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do. And he said unto them, Full CHAPTER IV.
well ye reject the commandment of
God, that ye may keep your own MORALITY
tradition.-14. And when he had GOSPEL : SAVIOR'S
called all the people unto him, he
said unto them, Hearken unto me, OF THE MORAL LAW.
every one of you, and understand:
There is nothing from without a man, § 1. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. that entering into him can defile him;
but the things which come out of him, 1. Perpetual obligation of the Moral those are they that defile the man. Law.
If any man hath ears to hear let him
hear. And when he was entered inMat. 5: 17. Think not that I am to the house from the people, his come to destroy the law or the proph- disciples asked him concerning the ets: I am not come to destroy, but parable. And he saith unto them, to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Are ye_so without understanding Till heaven and earth pass, one jot also? Do ye not perceive, that or one tittle shall in no wise pass whatsoever thing from without enfrom the law, till all be fulfilled. tereth into the man, it cannot defile Whosoever, therefore, shall break him: because it entereth not into one of these least commandinents, his heart, but into the belly, and and shall teach men so, he shall be goeth out into the draught, purging called the least in the kingdom of all meats? And he said, "That which heaven: but whosoever shall do and cometh out of the man, that defileth teach them, the same shall be called the man. For from within, out great in the kingdom of Heaven. of the heart of men, proceed evil For I say unto you, That except thoughts, adulteries, murders, thefts, your righteousness shall exceed the covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasrighteousness of the scribes and Phar- civiousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, isees, ye shall in no case enter int pride, foolishness : all these evil the kingdom of heaven.
things come from within, and defile Luke 16: 16. The law and the the man. prophets were until John: since that LUKE 6: 31. And as ye would time the kingdom of God is preach- that men should do to you, do ye ed, and every man presseth into it. also to them likewise. And it is easier for heaven and earth 10: 29. But he, willing to justify to pass, than one tittle of the law himself, said unto Jesus, And who to fail.
is my neighbor? And Jesus answer
ing, said, A certain man went down II. Extent of Moral Obligation. from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell
among thieves, which stripped him Mar. 7: 12. Therefore all things of his raiment, and wounded him, whatsoever ye would that men should and departed, leaving him half dead. do to you, do ye even so to them: And by chance there came down a for this is the law and the prophets. certain priest that way; and when
22: 87. Jesus said unto him, he saw him, he passed by on the Thou shalt love the Lord thy God other side. And likewise a Levite, with all thy heart, and with all thy when he was at the place, came and soul, and with all thy mind. This is looked on him, and passed by on the the first and great commandment. other side. But a certain Samaritan, And the second is like unto it, Thou as he journeyed, came where he shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. was: and when he saw him, he had On these two conimandments hang compassion on him'; and went to all the law and the prophets. him, and bound up his wounds, pour
MARK 7: 7. Howbeit, in vain do iny in oil and wine, and set him on they worship me, teaching for doc- his own beast, and brought him to trines the commandments of men. an inn, and took care of him. And For laying aside the commandment on the morrow, when he departed, of God, ye hold the tradition of men, he took out two pence, and gave as the washing of pots and cups: them to the host, and said unto him, and many other such like things ye Take care of him: and whatsoever thou spendest more, when I come gotten that he was purged from his again I will repay thee. Which now old sins. of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbor unto him that fell among the thieves? And he said, he that showed mercy on him. Then said Jesus § 2. EXPOSITION OF THE FIRST AND unto him, Go, and do thou likewise.
T Rom. 7: 7. What shall we say Mat. 22: 87. Thou shalt love then? Is the law sin? God forbid. the Lord thy God, with all thy heart Nay, I had not known sin, but by the and with all thy soul and with all law: for I had not known Just, ex- thy mind. This is the first and great cept the law had said, Thou shalt / commandment. not covet. But sin, taking occasion Mark 12: 29. Hear, O Israel, the by the commandment, wrought in Lord our God is one Lord. me all manner of concupiscence. Mat. 4: 10. It is written, Thou For without the law, sin was dead. shalt worship the Lord thy God, and For I was alive without the law him only shalt thou serve. once : but when the commandment 6: 24. No man can serve two came, sin revived, and I died. And
For either he will hate the the commandment which was ordain- one and love the other, or else he ed to life, I found to be unto death. will hold to the one and despise the For sin, taking occasion by the com- other. Ye cannot serve God and mandment, deceived me, and by Mammon. it slew me.
