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did not interfere with its integrity. The embarrassments and afflictions to which Mr. Carey was subject the first year and a half from his arrival in India, were such as few have encountered in modern times, and which, yet, were borne with a holy heroism and a pious constancy, 'entitling him to the admiration of the christian world. So much so, that the ardour and the patience he evinced, in pursuing the paramount objects of his mission, and in sustaining the adversities surrounding him, would justify an apostolic declaration in his case: “None of these things move me; neither count I my life dear unto myself; so that I may finish my course with joy, and the ministry I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.'
The reader will remember, that Mrs. Carey, in the first instance refused, and was afterwards with much difficulty prevailed upon, to accompany her husband. . Though at length she yielded to the entreaties of Mr. Thomas, her acquiescence was reluctant, and her devotion to the work but partial. When severe trials arose, therefore, as they soon did upon their landing in India, she was quite unequal to their endurance. Their resources, slender from the first, were fast exhausting; their little comforts, becoming more circumscribed and scanty, were every hour diminishing, without the least prospect of replenishment from any known source.
But will not the christian female be slow to censure, and be rather tender to commiserate ? A mother, with a young and infant family, in a foreign land, without the presence of a single friend to
soothe her, or the power of uttering or understanding a sentence beyond the limits of her household, the very abode they lodged in, incommodious as it was, secured to them only by the daily sufferance of a native. Week after week passed away, until they were brought almost to the brink of starvation. Let it be remembered, too, that every thing in her former life and her physical constitution, was unfavourable to the stern and sublime exercise of the christian virtues to which her circumstances now called her. Brought up in an obscure village, without any advantages of mental, and few of religious culture, with a spirit unusually timid, and a bodily frame always feeble, it was no wonder she should be dismayed when such trials befell her, as might make even firm and disciplined minds falter and quail. Besides all this, it is now past doubt that the incipient inroads of monomania which so distracted the last years of her life, and the malignant influence of which continued to her death, was unhinging her intelligence, and corroding her passions. And this is the main plea of the compiler for introducing a subject of such painful delicacy. Had this been clearly apprehended by Mr. Carey, at the time the events of which we are now describing, melancholy as was the fact, it would in some degree, have eased the anguish of his heart, it being certain that the bitter anxiety she occasioned him, then, and to the close of her life, was justly imputable to her awful malady, and not to be reckoned as her sin.
Another affliction, and almost equally severe with that just brought into view, which exercised the pa
tience of Mr. Carey, arose from the character of his companion. He was unthinking, unthrifty, versatile, and capricious; characteristics the very opposite of those which constituted the mind and determined the conduct of Mr. Carey. He was deliberate, frugal, and self-denying; clearly defining to himself some great master object, and pursuing it, through fire and through water; whilst, in all minor interests, he was compliant to the will of others, and was always ready to resign the secularities of life to any one disposed to assume their management. The little money they had in hand was in Mr. Thomas's keeping, who took his measures, and disbursed funds, almost independently of the advice, and frequently with too little apparent regard to the comfort, of his friend. Having been twice a resident in India before, it was not surprising that, in temporal arrangements, and during the early part of their residence, Mr. Carey should defer to his opinion, and yield himself to his guidance. This was so far the case, that in a few months they were all reduced to destitution. He also appeared for a time as though disposed to relinquish the mission, and actually commenced business in his own profession. Not that his companion conceived him to entertain any purpose of ultimately renouncing their united work; but a temporary and seeming recession from it, was to him a source of most poignant sorrow. Nevertheless, he always referred to Mr. Thomas with marked tenderness, and attributed those parts of his conduct most difficult to interpret, and most destructive to his own comfort, to some infelicity in his constitu
tional temperament, rather than to any deliberate purpose of doing wrong, or of acting unkindly. When we recur to Mr. Thomas in a subsequent part of this work, the reader will meet with the true solution of what at this period may seem eccentric in his character, and strangely erratic in his demeanour. Those notices, in the mean time, which may present him in a light less gratifying than that in which a benevolent mind would desire to view him, must be perused with forbearing tenderness.
Long and circumstantial religious diaries are a species of composition, to many readers, not very agreeable or edifying. That they may be serviceable, in some instances, to those who keep them, may be easily conceived.
A faithful record and a rigid review of our religious experience and affections, may be helpful to a better control of our minds and deportment in future: but that great circumspection is needful, in those who preserve such memorials of their spiritual life, is evident; nor less so, that great patience is ordinarily required in those who read them. The often reiterated and severe animadversions of David Brainerd, upon his own mental feelings and conflicts, are tiresome and oppressive. He was imitated to an extreme by Mr. Martyn; though the copy is a great improvement upon the original, it being far less tedious, and in a measure freed from its irrelievable gloom. With how much more of that ‘hope' by which we are saved' does a person rise from perusing the memoir of Jesus Christ, given by the evangelists, than he attains by the study of that of his servant above referred to !
Before Mr. Carey left England, he was deeply imbued with North American theology. President Edwards, its great master, was his admired author. The strong and absorbing view in which he exhibited some leading principles in the system of revealed truth, seemed so clearly to explode the errors of arminianism on the one hand, and of pseudo-calvinism on the other, and to throw such a flood of irresistible light on the mediatorial dispensation, as perfectly captivated, and almost entranced, the ministerial circle with which Mr. Carey was connected. David Brainerd was supposed, by President Edwards, to exemplify and irradiate the main features of his own system. This, indeed, was a principal reason why he compiled the history of his religious experience and labours: and hence it became the constant manual of the devoted admirers of that great man's theological system ; whilst its intrinsic worth, as offering a sublime and experimental display of religious affections, through a scene of arduous labour and patient suffering, rendered it the devotional guide of multitudes who remained strangers to that grand theory of evangelical sentiment it was conceived to illustrate. Dr. Ryland, the intimate friend of the subject of this memoir, was often heard to say, that · Brainerd's life ranked with him next to his bible.' In his esteem of this eminent saint and prince of missionaries, Mr. Carey was not behind him. His trials during the early period of his residence in India, were not inferior to those of Brainerd; they were even more severe, complicated, and perplex