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one flock, appeareth b.
3. That chefe many congregations were one church, and that they were under one presbyterial government, appeareth i.
of Synodical Assemblies. . THE 'scripture doth hold out another fort of affemblies for the go
vernment of the church, belide classical and congregational, all which we call fynodical k.
Pastors and teachers, and other church-governors (as also other fic perfoos, when it shall be deemed expedient) are members of those affemblies which we call fynodical, where they have a lawtul calling there. unto.
Syaodical aff;mblies may lawfully be of several sorts, as provincial, national and oecumenical.
It is lawful and agreeable to the word of God, that there be a subordination of congregational. claffical, provincial and pational assemblies, for the government of the church.
A&s xx 17. and from Miletus thy patience, and how thou canst ke sent to Ephefus, and called the not bear them which are evil; and elders of the church V. 25. and thou haft tried them which say they now behold, I know that ye all, are apostles, and are not, and halt among whom I have gone preaching found them liars, v. 3 and halt the kingdom of God, fall fee my boro, and hail patience, and tor my face no more v. 28. Fake heed naine's lake hatt laboured, and halt therefore unto yourselves, and to dot fainted V. 4. Nevertheless, I all the lock over the which the holy have somewhat against thee, because Ghost bath made you werfeers, to thou haft left thy first love. v s. feed the church of God, which he Remember therefore, from whence hath purchased with his own blood, thou art fallen, and repent, and do
. 30. also of your owo felves hall the firft works; or else I will come men arise, speaking perverse things, unto thee quickly, and will remove to draw away disciples after them. thy candlestick out of his place, ex1. 36, and when he had thus fpo- cept thou repent. v 6: But this ken, be kneeled down, and prayed thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds. with them all. V. 37. and they all of the Nicolaitaas, which also I bate. wept fore, and fell upon Paul's neck, Joined with Aas xx: 17, 28. (See in and kisfed him,
letter b ) i Rev. ii. 1 Unto the angel of k Afts xv. 2. When therefore the church of Ephefus write, Thefe Paul and Barnabas had no small difthings faith he that holdeth the fention and disputation with them, feved ftars in his right hand, who they determined that Paul and Bare walketh in the midst of the fever nabas, and certain other of them. golden candlesticks. v. 2 I know should go up to Jerufalem unto the zby works, and thy labour, and apostles and elders about this questi.
Of Ordination of Ministers. NDER the head of ordination of ministers is to be considered, either the doctrine of ordination, or the power of it.
Touching the doctrine of Ordination.
N°word, without a lawful calling?
To mao ought to take upon him the office of a minister of the
Ordination is always to be continued in the church m.
Ordination is the solemn setting apart of a per lon to some public church-office n.
of this matter,
v. 6. and the apostles and el. fpake I unto them they prophely ders came together for to consider unto you a false vision and divinati
v. 22. Then it on, and a thing of nought, and the pleased the apostles and elders, with deceit of their heart. Heb. v. 4. and the whole church, to fend chosen no man taketh this honour unto him. men of their own company to Anti- felf, but he that is called of God as och. with Paul and Barnabas, oame. Ty Judas firnamed Barlabas, and mi Tim. i. s For this cause left Silas, chief men among the bre. I thee in Crete, that thou - fhouldlt thren. v. 33, and wrote letters by fet in order the things that are them after this manner: The a- wanting and ordain elders in every poftles, and elders, and brethren, city, as I had appointed thee. 1 Tim. send greeting unto the brethren, v. 21. I charge thee before God, which are of the Geptiles in Anti. and the Lord Jesus Chrift, and the och and Syria, and Cilicia. elect angels, that thou obferve
John iii. 17. John answered these things, without preferring and said, a man can receive no one before another, doing nothing thing, except it be given him from by partiality. V. 22. Lay hands heaven. Rom. x. 14. How then suddenly on
no man, neither be shall they call on him, in whom partaker of other mens Gios. Keep they have not believed ? and how thyself pure. shall they believe on him, of whom m Num. viii 10. and thou Malt they have not heard ? and how bring the Levites before the Lord, shall they hear without a preacher ? and the children of Israel shall put v. 15. and how shall they preach their hands upon the Levites v. 11.. except they be sent ? as it is written, And Aaron Thall offer the Levites How beautiful are the feet of them before the Lord, for an offering of that preach the gospel of peace, and the children of Israel, that they bring glad tidings of good things ? may execute the service of the Lord. Jer. xiv. 14. Then the Lord said unto v. 14. Thus shalt thou seperate the me, The prophets prophesy lies Levites from among the children of in my name, 1 tent them not, neither Israel; and the Levites shall be mine. have I commanded them, neither V. 19. and I have given the Levites ,
Every minister of the word is to be ordained by imposition of hands, and prayer with fasting, by those preaching presbyters, to whom it doth belong o. • It is 'agreeable to the word of God, and very expedient that such as are to be ordained ministers, be designed to some particular church, or other ministerial charge p.