Wherefore the law is John 14: 15. If ye love me, keep holy, and the commandment holy, my commandments. and just, and good.
15: 10. If ye keep my commandGal. 5: 14. For all the law is ments, ye shall abide in my love. fulfilled in one word, even in this: 14: 23. If a man love me, he will Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thy- keep my words, and my Father will self.
love him. He that loveth me not 1 Tim. 1: 8. But we know that keepeth not my sayings. the law is good, if a man use it law- 1 John 5: 3. For this is the love fully; knowing this that the law is of God, that we keep his commandnot made for a righteous man,
but ments. for the lawless and disobedient, for Rom. 1: 20. They are without exthe ungodly and for sinners, for un- cuse ; because that, when they knew holy and profane, for murderers of God, they glorified him not as God, fathers, and murderers of mothers, neither were thankful, but became for man-slayers, for whoremongers, vain in their imaginations. 23. for them that defile themselves with And changed the glory of the incormankind, for men-stealers, for liars, ruptible God into an image made for perjured persons, and if there be like to corruptible man, &c.
2 Cor. 6: 16. What agreement sound doctrine.
hath the temple of God with idols? JAMES 2:10. For whosoever shall 1 JOHN 5: 21. Little children, keep the whole law, and yet offend keep yourselves from idols. in one point, he is guilty of all.
2 Peter 1: 5. And besides this, giving all diligence, add to your faith, virtue ; and to virtue, knowl- § 3. OF PROFANENESS. edge ; and to knowledge, temperance; and to temperance, patience ; Mat. 5: 33. Ye have heard that and to patience, godliness; and to it hath been said by them of old godliness, brotherly kindness; and time, Thou shalt not forswear thyto brotherly kindness, charity. For self, but shalt perform unto the if these things be in you, and abound, Lord, thine oaths : but I say unto they make you that ye shall neither you, Swear not at all: neither by be barren nör unfruitful in the knowl- heaven, for it is God's throne: nor edge of our Lord Jesus Christ. But by the earth, for it is his foot-stool: he that lacketh these things is blind, neither by Jerusalem, for it is the and cannot see afar off; and hath for- city of the great king. Neither shalt
any other thing that is contrary to
thou swear by thy head, because the Son of man is Lord also of the thou canst not make one hair white sabbath. (Luke 6: 1-5.) or black. But let your communica- 3: 1. And he entered again tion be yea, yea; nay, nay: for what- into the synagogue: and there was a soever is more than these cometh of man there which had a withered evil.
hand. And they watched him, wheth23: 16. Woe unto you, ye blind er he would heal him on the sabbathguides ; which say, Whosoever day; that they might accuse him. shall swear by the temple, it is And he saith unto the man which had nothing ; but whosoever shall swear the withered hand, Stand forth. And by the gold of the temple, he is a he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do debtor. Ye fools and blind! For good on the sabbath-days, or to do whether is greater the gold, or the evil? to save lise, or to kill? but they temple that sanctifieth the gold? held their peace. And when he had And, Whosoever shall swear by the looked round about on them with altar, it is nothing; but whosoever anger, being grieved for the hardsweareth by the gift that is upon it, ness of their hearts, he saith unto he is guilty. Ye fools and blind! the man, Stretch forth thy hand. For whether is greater, the gift or
And he stretched it out: and his hand the altar that sanctifieth the gift? was restored whole as the other. Whoso, therefore, shall swear by (Luke 6: 6.) the altar sweareth by it, and by all Luke 13: 10. And he was teaching things thereon; and whoso shall in one of their synagogues on the swear by the temple, sweareth by it, sabbath. – 15. The Lord answered and by him that dwelleth therein. him (the ruler of the synagogue,) and And he that shall swear by heaven, said, Thou hypocrite !
