Pulses, Sugar and Tuber Crops

Couverture
Chittaranjan Kole
Springer Science & Business Media, 20 janv. 2007 - 306 pages

Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Plants presents the current status of the elucidation and improvement of plant genomes of economic interest. The focus is on genetic and physical mapping, positioning, cloning, monitoring of desirable genes by molecular breeding and the most recent advances in genomics. The series comprises seven volumes: Cereals and Millets; Oilseeds; Pulses, Sugar and Tuber Crops; Fruits and Nuts; Vegetables; Technical Crops; and Forest Trees.

Pulses, Sugar and Tuber Crops includes reviews in 15 chapters contributed by 47 eminent scientists from 10 countries. The chapters on common bean, pea, cowpea, sugarcane and potato include comprehensive reviews of voluminous research findings. Fundamental aspects and molecular results are presented for eight ‘orphan crops’ of high agroeconomic importance, including mungbean, lentil, chickpea, lathyrus, pigeonpea, sweet potato, cassava and yam. Additionally, works on quinoa and Bambara groundnut are reviewed for the first time.

 

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Table des matières

Common Bean
1
Botanical Description
2
Economic Importance
3
Objectives and Achievements of Classical Breeding
4
Genetic Linkage Maps
5
Linkage Mapping After 1990
6
Map Integration
8
Tagging and Mapping Favorable Genes and QTLs of Economic Importance
12
Quinoa Chenopodium quinoa
146
Botanical Description
148
Breeding Value of Other Chenopodium Species for Quinoa Improvement
150
Breeding Objectives
151
FirstGeneration Genetic Linkage Map
152
Quinoa Bacterial Artificial Chromosome Library
155
Cytogenetics
156
Future Scope of Work
157

MarkerAssisted Selection
20
Future Prospects
22
Pea
32
Construction of Genetic Maps
36
Gene Mapping
37
QTLs Detected
39
MarkerAssisted Breeding
43
MapBased Cloning
44
Future Scope of Works
45
Cowpea
49
Morphological and Phenological Characteristics
50
Production Systems and Economic Importance
51
Nutritional Composition
52
Classical Genetics and Breeding
53
Germplasm Collections
54
Genetic Maps
56
Transgenic Cowpea
59
Future Prospects for Crop Improvement
63
Mungbean
68
Center of Origin Botanical Origin Domestication and Dissemination and Gene Pools
70
Uses and Nutritional Information
71
Economic Importance
72
Karyotype Genome Size DNA Content Genome Organization
73
Breeding Priorities
74
Other Vigna Maps
78
Comparative Mapping
79
Powdery Mildew Resistance
81
MYMV Mungbean Yellow Mosaic Virus
82
Seed Weight
83
Seed Appearance Traits
84
Tissue Culture and Transgenic Approaches
85
References
86
Lentil
91
Botany and Ecology
92
Economic Importance and Current Breeding Objectives
93
Limitations of Classical Breeding Approaches and the Need for Molecular Breeding
95
DNABased Markers
96
Towards a Lens Consensus Map
99
MarkerAssisted Trait Mapping and Selection
100
MarkerAssisted Selection and Trait Pyramiding
102
Future Scope of Works
103
References
104
Chickpea
109
Traditional and Current Breeding Objectives
110
Construction of Genetic Maps
111
FirstGeneration Maps
112
SecondGeneration Maps
113
Gene Mapping and QTL Detection for Disease Resistance
115
Future Scope of Works
118
Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Lathyrus
123
Economic Importance
124
Breeding Objectives
125
Construction of Genetic Maps
126
Gene Mapping
127
QTL Detection
128
MarkerAssisted Breeding
129
References
131
Pigeonpea
133
Classification Nomenclature and Origin
134
Yield Constraints and Breeding Objectives in Pigeonpea
135
Pigeonpea Genome Structure
137
FirstGeneration DNA Markers
138
Retrotransposons and Microsatellite Markers The Second Generation of Molecular Markers
140
Pigeonpea Research at ICRISAT
141
References
142
Bambara Groundnut
159
The Plant
160
Intraspecific Hybridization for Development of a Mapping Population
161
Floral Biology
163
Genetic Diversity within the Bambara Groundnut Gene Pool
164
Verification of a Successful Hybridization Event
165
Development of Future Breeding Lines from the Existing Cross
166
Genetic Linkage Map of Bambara Groundnut
168
QTL Mapping in Bambara Groundnut
169
The Future Direction
170
QTL Mapping
171
Sugarcane
175
Karyotype
178
Economic Importance
179
Classical Breeding Achievements
180
Limitations of Classical Activities
181
Comparative Mapping
182
Detection of QTLs
183
QTLs Associated with Resistance
189
QTLs Associated with Sugar Yield and Content
191
Gene Mapping MarkerAssisted Breeding and MapBased Cloning
196
Advanced Works
198
Future Scope of Works
199
References
200
Potato
204
Potato Breeding
208
FirstGeneration Genetic Linkage Maps of Potato
211
Genetic Mapping of Agronomically Significant Traits
216
Mapping of Loci Affecting Tuber Characteristics
220
SecondGeneration Maps Linkage and QTL Analysis in Tetraploid Potato
224
SecondGeneration Maps The UltraHigh Density Map of Potato
226
Physical Mapping and Sequencing of Potato Genome
228
Functional Genomics Resources
230
References
231
Sweetpotato
237
Ipomoea Series Batatas Convolvulaceae Phylogenetic Relationships
238
Genetic Diversity Among Cultivars
239
Sweetpotato Genetic Maps
240
Gene Identification and Functional Genomics
242
Sweetpotato Transformation and Transgene Stacking
243
References
244
Cassava
249
Economic Importance
250
Limitations of Classical Breeding and Utility of Molecular Mapping
251
Construction of Genetic Maps
252
SecondGeneration Maps
253
Gene Mapping
259
Quantitative Trait Loci Analysis
260
MarkerAsisted Breeding
262
MapBased Cloning
264
Advanced Works
265
Future Scope of Works
266
Yams
270
Economic Importance
272
Breeding Objectives
273
Utility of Molecular Mapping
275
Brief History of Mapping
277
Mapping of D alata Genome and Detection of QTLs for Anthracnose Resistance
283
Gene Mapping
289
Molecular Markers for YAD Resistance
290
Future Scope of Works
292
References
293
Subject Index
297
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