lion's den, or

Leo's Lair. Cyrus captured Babylon, and put an end to the Jewish captivity, by

A Sly Move. Darius divorced Queen Vashti, and married Esther, having

A Sly Wedding. Haman was hanged on a gallows, destroying his life, though he had

A Soul to Save. Ezra wrote the book of Chronicles, and gave

the history of many an ancient

Realm. Apollonius was defeated by Judas Maccabeus, who acted like

A Dutch Jew. Aristobulus was appointed King of Judea, and found in his reign many a hard

Task. Gabinius established the Sanhedrim, and gained influence quite

Slowly. John the Baptist was born six months before our Saviour, during the same

Year. The Birth of Christ, took place four years before the vulgar

Era. The Christian Era commenced, just after the days of

Cicero and Cæsar.



Christ disputed with the doctors in the Temple, and found them nearly as ignorant as

Heathen John the Baptist began his ministry, during

A New Age. Christ's Sermon on the Mount, is recorded in the book of

Matthew. Jesus took five loaves and two fishes, and fed five thousand

Men. At the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Christ, his Father called

Him Home. St. Paul was converted to Christianity, when he to the Saviour paid

Homage. Pontius Pilate killed himself, in

A Miff. St. Matthew wrote his Gospel, and it was published and illustrated by

Амар. St. Peter was liberated from prison by an angel, which he must have considered very

Rare. Mary the mother of Jesus died, and after her death, re. ceived homage more than

Royal St. Paul preached in the Areopagus at Athens, which

A Holy House. St. Paul was imprisoned at Rome, probably in

A Jail. The Martyrdom of Peter' and Paul at Rome, was ac. cording to the decision of an unjust

Judge. St. John wrote his Gospel, and was banished to Patmos, where he lived quite

Happily. St. John died at Ephesus, where his ashes reposed after his



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Ancient Chronology.

1. Babylon supposed to be founded, by Nimrod,

B. C. 2234 Sicyon, the first kingdom in Greece,

2089 Letters invented, in Egypt,

1822 Sparta founded, by Spartes,

1718 Athens supposed to be founded, by Cecrops,

1556 Thebes founded, by a colony under Cadmus,

1550 Troy founded,

1546 Chronology of the Arundelian Marbles begins,

1518 Lacedæmon founded, by Lelia,

1516 War chariots first used,

1500 Iron discovered, by the burning of Mt. Ida, :

1406 Erectheus, an Ionian chief, flourished,

1383 Eleusinian Mysteries at Athens,

1356 Olympic Games instituted, in Olympia, by Pelops, 1307 Sicily first settled, by the Italians,

1262 Argonautic Expedition,

1262 Tyre founded, by a colony from Egypt,

1252 Carthage founded, by a colony from Tyre,

1233 Agamemnon supposed to flourish,

1200 Trojan War, commenced,

1194 Troy burned by the Greeks, after a siege of ten years, 1184 Temple of Ephesus burned by Erostratus : soon rebuilt, 1141 First Egyptian Pyramid supposed to be built, by Cheops, 1082 Ionian Colonies migrate from Greece, and go to Asia Minor, 1044 Institution of the Amphictyonic Council,

1040 Smyrna founded,

1015 Homer supposed to have flourished,

907 Laws and Constitution of Lycurgus,

884 Kingdom of Macedon, founded by Caranus,

824 Silver first coined, at Ægina, in Greece,

783 Beginning of the Olympic Era,

776 Rome founded,

753 Era of Nabonassar,

747 First Messenian War,

743 Eclipse of the Moon : the first on record,

721 Sardanapalus, king of Assyria, flourished,

711 Combat between the Horatii and the Curiatii,

667 Byzantium, (now Constantinople,) founded,



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Ancient Chronology.

2. Draco of Athens, framed his bloody code of laws, B. C. 621 The seven wise men of Greece flourish,

621 Solar Eclipses first calculated, by Thales,

620 Tarquinius surrounds Rome with stone walls,

614 Nebuchadnezzar founded the Chaldæo-Babylonian Empire, 604 Solon's Laws adopted at Athens,

594 Pisistratus, tyrant of Athens,

560 Cyrus the Great, commenced his reign in Persia, .

559 Cyrus defeats Cresus, near Sardis,

546 Homer's Poems supposed to be first collected into a volume, 545 Cyrus captured Babylon,

538 Tragedies first performed at Athens, by Thespis,

535 Cambyses, king of Persia, conquered Egypt,

525 Tarquin expelled from Rome,

509 Romans form the first alliance with the Carthaginians, 509 Ionian War, between Greece and Persia : Sardis burnt, 499 First Dictator at Rome,

498 Coriolanus banished from Rome,

491 First Agrarian Law at Rome,

486 Xerxes, king of Persia, commenced his reign,

485 Xerxes invades Greece with an army of several millions, 480 Piræeus built,

477 Themistocles banished,

471 Artificial Memory first taught, by Simonides,

469 Persians defeated at the Eurymedon, by Cimon,

466 Cincinnatus niade Dictator,

456 Laws of the “Twelve Tables," compiled,

451 Athenians defeat the Persians at Cyprus,

449 Banishment of the Decemvirs, and death of Virginia, 449 The Metonic Cycle begins,

432 Peloponnesian War commenced,

431 Plague at Athens,

430 Athenian army under Nicias, captured at Syracuse,

413 Thucydides' history ends, and Xenophon's begins,

411 Alcibiades causes a Revolution at Athens,

411 Rhodes becomes a free state,

408 Dionysius the tyrant of Sicily, commenced his reign, 406 The " Thirty tyrants” rule Athens,





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Ancient Chronology.

3. Retreat of the Ten thousand Greeks, under Xenophon, B. C. 401 Death of Socrates,

400 City of Delhi founded,

400 Rome burned by the Gauls under Brennus, and the Capitol saved by the cackling of geese,

390 Manlius Capitolinus thrown down the Tarpeian rock, 383 Plebeian Consuls first appointed at Rome,

367 First Sacred or Phocian war,

357 The Mausoleum, the sixth wonder of the world, erected, 351 Alexander captured the city of Tyre,

332 Alexander founded the city of Alexandria,

332 Alexandria completes the conquest of Persia,

331 Demosthenes banished from Athens,

325 Alexander the Great, died at Babylon, aged 32,

323 Ptolemy Soter, the first Egyptian Ptolemy,

323 Demetrius Poliorcetes liberates Athens, and restores the Democracy,

307 Alexander's Empire divided, after the battle of Ipsus, 301 Chinese Wall built--about the year

300 Colossus of Rhodes finished,

288 Septuagint trans. of the Old Testament, under Ptolemy Phila. 283 Lysimachus defeated and slain at Cyropedium,

281 Rise of the Achæan League,

280 Pyrrhus in Italy,

275 Pyrrhus killed at the storming of Argos,

272 Gladiators first exhibited,

264 First Punic War commenced-lasted twenty-three years, 264 First Naval victory of the Romans,

260 Regulus defeated and put to death by the Carthaginians, 255 Hamilcar, the Carthaginian, leads an army into Spain, 237 The Roman Senate in its greatest power—about,

237 Sardinia and Corsica conquered by the Romans,

231 Carthagena built, .

224 Colossus of Rhodes, thrown down by an earthquake, 224 Surgery first practiced at Rome,

219 Hannibal destroyed the fortress of Saguntum,

219 Second Punic War commenced-lasted sixteen years, 218 Hannibal crossed the Alps,



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