Doth not sweareth by the throne of God, and each one of you on the sabbath loose by him that sitteth thereon.
his ox or his ass from the stall and JAMES 5: 12. But above all things, lead him away to watering? And my brethren, swear not; neither by ought not this woman, whom Satan heaven, neither by the earth, neither hath bound, lo these eighteen years, by any other oath. But let your yea, be loosed from this bond on the sabbe yea, and your nay, nay ; lest ye bath-day? And when he had said fall into condemnation.
these things, all his adversaries were Heb. 6: 13. For when God made ashamed. promise to Abraham, because he John 5: 10. The Jews, therefore could swear by no greater, he sware said unto him that was cured, It is the by himself. — 16. For men verily sabbath-day; it is not lawful for thee swear by the greater, and an oath for to carry thy bed. He answered confirmation is to them an end of all them, He that made me whole, the strife ; wherein God, willing more same said unto me, Take up thy bed abundantly to show unto the heirs of and walk. – 16. Therefore did the promise the immutability of his coun- Jews persecute Jesus and sought to sel, confirmed it by an oath ; that by kill him... but Jesus answered them, two immutable things, in which it My Father worketh hitherto, and Í was impossible for God to lie, we work. might have a strong consolation who 9: 14. It was the sabbath-day have fled for refuge to lay hold upon when Jesus made the clay, and
openthe hope set before us. (This is all the authority for judi- Acts 13:14. (Paul) went into the cial oaths.)
synagogue upon the sabbath-day and [preached.] –42. The Gentiles besought that these words might be
preached unto them the next sab§ 4. THE SABBATH.
bath. -44. And the next sabbath
day came almost the whole city toMat. 12: 7. I will have mercy gether, to hear the word of God. and not sacrifice. - 12. It is lawful 16 : 13. And on the sabbath, to do well on the sabbath-day. we went out of the city by a' river
MARK 2: 27. He said unto them, side, where prayer was wont to be the sabbath was made for man, and made, and we sat down and spake not man for the sabbath. Therefore unto the women that resorted thither.
ed his eyes.
18: 4. And he reasoned in the came together to break bread, Paul synagogue every sabbath (for a year preached unto them. and six months, v. 11.) and persuad- 1 Cor. 16: 2. On the first day of ed the Jews and the Greeks.
the week let every one lay by him 17: 2. Paul, as his manner was, as God hath prospered him. went in unto them, and three sabbath- Rev. 1: 10. I was in the spirit days reasoned with them out of the on the Lord's day. scriptures.
Col. 2: 6. As ye have therefore LUKE 4: 16. Jesus, as his custom received Christ Jesus, the Lord, so was, went into the synagogues on walk ye in him.-9. For in him dwellthe sabbath-day. — 31. He eth all the fulness of the Godhead down to Capernaum and taught them bodily. — 14. Blotting out the hand on the sabbath-days.
writing of ordinances..
- 16. Let no 23: 56. They returned and pre- man therefore judge you in meat, or pared spices, and ointments, and in drink, or in respect of a holy day, rested the sabbath-day according to or of the new moon, or of the sabthe commandment.
First Day of the Week.
MARK 2: 28. The Son of man is § 5. OF THE PARENTAL RELATION. Lord also of the sabbath.
Gen. 2: 3. God Blessed the sev- Mark 7:10. Moses said, Honor enth day, and sanctified it, because thy father and thy mother; and that in it God rested from all his whoso curseth father or mother let works.
him die the death. But ye say, it a Isa. 65: 17. For behold I create man shall say to his father or his new heavens and a new earth; and mother, It is Corban, that is to say, the former shall not be remembered a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest nor come to mind. But be ye glad be profited by me, be shall be free; and rejoice forever in that which I and ye suffer him no more to do create ; for behold I create Jerusa- | aught for his father or his mother, lem a rejoicing and her people a joy. making the word of God of none
Heß. 3: 3. For this man was effect, through your tradition. counted worthy of more glory, than 10: 19. Honor thy father and thy Moses, inasmuch as he who hath mother. builded the house is worthy of more
Eph. 6: 1. Children obey your honor than the house.
parents in the Lord, for this is right. Mark 16: 2. Very early in the Honor thy father and niother (which morning, the first day of the week, is the first commandment with prothey came unto the sepulchre, at the mise) that it may be well with thee, rising of the sun. ... Ye seek Jesus and thou mayest live long on the of Nazareth, which was crucified; earth. he is risen ; he is not here. — 9. Col. 3: 20. Children ohey your Now when Jesus was risen early the parents in all things; for this is well first day of the week, he appeared pleasing unto the Lord. first to Mary Magdalene.
