Far-Right Politics in Europe

Couverture
Harvard University Press, 20 mars 2017 - 310 pages

In Europe today, staunchly nationalist parties such as France's National Front and the Austrian Freedom Party are identified as far-right movements, though supporters seldom embrace that label. More often, "far right" is pejorative, used by liberals to tar these groups with the taint of Fascism, Nazism, and other discredited ideologies. Jean-Yves Camus and Nicolas Lebourg's critical look at the far right throughout Europe--from the United Kingdom to France, Germany, Poland, Italy, and elsewhere--reveals a prehistory and politics more complex than the stereotypes suggest and warns of the challenges these movements pose to the EU's liberal-democratic order.

The European far right represents a confluence of many ideologies: nationalism, socialism, anti-Semitism, authoritarianism. In the first half of the twentieth century, the radical far right achieved its apotheosis in the regimes of Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. But these movements have evolved significantly since 1945, as Far-Right Politics in Europe makes clear. The 1980s marked a turning point in political fortunes, as national-populist parties began winning seats in European parliaments. Since the terrorist attacks of 9/11 in the United States, a new wave has unfurled, one that is explicitly anti-immigrant and Islamophobic in outlook.

Though Europe's far-right parties differ in important respects, they are motivated by a common sense of mission: to save their homelands from what they view as the corrosive effects of multiculturalism and globalization by creating a closed-off, ethnically homogeneous society. Members of these movements are increasingly determined to gain power through legitimate electoral means. In democracies across Europe, they are succeeding.

 

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Table des matières

How the Far Right Came into Being
1
1 What to Do after Fascism?
53
2 White Power
98
3 The New Right in All Its Diversity
120
4 Religious Fundamentalism
152
5 The Populist Parties
178
6 Whats New to the East?
210
Might the Far Right Cease to Be?
250
Notes
257
Acknowledgments
293
Index
295
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À propos de l'auteur (2017)

Jean-Yves Camus is Director of the Observatory of Radical Politics at the Jean Jaurès Foundation, Paris.

Nicolas Lebourg is a Research Fellow at the Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies (IERES), George Washington University.

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