He that is to be ordained minister, must be duly qualified, both for life and ministerial abilities, according to the rules of the apostle q.
as a gift to Aaron and to his fons, blieved AAs xiii. 3." and when from among the children of Israel, they had falted and prayed, and to do the service of the children of Jaid their hands on them, they sent Ifrael, in the tabernacle of the congregation, and to make an atone. p A&s xiv. 23 (See before.) Tit. ment for the children of Israel ; that i. s. For this cause left 1.thee in there be no plague among the chile Crete, that thou shouldst fet in or. dren of Israel, when the children of der the things that are wanting, Israel come nigh unto the sanctuary. and ordain elders in every city, as 1., 22. and after that went the Le. I had appointed thee. A&ts xx, 17. vites in, to do their service in the and from Miletus he sent to Ephetabernacle of the congregation, be. fus, and called the elders of the fore Aaron and before his fons: as church. v. 28. Take heed there. the Lord had commanded Mofes fore unto yourselves, and to all the concerning the Levites, so did they flock over the which the Holy Ghost anto them. Aets vi., 3. Wherefore hath made you overseers, to feed brethi look ye out among you the church of God, which he hath seven men of honest report, full of purchased with his
own blood. the Holy Ghost, and wisdom, whom 91 Tim. iii. 2 a bishop then we may appoint over this business. must be blameless, the husband of v. 5 and the faying pleased the one wife, vigilant, sober, of good whole multitude and they chose behaviour, given to hospitality, apo Stephen a man full of faith and of to teach ; v. 3. Not given to wine, the Holy Ghost, and Philip, and no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre. Prochorus, and Nicanor and Timon, but patient; not a brawler, not and Parmenas, and Nicolas a pro covetous: V. 4.
One that ruleth felyte of Antioch. v. 6. Whom well his own house, having his they had set before the apoftles ; children in fubjection with all graand when they had prayed they laid vity ; v. 5. (For if a man know not their hands on him,
how to rule his own house, how o 1 Tim. 1. 22. Lay hands sud. shall he take care of the church of denly on no man, neither be par. God?) v 6. Not a novice, lelt be. taker of other mens fios. Keep ing lifted up with pride, he fall inthyself pure. Afts xiv. 23. and to the condemnation of the devil, when they had ordained them el. Tit i. 5. For this cause left I thee ders in every church, and had pray. in Crete, that thou shouldnt les in ed with fafting, they commended order the things that are wanting, them to the Lord, on whom they and ordain elders in every city, as I
He is to be examined and approved by those by whom he is to be ordained r.
No man is to be ordained a minister for a particular congregarion, if they of that congregation can thew just cause of exception againk him.
Touching the power of Ordination.
The power of ordering the whole work of ordination is in the whole presbytery, which when it is over more congregations than one, whether those congregations be fixed or not fixed, in regard of officers or members, it is indfferent as to the point of ordination v.
