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“ Vain is the ridicule with which one sees some persons will divert themselves, upon finding lesser pains considered as instances of divine punishment. There is no possibility of answering or evading the general thing here intended, without denying all final causes." —BUTLER'S Analogy.





Corner of Washington and School Streets.

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Entered, according to act of Congress, in the year 1935, by William D.

TICKNOR, in the Clerk's Office of tne District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

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Though the author of the treatise on The Constitution of Man, says little or nothing, in his Preface to the last edition, of its being considerably enlarged, such is really the fact. Its value is, by this means, very greatly increased; and this circumstance, alone, should ensure for it an extensive circulation: for it is reasonable to suppose, that the additional matter, from the pen of the author, is, at least, as valuable as the original matter; and of the value of that matter, testimony is found, in the large editions which have been called for; both in this country, and in England.

Some of the readers and admirers of Mr. Combe's work, however, have lamented that his allusions to Revealed Religion, and especially to the peculiarities of Christianity, are not more frequent, and more definite;—nor has their regret had relation merely to this work; but has extended to the other Phrenological writings of the Author and other Phrenologists. These persons have desired that the peculiarities of evangelical religion, should, in works on Phrenology, be brought into prominence ; and that it might be shown, that Phrenology and Religion are in harmony with each other.

This is attempted to be shown, in an additional chapter, in the present edition. The author of that is sensible that the subject he has undertaken to exhibit, is there presented only in outline; but as he was, of necessity,


confined to a single chapter, this was unavoidable. If, in this case, he has kept clear of the error which the ancient Poet censures,

“ Brevis esse laboro, obscurus fio;" it is all that he presumes to hope:-at a future time, should life and health be spared to him, he may present the subject of the Harmony between Phrenology and Revelation, more at large. In the meantime, the present effort may have this beneficial effect, (and this effect it is, which he, principally, desires to produce;) viz. to convince conscientious, evangelical Christians, that there is nothing in Phrenological Science, in the least at variance with the Oracles of Inspired Truth.

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This Essay would not have been presented to the Public, had I not believed that it contains views of the constitution, condition, and prospects of Man, which deserve attention; but these, I trust, are not ushered forth with any thing approaching to a presumptuous spirit. I lay no claim to originality of conception. "My first notions of the natural laws were derived from a manus

nuscript work of Dr. Spurzheim, with the perusal of which I was honored in 1824. This work was afterwards published under the title of " A Sketch of the Natural Laws of Man, by G. Spurzheim, M. D.” A comparison of the text of it with that of the following pages, will show to what extent I am indebted to my late excellent and lamented master and friend for my ideas on this subject. All my inquiries and meditations since have impressed me more and more with a conviction of their importance. The materials employed lie open to all. Taken separately, I would hardly say that a new truth has been presented in the following work. The parts have all been admitted and employed again and again, by writers on morals, from Socrates down to the present day. In this respect, there is nothing new under

The only novelty in this Essay respects the relations which acknowledged truths hold to each other. Physical laws of nature, affecting our physical condition, as well as regulating the whole material system of the universe, are universally acknowledged, and constitute the elements of natural philosophy and chemical science. Physiologists, medical practitioners, and all who take medical aid, admit the existence of organic laws: And the sciences of government, legislation, education, indeed our whole train of conduct through life, proceed upon the admission of laws in morals. Accordingly, the laws of nature have formed an interesting subject of inquiry to philosophers of all ages; but, so far as I am aware, no author has hitherto attempted to point out, in a combined and systematic form, the relations between these laws and the constitution of Manwhich must, nevertheless, be done, before our knowledge of them can be beneficially

the sun.


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