Nuclear Fusion: Half a Century of Magnetic Confinement Fusion Research

Couverture
CRC Press, 20 juin 2002 - 327 pages
Fusion research started over half a century ago. Although the task remains unfinished, the end of the road could be in sight if society makes the right decisions. Nuclear Fusion: Half a Century of Magnetic Confinement Fusion Research is a careful, scholarly account of the course of fusion energy research over the past fifty years. The authors outline the different paths followed by fusion research from initial ignorance to present understanding. They explore why a particular scheme would not work and why it was more profitable to concentrate on the mainstream tokamak development. The book features descriptive sections, in-depth explanations of certain physical and technical issues, scientific terms, and an extensive glossary that explains relevant abbreviations and acronyms.
 

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Table des matières

The road to Geneva
1
112 Fusion reactions on Earth
4
113 The origins of plasma physics
7
12 In and out of secrecy
16
122 Looking behind the curtain
20
123 The road to travel
26
Geneva 1958
31
22 Steadystate mirror confinement
35
68 Neoclassical theory
172
69 Empirical scalings
176
The next generation
179
72 Radiofrequency heating
184
73 Noninductive current drive
187
74 The switch to carbon
189
75 Beta limits
191
76 Confinement degradation
192

23 Pulsed mirrors and theta pinches
40
24 Stellarators
43
25 Toroidal pinches
49
26 RF fields and other subjects
52
27 Looking back at Geneva
53
Open systems
56
311 Mirror loss
57
312 The quest for burnout
58
313 MHD stability
61
314 Velocityspace instabilities in mirror machines
64
32 Tandem mirrors
68
33 Zpinch and plasma focus
75
34 Theta pinches
80
35 Unconventional schemes
84
36 The status of open systems
89
Pulsed toroidal systems and alternative lines
90
42 Stabilized and reversedfield pinches
92
43 Screw pinches
103
44 Fieldreversed configurations and spheromaks
105
45 Internalring devices
114
46 Unconventional toroidal schemes
120
47 Status of alternative toroidal systems
122
Stellarators versus tokamaks
124
from Geneva to Novosibirsk
129
53 Diagnosing the plasma
134
54 Stellarators trailing tokamaks
143
The dash to tokamaks
152
62 Neutral beam heating
157
63 Disruptions and density limits
159
64 Sawteeth
161
65 Passing through purgatory
164
66 Hydrogen recycling and refuelling
168
67 Divertors
170
77 The Hmode
195
78 Attempts to understand confinement
197
79 Transport codes
200
The era of the big tokamaks
202
811 JETthe Joint European Torus
203
812 TFTRthe Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor
206
813 JT60
207
82 Operation and results
210
822 Keeping clean
212
823 Pushing to higher performance
214
824 Real fusion power at last
217
825 The end of the era
221
831 Reactorrelevant divertor physics
222
832 Advanced tokamak scenarios
223
833 Spherical tokamaks
225
84 Towards ignition
227
Towards a fusion reactor
230
92 Second thoughts
233
93 Pioneering studies
236
94 Drawing fire
240
95 Economic and social aspects of fusion
244
96 Joining forces for the next step
247
97 ITER
249
971 The ITER EDA design
250
972 The physics basis
253
973 Decision and indecision
255
974 Back to the drawing board
258
Epilogue
261
References
270
Symbols
298
Glossary
301
Index
315
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