It is very requisite that no lugle congregation, that can conveniently assuciate, do assume to itself all and sole power of ordination.
1. Becaule there is no example in fcripture, that any single congregation, which might convoniently affociare, did affome to itself al and sole power in ordination : aeither is there any rule which may warrant such a practice
2. Because there is in Scripture example of an ordination in a prel bytery over divers congregations; As in the church of Jerufalem, where were many congregations these many congregations were under one presbytery, and this presbytery did ordain.
The preaching presbyters orderly allociated, either in cities ar Deighbouring villages are those to whom the imposition of hands doch appertain, tor chose congregations within their bovads respectively.
had appointed thee. v. 6. If any V. 10. and let thefe also for be man be blameless, the husband of proved, then let them use the office one wife, having faithful children, of a deacon, being found blamelets. I not accused of riot, or coruly. v. 7. 1 Tim. v. 22. Lay hands foddenly For a bishop mult be 'blamelefs; as on oo man, neither be partaker of the steward of God; not felf willed, other mens fans. Keep thyself pure. not foon angry, not given to filthy s 1 Tim. iii. 2. A bifhop then lucre : v. 8. But a lover of hofpi- must be blameless, the hufband of tality, a lover of good men, fober, one wife, vigilant, sober, of a good jult, holy temperate : ver. 9. Hold behaviour, given to bofpitality, apt ing •falt the faithful word, as he to teach. Tit. i. q. for a bilhop hath been taught, that he may be muft be blameless, as the feward of ahle by sound doctrine, both to ex- God. hort, and to convince the gaiolayers, 1 Tim. iv.14. Neglect not the
si Tim, iii. 7 Morcover he must gift that is in thee, which was gives have a good report of them which thee by prophecy, with the laying are without, left he fall into re. ingon of the hands of the prefbytery, proach, and the foare of the devil. v. 1 Tim, iv. 14. (See in letteria)
Concerning the Doctrinal part of Ordination of Ministers.
word, without a lawful calling w.
3. Ordination is the folema setting apart of a person to some public church officey.
4. Every minister of the church is to be ordained by imposition of hands and prayer, with fasting by these preaching presbyters to whom it doth belong z
5. The power of ordering the whole work of ordination is in the whole presbytery, which when it is over more congregations than one, whether those congregations be fixed or not fixed, in regard of officers or members, it is indifferent as to the point of ordination a.
6. It is agreeable to the word, and very expedient, that such as are to be ordained ministers, be designed to some particular church, or other ministerial chargeb. 7:
He that is' to be ordained minister, must be duly qualified, both for life and ministerial abilities, according to the rules of the apostle c.
8. He is to be examined and approved by chose by whom he is to be ordained d.
9. No man is to be ordained a minister for a particular congregation, if they of that congregation can hew just cause of exception against him e.
10. Preaching presbyters orderly associated, either in cities or neighbouring villages, are those to whom the imposition of hands doth appertain, for those congregations within their bounds respectively f.
1. In extraordinary cases, fomething extraordinary may be done, until a settled order may be had, yet keeping as Dear as poslibly may be to the rule g.
12. There w See before in letter 1.
could not lay all the burnt-offer. * See before in letter m.
ings ; wherefore their brethren the y See before in letter n.
Levites did help them till the work z See before in letter o.
was ended, and until the other a See before in letter ou
priels had fan&tified themtelves, b See before in letter p.
for the Levites were more upright c See before in letter q.
in heart to fanctify themselves d See before in letter r.
than the priests. ver. 35. and also See before in letters
the burnt-offerings were in abunf. 1 Tim. iv. 14. Neglect not the dance, with the fat of the peacegift that is in thee, which was given offerings, and the drink offerings thee by prophecy, with the laying for every burnt-offering So the on of the hands of the presbytery. service of the house of the Lord was
& 2 Chron. xxix. 14. But the set in order. v. 36. and Hezekiah priests were too few, so that they rejoiced, and all the people, that