1 Tim. 5: 4. Let them learn to Juan 20: 19. Then the same day show piety at home, and to requite at evening, being the first day of the their parents. week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled
Duty of Parents. for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto Eph. 6: 4. And ye, fathers, prothem, Peace be unto you. -- 26. And voke not your children to wrath ; after eight days, again his disciples but bring them up in the nurture and were within, and Thomas with admonition of the Lord. them. Then came Jesus, the doors 1 Tim. 5: 8. If a man provide being shut, and stood in the midst not for his own, specially for those and said unto them, Peace be unto of his own household, he hath denied you.
the faith, and is worse than an inActs 20: 7. Upon the first day fidel. of the week, when the disciples
TREATMENT OF ENEMIES.
servants saw what was done, they § 6.
were very sorry, and came and told
unto their lord all that was done. Mat. 5: 21. Ye have heard that Then bis lord, after that he had it was said by them of old time, called him, said unto him : 0 thou 'Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever wicked servant, I forgave thee all shall kill, shall be in danger of the that debt, because thou desiredst me: judgment. But I say unto you that shouldest not thou also have had whosoever is angry with his brother compassion on thy fellow-servant, without a cause, shall be in danger even as I had pity on thee ? And of the judgment : and whosoever his lord was wroth, and delivered shall say to his brother, Raca, shall him to the tormentors, till he should be in danger of the council; but pay all that was due unto him. So whosoever shall say, Thou fool ! likewise shall my heavenly Father shall be in danger of hell fire.- do also unto you, if ye from your Therefore, if thou bring thy gift to hearts forgive not every one his the altar, and there rememberest that brother their trespasses. thy brother hath aught against thee, leave there thy gift before the altar T 26: 51. And behold, one of them and go thy way; first be reconciled which were with Jesus stretched to thy brother, and then come and out bis hand, and drew his sword, offer thy gift. — 9. Blessed are the and struck a servant of the high merciful, for they shall obtain mer- priest, and smote off his ear. Then cy.
said Jesus unto him, Put up again 6: 15. For if ye forgive not men thy sword into his place : for all their trespasses, neither will your they, that take the sword, shall perFather forgive your trespasses.
ish with the sword. 13:21. Then came Peter to him, 5: 38: Ye have heard that it hath and said, Lord, how oft shall my been said, An eye for an eye, and a brother sin against me, and I forgive tooth for a tooth. But I say unto him? till seven times ? Jesus saith you, That ye resist not evil: but unto him, I say not unto thee, Until whosoever shall smite thee on thy seven times ; but, Until seventy right cheek, turn to him the other times seven. Therefore is the king- | also. And if any man will sue thee dom of Heaven likened into a cer- at the law, and take a way thy coat, tain king which would take account let him have thy cloak also. And of his servants. And when he had whosoever shall compel thee to go a begun to reckon, one was brought mile, go with him twain. - 43. Ye unto him which owed him ten thou- have heard that it hath been said, sand talents. But forasmuch as he Thou shalt love thy neighbor and had not to pay, his lord commanded hate thine enemy :) but I say unto you, him to be sold, and his wife and Love your enemies, bless them that children, and all that he had, and curse you, do good to them that hate payment to be made. The servant you, and pray for them which detherefore fell down and worshipped spitefully use you, and persecute him, saying, Lord, have patience you; that ye may be the children of with me, and I will pay thee all. your Father which is in heaven: for Then the lord of that servant was he maketh his sun to rise on the evil moved with compassion, and loosed and on the good, and sendeth rain him, and forgave him the debt. Bit on the just and on the unjust. For the same servant went out, and if ye love them which love you, what found one of his fellow-servants, reward have ye? do not even the which owed him a hundred pence: publicans the same ?
And if ye saand he laid hands on him, and took | lute your brethren only, what do ye him by the throat, saying, Pay me more tban others ? do not even the that thou owest. And his fellow- publicans so? Be ye therefore servant fell down at his feet, and perfect, even as your Father which besought him, saying, Have patience is in heaven is perfect with me, and I will pay thee all. LUKE 3: 14. And the soldiers And he would not : but went and likewise demanded of him, saying, cast him into prison, till he should And what shall we do? And he pay the debt. So when his fellow- said unto them, Do violence to